Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Power

In: Other Topics

Submitted By woody98
Words 268
Pages 2
Advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power

Nuclear energy represents only 15% of the electricity produced worldwide. though in France, 80% of its electricity production is from nuclear. Although nuclear is unrenewable because it uses uranium for fission reactions, it is very sustainable. Sustainability is the quality where today’s demands are met without compromising the environment, economy or culture for future generations.

Nuclear energy is a carbon zero energy resource that is clean and is very reliable and efficient because you do not have to depend on vast amounts of natural resources or other sustainable energy that are condition dependant like wind energy or solar. The fission reactions in nuclear energy produce huge quantities of energy in a short amount of time so can easily fit the demand for energy, although very expensive equipment like is needed to initiate the reaction and safely harness the energy produced. Countries like France can produce the energy in excess and export it for over $3 billion a year. The nuclear plants themselves take between 10 and 15 years to construct and there is a large cost of decommissioning and disposal of the radioactive uranium. Generally the nuclear plants are very stable and safe; however there can be the possibility of nuclear disaster like Chernobyl in 1986 severe possible health risks, also being susceptible to terrorism. The plant can be constructed anywhere but needs suitable technology, which isn’t always available, especially in LEDCS.I believe Nuclear energy should be much more widely used and invested in as an alternative to fossil fuels, especially with the ever-growing negative effects of global…...

Similar Documents

Nuclear Power

...Topic : THE BENEFITS OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY OUTWEIGH THE DISADVANTAGES. DO YOU AGREE OR DISAGREE? GIVE REASONS FOR YOUR ANSWER Nuclear power, which is generated by splitting of the atom, is one of the most modern energy today. Nuclear power has many benefits over other energy resources, particularly older methods such as oil, coal and hydroelectricity. It is more efficient than these traditional sources of energy and the raw materials needed to produce it occur commonly throughout the natural world. Nuclear power is said to be the modern, progressive way to meet the energy crisis, also be the solution of dependence on imported oil and natural gas in many countries. And the rate of accidents in the industry has been relatively low - not higher than in other energy industries. People argue that nuclear power is the modern, progressive way to meet the energy crisis. In the early 20th century, scientist discovered how to create energy through the use of highly radioactive elements such as Uranium. A tiny piece of Uranium about the size of a golf ball has the same amount of stored energy as 2.300.000 pounds of coal. That is 19 train cars of coal. This tremendous amount of energy, which is released from the Uranium in a nuclear reactor, can provide huge numbers of electricity for community. For example, over 100 nuclear power plants now generate 20% of The United State’s electricity. It is generally accepted that nuclear power reduces dependence on foreign oil and......

Words: 762 - Pages: 4

Nuclear Power

...POSITION PAPER: COMMERCIAL NUCLEAR POWER Authors Thomas B. Cochran Christopher E. Paine Geoffrey Fettus Robert S. Norris Matthew G. McKinzie Natural Resources Defense Council issue paper: october 2005 Natural Resources Defense Council issue paper Commercial Nuclear Power ABOUT NRDC NRDC (Natural Resources Defense Council) is a national, nonprofit organization of scientists, lawyers and environmental specialists dedicated to protecting public health and the environment. Founded in 1970, NRDC has more than 1 million members and e-activists nationwide, served from offices in New York, Washington, Los Angeles and San Francisco. For more information, visit Copyright 2005 by the Natural Resources Defense Council. Natural Resources Defense Council issue paper Commercial Nuclear Power EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Because of the sheer magnitude and urgency of the global climate challenge, the United States must consider all forms of energy—as long as they do not otherwise undermine international and environmental security. Unfortunately, the nuclear power industry in its present state suffers from too many security, safety, and environmental exposure problems and excessive costs to qualify as a leading means to combat global warming pollution. Large-scale nuclear plants remain uneconomic to build. And while the nuclear fuel cycle emits little global warming pollution, nuclear power still poses globally significant risks that need to be further reduced,......

Words: 9865 - Pages: 40

Nuclear Power.

... 10th April 2012 Nuclear power planning committee, London. LD1 3TB. Dear Sir/Madam, As a result of the current discussion to having a nuclear power plant built in our area, I have outlined some of the advantages and disadvantages or this energy source. Nuclear power can be seen advantageous due to the fact it emits relatively low amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The emissions of green house gases are low and therefore the contribution of nuclear power plants to global warming are relatively little. However; the problem of radioactive waste is still unsolved. The waste is very dangerous and has to be disposed of very carefully and looked after for 10,000 years according to United States Environmental Protection Agency standards. The technology of this power source is readily available; it does not have to be developed first. Nevertheless; during the operation of nuclear power plants, radioactive waste is produced, which in turn can be used for the production of nuclear weapons. In addition, the same know-how used to design nuclear power plants can to a certain extent be used to build nuclear weapons (nuclear proliferation). It is possible to generate high amounts of nuclear energy in one single power plant. However, the energy source for nuclear energy is Uranium. Uranium is a scarce resource; its supply is estimated to last only for the......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Nuclear Energy Advantages and Disadvantages

