Arizona Statehood

In: Other Topics

Submitted By thehatch
Words 897
Pages 4
Sharon Hatcher
October 9, 2012
POS301-Arizona and Federal Government
Professor Halperin
Part I: Arizona Statehood Upon the ending of the Mexican American War (1846-1848), Arizona began the journey to statehood. Arizona began applying for statehood in 1872. Arizona drafted a constitution in 1891. The Congress continually ignored the request for statehood by Arizona because of because of the lack of residents, unpromising economic prospects, they are conservative democrats and demographics. Once congress passed the Enabling Act, Arizona was forced to create a constitution and it was to be approved by Congress and the acting President, also, this act presented restrictions on the state’s management of public land; stating that the majority of the land is designated as school trust land. In 1912, Arizona was finally given statehood, it was the 48th state. Leading up to Arizona’s statehood there have been many events that have lead to the formation of this state. The following are key events in history have lead to the statehood of Arizona: the Pre-territorial period, the Spanish period, the Mexican period, U.S. Controlled period and the Territorial period.

Arizona
Three Branches of Government
Arizona
Three Branches of Government

Executive Branch * Governor * Power to appoint * Removal powers (but limited) * Fiscal powers * Military powers * Lawmaking powers Legislation powers * the power to propose new legislation * the power to call the legislation into special session * the veto power
Judicial Powers * the power to appoint judges * Clemency powers
Other informal Powers * Secretary of State * Record keeping * Elections * Attorney General * Legal advisor * Superintendent of Public Instruction

“ The Executive Branch is to carry out (“execute”)…...

Similar Documents

Personal Statement University of Arizona

...Evan Siegel 05/18/95 My plans to attend the University of Arizona have taken shape like a well-worn path through the woods. The process began when my brother was accepted there in 2010. I got my first glimpse of the amazing campus when he moved into his dorm. Through frequent phone conversations with my brother Alec, I developed a detailed understanding of campus life. Over the past three years, I've also visited him frequently and witnessed first-hand, what it's like to be a student at the University of Arizona. Through these experiences and the research I have conducted, I 'm confident that University of Arizona is a perfect fit for my education goals. A few weeks later, I was back on the campus for freshman weekend. My brother invited me to stay overnight in his dorm, which gave me unforgettable insight into what it is like to attend the University of Arizona. He introduced me to all of his friends, that I still talk to up to this day. The next day, I attended my first college football game. I sat right next to him inside the Zonazoo, with all of his friends. After those two weekends, I was envious of my brother and felt determined to join him at the University of Arizona. These feelings have only intensified with many more campus visits over the last three years. Consequently, I became more focused than ever on my studies and extracurricular......

Words: 562 - Pages: 3

Arizona

...Arizona Constitution Running head: Arizona Constitution Arizona Constitution Arizona Constitution Arizona became the forty-eighth state on February 14, 1912. Many events led to the admission of Arizona as a state in the Union and are recognized in the following timeline. ❖ Arizona History – 1700’s • Arizona was first explored by the Spanish • 1539 – Father Marcos de Niza explores Arizona and claims it for Spain • 1752 – First permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac • 1776 – A Spanish fort is built at Tucson ❖ Arizona History – 1800’s • 1821 – Mexico gains military control of Arizona • 1821 – Trappers and traders from the United States came into Arizona • 1848 – United States won the Mexican War and gained all of Arizona, north of the Gila River through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • 1850 - The Great Compromise organized this new territory and allowed for division of the territory into states to be admitted to the Union in the Future • 1854 – The rest of Arizona becomes part of the United States by the Gadsden Purchase • 1891 – An Arizona Constitution was written and passed by voters. While the US House of Representatives also passed the constitution, the Senate did not approve statehood. ❖ Arizona History...

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Arizona Statehood

...Arizona Statehood & Constitution Kelli Miller Grand Canyon University: POS 301 January 22, 2013 Arizona Statehood & Constitution Arizona is recorded to have began in 1539 by the Europeans with the first documented exploration of the area by Marcos de Niza. Arizona was part of Mexico because the population was small. The United States took possession in 1848 after the Mexican-American War. Arizona split off from New Mexico in 1863, and became a state on February 14, 1912. Arizona still continues to grow today as a state in population, with retirees and tourism. I will be describing and analyzing events that have impacted Arizona becoming a state. Preterritorial Period The earliest cultures of Arizona can be speculated to have appeared around 25,000 BC. In 500 A.D., the more defined cultures emerged being known as the Hohokam whom was pit dwellers that specialized in irrigation systems. They brought water by way of canals to grow crops; and many of the remains of their canals still can be traced. The Casa Grande tells us a great deal about the achievements of the civilization. Beginning in the 11th Century, the Pueblo developed underground chambers to build their homes and cotton fiber. They lived in elaborate cliff dwellings, unlike the Hohokam. Around this time, Spanish colonist began to populate the territory in search of fortune. The Apache and Navajo whom exited Canada in the 13th century began to settle the land. This time was known for many battles......

