Free Essay

Assignment on Walton

In: Business and Management

Submitted By mdaa
Words 4711
Pages 19
1. BSCIC
About BSCIC
Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industries Corporation (BSCIC) is a prime government organization entrusted for rapid industrialization of small and cottage Industries in the country. Under the direct or indirect initiative of BSCIC a plenty of entrepreneurs has been created and enterprises has been set up in the country. But the influence of globalization and the free economy impacts upon the traditional manufacturing enterprises. This situation for marketing of small and cottage industries products is a major constraints facing by the sector. BSCIC is to provide facilities to the existing and new entrepreneurs to expand and develop their markets and to stay and sustain in the competitive environment.

Introduction
Bangladesh Small & Cottage Industries Corporation (BSCIC) was established in 1957 by an Act of Parliament. The establishment of BSCIC was in recognition of the need for a specialised agency to promote the development of Small, Medium & Cottage Industries (SMCIs) in the manufacturing sector through the provision of advisory services, fiscal and financial assistance, infrastructural facilities, market access and other support programme.
BSCIC strives to create resilient and efficient SMCIs, able to compete in a liberalised market environment. SMCIs have to be efficient and knowledge-driven, including using ICT to be globally ‘connected’ and accessible. The Corporation will promote SMCIs to be an integral part of the country’s industrial development capable of producing high value-added manufacturing product & services. BSCIC will serve as the national focal point for the over all development of SMCIs in the country.
The principal goal of the Bangladesh Govt. economic policy is to reduce poverty which is coherent with the MDGs. For achieving the above goal economic growth policy is adopted by the Govt. in the macro-economic policy. In view of the above the BSCIC Vision, Mission, Goal, Strategy, Initiative, Challenges, Needs, Objectives, Services, Function and Programmes are fixed.
Vision
To be the leading Organisation in Developing Small, Medium & Cottage Industries that contribute to the economic growth and to create vibrant and resilient SMCIs that enhance Bangladesh is competitiveness in the world market. To transform SMCIs into an economic powerhouse of the country by 2025.
Mission
To materialize the vision following mission may be followed :
i) Providing latest technical and managerial assistance to enterprises and communities for the improvement of productivity, quality and environment. ii) Promoting strategic alliance with clients as well as national and international professional bodies in pursuit of economic development. iii) Molding a work place that en courages creativity, innovation, professional growth and positive value. iv) To instill and eventually ingrain deeply the concept of learning organisation into SMCIs and encourage them to be export-oriented.
v) Sharing the rewards of own endeavors with our communities, customers, employees, suppliers, management and our stakeholders.
Conclusion
Success of SMCIs development in Bangladesh needs several inputs. Such as effective policy modus operandi upto date knowledge and information related to business and industry, efficient personnel, capital fund, dependable infrastructures, appropriate and competitive technology and inter-ministerial ties with close co-ordial relationship is very much needed for achievement of goal and vision of BSCIC. Every input must be utilized in the proper time in appropriate way so we can expect the efficient output.

BSCIC Provides
• Pre-investment counselling
• Post-investment extension services
• Technical information
• Design and prototype of handicrafts
• Industrial profiles and fact sheets
• Marketing information
• Infrastructural facilities
• Skill development training
• Entrepreunership developement training
• In-plant advisory services
• Credit facilities etc.
Services

• Entrepreneurship development through counselling and training
• Provide infrastructural facilities by establishing Industrial Estates
• Extend credit facilities to the entrepreneurs from its own fund and also through banks and financial institutions;
• Preparation of Project Profile and project appraisal proposal
• Provide technical and consultancy services for establishing new industrial units and quality improvement of SCI products;
• Development and distribution of new designs and prototype
• Innovation and adaptation of appropriate technology in the SCI sector
• Collect, compilation and dissemination of technical and other information leading to investment, production and marketing of SCI
• Conduct research, studies and survey in the SCI sector
• Other pre and post investment counselling
• Regulatory Functions
• Registration of small and cottage industrial unit
• Recommendation for exemption of duties and taxes
• Recommendation for import entitlement of raw materials and packaging materials

2. BCSIR
Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR) is a scientific research organization and regulatory body of Bangladesh. Its main objective is to pursue scientific research for the betterment of Bangladeshi people. It was established on 1978, after the liberation of Bangladesh.[citation needed]
History
BCSIR traces its roots back to the days of East Pakistan. East Regional Laboratories of PCSIR was established in Dhaka in 1955. Subsequently, PSCIR laboratories were established in Rajshahi (1965) and in Chittagong (1967). After the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, BCSIR was established by a resolution of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh which subsequently was reconstituted as the Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research through a Presidential Ordinance namely Ordinance No. (V) of 1978.[1]
The aims and objectives of the Council was first formulated during the establishment of the Council in 1973, which was rewritten in 1978 during the promulgation of the Ordinance No. V of 1978 and states as follows:
Aims and Objectives To initiate, promote and guide scientific, industrial and technological research having a bearing on problems connected with the establishment and development of industries and such other allied matters as the Government may refer to it; To establish, maintain and develop laboratories, workshops, institutes, centres and organizations for furtherance of scientific and industrial research with the object of utilizing and exploiting the natural resources of the country in the best possible manner; To give grants-in-aid for scientific, industrial and technological research schemes and projects of the universities established by law and other research institutions; To adopt measures for the commercial utilization of discoveries and invention resulting from the research carried on by the Council, universities or by any other research organization; To establish and award fellows in areas of research covered by the Council; To collect and disseminate information of scientific, industrial and technological matters and publish scientific papers, reports and periodicals on such matters; To encourage establishment of industrial research organizations; To maintain contact with scientific, industrial and technological research organizations of other countries; To take out patents and make arrangements for the industrial utilization of research processes developed in the institutes and laboratories established by the Council: To establish such libraries, museums, experimental plantations and herbaria as the Board may consider appropriate; To do such other acts and things as may be necessary for carrying out the purposes of the Ordinance;

