Aviation and the Military

In: Historical Events

Submitted By aaronj
Words 3248
Pages 13
Aviation and the Military | 30 November2011 | By: Michelle Hays | How the development of Aviation shaped our early twentieth Century Military |

On 17 December 1903, just outside of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Orville and Wilbur Wright made a major impact on history when they successfully launched the first motorized airplane; not only on our society as a whole but also the United States military and the way wars would be fought forever. Because of this one specific day in history the Wright brothers are accredited for the first of countless days in our history that we contribute what we know today as aviation. On that one day, the brothers sustained a total of four flights with only a small twelve horse power engine with the longest flight lasting a mere fifty-nine seconds at a distance of 852 feet. On the fourth flight of the day, Flyer 1 tumbled and crashed. Obviously not all was lost, history was made and inventions in the aviation industry began to grow.
The historical first flight by Orville and Wilbert Wright did not make the front page news; it was very trivial headlines at the time. For instance, page ten of the Washington Times article dated 19 December 1903 in column four, High Gale No Bar to Flying Machine. The article described the flying machine and how the brothers got off the ground. The New York Tribune 19 December 1903 also had a small article but not until page five; Flying Machine Works Successful Trial by Ohio Men with Machine on Box Kite Plan. By 1909 The Wright brothers had set up an Airplane factory in Dayton Ohio, it was to be the first and the largest airship factory in the country. The plan was to produce four airplanes per month and employ eighty people. The target market was for personal use. There was not a realization of the importance of this new flying machine could offer. The factory would also be the home for…...

Similar Documents


...THE BUSINESS SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF JAMMU TOPIC: COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS OF AVIATION INDUSTRY PRESENTED BY- Navjot Singh Slathia 25/MBA/11 Nitin Gupta 26/MBA/11 PRESENTED TO- Prof. Anil Gupta The airline industry exists in an intensely competitive market. In recent years, there has been an industry-wide shakedown, which will have far-reaching effects on the industry's trend towards expanding domestic and international services. In the past, the airline industry was at least partly government owned. The airline industry can be separated into four categories: * International - 130+ seat planes that have the ability to take passengers just about anywhere in the world. Companies in this category typically have annual revenue of $1 billion or more. * National - Usually these airlines seat 100-150 people and have revenues between $100 million and $1 billion. * Regional - Companies with revenues less than $100 million that focus on short-haul flights. * Cargo - These are airlines generally transport goods. Porter's 5 Forces Analysis  Threat of New Entrants * We might think that the airline industry is pretty tough to break into, but it is not be. We’ll need to look at whether there are substantial costs to access bank loans and credit. If borrowing is cheap, then the likelihood of more airliners entering the industry is higher. The more new airlines that enter the market, the more saturated it......

Words: 1472 - Pages: 6


...Business Aviation Business aviation has become very valuable for businesses throughout the world over the years. There has been an increase in business activity around the world that has never been seen before. Airlines that serve the general public are no longer seen as a smart option for these companies anymore. National and international business trips are in need of airplanes that can get people in various locations much faster and also cheaper. Let’s take into example all the international airports that are very chaotic not to mention delays/cancellations. How would a business be represented by a person that is always late for a meeting or unable to attend? How would that impact the company? For these reasons, many companies are focusing on business aviation and purchasing an airplane for their company. Most if not all business jets can fly into airports that are not big international airports which save them time during departures and landings. There are many advantages to using a business jet as we can see and many disadvantages in not using one. Scheduled airlines fly only during curtain times of the day so it will be a challenge for executives to arrive at their destination on time. So as we can see, business aviation which is a lot more flexible can eliminate these eventual problems. There are many other benefits other than the ones mentioned above. One of these is productivity, which allows for onboard work-related tasks to be completed much more quickly.......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Aviation Law