Words: 1314 - Pages: 6

Statehood Az

...Christi Bickford POS 301 – Arizona and Federal Government November 11, 2012 Arizona Statehood This was the oldest time in Arizona history. There were various types of people living at this time. One of which is the Paelo people. The Hohokam people settled in the southern parts of Arizona in the early 300’s. The Hohokams introduced highly extensive canals and watering systems.. The Hohokam and Anasazi people began the process of finding new ways to be successful in producing agricultural crops. As time when on, the Hohokam people became very advanced in irrigation. They contributed to the creation and establishment of more advanced irrigation networks. Around 500BC the Pueblo people came to Arizona. These people built many elaborate residences, for those times, in the region. They were a people that developed the use of cotton fiber and underground chambers to build their homes. It is a very amazing history of the beginnings of Arizona. The people of the time were very much advanced for the time and began to master crops and homes that would flourish in the Arizona territory. During this time the Spanish colonist began to steadily populate Arizona. They were in search of the silver and other hidden treasure of the territory. Many Spanish colonists including Fray Marcos and other colonist came looking for the sliver deposits they had trouble making the territory bigger. The Apache and Tohono O’odham Indian tribes would not allow the colonist to travel......

Words: 871 - Pages: 4

Miranda vs. Arizona

...February 25, 2013 PLS 135 Miranda vs. Arizona In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that detained criminal suspects, prior to police questioning, must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination. Ernesto Miranda was the plaintiff and the state of Arizona was the defendant. Ernesto Miranda was convicted of the March 1963 kidnapping and rape of an eighteen-year-old girl in Phoenix, Arizona. After the crime the police picked up Miranda because he fit the description of the girl’s attacker. The officers took him into an interrogation room and told him that he had been identified by the victim, although that was false. After the police questioned Miranda for two hours, he confessed. At the trial, the defense counsel tricked one of the detectives into admitting that Miranda was never given the opportunity to seek advice from an attorney before his interrogation. Miranda was convicted and sentenced to 40-60 years in prison. When he tried to appeal, the U.S. Supreme Court set aside his conviction. Then Chief Justice Warren wrote: “Prior to and questioning, the person must be warned that he has the right to remain silent, that any statement he does make may be used as evidence against him, and that he has a right to the presence of an attorney, either retained or appointed…” Miranda was retried, only this time without his confession being introduced into evidence at the trial, he was convicted again. Even though his......

Words: 589 - Pages: 3

Statehood of New Mexico

...It took New Mexico more than half a century to shed its territorial status and become a state. New Mexico's citizens first attempted to gain statehood in 1850, when local officials drafted a state constitution which was overwhelmingly approved by voters. A legislature and executive officials were elected. That same summer, however, this statehood plan was nullified when Congress passed the Compromise Bill of 1850 which granted New Mexico territorial status. Other attempts to develop and implement a state constitution followed, including proposed constitutions which were defeated at the polls in 1872 and 1889. There was even an effort at joint statehood with Arizona in 1906, but this too was defeated by the voters, mainly those from Arizona. They feared that Santa Fe would control the state’s politics. Many reasons have been suggested why it took New Mexico so long to become a state. Early efforts were hampered, in part, by a general ignorance about the territory and suspicions towards its people. Statehood was opposed by those who felt that New Mexico's predominantly Hispanic and Indian population was too foreign and Catholic for admission to the American Union. There were even periodic debates as to whether a new name for the territory would help the cause of statehood. Names such as Navajo and Lincoln were suggested and seriously considered. There were also questions about the loyalty these recently conquered people had for their new country. This issue was slowly laid to......

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Arizona State and Constitution

...Arizona Statehood and Constitution Arizona and Federal Government November 18, 2012 Part 1: Arizona Statehood There are many events which impacted the process of Arizona becoming a state. Each of these events is not only historical, but they are what allowed the Arizona Constitution to be written in 1910 and to finally become a state in 1912. The Arizona Constitution, when first adopted, was seen as one of the most radical documents in the United States, and even today it still has many contrasts to the U.S. Constitution. Some of the events which helped to shape the Arizona Constitution, as well as make it an official state are the Pre-territorial Period, the Spanish Period, The Mexican Period, the U.S. Controlled Period, the Territorial Period and the impact of the Progressive movement on the creation of the Arizona constitution. First, the Pre-territorial Period is probably the most politically unknown because it is impossible to reconstruct how these prehistoric communities felt about politics and democracy. However, evidence shows that people inhabited Arizona for thousands of years before the Europeans. Indians were considered to be the “first citizens” established in Arizona, long before it became a state. There are three major cultures which lived in this state, which were the Apache, the Navajo, the Hohokam and Mogollon. The Hohokam disappeared around the mid 1400’s but historians do not know why. Each group was complex in their social......