3. BITAC
About Us Bangladesh Industrial Technical Assistance Centre other-wise known as BITAC is the successor to Pakistan Industrial Technical Centre (PITAC). It was renamed BITAC after the independence of Bangladesh. BITAC was established in 1962 by merging two other productivity oriented public sector organizations namely IRDC & PIPS. With the establishment of BITAC practice oriented activities for productivity Promotion and improvement of Productivity were created through its laboratory and workshops support. The main objective of BITAC is therefore, promotion of the national economy through development of product, process and skilled manpower. BITAC has Five Centres in Bangladesh at Dhaka, Chittagong, Chandpur, Khulna and Bogra.

Activities of BITAC:
• » To upgrade the skills of the industrial personnel in technical fields.
• » To advice industries primarily in the private sector on matters pertaining to industrial productivity.
• » To disseminate modern technical know-how among industrial personnel through seminars,group discussions, demonstrations, publications, film show etc.
• » To extend consulting services to industrial organizations and industries mainly in the private sector.
• » To collect and circulate information relating to industrial productivity in any or all its branches.
• » To-operate with international and national organizations and agencies in activities for increasing industrial productivity and advance technical know-how.
• » To adopt such measures and take such steps and do all such things as may be conducive to the promotion of cordial relations between the centre and person interested in the objectives of the centre.
• » To secure the recognition of the center in Bangladesh and other foreign countries.
In conjunction with the upgrading program and to make it more effective, the BITAC shall:
• » Assist in the design and manufacture of newly developed jigs, fixtures, gauges, moulds, dies, punches, tools and products(proto-type) for industries and agriculture;
• » Develop products, processes and tools etc, to help industries in improving the quality, increasing production, reducing cost and utilizing indigenous raw materials and to increase the scope of indigenous manufacture;
• » Conduct productivity studies in such selected plants as may be determined and recommend ways and means for improvement.
• » To do all such other lawful things as the center may think identical or conducive to the Attainment of any or all the objectives of the center mentioned above. 4. Functions of BITAC 1 To train industrial personnel to upgrade their skills.
2 To provide technical assistance to industries through technology transfer, manufacture of import substitute machinery parts, advisory and consultancy services.
3 To assist industrialization of the country by promoting productivity, quality improvement, cost-effective production, usage of local raw materials and indigenous techniques, etc.
4 To provide technical assistance to the industries in various fields including plastic technology and related tools, jigs, fixtures and metal processing die, etc.

5. Justification of the project for BITAC
BITAC has a very well organized mechanical manufacturing infrastructure having training facilities to achieve its main objectives of research & development, technology transfer and skill development. BITAC activities can be used to comply with government’s emergency crash program to eradicate poverty by employment through providing hands on technical training without expending any extra money.
Also it facilitates the growing industrialization by providing technically skilled manpower. Priority for girls in the project has to be given to reduce the prevailing gender inequity.

4. MIDAS

MIDAS is a not-for-profit organization established in 1982 with USAID assistance to address the challenge of poverty alleviation in a most practical way. Its main focus is on creation of employment opportunities in the country by promoting the development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). It has greatly helped individuals with limited resources start small businesses and contribute to innovation and competition.

VISION
To stand out as a front-line business development service provider in Bangladesh.

MISSION
To help generation of employment to reduce poverty and promote socio-economic development.

OBJECTIVES

MIDAS is committed to the development of a sound and rapidly growing micro, small and medium enterprises sector in Bangladesh. Accordingly, it aims at
 Identifying promising micro, small and medium-scale enterprises by providing financial, managerial and technical assistance.
 Developing entrepreneurship and helping entrepreneurs explore and exploit new business opportunities.
 Facilitating capacity building of micro, small and medium enterprises promotion organizations.
 Serving as a catalytic force for the growth of micro, small and medium-scale business enterprises in the country.
 Continuously developing its institutional capability to operate on self-sustainable basis.

CORESERVICESOFMIDAS

The core services of MIDAS include:
(i). Study and Research
(ii). Human Resource Development
(iii). Private sector Development
(iv). Information and Counselling
(v). Project Implementation, Monitoring & Evaluation
(vi). Marketing Assistance for Women Entrepreneurs

MIDAS
CREATING ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES IN BANGLADESH
Mission : To help generation of employment to reduce poverty and facilitate development.
Vision : To stand out as a front-line business development service provider in the country.

CORE AREAS OF OPERATION

Micro Industries Development Assistance and Services (MIDAS) is a promotional organisation in the private sector. It was set up in 1982 with the objective of supporting the development of micro, small and medium enterprises. Over the period, it has gained unique professional competence in effective delivery of both technical and financial assistance services to diverse and wide ranging target groups.MIDAS firmly believes that micro and small enterprises provide the best opportunity to create new employment and develop a new base of entrepreneurship in the country. MIDAS renders financial and technical assistance to micro, small and medium enterprises and existing and would-be entrepreneurs. MIDAS also offers training, information and consulting services to national and multinational companies, government organizations, NGOs, donor agencies and individuals in various areas relating to technology, management, production, marketing, finance, export development, etc. Financing small enterprises is one of the most important functions ofMIDAS. The lending operation ofMIDAS, however, is now being handled by its subsidiary company named MIDAS Financing Ltd., which is a public company limited by shares.

