Ap Modes Assignment 2

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By drizzyjack
Words 850
Pages 4
1) In order for someone to understand the dynamics of cause and effect and also to evaluate the casual argument they need to understand two important concepts, which are the necessary condition and sufficient condition. Necessary condition is a condition that has to be occurred for an event to be happened, and failed to do so the event will not occur. Sufficient Condition is a condition for the occurrence of an event is one that guarantees the event occurs. Example of a necessary condition is, in order for a student to get A+ in a chemistry course at York University, he has to the write the chemistry test. If he did not write the test he would not pass the class, equivalently if the student got an A+, then the student wrote the test. Example of a sufficient condition is, student needs to get an A+ in every single course to get a 9-grade value point or GPA in York University. If student got an A+ on every single course, then the student got a 9-grade value point or GPA. A causes B, A is individually necessary and jointly sufficient for condition B. A is being the necessary condition for B is both necessary and sufficient condition for B to be a sufficient condition for A. 2) This is an enumerative inductive argument. This argument is considered to be an enumerative inductive argument is because, it is argued from premises about some members of the group to a generalization about the entire group. In the argument, because 40 students from 50 students in our program got lower grade than B because of working more than 20 hours a week drawn to the conclusion that most students who work more than 20 hours per week have trouble maintaining good grades. Target group in this argument is the most students, whereas the sample is the 50 students in our program and relevant property is working more than 20 hours per week cause trouble maintaining good grades. This argument…...

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