In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By chuckmichael
Words 1224
Pages 5
Christopher Epps
Professor Mauldin
Bio-politics, Medicine, and Bodies
January 26 2013
Bio-politics, Bio-citizenship, Bio-citizenship: A Big Mixture
As a society, we throw around the word “Politics” freely and often. Its a polarizing concept and evokes both excitement and disdain in American citizens. However, to many the idea of politics seems very abstract. Sure, there are visible institutions of government and tangible evidence of certain political machines at work. But people struggle with seeing deeper into how government affects not only their day to day lives, but their very bodies. I'm talking about the intersection of private science and government-”bio politics”. To engage in a such discussion of Bio-politics and how political power is exerted over life, one needs a firm knowledge of medicalization. In a broad sense, medicalization is simply the expansion of medicine in our society. However, the term is interpreted differently depending on who you ask. Sociologist Peter Conrad describes medicalization as a “process by which medical problems become more defined and treated as medical problems, usually in terms of illness and disorders.” He sees the power in language and how the ever expanding categories that come from medicalization are actually a form of social control. Disability activist Irving Zola validates this idea but adds that “everyday life has come under Medical dominion, influence, and supervision.” Having been stricken by polio, Zola spoke from a specific group that has come under the affects of medicalization. His primary focus and fear were the moral consequences that these categories and labels had on both individuality and morality. In addition, he advocated for people to own their disability and not succumb to the power of medical institutions to decide what is “normal”. Adele Clarke takes a slightly different approach in…...

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...being dominate. In the movies they have a lot of trick in order to express the dominant charters versus the submissive ones. A lot of that has to do with camera angles and where the characters are placed in the shot. For example a lower camera expressed dominance and if the character was higher up in the shot too. And the opposite is used to express some one is less dominate. These of course are artificial ways to express dominance to the audience. And sometimes we have to express artificially our dominance to get some things in life and these articles are very good at telling you subtle cues to help you appear more dominate. Mazur, Allan & Mueller, Ulrich (1996).  Facial Dominance.  A. Somit and S. Peterson (Eds.), Research in Biopolitics, Vol 4  (London: JAI Press)  pp 99-111  A great quote that sums up what the article is all about is early on in the journal. “Our focus here is on facial dominance, the degree to which a person is judged from his or her facial appearance to be dominant, assertive and a leader, as opposed to someone who is subordinate, submissive, a follower. The face is one among several status signs which each individual displays, suggesting this his status is, or ought to be, high or low.” It goes on the relate that a more dominate face is described as are more likely to be handsome, muscular, with striking features like a chiseled chin, heavy brow ridges and deep set eyes. So like pretty much any handsome Hollywood actor or successful......

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