PRODUCTS-MIX OF MIDAS
• Consulting services to support growth of business
• Human Resource Development Services
• Information Services

TRAINING

MIDAS is one of the pioneers in the field of entrepreneurship development and business management training in the country. Its training capabilities are acknowledged within and outside the country. MIDAS has provided training to entrepreneurs/ individuals, executives, officials of various govt. agencies, national and multinational companies, NGOs, donor assisted projects, commercial banks, etc in the field of

• Entrepreneurship Development
• Business Management
• Leadership Development
• Training of Trainers (TOT)
• Marketing and Salesmanship
• Executive Development
• Micro Credit Management, etc.
MIDAS conducted more than 350 training courses for more than 7,500 participants (as of June2005).

Major clients of MIDAS training services include, ActionAid, BRAC, BRDB, BADC, British American Tobacco, Bangladesh Employers Federation, Department of Women?s Affairs (GOB), GTZ, German Red Cross, Humber College-Canada, IDE, ITDG, ILO ,IVS, ICDDR-B, Jatio Mohila Sangstha (JMS), JOBS, Janata Bank, MCC, NRDP/DANIDA, National Minor Irrigation Development Project (NMIDP), NORAD, NASCIB, PACT-Bangladesh, PROSHIKA, Palli Daridro Bimochon Foundation, RDRS, SABINCO, Sonali Bank, Islami Bank, USAID, World Food Programme and rural and urban entrepreneurs.

5. DFIs:

Development finance institution (DFI) is generic term used to refer to a range of alternative financial institutions includingmicrofinance institutions, community development financial institution and revolving loan funds.[1] These institutions provide a crucial role in providing credit in the form of higher risk loans, equity positions and risk guarantee instruments to private sector investments in developing countries.[2] DFIs are backed by states with developed economies. In 2005, total commitments (as loans, equity, guarantees and debt securities) of the major regional, multilateral and bilateral DFIs totalled US$45 billion (US$21.3 billion of which went to support the private sector).[2]
DFIs have a general mandate to provide finance to the private sector for investments that promote development.[2] The purpose of DFIs is to ensure investment in areas where otherwise, the market fails to invest sufficiently.[2] DFIs aim to be catalysts, helping companies implement investment plans and especially seek to engage in countries where there is restricted access to domestic and foreign capital markets and provide risk mitigation that enables investors to proceed with plans they might otherwise abandon.[2] DFIs specialise in loans with longer maturities and other financial products. DFIs have a unique advantage in providing finance that is related to the design and implementation of reforms and capacity-building programmes adopted by governments.[2]

Subsidies
The term ‘subsidy’ is used here in its broadest terms (an explicit or implicit transfer from the public sector (here: the state backing the DFI) to the private sector).[2] These transfers result in different conditions available in DFI operations than would be normal practice in the commercial financial sector.[2] Transfers can be aimed at private sector beneficiaries directly (e.g. in the form of interest rate subsidies) or indirectly through its effects on the conditions under which DFIs are allowed to operate (e.g. lower costs of capital because public shareholders do not require commercial rates of return on their investments).[2]
This definition includes a broad spectrum of issues, and goes beyond technical assistance grants in infrastructure to the raison d’etre of DFIs because without some transfer of finance or guarantees, DFIs would not be able to invest in infrastructure as they do at present.[2]There are three main forms of subsidies in the operations of DFIs in practice[2]:
1. High level of liquidity;
2. An ability to access technical assistance funds; and
3. Subsidies passed on directly to beneficiaries.

An ability to access technical assistance funds
DFIs also provide a substantial amount of technical assistance (TA), and a survey by researchers at the Overseas Development Institutefound that DFIs spend over US$ 200 million on TA to both the private and public sectors to help develop private investment projects.[2]Services are either other paid for with a fee (on a cost sharing basis) or in the form of a grant, funded by the DFI’s retained earnings.[2]TA funds are sometimes tailor made for specific projects and clients, while others for cater for a broader, upstream, investment climate or financial reform programmes.[2] Not all these TA funds are directly administered and controlled by DFIs, some are merely accessed or influenced by them.[2]

Subsidies passed on directly to beneficiaries
The subsidy directly passed on to the client is usually in the form of a risk guarantee and/or a longer repayment period.[2] DFIs can often provide loans for between 10 to 15 years, far longer than a commercial bank's loan of usually 3–5 years.[2] In the case of the EIB, loans can last up to 25 years.[2] Other benefits provided directly to beneficiaries include: longer grace periods; subordinated debt or other forms of quasi-equity finance characterised by higher risk; equity investments in frontier markets and sectors; and the higher risks that accompany the syndication of loans.[2] Yet these loans are not understood to damage the competitiveness of the commercial banks, as the lending policies of DFIs reflect their mandate that debt should be priced at a mark-up which reflects genuine country and project risk, and includes administration costs and fees at market rates.[2] Despite differences amongst DFIs at project level, this mandate tends to be properly applied in practise.[2]