Words: 2438 - Pages: 10

The Arizona Immigration Law

...English essay – The Arizona immigration law We get an assignment, to write an essay about the Arizona immigration law. We get some material as, facts, articles and interviews with Barack Obama. In the following part I would make a summary of the materials. To discuss the problems about the Arizona immigration law, I need to know something about the US political system, how you approve the law. In the USA, there are two types of laws: The Federal legislation there applies to all Americans and all the states. It's about everything that is common to all. For example, the civil rights, immigration law, foreign policy laws. There is also The State legislation that stands for the law in the single states, things there can be different from state to state as taxes. In this text we will mostly work with the state Arizona, where the governor signs the Immigration law. ” Immigration - local impact of Arizona law” summary In TV-program about “the Arizona Immigration law”, are about the state Arizona and a new immigration law. The new law makes it possible for Arizona’ police department to check every person they suspect as illegal immigrants. They can hold them at the station, to the suspects background where discovered. Neighborhood state California, see the opportunities in the law because of the many immigrants in California. “President Obama on fixing the broken Immigration system” summery The American President Barack Obama talks about the immigration system. He said every......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Arizona Constitution

...Running head: Arizona Constitution Arizona Constitution Arizona Constitution Arizona became the forty-eighth state on February 14, 1912. Many events led to the admission of Arizona as a state in the Union and are recognized in the following timeline. ❖ Arizona History – 1700’s • Arizona was first explored by the Spanish • 1539 – Father Marcos de Niza explores Arizona and claims it for Spain • 1752 – First permanent Spanish settlement was established in Tubac • 1776 – A Spanish fort is built at Tucson ❖ Arizona History – 1800’s • 1821 – Mexico gains military control of Arizona • 1821 – Trappers and traders from the United States came into Arizona • 1848 – United States won the Mexican War and gained all of Arizona, north of the Gila River through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • 1850 - The Great Compromise organized this new territory and allowed for division of the territory into states to be admitted to the Union in the Future • 1854 – The rest of Arizona becomes part of the United States by the Gadsden Purchase • 1891 – An Arizona Constitution was written and passed by voters. While the US House of Representatives also passed the constitution, the Senate did not approve statehood. ❖ Arizona History –......

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Arizona Immigration Law

...PHIL 3515 Arizona Immigration Law-Was it wrong? If a state passes through a law that takes away people’s rights and freedom because you’re considered to be a minority, is it racist? The law I’m referring to is the Arizona SB 1070, which was introduced in 2010 by the Arizona House Bill 2162, and then signed by Governor Jan Brewer of Arizona.2 The Arizona SB 1070 (also known as The Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act) is a legislative Act in Arizona that at the time it was brought up, it was the widest and strictest anti-illegal immigration measure in recent U.S. history.2 The law reads that every alien living in the United States over that is fourteen years or older must have registration papers or documents in their possession at all times; if this condition isn’t followed, its considered a federal misdemeanor crime. The law also allows people in the police force to stop anyone who looks or seems to be from another country, to check if they have the right documents in their possession.2. While the law specifies who “aliens are”, the law makers and officials clearly target the Hispanic race in living in Arizona. According to the Census numbers, the Hispanic population has grown over 50% from 1990 to 2012, which also includes the number of undocumented immigrants living in Arizona.4 The total Latino population in Arizona is increasing every year and the Arizona officials believe that the only way to contain it is by forcing them out of the country. 4 I......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Phoeniz, Arizona

...Anne Arundel Community College English 111 Molly Dean Essay #3 Outline Families, Parents, and Children Specific Purpose Idea: To inform my audience how the story “This is What It Means to say Phoenix, Arizona” relates to the topic of families, parents and children. Central Idea: Broken relationship between the father and son in this story. THESIS: Phoenix, Arizona is not only a place but it is also the name of a bird in Egyptian mythology that rises from its very own ashes and becomes reborn into a brand new life, making this story a regeneration. Through symbolism, imagery and the language the author uses in “What it means to say Phoenix, Arizona” displays how the death of a loved one, another relationship that was lost in rekindled. TYPE: In the beginning of the story, Victor had suddenly just lost his job, his father whom he wasn’t close with died of a heart attack but little does Victor know, he will soon be the one in a great deal with pain but with Victor is quickly uplifted by a former friend who brings hope and relief (to his life) while taking on this journey to Phoenix, Arizona. Examples of symbolism: Thomas Builds-the-Fire: his name actually has a lot of meaning behind it. Thomas Builds-the-Fire has a lot of dreams and visions when it comes to unrealistic things and he has a lot of passion which Victor does not have. “Phoenix” is an old myth that indicates a bird rises from its own ashes and becomes reborn. (The title) The......