...Aviation Law and Space Law Aviation Law -Air space – customary law since First W.W. That aircraft from one state have right to fly over the high seas, but never over territorial sea of another state -Art.1 1944 Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation: “every state has complete and exclusive sovereignty over the space above its territory” -It is a serious breach of international law for a state to order to violate the air space of another state (for e.g. USA military aircraft attacked, forced to land or shot down by Hungary, USSR, Czechoslovakia-a number of incidents) -Does the states have an unlimited right to attack intruding aircraft in all circumstances? -Lissitzyn principle (from 1953)-important (book!) -Some states support Lissitzyn principle and that flexible approach to civil aircraft as well as military craft, but other states including ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organization, believe that civil aircraft must never be attacked in such circumstances -The rule that (it is not indeed a rule) trespassing civil aircraft must never be attacked does not mean that they have a legal right to trespass -Assembly of ICAO in 1984 adopted an amendment to 1944 Chicago Conv. On the Int. Civil Aviation which confirms that “every state, in the exercise of its sovereignty is entitled to require the landing at some designated airport of a civil aircraft flying above its territory without authority.” and that “every state must refrain from resorting to......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9


...INTRODUCTION: Aviation industry plays a key role in economic development, growth of tourism and social development. The Indian Aviation industry has witnessed a turbulent phase over the last few years. In the recent years, the industry saw the emergence of the low cost carriers and liberalisation of government norms which impacted the global aviation industry. More recently, the global economic downturn of 2008 dealt a severe blow to the aviation industry the world over. The article gives a brief overview of the growth and trends in the industry. Importance to economy The revenue of international airlines industry has increased from 476 billion USD in 2009 to 567 billion USD in 2011, a 9.3% year-on-year increase. This industry employs 56.5 million workers and accounts for US $2.2 trillion of the global GDP. Indian Aviation industry contributes to 0.5% of the India’s GDP and generates 1.7 million jobs. Technological Trends Major cost items for airlines are fuel, labour and maintenance. Airlines are able to reduce the cost/increase profit by adopting innovations such as more fuel efficient planes, reducing turnaround time, extra charges for less cramped seats, excess luggage etc. and providing ticketing facilities online. Analyst View The industry is facing major challenges in form of increasing fuel prices, depreciation in rupee value and high sales tax. But the passengers are going to increase in FY’14. However, the forecast for Indian aviation sector for FY......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Aviation Pioneers

...Aviation Pioneers and the Revolutionary Concept of Flight Derek J. Polkamp Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Abstract This paper will explore several early pioneers and their innovation in the field of aviation. These people will include those who completed flights that were the first of their kind, as well as those who provided an integral role in the development of air travel. The innovators that will be covered were dedicated to developing aircraft and often persevered amidst their peers thinking air travel was impossible. These brave men sparked a revolution and ultimately provided us with the transportation, fast method of mail delivery, military power, and many other benefits that we can see and enjoy today. This paper will explore some of the utilization of these early aircraft and the effects they had on war strategy. Aviation Pioneers and the Revolutionary Concept of Flight From the beginning of time man looked to nature for a better understanding of the world around us, not the least of which were the flying creatures which fly so gracefully and effortlessly above us. This phenomenon of flight eventually led to some of the most brilliant and creative minds to consider the possibility of a man-made machine that could propel us through the air. While Leonardo DaVinci was among the first to study flight and design a flying machine in the 1400s, it was not until 1785 that two brothers named Joseph and Etienne......

Words: 1894 - Pages: 8


...between an SMS- O and an SMS- P There exists a mutual relationship between SMS O and SMS P. the mutual relationship means that both the service providers and the service oversight need each other to ensure the functionality of the whole safety system of any given firm. Both systems work hand in hand to ensure that all other management systems correctly define procedures, processes and other structures of the organization for the good and growth. SMS operators have higher responsibilities of ensuring that aviation operators get provided with operations service providers. (Dow, 1967). The risk management components of SMS results in the implementation and design of organizational procedures and processes that in turn control identify and mitigate the possible risks in the other operation of aviation processes. (Das, 2006). The SMS component also undertakes to provide structural approaches of monitoring procedures and processes relevant to identification and control of aviation safety risks which the operation function should perform. The two systems work together in ensuring that formal hazard identification systems work correctly along with other components of safety management. (Dow, 1967). Safety Risk Management Stages Safety and risk management constitute three distinct levels namely’ the risks assessment and analysis, the risk control, risk hazard identification and risk system description. In the system risk identification stage,......