2008 Global Financial Crisis
DFIs, however, cannot take on more risk without paying heed to accessibility of credit in the wider international financial markets.[2]However, DFIs are less directly affected by the 2008 global financial crisis, because of their mainly fixed rate loans and high levels of liquidity.[2] DFIs could thus play an important role in being the lender who is not only the ‘first to enter’ a market, but also the ‘last to leave’.[2] This may reduce the problems caused by herding behaviour of private capital flows.[2]

6. NGO:

A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a legally constituted organization created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any form of government. The term originated from the United Nations (UN), and is normally used to refer to organizations that are not a part of the government and are not conventional for-profit business. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in the organization. The term is usually applied only to organizations that pursue wider social aims that have politicalaspects, but are not openly political organizations such as political parties.
The number of Nationally operating NGOs is estimated at 40,000.[1] International numbers are even higher: Russia has 277,000 NGOs;[2] India is estimated to have around 3.3 million NGOs in year 2009, which is just over one NGO per 400 Indians, and many times the number of primary schools and primary health centres in India.[3][4]

Definition
NGOs are difficult to define and classify, and the term 'NGO' is not used consistently. As a result, there are many different classifications in use. The most common use a framework that includes orientation and level of operation. An NGO's orientation refers to the type of activities it takes on. These activities might include human rights, environmental, or development work. An NGO's level of operation indicates the scale at which an organization works, such as local, international or national. "Confronting the Classification Problem: Toward a Taxonomy of NGOs"
One of the earliest mentions of the acronym "NGO" was in 1945, when the UN was created. The UN, which is an inter-governmental organization, made it possible for certain approved specialized international non-state agencies - or non-governmental organisations - to be awarded observer status at its assemblies and some of its meetings. Later the term became used more widely. Today, according to the UN, any kind of private organization that is independent from government control can be termed an "NGO", provided it is not-profit, non-criminal and not simply an opposition political party.
Professor Peter Willetts, from the University of London, argues the definition of NGOs can be interpreted differently by various organizations and depending on a situation’s context. He defines an NGO as “"an independent voluntary association of people acting together on a continuous basis for some common purpose other than achieving government office, making money or illegal activities."[5]In this view, two main types of NGOs are recognized according to the activities they pursue: operational NGOs that deliver services and campaigning NGOs. Although Willetts proposes the operational and campaigning NGOs as a tool to differentiate the main activities of these organizations, he also explains that a single NGO may often be engaged in both activities. Many NGOs also see them as mutually reinforcing.
Professor Akira Iriye defines NGO as "a voluntary nonstate, nonprofit, nonreligious, and nonmilitary association."[6]

Activities
There are also numerous classifications of NGOs. The typology the World Bank uses divides them into Operational and Advocacy:[10]
NGOs vary in their methods. Some act primarily as lobbyists, while others primarily conduct programs and activities. For instance, an NGO such as Oxfam, concerned with poverty alleviation, might provide needy people with the equipment and skills to find food and cleandrinking water, whereas an NGO like the FFDA helps through investigation and documentation of human rights violations and provides legal assistance to victims of human rights abuses. Others, such as Afghanistan Information Management Services, provide specialized technical products and services to support development activities implemented on the ground by other organizations.
NGOs were intended to fill a gap in government services, but in countries like India, NGOs are gaining a powerful stronghold in decision making. In the interest of sustainability, most donors require that NGOs demonstrate a relationship with governments. State Governments themselves are vulnerable because they lack strategic planning and vision. They are therefore sometimes tightly bound by a nexus of NGOs, political bodies, commercial organizations and major donors/funders, making decisions that have short term outputs but no long term affect. NGOs in India are under regulated, political, and recipients of large government and international donor funds. NGOs often take up responsibilities outside their skill ambit. Governments have no access to the number of projects or amount of funding received by these NGOs. There is a pressing need to regulate this group while not curtailing their unique role as a supplement to government services.

Operational
Operational NGOs seek to "achieve small scale change directly through projects."[5] They mobilize financial resources, materials and volunteers to create localized programs in the field. They hold large scale fundraising events, apply to governments and organizations for grants and contracts in order to raise money for projects. They often operate in a hierarchical structure; with a main headquarters staffed by professionals who plan projects, create budgets, keep accounts, report, and communicate with operational fieldworkers who work directly on projects[5] Operational NGOs deal with a wide range of issues, but are most often associated with the delivery of services and welfare, emergency relief and environmental issues. Operational NGOs can be further categorized, one frequently used categorization is the division into relief-oriented versus development-oriented organizations; they can also be classified according to whether they stress service delivery or participation; or whether they are religious or secular; and whether they are more public or private-oriented. Operational NGOs can be community-based, national or international. The defining activity of operational NGOs is implementing projects.[5]

Funding
Whether the NGOs are small or large, various NGOs need budgets to operate. The amount of budget that they need would differ from NGOs to NGOs. Unlike small NGOs, large NGOs may have annual budgets in the hundreds of millions or billions of dollars. For instance, the budget of the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) was over US$540 million in 1999.[12] Funding such large budgets demands significant fundraising efforts on the part of most NGOs. Major sources of NGO funding are membership dues, the sale of goods and services, grants from international institutions or national governments, and private donations. Several EU-grants provide funds accessible to NGOs.
Even though the term "non-governmental organization" implies independence from governments, many NGOs depend heavily on governments for their funding.[13] A quarter of the US$162 million income in 1998 of the famine-relief organization Oxfam was donated by the British government and the EU. The Christian relief and development organization World Vision United States collected US$55 million worth of goods in 1998 from the American government. Nobel Prize winner Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) (known in the USA as Doctors Without Borders) gets 46% of its income from government sources.[14]
Government funding of NGOs is controversial, since, according to David Rieff, writing in The New Republic, "the whole point of humanitarian intervention was precisely that NGOs and civil society had both a right and an obligation to respond with acts of aid and solidarity to people in need or being subjected to repression or want by the forces that controlled them, whatever the governments concerned might think about the matter."[15] Some NGOs, such as Greenpeace do not accept funding from governments or intergovernmental organizations.[16][17]

