Acute Respiratory Failure Concept Map

In: Science

Submitted By mgumenik
Words 850
Pages 4
Medications: * Bronchodilators: * Beta2-agonists: terbutaline, albuterol, metaproterenol * Short: rescue meds. ADEs: increased SNS response. STOP if chest pain. * Parasympatholytics: Atrovent * Given in combo with beta 2 agonists. AntiACh effect * Xanthines: theophylline, aminophylline * Increase SNS response, broken down into caffeine. STOP if chest pain. Not maintenance med. * Magnesium * Relaxes bronchioles. Acute use only. Can cause HOTN * Expectorants: guaifenesin * Can cause drowsiness. HYDRATE. * Mucolytics: acetylcysteine (mucomyst) * Decrease viscosity of secretions. Used to tx Tylenol OD, and given to protect kidney from contrast dyes. * CAUTION: sedatives (if anxiety r/t hypoxia fix hypoxia), antitussives (hydrododone, codeine)
Medications:
* Bronchodilators: * Beta2-agonists: terbutaline, albuterol, metaproterenol * Short: rescue meds. ADEs: increased SNS response. STOP if chest pain. * Parasympatholytics: Atrovent * Given in combo with beta 2 agonists. AntiACh effect * Xanthines: theophylline, aminophylline * Increase SNS response, broken down into caffeine. STOP if chest pain. Not maintenance med. * Magnesium * Relaxes bronchioles. Acute use only. Can cause HOTN * Expectorants: guaifenesin * Can cause drowsiness. HYDRATE. * Mucolytics: acetylcysteine (mucomyst) * Decrease viscosity of secretions. Used to tx Tylenol OD, and given to protect kidney from contrast dyes. * CAUTION: sedatives (if anxiety r/t hypoxia fix hypoxia), antitussives (hydrododone, codeine)
Acute Respiratory Failure
Acute Respiratory Failure
Types:
1. Hypoxemic: * PaO2<60 when pt is on O2 @ 60% or highter. * Causes: V/Q mismatch by shunt (atelectasis or…...

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