Words: 1451 - Pages: 6


...stem the rise of Virgin Australia in the domestic Australian market, which threatens the flag carrier’s market share (Saurine, 2012). It was evident that Jetstar has played a vital role in profitability as the revenue climbed by more than 40% from 2006 to 2007. In addition, Jetstar contributed almost four-fold increase in operating profit earning A$112 million from routes that Qantas lost money. Jetstar also challenged Virgin Australia to its full extend, proving itself worthy by contributing A$250 million profits to the Qantas group from 2007 to 2010. Thus, it was apparent that Jetstar helped to sustain head to head competition with Virgin in low yielding leisure routes and provided profitable growth for the Qantas Group (Asia Pacific Aviation, 2008). Besides that, Qantas responded to the problem of rising international competitions by refocusing their operations on long haul markets, where there was a greater scope for profitable operations. Thus, it tied up with Emirates (Aspireaviation, 2013). This alliance provided both Qantas and Emirates customers with increased access to a large number of existing frequencies and destinations under a single airline code improved the connectivity and scheduling of the flights and access to each alliance partner’s frequent flyer programs (Gazzar, 2014). Together, Qantas and Emirates operate 98 weekly flight services between Australia and Dubai, including from Sydney, Perth, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Melbourne, with one-stop connection......

Words: 2271 - Pages: 10


...the duty of an airline safety manager to evaluate the mechanics their training programs and inspecting aircraft and its equipment to certify their airworthiness standard. Airline safety manager can also perform various other inspections, investigative and advisory duties to check the accuracy level. The evaluation of maintenance aspects of programs of air carrier and commercial operations by a safety manager is very important as it shows the competence level and reveals the accuracy level of their periodic maintenance. Safety Management System is one of the key safety implementation that has become mandatory for every airline currently for their safety records. Safety Management System: After several crashes, ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) and FAA had to upgrade the technology and as a result they came up with induction of safety management systems which was made mandatory for all airlines. It was necessary that the management knows how SMS (Safety Management System) works, what role does one play in safety management system. Every employee had to go through safety management system whether it was in a formal or an informal manner and understanding that its aim was to improve the safety. There are two by which employees can be inducted into safety management system: 1. Manager confirms whether they receive the safety management system. 2. Employees are auto confirmed when they request induction. Safety management system: It is a gradual process......

Words: 1545 - Pages: 7


...Aviation Introduction In this research, I will be writing about general aviation, how a plane works and different factors to do with planes like the four main forces, Communication and Navigation, Take off and Landing and some others. A question that sounds easy but in theory, it’s not simple at all, “How does a plane fly?” whether it is an Airbus, a glider and any other planes, the forces that acts on a plane are exactly the same. There are four main forces to make a plane fly and they are Lift, Weight, Thrust and Drag. The Four Forces As I mention in the introduction, the four forces are Lift, Weight, Thrust and Drag and I will be describing these forces with more details in the following passage. A plane’s weight, descending towards the ground is balanced by the lift force, which ascends upwards. This is created by a flow of air over the wings. When air travels through the wing of a plane, it is bounce off downwards and all the pressure under the wing is bring in to bounce off the air that makes an opposite force, which is ‘Up’. Drag is the air resistance of all planes as they meet the airflow, and its force acts in the opposite directions. Thrust is provided by many sources of power, such as a jet engine, or by the energy descend from being carried into the air. Thrust must always balance drag for the plane to fly. (Barnard, 2007). Communication and Navigation For many training pilots, radio communication and navigation is one of the most irritating......