Monitoring and control
In a March 2000 report on United Nations Reform priorities, former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan wrote in favor of international humanitarian intervention, arguing that the international community has a "right to protect"[24] citizens of the world against ethnic cleansing, genocide, and crimes against humanity. On the heels of the report, the Canadian government launched the Responsibility to Protect R2P[25] project, outlining the issue of humanitarian intervention. While the R2P doctrine has wide applications, among the more controversial has been the Canadian government's use of R2P to justify its intervention and support of the coup in Haiti.[26] Years after R2P, the World Federalist Movement, an organization which supports "the creation of democratic global structures accountable to the citizens of the world and call for the division of international authority among separate agencies", has launched Responsibility to Protect - Engaging Civil Society (R2PCS). A collaboration between the WFM and the Canadian government, this project aims to bring NGOs into lockstep with the principles outlined under the original R2P project.
The governments of the countries an NGO works or is registered in may require reporting or other monitoring and oversight. Funders generally require reporting and assessment, such information is not necessarily publicly available. There may also be associations and watchdog organizations that research and publish details on the actions of NGOs working in particular geographic or program areas.[citation needed]
In recent years, many large corporations have increased their corporate social responsibility departments in an attempt to preempt NGO campaigns against certain corporate practices. As the logic goes, if corporations work with NGOs, NGOs will not work againstcorporations.
In December 2007, The United States Department of Defense Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) S. Ward Casscellsestablished an International Health Division under Force Health Protection & Readiness.[27] Part of International Health's mission is to communicate with NGOs in areas of mutual interest. Department of Defense Directive 3000.05,[28] in 2005, requires DoD to regard stability-enhancing activities as a mission of importance equal to combat. In compliance with international law, DoD has necessarily built a capacity to improve essential services in areas of conflict such as Iraq, where the customary lead agencies (State Departmentand USAID) find it difficult to operate. Unlike the "co-option" strategy described for corporations, the OASD(HA) recognizes the neutrality of health as an essential service. International Health cultivates collaborative relationships with NGOs, albeit at arms-length, recognizing their traditional independence, expertise and honest broker status. While the goals of DoD and NGOs may seem incongruent, the DoD's emphasis on stability and security to reduce and prevent conflict suggests, on careful analysis, important mutual interests.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Sam Walton

...April 1st, 2013 How Sam Walton transformed Rural America The history of Retail is a storied one in America. Before 1850 there were few choices for Americans in rural areas to find goods at decent prices. The invention of the catalog was the main way for early rural Americans to get a wide variety of goods mailed to them with a bit of credit and good old ingenuity from first Aaron Montgomery Ward and then the ever expanded and refined works of Richard Sears. Before these opportunities the town’s general store was basically all that was available to most of America. Sears had an idea to provide a multitude of products to many who had no other way of acquiring them. He took Wards business model and expanded upon it. Working a 12 hour day, 7 days a week, Sears set out to catch up with industry leader Montgomery Ward and Company. The strategy was the same – low price, heavy advertising and a money-back guarantee. But Sears was able to execute the strategy more effectively and within 10 years he had caught up with and surpassed the sales volume of Montgomery Ward and Company. (Buris and Jeneck) It was this type of risk taking and hard work that made American entrepreneurs so successful. Not all had what it took but without the risk taking, big business could have never grown to be the multi-billion dollar industries we see in today’s world. Growing up in a large city I never really understood the hoopla around the Wal-Mart phenomenon. When they opened up in......

Words: 2500 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Walton

...attention in this regard. Walton Technologies Corporation is one of the sister concerns of R.B. Group of companies Ltd. is now one of the leading companies in Bangladesh. It holds its long cherished desire to be the Number One Company in Bangladesh both in volume and turnover. which inspired it to go for expansion of its market internally to establish as a high quality achiever. In this connection Walton is doing pretty good in this highly competitive electronics market. And there is a tremendous role of the dealers to promote the products through effective salesmanship to the customers. They are of vital importance for every company because they make a huge contribution in marketing and promoting of electronics products. So the more effective and efficient the sale forces are, the more profit they can make for their own as well as the company. This research program is undertaken especially to judge the market position of Walton. In spite of its sincere efforts, excellent image and credibility, the company is pressurized by the growing and aggressive competition in the industry. Faced with increasing competition in the market and huge sales target Walton realized the fact that there is no way but to be more aggressive in marketing. Though happy with the existing marketing system yet Walton management wants to keep their eyes open for unseen days and wants to develop their existing marketing system to cope with changing environment. Therefore Walton management has......

