Premium Essay

Apa Format

In: English and Literature

Submitted By eljotaerre
Words 1351
Pages 6
APA: Formatting Rules, Informational Sites,
& Example Reference List
The following sections offer  formatting rules for a Reference List page,  URLs for web sites with more information about APA documentation, and  an example APA reference list using entries from the "APA Citation Rules & Examples" page by Tarleton Libraries.

APA REFERENCE LIST FORMATTING RULES
An APA reference list is formatted as follows:

 Sources used in preparing your paper must appear in the reference list, and all entries in the reference list must be cited in your paper. Make sure the entries match. o Note: APA rules exclude some source types from reference lists. For example, communications like personal interviews and letters do not provide recoverable data. Therefore, they would be cited in a paper, but excluded from the reference list. Check the APA manual for additional information.

         

See the APA handbook for rules about listing works you read, but did not use. Put the reference list at the end of the paper. Start the reference list on its own page. Put the page number in the upper right-hand corner, at least one inch from the right-hand edge of the paper and between the top edge of the paper and the first line of text. Title the page References (or Reference if there is only one entry). Do not underline or italicize the title. Do not put it in quotation marks. Center the title on the top margin (usually an inch from the top of the page). Double space the entries. Begin the first line of each entry at the left margin. Indent subsequent lines five spaces or 1/2 inch. This is called a hanging indent in most word processing programs. List entries alphabetically based on the first letter of the first element. (e.g. by the first author's last name or by the first word in a title -- ignoring any initial A, An, and The) Consult the APA handbook (at the…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Apa Format

...Running head: INTERNET AND DISTANCE ED 1 Internet and Distance Education Delivery Models Jane Ford EDU 400 Distance Education Prof. John Smith July 27, 2010 In the top half of the page, centered and double-spaced, include: title of the paper, your first and last name, course number and name, instructor name, and date of submission. Please note that Ashford University APA guidelines require title pages to include the course instructor’s name and date. This requirement is specific to Ashford and is not included in the APA publication guidelines as outlined in the APA Publication Manual (6th edition). To center a line in MS Word 2007, select the Home tab. In the Paragraph section, choose the Center symbol (multiple lines centered in a small box). To center pre-existing text, highlight the text first and follow the steps above. Margins should be uniform, at least 1 inch at the top, bottom, left, and right of every page. To change your margins, select the Page Layout tab. In the Page Setup section, click on the Margins symbol. Clicking on Margins will present a menu of margin settings, or you may create “custom margins.” To insert a header in MS Word 2007: 1. Select the Insert tab. In the Header and Footer section, select Header, and a drop down menu will display; Choose Blank. 2. This will open the Header and bring the “Header and Footer Tools” options to the top menu bar. Check the box for Different First Page. This will ensure “Running Head:”...

Words: 2395 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Criminal Trial > Myths & Issues Videos > Issue 1: Plea Bargaining: The Pros and Cons Submit your score and performance on the following CJi Interactive simulations by sending the results to your instructor: • Chapter 4: Criminal Law > Simulation > Recognizing Crime Elements • Chapter 9: Pre-Trial Activities and the Criminal Trial > Simulation > Steps in the Trial Process • Write a 100- to 350-word reflection about the learning modules and simulations and submit it to your instructor. Write a paper in which you describe the concept of Due Process. Be sure to define the adversarial system, identify the rights of the accused, and describe the process after a crime has been committed through post-arrest procedures. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Your paper should be no less than 1,200 words...

