Article Review : “Objectivity and the Development of Negro Studies, ” in Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge

In: Social Issues

Submitted By lholsey
Words 507
Pages 3
Jerry Gershenhorn, “Objectivity and the Development of Negro Studies,” in Melville J. Herskovits and the Racial Politics of Knowledge (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2000): 123-167

“Objectivity and the Development of Negro Studies” in Melville J. Herskovits and the racial Politics of Knowledge by Jerry Gershenhorn discusses the impact of Melville Herskovits and his ideas on racial politics. Herskovits’s work primarily focused on African American culture. Many of his colleagues and even African Americans of his time did not value his work because of his Jewish heritage and controversial viewpoints. However, today his work is viewed beneficial to the study of African Americans. Gershenhorn begins by describing the efforts by progressive intellectuals to create a more democratic society through their writings. He cites the views of Charles Beard, who stated, “I don’t say that you ought to write history on the basis of your assumptions but I say you do” (pg 124). Gershenhorn says some scholars moved away from an activist perspective, while others continued to embrace it. Melville Herskovits said he sought to understand African American cultures on their own terms, meaning people defined their own life, reality and culture and could not be evaluated by those not in the culture themselves. Although Herskovits was a very intelligent man his work was always questioned. For example he faced many anti-Jewish attitudes when looking for job after getting his Ph.D. It took him four years to earn a full time teaching position. Perhaps dealing with his own discrimination helped him understand the plight of African Americans. Gershenhorn describes in great detail the many organizations that played a role in Herskovits’ research, such as the NAACP and SSRC (Social Science Research Council). The SSRC studied the racial differences and…...

Similar Documents

Servant Leadership Article Review

...Management http://jom.sagepub.com/ Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis Dirk van Dierendonck Journal of Management 2011 37: 1228 originally published online 2 September 2010 DOI: 10.1177/0149206310380462 The online version of this article can be found at: http://jom.sagepub.com/content/37/4/1228 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: Southern Management Association Additional services and information for Journal of Management can be found at: Email Alerts: http://jom.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Subscriptions: http://jom.sagepub.com/subscriptions Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Permissions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Citations: http://jom.sagepub.com/content/37/4/1228.refs.html >> Version of Record - Jun 8, 2011 OnlineFirst Version of Record - Sep 2, 2010 What is This? Downloaded from jom.sagepub.com at OhioLink on February 1, 2013 Journal of Management Vol. 37 No. 4, July 2011 1228-1261 DOI: 10.1177/0149206310380462 © The Author(s) 2011 Reprints and permission: http://www. sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Servant Leadership: A Review and Synthesis Dirk van Dierendonck Erasmus University Servant leadership is positioned as a new field of research for leadership scholars. This review deals with the historical background of servant leadership, its key characteristics, the available measurement tools, and the results of relevant studies that have been conducted so far. An overall......

Words: 17750 - Pages: 71

Marketing Articles Reviews

...(1) Rethinking the boundaries of social marketing: activism or advertising? By Walter Wymer Journal of Business Research - J BUS RES , vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 99-103, 2010 Article Review: Walter Wymer is currently a faculty member in the Management department of University of Lethbridge, Canada. He has done extensive research in areas of nonprofit organizations’ marketing strategies and their effectiveness. His areas of expertise are nonprofit studies, volunteerism, business ethics and social activism. In the above mentioned article, Wymer aims to highlight the ineffectiveness of tactics of social marketers in trying to promote healthy food consumption by the public. The main focus of the article is to imply that conservative approach of social marketing in no longer helpful in yielding positive response from the people and a more rigorous approach is needed to negate the unhealthy consumer behavior. Marketing strategies around the world are enhancing, more and more is being invested in trying to influence peoples’ decisions and behaviors through marketing and advertisements. Social marketing agencies are highly lacking the right skills needed to direct the behavior of consumers whereas commercial marketing industries are vigilantly taking advantage of the wide array of mediums like television, radio, internet, social media websites, blogs, vlogs, etc to promote their products. Wymer emphasizes about the extent of influence on people created by commercial...