Words: 1644 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Hrm on Walton

...Group Name: The Corporate (A) SL. No. | Name | ID No. | 01 | Md. Saiful Islam | 104821 | 02 | Lenin Azad Polash | 104831 | 03 | Md. Whahiduzzaman Robin | 104865 | 04 | Rafiul Islam Chowdhury | 104965 | 05 | Md. Nazmul Hasan | 105043 | Letter of Transmission April 28, 2013 Md. Mosharraf Hossain Chairman Department of management studies Jagannath University, Dhaka. Sub: Submission of Assignment in “Employee Benefits of Walton (company)”. Dear Sir, We are very happy that we have been able to submit the assignment you have assigned to us. The assignment was to prepare the “Employee Benefits of Walton (company)” on the course named “Human Resource Management” as part of our academic activities. For the purpose of preparing the assignment we had to have an in-depth knowledge on Employee Benefits and the company Walton as well. This was the first ever opportunity for us to gain proper understanding to Employee Benefits and working on it over a company ever as such practical knowledge. Thank you for giving us the opportunity to learn the real life practice & increase the knowledge on Employee Benefit on the course “Human Resource Management”. Sincerely Yours Group Name : The Corporate (A) Section : A Department of Management Studies Jagannath University, Dhaka Table of Content Title | Subtitle | Page | Introduction | | vi | Background | Background of Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industry | vii | Definition | Definition of SME......

Words: 9714 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Walton

...Analysis (profit %) chapter-3: opprtunity, limitation, recommendation and conclusion An Assignment on Walton Introduction : We are the member of Over Viewer Group. Our group has been asked to make a research paper on” Analysis of Marketing Mix ” in Marketing 101 course by Mashruha Zabeen , lecturer of East West University ,department of business administration. We have been selected to make the case study on “Walton HIL (Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.)”. We have selected a specific product of Walton. Our selected product is “Walton Refrigerator and freezer”. We have six members in our “Over Viewer” group. Name and ID of group members: Abu Hossain Anik :2010-3-10-045 Sohan Kowsar :2010-3-10-128 Syad Abrar Ahamad : 2010-3-10-127 Ibrahim Hamid 2010-2-13-085 Mahamudul Mojid Mim 2010-3-13-048 Sanjoy Sarker 2010-3-10-046 Company profile: Walton HIL (Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd.) is the pioneer of Refrigerator, Freezer, and Motorcycle manufacturing technology in Bangladesh which is treated as one of the most sophisticated plants in South East Asia. It is also the manufacturer of Energy Saving Lamp and Microwave Oven. R. B. Group, Mother Company of Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd. (Walton HIL) is one of the country’s top and expanding business organizations in the arena of electrical, electronic products, which has been operating its business with a great reputation using the brand. Walton is directed by 5 owner-directors. The whole company is divided into 40......

Words: 1636 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Walton

...Sales of local brand refrigerators, especially Walton brand, have geared up ahead of Eid-ul-Azha, the biggest refrigerator selling period. According to sources, Walton showrooms and outlets all over the country are experiencing growing turnout of customers ahead of Eid-ul-Azha. While visiting different markets, it was seen that mostly the customers are choosing local brand refrigerators, particularly Walton, Marcel, MyOne, etc. It is learnt that local brand refrigerators have recently created huge enthusiasm among local customers as some local companies including Walton are manufacturing world standard and high quality refrigerators that are being exported different countries across the globe. It was also seen that market of foreign brand refrigerators were witnessing dull trend due to low demands from customers and supply crunch. On condition of anonymity, one of the distributors of foreign refrigerators informed that there was no supply of foreign refrigerators for last two weeks. “We are not getting any positive response from the importers about the stop of supply,” he alleged. Stadium Market, the largest market of electronics and electrical products in the capital, it was found that some customers were choosing Walton brand refrigerators. Replying to a query why he wants to buy a local brand refrigerator, a customer said, “After analyzing everything it was found that same quality item, even improved quality refrigerators were sold at lower......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Marketing Strategy of Walton

...Introduction Company Overview Walton a brand of R.B Group of Industries is a conglomerate based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It comprises numerous subsidiaries and affiliated businesses, most of them united under the Walton brand. The subsidiaries include Walton Motors, Walton Mobile and Walton Electronics. Walton produces electronics, motor vehicles, and telecommunications products. R.B Group of Industries was founded by S.M Nurul Alam Rezvi in 1977 as a trading company. Over the next three decades the group diversified into steel, textiles, electronics and automobiles. Walton entered into the steel industry in late 1970s and the electronics and automobiles in early 2000s; these areas would drive its subsequent growth. Since the 2000s Walton has expanded towards electronics and automobiles and these became its most important sources of income. Walton is one of the highest taxpayers in Bangladesh and has a strong impact on country's economy. It was awarded for its export revenues. Walton received awards at the 2013 Dhaka International Trade Fair (DITF), including one for paying the most taxes. VISION 2020 Its vision is to lead through innovation, technology and product that inspire consumers with aspiration for creating a better world full of digital experiences. WALTON wants to be recognized as a global leader delivering products with pride in this industry through excellence. WALTON will continue to build on top of its achievements with new technology and expertise......