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...APA Format: A Style Guide for ED795A Papers Dan Kitchen San Diego State University APA Format: A Style Guide for ED795A Papers Introduction Statement of the problem Briefly describe the problem that your study is designed to address. Purpose of the study Briefly explain why this research project is being undertaken. Research questions (or objectives or hypotheses) Briefly state the research questions that this study addresses. Indicate your major hypothesis: what do you expect the results of your inquiry to reveal? Theoretical perspective Your hypotheses about how the independent and dependent variables in your study are related to each other should be based upon a theory that would predict what is likely to occur. Describe that theoretical grounding of your study. Definition of key terms Here you should indicate what you mean by key terms that you use in your study. Pay particular attention to terms that may not have the same meaning for all readers. Later on, in the methods section, you will define all of the variables used in your study in operational terms. Delimitation and limitations of the study Describe the scope of your study. What are its boundaries? What issues will be addressed and what issues are considered beyond the scope of the study? What are the limitations of your study? Pay special attention to limitations in terms of the sample which is available to you, and the extent to which it may or may not represent the population......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing Style Guide Overview Other materials         Referencing Intellectual honesty and plagiarism About the APA style In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text Reference list Electronic items Referencing secondary sources Different works of the same author and same year                    Acts of Parliament (includes bills) Audio recording Australian Bureau of Statistics (AusStats) Australian Bureau of Statistics (Census information) Brochure Government report (print) Government report (online) Image on the Internet Lecture (unpublished)/ personal communication Legal cases Microfiche/microfilm document Patent/ Trademark (electronic database) Podcast (from the Internet) Study guide Thesis Tutorial/ lecture handout Video recording, television broadcast or episode in a series Video (from the Internet) Web page / document on the Internet Books and book chapters           Single author Two authors Three to six authors More than six authors No author Edited book Chapter, article or section in a book Chapter or article in an edited book E-book Reference materials Journal articles, newspaper articles and conference papers         Journal article (print version) Journal article (full-text from electronic database) Non-English journal article translated into English Newspaper article (available in print) Newspaper article (from electronic database)......

Words: 4993 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...information such as BSN or RN) • Course Abbreviation and Number • Due Date (month, day, and year) • Instructor’s Name *Doctoral students must format the title page according to APA guidelines as follows: title, author’s name, and institution name. All lines are double-spaced throughout the entire document. Use black, 12-point Times New Roman font throughout the document. Arial and Courier font types are acceptable. The Writing Style and Mechanics paper provided by the Center for Writing Excellence represents the consensus of several deans and other key academic officials within Apollo Group. The sample paper corresponds to APA style, which is the University’s preferred style. This document may contain more than 20% of its information from a single source. The sample paper is written to help you format your paper. Typically, an academic paper will include information from a variety of sources and should not contain more than 20% of its information from a single source. Although this sample paper is offered as a tool to help students with style, it is not a definitive or binding representation of format accepted by individual instructors. As a result, for all unresolved style and format issues, it is essential that you consult with your instructor before submitting your paper for a grade. Your instructor is the final authority regarding acceptable format and style for papers associated with a course, and the instructor's recommendations will prevail over this sample paper in......

Words: 4693 - Pages: 19

Free Essay

Apa Format

...THIS DOCUMENT WAS CREATED SOLELY TO PROVIDE A PREFORMED FORMAT FOR THOSE NEEDING TO WRITE ESSAYS IN APA FORMAT. DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE DELETE THIS PAGE Title Name Class Professor Date Abstract References...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...according to APA specifications. * Identify situations where parenthetical references are needed * Construct parenthetical references within the body of the paper. * Recognize the cross-referencing relationship between the parenthetical (in-text) references and the Reference page. * Construct a Reference list encompassing different types of source material Section I. Introduction to APA Style What is APA style? APA is an editorial style recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA) for preparing scholarly manuscripts and student research papers. It is the standard format for papers, articles, and books in the social sciences. In addition to providing standardized rules for formatting a paper (margins, line spacing, etc.), APA style provides a consistent method for citing ideas, quotations, facts, and paraphrases borrowed from other sources. This standardized format for identifying sources used in a paper makes the paper more credible and ensures that other authors are given credit for their original thoughts and ideas. Are there other styles? Just as APA style is used by teachers in the social sciences, teachers in the arts and humanities may ask you to format your paper in MLA style; a history professor may ask you to use Chicago or Turabian; a biology professor might want you to submit a paper in yet another format. There are slight differences between the formats and each has a unique set of rules. Note the differences between......

