Adequacy of Legislation

In: Social Issues

Submitted By cheer
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Legislations Relevant to Adolescents

There is a broad recognition that ideals for humanitarian welfare and provisions in policy frame work are not sufficient to ensure the well- being and social justice of people in a society. Sound judicial foundations in the form of legislative measures and political will, are equally important. All initiatives and programmes, particularly for children who are powerless sections of the society, are essential for achievement of social goals. The increasing emphasis on rights approach also endorses this view. Commitments under the CRC have made it obligatory that provision of appropriate legislations is made for realization of rights articulated in the CRC. In India there are a set of legislations that have been enacted from time to time to protect the interests and rights of children. Primary amongst these are:

•1890The Guardian and Wards Act

•1929The Child Marriage Restraint Act (Amended in 1979)

•1948The Factories Act (Amended in 1979)

•1956Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act

•1958Probation of Offenders Act

•1960The Orphanage and Other Charitable Homes (Supervision &Control) Act

•1971Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act•1986Juvenile Justice Act (Amended in 2000)

•1986 Immoral Traffic Prevention Act.

•1986The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulations Act)

•1994The Pre-natal Diagnostic Technique (Regulation, Prevention and Misuse) Act

•1996 The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act.

However, the adequacy of these laws for protection of children is questionable and the enforcement of these is impoverished. It is unfortunate that ideals and norms set forth in our Constitution, laws, regulations and policies have not been completely implemented. If effective…...

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