Words: 1985 - Pages: 8

Article Review

...BINDURA UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY NAME MATAIRE MUNYARADZI COURSE TITLE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND PLANNING COURSE CODE DG 420 PROGRAMME BACHELOR OF SCIENCE HONOURS IN DEGREE IN DEVELOPMENT STUDIES LECTURER DR I MBERENGWA ASSIGNMENT TITLE ARTICLE REVIEW: AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE FAST TRACK LAND REFORM PROGRAMME ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN ZIMBABWE: A CASE OF VUNGU RURAL DISTRICT (2000-2009) BY: CHIEDZA KIMBERLEY CHABHONGORA, CRISPEN HAHLANI AND PERCYSLAGE CHIGORA (2010) TITLE: An analysis of the impact of the fast track land reform programme on disaster management in Zimbabwe: A case of Vungu rural district (2000-2009). PROBLEM: The fast track land reform program (FTLRP) in Zimbabwe did not adequately address disaster management and environmental sustainability. The process was chaotic and failed to meet the real needs of the people but in fact strived to achieve political agendas. The FTLRP was poorly planned because there was no supportive infrastructure and systems that were meant to assist the newly resettled famers. As such production on the farms dropped significantly leading to the farmers engaging in other livelihood activities which were detrimental to the environment and which increased the vulnerability of the people to drought. OBJECTIVES: • To analyze the......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Article Review

...RESEARCHING PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATIONS By Jennifer Rowley This article entitled researching people and organizations has been written by Jennifer Rowley who are Lecturer in the School for Business and Regional Development, University of Wales, Bangor, UK. This article has been promotes research as a tool in the armoury of the professionals in changing environment. First of all this article has been discussed about the essential considerations for good research. Next, the author discussed more about the approaches to research that Library and information professionals can use to structure the way in which they look at their environment, and the organization in and with which they are working such as observation, case studies and action research. Firstly, the author discussed the four essential criteria for good researches are add to existing knowledge, a clear purpose or research question objectivity and reliability and as well as access, ethics and politics. In order to achieve add to existing knowledge, it is important because it might mean reading the professional literature on the latest self-service digital library development. Next, more discussion in a clear purpose or research question, the question are more likely to be employed in the analysis and this could lead to the formulation of hypothesis that this might be recurrent problem. While, objectivity and reliability are targets to strive towards which is the way in which the researcher conducts the research......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Article Review: “Financial Incentives, Professional Values and Performance: a Study of Pay-for-Performance in a Professional Organization” – Gary J Young, Howard Beckman and Errol Baker

...Young, Beckman and Baker conducted a study on the influence of financial incentives in a pay for performance based research experiment of professional physicians. Their study aimed to provide further evidence on the effect of the agency theory in incentivizing the agent by providing financial rewards particularly in professional organizational settings. There is much debate in the field about the real benefits of financial incentives on human behavior management in the workplace. The subject remains controversial and many studies have provided equivocal results. Their study exposes that physicians in the test group responded differently to the financial incentives offered based particularly on their belief in the importance of the goals or on their feeling of having their autonomy undermined (Young, et al., 2012). However the results are not conclusive and hinge largely on the underlying motivation and attitudes of the professional test subjects themselves and how they perceived the incentive scheme. This research is a loose experiment in a narrow field of professional organisation, however the results of this study do provide some insight into the motivation behind and acceptance of pay for performance schemes by those in a professional field with a certain level of autonomy. Limitations need to be observed in interpreting the overall conclusion of the findings. Theoretical Perspectives The authors focus a great portion of the article to the discussion of the theoretical......

Words: 2030 - Pages: 9

Article Review

...Article Review on: Toward Culture Intelligence: Turning Cultural Differences into a Workplace Advantage. The article under review is entitled as "Toward Culture Intelligence: Turning Cultural Differences into a Workplace Advantage." by Earley, P. Christopher, and Elaine Mosakowski. This article has been acquired from the journal, Academy of Management Perspective, Volume 18, Issue No. 3 and was published on August 1, 2004. The article attempts to explain the traditional approaches that were used in understanding and explaining the differences among people who belonged to diverse backgrounds and have a different culture. It then focuses on the recent development of a newer approach that is cultural intelligence, its framework and different managerial profiles that can be helpful for competing with other organizations in this era of diversity and globalization. The authors have described two traditional approaches in this article that were used to study cultural diversity. The first approach is, the aggregate approach, in which the researchers identify and ascertain the values and beliefs of people in a particular region or a country and then they associate those beliefs and values to those set of people. This approach is more generalized and therefore it does not account for the differences among individuals from the same cultural background. The second approach is, the individual approach, in which the researchers do not focus on the culture to which the individual......

Words: 1395 - Pages: 6

Article Review

...An article review of Harvey, Bosco and Emanuele, 2010, ‘The Impact of “Green Collar Worker” on Organizations, Management Research Review, vol.33, no. 5, pp 499-511. One of key factors to ensure organizational effectiveness is the people who run it. Therefore, acquiring and employing the workforce has to be planned and managed well since the business environment is facing rapid changes mainly in terms of generation employed, technology and society needs. This article concentrates on how “green collar workers” affect an organization. The authors’ main idea is that practice of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Programme with regard to environmental activities has an effect on organization image which may lead to better selection in recruitment. Based on previous research, Harvey, Bosco and Emanuele (2010) conducted a study on the importance of CSR/organization’s environmental activities and its relationship with employee willingness to recommend employer to others. This research aimed to provide further understanding on the influence of “green collar worker” on organization particularly on employee behaviour since previous research have been unclear. The study reveals that Veterans and Boomers are more interested in environmental conservation compared to other generation which is against most findings in research pertaining attitudes toward environmental issues where most of them found that younger people are more into it. This may be due to the authors’ methodology......