Words: 1338 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Quick Reference Guide FORMAT Lines double-spaced, including title page and references page. Center section headings – no caps, bold, or underline. Font Times New Roman, 12 point Margins 1” for top, bottom, right and left margins on all pages, left justified. Indent first line of paragraphs 5 spaces. Do not use extra double spacing between paragraphs. Header The header must be on all pages, including the title page and reference list. The header consists of an abbreviated title and the page number. Header must be ½” from the top of the page and 1” from the right edge of the page. Title Page Contains the following information, centered on the page, double spaced • Header with abbreviated title and page number • Full Title • Writer • Instructor • Course • Date 2 PARTS TO APA STYLE 1. IN-TEXT CITATION Placed in parentheses within the text of the paper to document source of information 2. REFERENCES PAGE List of sources cited in paper IN-TEXT CITATION Direct Quote – using exact words of a source • Use quotation marks “ “ • Include page # or paragraph # Book, Magazine, Journal article: (author’s last name, publication date, p. #) Ex: (Smith, 2002, p. 12). Webpage article w/author: (author, copyright OR last update, para. #) Ex: (Jones, 2004, para. 3). Webpage article with NO author: (“shortened article title”, copyright OR......

Words: 2404 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...acquisition of the limited goods, and the inability to purchase those goods regardless of financial standing takes its own toll on the economy. Conclusion History has already showed us the results of price controls in the market. Although the long-term effects may not be apparent, such as companies shutting down because of its inability to maintain the controlled prices and the unemployment that follow it is real. Artificially changing the laws of supply and demand and the additional non-monetary costs to the customers can lead to a bigger problem than just higher gas prices. The market should be allowed to pursue it’s equilibrium without any interference. Bibliography/References [Type references alphabetically; format APA] Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. (year). Name of article in sentence case: If there is a subtitle, it should also be in sentence case. Name of Journal in Title Case, volume(issue), first page-last page. Retrieved Month Day, Year, from name of database (if applicable) and specific URL. Ellig, Jerry (2003, January 28). Competition and Effects of Price Control. Retrieved May 2, 2008, from Federal Trade Commision Web site: http://www.ftc.gov/be/v030005.shtm...

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Running head: FULL TITLE 1 Full Title Author’s Name Name of the University This paper demonstrates how to format a traditional APA-style essay. It includes information on spacing, font, font size, PowerPoints, and paraphrasing, as well as specific reference types. For more information, please visit the following CWE links: http://sites.google.com/a/wgu.edu/cwe/apa http://community.wgu.edu/clearspacex/thread/5 7733?tstart=0 TITLE (50 Characters or Less) 2 Table of Contents 1. General Format ................................................................................................................. 3 2. In-Text Citations: The Basics ........................................................................................... 3 3. In-Text Citations: Quoting and Paraphrasing ................................................................. 3 4. Paraphrasing from a Single Source .................................................................................. 4 5. Paraphrasing from Multiple Sources ............................................................................... 5 6. Block Quotes ..................................................................................................................... 5 7. Multiple Sources from one Author – Same Year ............................................................. 6 8. Personal Pronouns ............................................................................................................ 6 9. Annotated......

Words: 2647 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Running head: PREVENTING OBESITY IN CHILDREN 1 Preventing Obesity in Children Ashley Walker Professor Avalos English 102 28 August 2009 APA Sample Paper 6th Edition [Universities may ask for other information on this page, i.e. college name, etc. Always check your class syllabus for this information or see APA Publication Manual 6th Edition] Running head: PREVENTING OBESITY IN CHILDREN Abstract Obesity is a recent health epidemic that has dire consequences for America’s health, especially for its children. The causes contributing to this epidemic include sedentary life styles, caloric intake, and major changes in the eating patterns of American families. Among these changes in eating habits is the amount of food Americans consume, how often they consume those foods, and the types of foods themselves. 2 Top Margin 1 in. Header & Page # 1 in. Running head: PREVENTING OBESITY IN CHILDREN Preventing Obesity in Children Americans are the fattest people on the planet and continue to expand. According to a 3 survey of adult men and women in the United States during 1999-2000, published in JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 30.5% of Americans are obese, up from 22.9% ten years earlier, and nearly two-thirds (64.5%) are overweight (Flegal, Ogden, & Johnson, 2002). Excess weight isn’t just a matter of looks. Obesity magnifies the risk of heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and other ailments thus overtaking tobacco as the...