...the pro-nuclear and the pro-renewable energy lobbies. There are many doubts as to the reliability of fossil fuels and their ability to keep up with the rapid world population growth. This second concern arises as the availability of fossil fuels is declining and many other sources are being suggested as time advances. Moreover, people agree that fossil fuels contribute to global warming as it releases many greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, enhancing the greenhouse effect. Nuclear and renewable energy lobbies are these alternatives, which seem appealing due to their numerous advantages. Nonetheless, there have some weaknesses to consider. Regarding pro-renewable lobbies, environmentally they are the best solution without doubt. Renewable energy is helpful for the environment as it seeks to tackle the enhanced greenhouse effect. As the greenhouse gases released by this form of energy are low, people support these lobbies. Not only do locals support these initiatives, but also tourism would grow, as the ‘clean environment’ would attract foreigners. Furthermore, these lobbies approach the future in a sustainable manor. Sustainability is meeting the today needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Renewables are those capable of natural regeneration over a human timescale, and are infinite in human terms. Nevertheless, there are some weaknesses such as the efficiency of these energy sources, as they depend on climate. Wind Power, for......

Words: 1580 - Pages: 7

Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Power

...Nuclear power debate – Is it worth using nuclear energy? According to the Interdisciplinary Study of Massachusetts Institute of Technology “Around 6% of the world’s energy and 14% of the world’s electricity is produced by nuclear power”. In the United States, 1 in 5 households and business are electrically powered by nuclear energy. This number is even higher in Europe, where a third of the electricity produced comes from nuclear energy. Though, there is always a strong controversy through the public over the usage of this type of energy. Opponents mainly point out the safety issue, waste management problems in dealing with radioactive residuals and the threat of possible leakage. Despite their arguments, I strongly believe that the benefits of nuclear power usage far outweigh the disadvantages and it is the most economically feasible and environmentally friendly way of producing energy. Some people feel that nuclear power represents the danger to the world in a form of possible nuclear warfare. They state, that many politically unstable countries like Iran, North Korea and Pakistan launch nuclear power programs but behind these programs there is an aim of creating the weapon of mass destruction. Fortunately, despite the fact, that US intelligence agencies suspected explosives to be tested on one of the Iran’s nuclear sites, inspection revealed no signs of possible threat there. Apart from it, historical facts show that while there have been wars in recent decades,......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5

Nuclear Power and Solar Power

...1. Nuclear power and solar power: Goal: Which is better for people? Argue Solar power is better than Nuclear power Points: * Pollution free – production * Safety * Convenience Human beings have been using fossil fuels for hundreds of years, satisfying the demand of industrialization. The behavior of using fossil fuels, on the other hand, causes huge pollution, such as soil, water and atmosphere contamination. In addition, fossil fuels, such as solid, liquid and gas, are all facing on the exhaustion. It is evidential that the situations need to be checked or repressed. However, the solutions should satisfy the urgent requirement of energy as well. Nuclear and solar energy are two clean, practicable solutions for human beings. Because they have been tested and been put to use since the mid twentieth century. On the surface, nuclear and solar energy seem absolutely different in other aspects except for low direct pollution and practicability. In fact, they share some significant similarities while they are totally different in other aspects. This essay will concentrate on comparing and contrasting nuclear and solar energy by discussing the similarities in gas emissions, high expend in increasing efficiency and electricity price, and the differences in safety and equipments. There are numerous similarities between nuclear and solar energy. The most significant one is that they are pollution-free and have no direct emission of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse......

Words: 1873 - Pages: 8

Disadvantage of Nuclear Power

...The Uncertainty and Disadvantage of Nuclear Power NE 471 Dr.Chang South Carolina State University ANTRON CALDWELL ABSTRACT The future global economy is likely to consume increasing amounts of energy considering the increasing demand for cheap, clean and reliable energy from developing countries such as India and China. Though there are technologies capable of supplying this energy these energy sources come at the expense of increased ozone damaging CO2 emissions. CO2 emissions are believed to be a significant contributor to the rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate known as global warming. In the United States electric power plants emit about 2.2 billon tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) each year, which is about 40% of the nation’s total carbon emissions (NRDC, 2014). It is generally accepted by climate scientist that if annual carbon emissions are not reduced by at least 80% by the year 2030 then there will be an increase of greater than 2°C (35.2°F) which is considered an acceptable safe level or approximately 4°C (39.2°F) by the year 2100 in the Earth’s climate temperature (Carrington, 2013). These increases in the Earth’s temperature would be catastrophic, however measures taken by the government through the Clean Air Act to regulate emissions from stationary and mobile sources, and groups such as the National Resource Defense Council (NRDC) have somewhat reduced the emissions from stationary sources such as power plants and mobile sources......