Words: 940 - Pages: 4

Article Review

...Week 2 Article Review: Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making Scot Joslin Averett University Organizational Behavior BSA 319 / B2147 Dr. J. Scott Frampton, Ph.D. January 17, 2013 Week 2 Article Review: Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making The authors examined individual cost and benefit valuation in regards to human economic behavior. “Variability in decisions about how much to work, how much to risk, or how long to wait for a given reward” (Treadway et al., 2012, p. 6170). In short, how long or hard are humans willing to work, and how long are we willing to wait for a desired reward/result. The answer appears to be that it depends on the individual. While not a surprising result, why that is appears to be scientific. The authors conducted a study of 25 individuals. Individuals were given the option of performing a task with a higher likelihood of completion but lower possible award. As well, participants were given the option of performing a task that was more difficult to complete but a higher possible award. The tests were administered with varying degrees of the possible awards actually being given. At the time participants were performing the tasks, they were also completed a PET scan to monitor dopamine to “evaluate how variability in DA function as associated with individual differences in cost/benefit decision-making preferences” (Treadway et al.,......

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Study of the Negro

...Dante Woodson The Study of the Negro There is a lot that goes into the study of Negros instead of just them being slaves. Most people don’t even think about looking into Negros. The reason why so many give such little attention to the background of the Negro is the belief that this study is unimportant and very irrelevant. Even though the study of Negros is important because the Negro race is just as important and any other race. Negros basically have their own class due to how they were treated and still are being treated but it is not as bad now than it was before. This is because the oppressor has put a negative mind set into the Negros and other races that Negros are worthless, which put the Negros in their own class. The also oppressor teaches the Negros that they has no worth-while past and that his race has nothing significant since the beginning of time. Also the oppressor always reminds them that they will never be anything. The education of a Negro was carefully directed because they didn’t want them to achieve anything. They were told even if they were taught anything it would not work out no matter how good they do. Negros were schooled instead of being educated, meaning they were being trained opposed to being taught were you can question what you’re being taught and that is what the oppressor didn’t want. Since they were schooled they did everything by the rules. For example if you tell a Negro to always use the back door that’s what he would do and if there...

Words: 745 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...------------------------------------------------- TABLE OF CONTENT 1. Intellectual Property (IP) – An Overview 2 2. Intellectual Property Rights And Protection Benefits 3 3. Intellectual Property Categories 4 3.1. Industrial Property 4 3.2. Copyright 7 4. Brief History of IP Law in Malaysia 8 4.1. Intellectual Property Issues In Malaysia 9 5. Business Responsibility in Intellectual Property 11 5.1. IP Help to Keep Your Ideas 12 5.2. IP Protects Business Growth 12 5.3. It’s Easier Than You Think 12 5.4. IP associated with a business 13 6. Positive Impacts of IP on Business Development and Growth 13 7. Negative Impacts of IP on Business Development and Growth 14 8. Benefiting from Intellectual Property Rights 16 9. Conclusions 16 Reference Intellectual Property (IP) – An Overview In general terms, intellectual property is any product of the human intellect that the law protects from unauthorized use by others.  The ownership of intellectual property inherently creates a limited monopoly in the protected property. The products of the human intellect that comprise the subject matter of intellectual property are typically characterized as non-rivalrous public goods.  Essentially, this means that the same product may be used simultaneously by more than one person without diminishing the availability of that product for use by others.  In the words of Thomas Jefferson: "If nature has made any one thing less susceptible than all others of......

Words: 5933 - Pages: 24

Article Review

...Summary: The article focuses on the analysis of the similarities and differences of the internationalization processes and strategies among Norwegian and Lithuanian SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises). Therefore R. Korsakiene and M. Tvaronaviciene mention some general internationalization models and theories of SMEs like the stage approach, foreign direct investment theory or the network approach. The following chapter describes the link between internationalization and entrepreneurship which leads to a definition of international entrepreneurship as “the discovery, evaluation, and explotion of opportunities across national borders” (McDougall, Oviatt 2005). Afterwards the authors introduce different motives and barriers of internationalization as well as factors that influence the foreign market selection and modes of entering new markets. To prove the stated characteristics the authors did a study using questionnairs which were sent to firms in Lithuania and Norway. As a result the authors get insights which internal and external motives and barriers as well as foreign market selection criterias and operational modes are most relevant for Norwegian and Lithuanian SMEs. There were many similarities among both countries like the “small domestic market” as a motive to expand their operations toward foreign markets as well as too much bureaucrarcy as one of the main barriers to enter new markets. On the other hand the authors found also differences, especially when it......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Politics and Knowledge