Words: 1463 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Word. This template is already formatted for double spacing. Read more: Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Software Tutorials and Guides>Formatting Tutorial for APA. Level One Heading In addition, keep in mind an academic essay should contain at least five paragraphs, which includes the introduction (introductory paragraph), the body (which is generally at least 3 paragraphs), and the conclusion (generally one paragraph). Most well-developed paragraphs contain at least 3-5 sentences, one of which is the topic sentence. Limit each body paragraph to one main idea. Conclusion The closing paragraph is designed to bring the reader to your way of thinking if you are writing a persuasive essay, to understand relationships if you are writing a comparison/contrast essay, or simply to value the information you provide in an informational essay. The closing paragraph summarizes the key points from the supporting paragraphs without introducing any new information. References This is a hanging indent. To keep the hanging indent format, triple click your mouse on this line of text and replace the information with your reference entry. You can use the Reference and Citation Examples (Center for Writing Excellence>Tutorials and Guides>Reference and Citation Examples) to help format your source information into a reference entry....

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Running head: EXAMPLE PAPER FOR GRADING APA Example Paper for the Writing and Grading of Students’ Papers in the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Norm Stradleigh Course Information Professor Information Date Due Note: The title page establishes the reader’s first impression with the author’s work. Its importance cannot be over-emphasized. Visually center the title block on the page. The title block consists of the title, the author’s name, and the byline. The title is a description of the focus of the paper and should not have comments such as “A Research Paper on…,” as that would be redundant with the expressed purpose of a research paper. APA suggests a title of 10 to 12 words (American Psychological Association (APA), p. 11). Following the title is the name of the author(s). It is double-spaced and centered below the title. Double-spaced and centered below the author’s name is the byline. The byline is the name of the institution or institutions where the work was completed (APA, pp. 11-12). The words “Running head” followed by a colon appear on the title page only; left justified (one-inch margin) and one inch from the top of the paper. Following “Running head:” is a short form of the title, all capitalized. This shortened title has a maximum of 50 characters, including spaces and punctuation (APA, p. 12). The header appears on all pages including the title page. It is the first two or three words of the title (APA, p. 288). It is not in all......

Words: 2630 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...Standard APA Format Manuscript Format Title Page 1. One-inch margins all around--bottom, top, sides In Microsoft Word Go to the File menu > Page Setup • Margins should be set to 1” on the top, bottom, left, and right. In Word Perfect Go to File > Page Set-Up > Click on Margins and Layout Tab> • Make sure all margins read one inch. It should already be done for you. 2. 3. Page numbers on all pages in upper right hand corner a. The page number must be on all pages of the paper, including the title page. Your title page should begin with a running header containing the title of the paper. The following example of a running head is formatted for APA: a. Running head: A SAMPLE PAPER ACCORDING TO THE PUBLICATION MANUAL b. The running head, or abbreviated title, appears only on the title page. It is in upper case and must not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spaces. If the title of your paper is lengthy, end the running head at the end of a word; do not split the word. Type the running head flush at the left margin, approximately four lines, or two double-spaces below the page header. The term running head is included, as illustrated on page 306 of the manual, but is not counted as part of the 50 characters and is not upper case. 4. Title should be centered a. The title of the paper is typed in upper and lower case letters, and is centered between the left and right margins and positioned in the upper half of the page. If the title is two or more lines in......

Words: 1172 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Apa Format

...11/01/2011 Running head: APA FORMAT EXAMPLE A maximum of 50 characters 1 How to Do that Annoying APA Format Stuff: A Brief Overview of the 6th Edition Scott W. Plunkett California State University, Northridge Noh Wahnelse and I. M. N. Oyed University of Invisible Students Authors’ names should appear in order of their contribution to the manuscript. Author Note Scott W. Plunkett, Department of Psychology, California State University Northridge. Noh Wahnelse, Department of Paranormal Experiences and Life Events, University of Invisible Students. I. M. N. Oyed, Department of Anger Management, University of Invisible Students. Special thanks to Bill White in the Management Department at Liberty University for suggestions to the content of this document. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Scott W. Plunkett, Department of Psychology, California State University Northridge, 18111 Nordhoff Street, Northridge, CA 91330-8255. E-mail: scott.plunkett@csun.edu APA FORMAT EXAMPLE Abstract 2 The abstract provides a brief, comprehensive summary of the paper. Abstracts should not exceed 120 words, unless otherwise stated. Be sure and highlight the major ideas of the paper. For example, this paper is designed to enlighten people how to use APA formatting through a somewhat silly example. Important considerations such as formatting, headings, citations within the text, and references are addressed (not undressed). Keywords: APA, citing,......

Words: 2684 - Pages: 11