Words: 1548 - Pages: 7

Pioneers of Aviation

...Pioneers of Aviation Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Aviation Legislation November 01, 2013 Abstract Man has always wanted to soar with the birds and take flight. A few great men and women have accomplished this task with great strides. Once heavier than air flight was proved to be a valid means of transportation, the technology accelerated at an astonishing rate. Every time we get onto an airplane, helicopter, or hot air balloon we have the pioneers of aviation to thank. These great people proved to the world that nothing was out of reach for the human race. Some gave their life in pursuit of this dream while others funded and supported those who were developing the technology. No matter what the role each of these played, we have to appreciate everyone. We would not be where we are today in aviation if it weren’t for these pioneers. Pioneers of Aviation Introduction From the very first flight of the balloon to the flight of the powered airplane, our early pioneers always looked to make changes for the better. Many of these ideas simply built upon ideas of individuals of the past. These great pioneers were from every part of the world, United States, England, France, Germany, and so many other places. They did not look at aviation as a reason to disagree but rather found that flight would help everyone equally. Balloons Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier are the brothers who invented and flew the first hot air balloon. Born in Annonay, France,......

Words: 2570 - Pages: 11


...magazine's success! About three quarters of aviation accidents were caused by human errors. As such, this platinum issue looks at the “The Dirty Dozen”. Since its first introduction in the RSAF in 1998, Dirty Dozen has played and will continue to play a vital role in managing Human Factors in the RSAF. The articles discuss on the various aspects of the Dirty Dozen that we are likely to encounter. They will provide some understanding of how these factors affect us and what are the measures that we as individuals and/or commanders can introduce to mitigate their effects. We have also included an article on the RSAF's successful deployment of a F-50 Maritime Patrol Aircraft to the Gulf of Aden as part of the international anti-piracy operations. Strong understanding of Human Factors and the Dirty Dozen have played an important role in the implementation of numerous proactive measures that have directly contributed to the very successfully deployment in a totally unfamiliar and harsh environment without any safety incidents. My congratulations to all for achieving this milestone Platinum Edition! COL Aw Kwee Siong Head Air Force Inspectorate RSAF Safety Magazine Issue 70 | January 2012 2 THE DIRTY DOZEN The Dirty Dozen During the late 1980s and early 1990s, there were a spate of maintenance related aviation incidents in Canada. These incidents spurred Transport Canada to launch an initiative that would aid aviation companies in their fight to prevent......

Words: 13663 - Pages: 55


...past weekend??? Do you feel safe in America at this time? Well im Desmond and today we are going to talk about reasons we should not cut the Military Defense Budget. The 2016 national defense budget is 534 billion. I know that is a lot of money but can we really put a number on our safty. I got that fiqure from the Department of Defense website under fiscal year 2016 which started on Oct 1,2015 There are a lot of reasons we should maintain this budget but im going to highlight 3 of them. According to the Department of Defense website the US has a total 1,486,000 millitary personal on active duty with that in mind if we make cuts to the budget we could lose key personal in military ranks that could hurt us in some areas like intelligence, special forces and aviation. According to Global Firepower.com and business insider.com the United States has the best Trained Military personal in the World . My second argument is that in order to keep this elite status and to protect America we must maintain the budget and continue to train at a top level. Based on the current and past terrorist acts throughout the World if we make any cuts to the current budget we could lose the proper equipment that we use to aid military personal who need these tools to help while protecting this great country. The Equipment is a vidail in the fight to prevent terrorism......