Words: 4804 - Pages: 20

Nuclear Power

...Brittany Money Professor Costello R&W 305W 22 October 2014 Nuclear Power a Solution to Climate Change Climate change is all around us whether someone believes it for themselves or not. From the melting ice caps in Antarctica to the rising seas of Bangladesh. The increase of temperature in the earths atmosphere are rapidly getting worse and the reason for it is the burning of fossil fuels. We as a country, need to make a change in how we produce electricity to help our earth become a more sustainable place for our future children. A great solution to this issue we are facing is nuclear power. Nuclear power has its advantages and disadvantages just like any other form of energy. Although I believe that the advantages out weigh the disadvantages making it the perfect fit to replace fossil fuels. Nuclear power does have its disadvantages, with one being the fear of nuclear accidents. What happened at Chernobyl was the worst nuclear accident the world has seen. Although even that accident isn’t as damaging to the earth as what is happening to our earths atmosphere as we omit carbon dioxide, burning fossil fuels to power our electricity (The Right 61). Another disadvantage of nuclear power is the radioactive waste that the reactors produce. If not stored properly this waste can omit radiation into the air harming many people around the plant. Even with the potential harm scientist are able to dispose of it by solidifying it then it gets buried underground (Chandler). When......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Nuclear Power

...Nuclear Power Radioactive wastes, must for the protection of mankind be stored or disposed in such a manner that isolation from the biosphere is assured until they have decayed to innocuous levels. If this is not done, the world could face severe physical problems to living species living on this planet. Some atoms can disintegrate spontaneously. As they do, they emit ionizing radiation. Atoms having this property are called radioactive. By far the greatest number of uses for radioactivity in Canada relate not to the fission, but to the decay of radioactive materials - radioisotopes. These are unstable atoms that emit energy for a period of time that varies with the isotope. During this active period, while the atoms are 'decaying' to a stable state their energies can be used according to the kind of energy they emit. Since the mid 1900's radioactive wastes have been stored in different manners, but since several years new ways of disposing and storing these wastes have been developed so they may no longer be harmful. A very advantageous way of storing radioactive wastes is by a process called 'vitrification'. Vitrification is a semi-continuous process that enables the following operations to be carried out with the same equipment: evaporation of the waste solution mixed with the additives necesary for the production of borosilicate glass, calcination and elaboration of the glass. These......

Words: 1822 - Pages: 8

Nuclear Power

...everybody know about nuclear energy? When most of you think of the word nuclear you might think of bombs. We talk about clean energy and most of you think of water or wind power, but there are some big drawbacks to those and through this I would like to educate you about another source. I. What is nuclear power? Nuclear power is when you harness the power of radioactive metals decaying (that is where they constantly keep losing electrons). The power is then used to heat water into steam and then using the pressure built by the steam to turn a turbine to create energy. A. Advantages The benefit to nuclear power is that it is a sustainable energy source (meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs) and it reduces carbon emissions. It also decreases the dependence on foreign oil. B. Disadvantages Disadvantages are that there have been accidents in the past such as Chernobyl or Three Mile Island that scare people. The biggest disadvantage though is storing nuclear waste and how it is handled. The waste is harmful and can accidentally or purposely be used to harm people and the environment. II. Comparing common sources of clean energy There are many clean energy sources but the most common are wind and water. These two are thought of and talked about often. A. Air power Wind power is a great source of power because it is......

Words: 582 - Pages: 3

Nuclear Power

...MAV introduction A Nuclear power plant is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor, the heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator, and this produces electricity. Nuclear power plants are many different sizes and many sites have multiple units. Most of the new units are between 1000 and 1700 Mw electric. A good thumb-rule is 1000 Mw = 1 million homes Nuclear power stations use a fuel called uranium, a relatively common material of which Energy is released from when an atom is split by a neutron. The uranium atom splits into two which releases energy in the form of radiation and heat. We call this nuclear reaction the ‘fission process’. The uranium is first formed into pellets and then into long rods in a nuclear power station which are then kept cool by submerging them in water. When removed from the water a nuclear reaction takes place causing heat. In a nuclear power station the uranium is first formed into pellets and then into long rods. The amount of heat required is controlled by raising and lowering the rods. If more heat is required the rods are raised further out of the water and if less is needed they lower further into it. Advantages: The amount of electricity produced in a nuclear power station is equivalent to that produced by a fossil fuelled power station. Nuclear power stations do not burn fossil fuels to produce electricity and they do not produce damaging,......