Words: 494 - Pages: 2

Miranda vs Arizona

...Facts In March 1963, Ernesto Miranda, of Phoenix, Arizona, was arrested in connection with the rape and kidnapping of women. While in custody and after 2 hours of interrogation, he confessed of robbery and attempted rape. His confession and the testimony of the victim were used in the trial. The judge of the Superior Court allowed the confession was used and Miranda was convicted and sentenced to 20-30 years in prison Miranda appealed the case to the Arizona Supreme Court; His lawyer argues that his confession should not be used in court because he had not been informed of their rights. Arizona Supreme Court rejected his appeal and upheld his conviction. Miranda then petitioned for the case to be heard by the United States Supreme Court. Intimidation deprives suspects of their basic freedom and may lead to false confessions. The defendant's right to a lawyer is during interrogation allows the offender to tell their story without fear, effectively, and in a way that all his rights will be protected. Issue: Legal issue The issue of this case is if the government is required to notify the accused detainees of their constitutional rights of the Fifth Amendment against self-incrimination before questioning the accused. The government has to notify detainees of their constitutional rights of the Fifth Amendment. The Amendment explain “the right to remain silent, it just mean all that they confess could be used against them in court, his right to counsel and their right......

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Arizona Government

...Abstract: The following paper will review the government of Arizona and how laws come into effect within the state system. It will establish an understanding of the initiative to create a bill in the Arizona Constitution and the laws and their significance to the citizens of the state of Arizona. These laws and initiatives continue to be the foundation for the government and the people of Arizona that drive the Constitution of the people of Arizona and their current government. Introduction In the state of Arizona, private citizens also have the ability to be lawmakers. Voters have the power of the initiative, referendum, and recall at the state level and in their cities and counties. In an initiative, voters propose a new law or amendment to the State Constitution. Voters collect signatures to have the initiative placed on the ballot for a vote. At election time, people vote for or against the new law or amendment. In a referendum, citizens vote on whether a current law should remain in effect. If the citizens are dissatisfied with how an elected official is representing them, they may vote to recall, or remove the official from the office. These provisions are the major force in Arizona’s political environment. This paper will explore the methods of how a law is introduced in the state of Arizona, as well as current initiative or legislative bill that is currently being considered in Arizona. In introducing a law, there are specific methods that should be followed.......

Words: 1050 - Pages: 5

Arizona Immagration

...After Arizona passed a series of tough anti-immigration laws, Rob Knorr couldn’t find enough Mexican field hands to pick his jalapeño peppers. He sharply reduced his acreage and invested $2 million developing a machine to remove pepper stems. His goal was to cut the number of laborers he needed by 90% and to hire higher-paid U.S. machinists instead. “We used to have many migrant families. They aren’t coming back,” says Mr. Knorr, who owns RK Farms LLC, an hour’s drive from Phoenix. Few issues in the presidential campaign are more explosive than whether and how much to crack down on illegal immigration, which some Republican candidates in particular blame for America’s economic woes. Arizona is a test case of what happens to an economy when such migrants leave, and it illustrates the economic tensions fueling the immigration debate. Immigrants Push Down Wages for Low-Income Workers—But How Much? Economists of opposing political views agree the state’s economy took a hit when large numbers of illegal immigrants left for Mexico and other border states, following a broad crackdown. But they also say the reduced competition for low-skilled jobs was a boon for some native-born construction and agricultural workers who got jobs or raises, and that the departures also saved the state money on education and health care. Whether those gains are worth the economic pain is the crux of the debate. Gordon Hanson, a University of California at San Diego economist who has......

Words: 2246 - Pages: 9

Arizona Statehood and Constitution

...Running head: PSYCOLOGICAL UNDERPINNINGS: A TASK AT HAND Psychological Underpinning: A Task At Hand Beverly Becnel Grand Canyon University: EDU 313 N February 21, 2012 The task of teaching children comes with many different avenues to choose from, but the avenue we choose is only as good as the way we plan the lesson and the child’s ability to comprehend it. Another notable factor of planning for lessons is the many theories that are available for our use. Because of the fact that children learn and develop at different stages, it is important to evaluate each child and make sure the lessons we are planning to teach is at that child’s level. In order to ensure we have chosen the best pathway for the child’s learning experience it is also important for teachers to make themselves familiar with these theories and discover when and how to use them. One theory I found to be a good resource is Behaviorism which is also known as behavioral psychology; this theory is based on the fact that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning. This conditioning can occur with the interaction of the environment. According to this theory behavior can be studied in a systematic and observable manner regardless of internal mental status (cherry, 2012). The two major types of behaviorism are classical conditioning, and operant conditioning. The classical conditioning theory is based on the act of placing a neutral signal before a naturally occurring reflex. For example you......

Words: 2119 - Pages: 9