Blooms Taxonomy

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Bloom’s Taxonomy and Nursing Care

Sherrie Fetterman

Health and Chronic Disease Management/NUR427

October 3, 2011
Gina Stephens

Bloom’s Taxonomy and Nursing Care

An estimated 99 million Americans currently suffer from a form of chronic disease and will enter the health care field unknowing what to expect (Annuals of Internal Medicine, 2011). Disease knows no boundaries nor is there any age limitations. What is consistent, is the disease inflicted patients need to learn about their disease and how to live normal lives regardless of their literary level. In 1956, Benjamin Bloom and a group of educational psychologists developed Bloom’s Taxonomy, a classification of levels of intellectual behavior important in learning. The taxonomy has three domains: the cognitive, affective and psychomotor. Each domain begins with the most basic learning level, and increases to the more intellectual level of learning. As Larsen and Lubkin states, “The teaching-learning process is characterized by multifaceted, dynamic, and interactive exchanges that are fundamental to client-family education and nursing practice” (p. 320). Bloom’s Taxonomy of Education equips nurses with the tools necessary to help patients and family members become successful in coping with their chronic illnesses. The findings of the cognitive domains represent use of knowledge and mental skills of the patient, and is further divided into 6 levels from the lowest level to the highest level of learning, which are: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. If the patient is on the lowest level, knowledge, the nurse educates by having the patient recall, repeat, recognize, and relate the information. For example, the patient should be able to repeat what the medications are and the side effects. At the highest level, evaluation, the nurse will…...

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