Words: 326 - Pages: 2


...Military Technology Technology in the military has greatly increased strength and eased the ranking among world powers and effected the development of new military weapons. The term "Survival of the fittest" means that the strong will succeed but the meek will not, this is the case with military technology. The U.S. has the best technology in the world, therefore we are the highest military power. Technology is a very important part of warfare. Technology is driven by the military. The army's race during the cold war, spawned some of the greatest technical achievements in human history. Space travel for example is a result of the X-plane project. The Internet was produced by the military as well. If we stop investing in military technology, we risk our safety. If other nations had more advance technology than we do, they would have more power than we do. If that was to happen, we face the threat of that nation taking over us. Military technology may be divided into five categories. Offensive arms harm the enemy, while defensive weapons ward off offensive attacks. Transportation technology moves soldiers and weaponry; communications coordinate the movements of armed forces; and sensors detect forces and guide weaponry. There are many types of technological developments in the military happening at all times. They range from new aircraft to sophisticated guidance systems. Teams of specialists work for years to develop some of our simplest equipment. These......

Words: 2367 - Pages: 10


...If you are considering a professional aviation career, think seriously about the adjective that modifies aviation. "Professional," as defined by the dictionary, means "of, engaged in, or worthy of the high standards of, a profession; designating or of a school, especially a graduate school, offering instruction in a profession." Further consider "professional" as a noun — "a person practicing a profession; a person who engages in some art, sport, etc. for money, especially for his livelihood, rather than as a hobby; a person who does something with great skill." These definitions could have been written with aviation in mind because it definitely has high standards, and the people who meet these standards certainly must exhibit great skill. Aviation professionals are not born, they are educated. With professional aviation's increasingly complex and high-technology environment, being an aviation professional, today and in the future, requires more than just knowing how to fly. Few of the major airlines require a college degree for employment, but in the past several years, more than 95 percent of the pilots hired have at least a four-year college degree. If you want an airline job, you stand a better chance if you are among the 95 percent with a degree than the 5 percent without one. Aviation is an exciting career field, and because you can earn an above-average income, competition for jobs is keen. Traditionally, military pilots often place first in the employment contest...

Words: 5806 - Pages: 24


...Abstract Most important thing of the Flight Crew’s role is the Decision Making in aviation. Flight safety and flight efficiency depend on flight crew’s decision. So Aeronautical Decision Making is more important than other decisions. Aviation decision situations are often complex and a number of factors may influence decision making. Risk and time pressure are situational variables that further constrain the decision process, but flight crew have been trying to do their best. Decision Making causes variable results by the cognitive ability, training for decision making and judgment General decision making tree charts should be described on Flight Operation Manual, but decision in complex situation is made by discussion between flight crew and Operational Control Center. Good Decision Makers have their own decision making model. This study researches how they made decision and flight crew’s decision making model by analysis of a survey. * 대한항공 기장, 한국항공대학교 항공운항학과 대학원 ** 한국항공대학교 항공운항학과 교수 I. 서론 항공기가 첨단 대형화, 장거리화 되면서 운항 승무원의 역할은 항공기 조종이라는 기본적인 임무에서 운항 전반에 대한 Management 업무로 비중이 옮겨가고 있다. 항공기가 개발된 이 후 많은 항공사고가 발생했으며 초기에는 주로 항공기 자체 결함이나 지원 장비의 결함으로 인한 사고가 많았다. 그러나 첨단 기술의 발달로 인해 항공 사고는 Human Factor에 기인한 사고가 상대적으로 많아졌으며 전체 사고의 약 70%에 이르게 되었다. Boeing사에서 2003년 발표한 자료에 의하면 1993년-2002년까지 발생한 세계 민간항공기 전손 사고는 총198건이며 이중 원인 불명이나 조사 중인 59건을 제외한 총 139건의 약 67%인 93건이 운항 승무원에 의한 사고로 판명되었다(도표-1). 이처럼 항공기 장비나 기상으로 인한 사고보다 인적 요인에 의한 사고 비율이 높아짐에 따라 각 항공사에서는 Human Factor로 인한 사고를 줄이기 위해 다양한......

Words: 2891 - Pages: 12