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Advantages and Disadvantages of Formal and Informal Assessment

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Formal and informal assessments have their advantages and disadvantages. Formal assessments are standardized tests that are designed by test specialists. There are given and scored under a standard condition. Informal assessments are tests designed by teachers for use in their classroom. Standardized tests are a type of formal assessments. Standardized tests are formal assessments because the tests are given in the same manner every time. They are fixed choice tests. It is a published achievement test. These are assessments that have been made to allow students to answer a vast amount of questions in a short time period. Since these tests are standardized they will all be the same unless there are different versions of the same test with the questions in different order. By using the same tests the answers can be machine scored. There will not be any mistakes due to grading error. They are convenient to assess student’s knowledge. These are the advantages of using standardized tests. With any given test there are some disadvantages to them, even those designed to be the best. Since standardized tests are fixed choices tests, they can exaggerate accurate information and minimal level skills at the sacrifice of advanced order problem solving and conceptual skills. They also take away from teaching time. These tests usually last a few hours, and during this time students are not learning. Standardized tests also do not assess the same curriculum. Every state has its own curriculum that it follows. Therefore not all students have learned the material that is given on standardized tests. It can also direct instruction to be conflicting with current comprehension of cognition and learning that accentuates the significance of engaging students in the interpretation of knowledge and their own comprehension rather that the collection of distinct facts…...

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