Ancient Roman Institutions

In: Other Topics

Submitted By idss29
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Pages 7
La política, tal como la conocemos hoy; discursos, campañas electorales etc, tiene como muchos otros aspectos de nuestra cultura occidental, una base en la de la antigua Roma. La historia romana se puede dividir en tres etapas, la monarquía, la república y el periodo imperial.

A lo largo de este tiempo la política sufrió cambios. En un principio roma estaba gobernada por reyes , este cargo no era hereditario pero si vitalicio, de esta época vienen las distinciones de clases (patricios, clase ecuestre plebeyos y esclavos) el senado, los magistrados.

Mas tarde cambiaria a un sistema republicano, donde se abolieron muchas desigualdades entre plebeyos y patricios.

Y después a el llamado sistema imperial que no era mas que una dictadura camuflada que termino por consumirse a si misma. Después roma sería dividida en dos; imperio de oriente y de occidente. El primero aguantara hasta el fin de la edad media, pero el de occidente caerá pasto de los barbaros invasores del norte que se repartirán las tierras e iniciaran el sistema feudal acabando con la edad antigua y comenzando con la edad media.

La República
La desigualdad generó el primer cambio político, el paso de la monarquía a la república. En esta etapadesaparece la figura del rey, y el poder recae sobre el senado.
La Constitución de la República romana reposaba sobre el equilibrio de 3 órganos políticos que se controlan mutuamente y que se crean para evitar la restauración del poder personal: * Los magistrados: poder monárquico * El Senado: poder aristocrático. * La Asamblea del pueblo: poder democrático
Durante esta etapa aparecen los Censores en el 435 a.C. que se encargaban de clasificar a los ciudadanos por medio del Censo, llevado hasta entonces por los Cónsules. Son elegidos cada 5 años entre los antiguos Cónsules y permanecen en el cargo 18 meses como…...

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