Words: 1582 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sam Walton

...Sam Walton: Made in America 1. Sam Walton: Made in America is a captivating book that discusses Wal-Mart one of the worlds largest companies in the world and the hard work and dedication that it took Sam Walton to reach his world renowned success. Sam Walton is an American businessman that founded Wal-Mart in July 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas. One of Walton’s major efforts at the beginning of his success was to provide the American people with a price low enough that competed with foreign vendors. Walton had determination and passion for the retail business and that shows throughout this book. The book describes amongst several other business strategies, the relentlessness that Sam Walton had in searching for better ideas that would support the constant growth of Wal-Mart. Sam Walton was an entrepreneur that took advice and comments from people in all levels of his company and allowed his employees to be in the creative process of the company and the success in the company as a whole is largely owed to his ideas and willpower. 2. Sam Walton’s ideas were not always successful. He often had failed products or ideas that he couldn’t get just right. Many times products would fail in certain parts of the country and thrive in other parts. Sam Walton was a man that made mistakes and he was not afraid to admit them and improve his company. He often discussed his failures as learning tools for other employees. The open environment in the work place able to discuses each other’s......

Words: 732 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Walton Bd

... 15 WALTON BANGLADESH Role of Walton Hi-Tech Industry in the Economy of Bangladesh By Group Five An assignment on “Role of Walton Hi-Tech Industry in the Economy of Bangladesh” Prepared to: Professor Dr. Farah Hasin Faculty of School of Business BUS-525 North South University (NSU) Prepared by: Group: Five (Section – 03) SL NO | NAME | ID | 1. | Md. Easir Arafat | 1512679660 | 2. | Md. Asif Morshed Azad | 1513028660 | 3. | Md Owahiduzzaman Bhuiyan | 1512678660 | 4. | Md. Rowshan Ali Khan | 1512716660 | North South University Date of Submission: 17 August, 2015 Table of Content S.L No | Particulars | Page No. | | Executive Summary | 1 | 1. | Company Background | 2 | 1.1 | Walton HIL | 2-3 | 1.2 | Primary industry | 3 | 1.3 | Standard Industrial Classification | 3 | 1.4 | Mission | 3 | 1.5 | Vision | 4 | 2. | Describing the Walton Customer | 4 | 2.1 | Electronics Market in Bangladesh | 4 | 2.2 | International Market of Walton Hi-Tech Industry | 5 | 3. | Major Determinants of Demand of Walton hi-Tech Industry | 6 | 3.1 | Choice......

Words: 5712 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Walton

...Walton is the latest multinational electrical, electronics, automobiles and other appliances brand with one of the largest well equipped R & D facilities in the world carried out its production through different subsidiaries under the banner of Walton group headquarters in Bangladesh. Walton had entered into electronics business in 1994 with manufacturing of electrical and electronic items and gradually expanded its operation in many other electronics field that provide the foundation for nearly every aspect of modern life. The key secret behind the success of Walton lays its variation of production capacity and customized orientation of new product as per the demand of customer. World class machineries like Thermoforming, Channel Extrusion, ABS/HIPS Sheet Extrusion, Magnetic Strip Extrusion, PP Hollow Sheet Extrusion, VMC, 5 axis VMC, Ultrasonic Welding, Injection Molding, Styrofoam Making, Hi Speed Power Press, Fin Press, Corrugation, SMT pick and place, SPG printing machine, AOI machine, Tamura wave solder machine, Auto insertion machine are being used for the production of high quality products of Walton. Along the way, Walton has earned domestic and global recognition for its experience and proven track record in a variety of electronics fields. Walton is the pioneer of developing state of the art designs and modern technology having leading market share specializing in Multi-Stored Refrigerators, Freezers, Air Conditioners, LED/ LCD televisions, Motorcycles,......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Ane John Walton

...Book Review Summary of Ancient Near Eastern Thought and the Old Testament by John H. Walton Chapter 1 Chapter 1 is Walton’s introduction to the discussion concerning the congruence of the Old Testament with the world surrounding it. This chapter discusses the history, methodology, and reasoning behind comparative Old Testament studies. It then concludes with the principles and goals each student should possess as he or she studies the Old Testament. His synopsis of comparative Old Testament studies begins with the resurgence of Egyptian and Mesopotamian archaeological studies during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.[1] He then moves on to discuss the impact of Friedrich Delitzsch’s lectures concerning how the writers of the Old Testament borrowed from extrabiblical sources set the stage for many secular ideologies removing the special revelation aspect from the Bible. This allowed two things to take place. First, it brought out the comparative study of the Bible into a critical realm; and second, it made Assyriology, Egyptology, and Hittitology serious academic disciplines which have greatly enhanced modern man’s understanding of these ancient cultures. While Walton discusses several forms of Old Testament study, his opinion favors comparative studies. He starts with explaining the reasoning for sound methodological comparative study and moves on to answer the “why” it should be performed over other studies. In his view, it......

Words: 4252 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Walton

...attention in this regard. Walton Technologies Corporation is one of the sister concerns of R.B. Group of companies Ltd. is now one of the leading companies in Bangladesh. It holds its long cherished desire to be the Number One Company in Bangladesh both in volume and turnover. which inspired it to go for expansion of its market internally to establish as a high quality achiever. In this connection Walton is doing pretty good in this highly competitive electronics market. And there is a tremendous role of the dealers to promote the products through effective salesmanship to the customers. They are of vital importance for every company because they make a huge contribution in marketing and promoting of electronics products. So the more effective and efficient the sale forces are, the more profit they can make for their own as well as the company. This research program is undertaken especially to judge the market position of Walton. In spite of its sincere efforts, excellent image and credibility, the company is pressurized by the growing and aggressive competition in the industry. Faced with increasing competition in the market and huge sales target Walton realized the fact that there is no way but to be more aggressive in marketing. Though happy with the existing marketing system yet Walton management wants to keep their eyes open for unseen days and wants to develop their existing marketing system to cope with changing environment. Therefore Walton management has assigned......