...CHAPTER 1 – POLITICS AND KNOWLEDGE INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE Review Sekar Rizki Wibowo – KKI_B What is politics? Politics is a process by which a group of people, whose opinions or interests might be different from each other, reach collective decisions that are generally regarded as binding on the group and enforced as a common policy. The basis of political knowledge always came from three important sources, which are: 1. Authority : Involves the appeal of any documents, tradition, or person that is believed to be an important source of politics or some explanation regarding a particular issue. 2. Personal thought : Relies on assumption of human brains that may develop a thought that determines the definition or anything he/she knows about the political world. 3. Science : Uses expliicit methods that attempt to enable the different people to agree about what they know. The goal of using science in order to learn about politics is that it answers the facts what, why, and how questions about politics. Political science is composed from some subfields that are usually defined by their specific subject matter, rather than by their mode of analysis. The four subfields of political knowledge are: 1. Comparative politics : Focuses on similarities and difference in political processes and structures. 2. International relations : Focuses on the political relations between countries, the behavior of transnational actors, and the dynamics......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Article Review

...Article Review Silvia Arambula MGT 426 December 7, 2015 Robert Sell Article Review Learning Organization is an organization that acquires knowledge and innovates fast enough to survive and thrive in a rapidly changing environment. Learning organizations (1) create a culture that encourages and supports continuous employee learning, critical thinking, and risk taking with new ideas, (2) allow mistakes, and value employee contributions, (3) learn from experience and experiment, and (4) disseminate the new knowledge throughout the organization for incorporation into day-to-day activities (BusinessDictionary.com, 2014). The main difference is that organizational learning has focused on observation and analysis of the processes of individual and collective learning within organizations, whereas the literature on learning organizations is action oriented and geared towards applying specific diagnostic and evaluative methodological tools that can contribute to identifying, promoting and assessing the quality of learning processes in the organization (Wathne, 2012). Article Summary There are many significant factors of an efficacious business organization at the currently evolving, shifting and vigorous global business setting, one of these significant factors are organizational learning and institutionalization of the learning organization. It is worth taking that one of the crucial components of an organization is its employees and the commitment and loyalty of its......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Racial and Ethnic Politics

...Racial & Ethnic Short-Answer Questions (15) Should reparations be paid to the descendants of victims of slavery? • Some reject the decision made in the Bakke case that providing a remedy for the effects of racial discrimination is unconstitutional. They argue that the idea of reparations is rooted in international law. • Affirmative Action is inadequate, the ‘Maafa’ (meaning disaster, i.e., slavery) is a crime against humanity, and therefore compensation is required. • In the past 50 years apologies and financial compensation has been given to a wide range of groups, including survivors of the Jewish holocaust (as well as descendants of the victims), Japanese-Americans who were imprisoned during the Second World War and native Americans who had their land illegally seized in the USA. • African Americans have been demanding compensation for slavery since the end of the American Civil War. Immediately after the abolition of slavery, the demand was for 40 acres and a mule to ensure they would not be dependent on their former slave-owners. Then, between 1890 and 1917, there was a movement to lobby the government for pensions to compensate for their unpaid labour under slavery. Since 1989, Congressman John Conyers Jnr (Michigan) has introduced a bill every year to study the case for reparations. Each of these initiatives has been largely ignored by the political establishment. • Reparations would ensure full recognition of the scale of the Maafa and, at the same......

Words: 8688 - Pages: 35

Article Review

...The overall purpose of the article is to gain a better understanding behind the attitudes and personal opinions of having a smoke-free campus. It continues to go into more specific depth regarding a smoke-free campus such as the most effective way to initiate and retain a smoke-free campus. Within this pool of knowledge, it will show some of the main reasoning behind why people that smoke want to keep a campus from becoming smoke-free and will also show people urges behind wanting a campus to become smoke-free. This will give two fully biased views from both complete opposites (a smoke-free campus versus a smoking campus.) Some of the bigger issues that Cho and DeVaney wanted to evaluate the motives behind the college students. This includes the variety of thinking and learning methods, reasons behind their actions, and meanings that give the students their urges towards these actions. By doing so, it will assist in understanding the motives, attitudes, and urges on a deeper level by evaluating “why” they want what they want, and “why” they did what they did. Another issue that the authors wanted to acknowledge is the college students’ reactions as well as their actions. They wanted to understand how the students would react to a change in the smoking policy at their college and what they would do to fix it if they did not like it or how they would help enforce the policy if they did like it. Cho and DeVaney conducted their research in two types of methods: field......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5