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Advantages and Disadvantages of Concepts

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Munawar
Words 3842
Pages 16
CURRENT COST ACCOUNTING METHODS – CHALLENGE FOR ACCOUNTING PROFESSION
Livia RAC, dr Györgyi PETKOVICS University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics, Subotica, Serbia liviar@eccf.su.ac.yu, pegy@eccf.su.ac.yu Abstract / Abstrakt In its existence, cost accounting, as main part of management accounting, is continuously changing. Economic realities have made it necessary for most companies to have organizational changes as well as cost reduction. Markets have become global with competitors offering high-quality, low-cost goods and services. Speed, accuracy as well as understanding and meeting consumers’ needs come in front. The proliferation of products and services adds to the complexity of getting work done throughout an organization. This complexity is one of the chief causes of rising costs everywhere. Although in these new circumstances some companies underrate the cost accounting systems’ importance, we cannot put them aside. Cost accounting has to provide relevant cost information for corporate executives to make correct decisions. Traditional cost techniques cannot model the really needed expenditures for producing a product well. Because of this, some techniques were developed, which measure the relation between costs and cost originators in more complex correlations and not just with a simple quantity-cost relations. Beside the traditional techniques (actual costing, standard costing, normal costing, etc.) new methods appear. Among the others, these are: Activity-Based Costing, Target costing, Process Cost System and Marginal Costing. The aim of this paper is to present these cost methods’ advantages and disadvantages, in order to find out, how the cost accounting profession can answer to the challenges of new business circumstances. Keywords: cost accounting, traditional methods, target costing, ABC method 1 INTRODUCTION Accounting, as business function,…...

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