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Bariatric Surgery

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Running Head: The History of Bariatric Surgery

The History of Bariatric Surgery, Informative Essay
Cathleen Anderson
Strayer University, Online

ENG 115, English Composition
Professor Gus Weekley May 29, 2011
The History of Bariatric Surgery The History of Bariatric Surgery started about sixty years ago. The first procedure called Jejunoileal which is no longer performed was performed in 1954 by doctors named Kreman, Linder, and Nelson at the University of Minnesota. This type of bypass eliminated a large portion of the Intestines creating significant malabsorption. (Roets, L). The Bariatric gastro intestinal Surgery, Gastric bypass as it is called for short is used for morbidly obese people who want to achieve weight loss. This surgery often times eliminates diabetes mellitus and high blood pressure, sleep apnea. When Gastric bypass started it had a high mortality rate however, since the revision of this procedure the rate is very low. More people with the previously stated serious conditions are having this procedure performed to reduce their life threatening conditions. By the end of the sixties these procedures had been revised. But, complications were still very high with the malabsorptions procedure. This procedure alone was abandoned. In 1967 Dr. Mason and Ito were credited with the first combined gastric bypass. This seminal procedure became the foundation for the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass using staples. Dr. Mason gave patients a small pouch in which to eat, crafted from the most durable section of the stomach to minimize stretching. The new pouch and the remainder of the stomach were reconnected to a small portion of the intestines. This procedure combined the best of both restrictive and malabsorptive techniques, providing a safe and effective treatment…...

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