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Nuclear Power

...heat and light . The only practical short term solution for the energy-crisis is nuclear power. Nuclear power, however is not as safe as burning coal, gas or oil in a factory it is in fact, much more dangerous, There are dangers associated with a nuclear power plant which far out weigh the benefits to society as a whole and in part to the community living and working around the power plant . About 20 percent of our nation's total electrical consumption per year is supplied by nuclear power from the 100 or so nuclear power plants throughout the country . Even though atomic power has been in use for over 50 years it was primarily a tool of war and destruction when the war ended need for atomic bombs diminished . The scientists who created the weapons were out of jobs . They then turned this destructive power into huge plants generating "clean and cheap " electricity for the country . It was called progress. Progress also brought with it sickness , mutations , cancer and eventually death to those exposed to high levels of radiation . Government declared that nuclear power is safe and efficient . Also have big Oil corporations who have a lot of money invested in nuclear power and want to see as many plants as possible put into and kept in operation . The truth is that accidents do happen at nuclear power plants and at other facilities all the time . An accident at a nuclear power plant has the potential to be much more devastating than an accident at......

Words: 2328 - Pages: 10

Nuclear Power

...Nuclear Power Professor: Dr. Timothy Scott Class: Senior Seminar – Environmental Ethics Date: June 9, 2010 By: CT Nguyen History The first successful experiment with nuclear fission was conducted in 1938 in Berlin by the German physicists Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner and Fritz Strassman. During the Second World War, many nations get on the program to develop nuclear energy, focusing first on the development of nuclear reactors. Several nations began their own construction of nuclear reactors at this point,, although research was also being conducted into the use for civilian electricity generation , primarily research was for weapons use. Electricity was generated for the first time by a nuclear reactor on December 20, 1951 at the EBR-I experimental fast breeder station near Arco, Idaho, which initially produced about 100 kW. December 1953, a speech by President Dwight Eisenhower, "Atoms for Peace", set the US on a course of strong government support for the international use of nuclear power. On June 27, 1954, the world's first nuclear power plant that generated electricity for commercial use was officially connected to the Soviet power grid at Obninsk, USSR. The reactor was moderated; water cooled and had a capacity of 5 megawatts (MW). The second reactor for commercial purposes (1956) was Calder Hall in Sellafield, England, a gas-cooled reactor with a capacity of 45 MW. The Shippingport Reactor (Pennsylvania, 1957), a pressurised-water reactor, was the......

Words: 1791 - Pages: 8

Nuclear Power

...uclear Power in Pakistan (updated March 2012) Pakistan has a small nuclear power program, with 725 MWe capacity, but plans to increase this substantially. Pakistan's nuclear weapons capabilities of has arisen independently of the civil nuclear fuel cycle, using indigenous uranium. Because Pakistan is outside the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, due to its weapons program, it is largely excluded from trade in nuclear plant or materials, which hinders its development of civil nuclear energy. In Pakistan, nuclear power makes a small contribution to total energy production and requirements, supplying only 2.34% of the country's electricity. Total generating capacity is 20 GWe and in 2006, 98 billion kWh gross was produced, 37% of it from gas, 29% from oil. The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) is responsible for all nuclear energy and research applications in the country. Its first nuclear power reactor is a small 137 MWe (125 MWe net) Canadian pressurized heavy water reactor (PHWR) which started up in 1971 and which is under international safeguards - KANUPP near Karachi, which is operated at reduced power. The second unit is Chashma-1 in Punjab, a 325 MWe (300 MWe net) 2-loop pressurised water reactor (PWR) supplied by China's CNNC under safeguards. The main part of the plant was designed by Shanghai Nuclear Engineering Research and Design Institute (SNERDI), based on Qinshan-1. It started up in May 2000 and is also known as CHASNUPP-1. Designed......

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Nuclear Power

...Nuclear power and hydropower, both are able to produce energy without releasing fossil fuels into the air. They are both inexpensive to run but they are expensive to build. Both of these clean air options have advantages and disadvantages. Nuclear power plants have had some major disasters in the past, which make people hesitant of building more. You have to think about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and 20th century Chernobyl nuclear meltdown. We have to consider what is best for our environment and if the risk outweighs the benefits. Hydropower was developed many years ago by the “1900’s it accounted for more than 40 percent of United States electricity.” (BOR, 2009) Hydropower produces clean renewable energy that does not release any greenhouse gases and the water evaporates back into the atmosphere. Cost of running hydropower plant is not expensive and can work for years without needing repairs. They provide recreational area, tourist attraction, and controls flooding. The disadvantages “hydropower facilities can have large environmental impacts by changing the environment and affecting land use, homes, and natural habitats in the dam area.”(Turk & Bensel, 2011) There are high investment costs to build a hydropower plant. Hydropower plants can damage the ecosystem by killing off fish and plants. This can affect the fish and their ability to migrate. Therefore, everything has its drawbacks we have to figure out if it is worth it. Nuclear power plants......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3