Words: 8678 - Pages: 35

Premium Essay

Walton Bangladesh

...various products of Walton Bangladesh ltd. Report on Walton Bangladesh ltd. Prepared for Anika Khurshid Faculty College of Business Administration(CBA) IUBAT- International University of Business Agriculture and technology Submission Date: 30th March, 2013 STUDENT DECLARATION We the student of BBA, in the college of business administration (CBA) at IUBAT (International University of Business Agriculture and Technology) declaring that this report on the topic WALTON BANGLADESH LTD, has only been prepared for the fulfillment of the course of MGT 201 (Management process), it has not been prepared for any other purpose, reward, or presentation. Name | ID | Program | Section | Signature | Shiek Sazzad Hossain | 12102401 | BBA | F | | Nusrat Jaman Muna | 12102370 | BBA | F | | Rifat Sultana | 12102431 | BBA | F | | A.B.M Golam Muktadir | 12102392 | BBA | F | | Rehena khatun | 12102384 | BBA | F | | Ruksana Akter | 12102379 | BBA | F | | Letter of Transmittal: 30thMarch, 2013 Anika Khurshid Faculty Colleges of Business Administration IUBAT- International University of Business Agriculture and Technology Uttara, Dhaka Madam, With due respect, we are here to submit the following report on Walton Bangladesh according to the instructions given by you. After going to several Walton showrooms in Dhaka and doing a thorough online research on Walton Bangladesh,......

Words: 3319 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Walton Marketing Strategy

...Assignment on Marketing Strategy of Walton Refrigerator in Bangladesh Assignment on Marketing Strategy of Walton Refrigerator in Bangladesh Submitted to Humaira Matin Associate Professor Dept. of Banking and Insurance Faculty of Business Studies University of Dhaka Submitted By Amit Kumar Banik 51531013 Sohan Kowsar 51531085 Prahlad Kumar Shah 51531019 Safanur Sifat 51531026 Ali Hossain Maruf 51531050 Submission Date: 23.04.2016 Executive summary Walton is the pioneer of electric product manufacturing in Bangladesh with the slogan “Made in Bangladesh”. Starting from 2006, they are now the first multinational manufacturing company of Bangladesh. Overcoming all the hurdles they are now representing Bangladesh with their high quality product all over the world. Capturing the local market with their electronic products, now they are also manufacturing two wheeler vehicles. With low labor cost they are offering highly affordable price to the consumers. All their foreign competitors are having tough competition in all the sectors but Walton has made and unique brand image by branding Bangladesh. They have spread out their marketing and service network all over the country. Now they have the best marketing network in South Asia with superior service. Among all other good quality products their refrigerator is the most popular and widely accepted that has captured 70% of the local market share. With ISO certificate it is also started to capture the international market. With......

Words: 4559 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Walton

...lyonCompany Background: Walton Hi-Tech Industries Ltd. is one of the leading electrical and electronics assemblers of our country under the banner of R. B. Group. Since 1977, the company has been running its business with a great reputation. Their head office is in Jiban Bima Bhaban, 10, Dilkusha, Dhaka-1000. It always tries to launch the newest technologies and style in its products line as ever innovative policy. As the demand of Walton products is being increased day by day very rapidly, the company predicts that a day will come very soon when the Walton brand products shall occupy the major market share in the region. Walton produces the maximum varieties of home electronics product like Color Television, Refrigerator, Air conditioner, Washing Machine, Microwave Oven, DVD, Motorcycle, Generator, Diesel Engine, Pick-up Van, Mini Truck, Covered Van, Power-tiller, Manganese/Alkaline Battery, Energy Saving Lamp, Wrist-Watch and various Kind of small home appliances such as Fan, Iron, Toaster, Sandwich Maker etc. In this concern, Management of Walton HIL ensures their commitments for quality at any cost. Product Categories: As customer’s choices are change through the terms of time and technology, Walton has introduced three new models of LCD television in the local market which have YUV technology to meet the customers’ need and satisfaction. The new model Walton television sets ensure good quality sound and picture those viewers will enjoy. It also helps reduce......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sam Walton

...Sam Walton was born on 29th March 1918 near Kingfisher, Oklahoma to Thomas and Nancy Walton. He lived on a farm up until 1923 when his father decided to return to his previous occupation as a loan appraiser because farming was not providing the family with sufficient income. Tagging along with his father on some of the farm repossessions, he saw many families being turned out of their land. This instilled him with the importance of frugality at a young age. Growing up during the Great Depression meant that he had to work before and after school to help his family meet their financial needs. He milked the family cows every morning; his mother would bottle the milk while he was at school, and after football practice he would deliver the bottles. He also delivered newspapers, sold magazine and subscriptions, and raised and sold rabbits and pigeons. He still found time to become an Eagle Scout, making him the youngest Eagle Scout in Missouri history. With his father always travelling, his mother, Nan Walton, took on most of the work of raising, disciplining, and motivating Sam Walton. She had high ambitions for him. She read a lot and loved education, and insisted that he would go to college and make something of himself. In 1933, at the start of Sam’s sophomore year in high school, the family moved to Columbia, Missouri which was home to several colleges. This was largely due to Nan Walton’s urging as she felt that the change would improve his chances of going to college. He......

Words: 1198 - Pages: 5