Boys Against Girls

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By iandea14
Words 307
Pages 2
Boys Against Girls

Summary: Discusses the academic and social rivalry between boys and girls. Findings of a study conducted by the American Association of University Women regarding the issue; Gap between men and women in the sciences; Strengths and weaknesses of boys and girls.

GENDER

A 1992 study by the American Association of University Women reported that schools shortchange girls--letting them lag behind boys in science, silencing them in class and damaging their self-esteem. But some experts are arguing that it's boys who lose out.

"The Columbine killings have been a wake-up call," says Judith Kleinfeld, Ph.D., professor of psychology at the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. "Boys also have their problems." Kleinfeld refutes the findings of the AAUW study: With the exception of the (rapidly narrowing) gap between men and women in the sciences, she says, "most of the other findings are misleading or false."

Studies show, for example, that girls receive better grades and more awards than their male counterparts. They also have superior verbal skills and are more likely to attend college. But while many schools sponsor interventions to coach girls in physics and math, few have tried to remedy boys' poor reading and writing abilities. And contrary to popular belief, many boys have a well-hidden low self-esteem, believing that schools are hostile towards them.

"Women have been shortchanged in other areas of life," says Kleinfeld. "But schools, with their structure and demands for obedience, have always favored girls." Boys have naturally high activity levels and find it more difficult to sit quietly in class, leaving them frustrated and aggressive.

The lesson? "Boys and girls have characteristic strengths and weaknesses and teachers should use this knowledge," says Kleinfeld. "We shouldn't identify any one group as victims."…...

Similar Documents

The Difference Between Girl and Boy

...Những khác biệt dễ thương giữa boy và girl ♥ Con trai có thể mặc 1 bộ quần áo trong 3 ngày. Con gái có thể mặc 3 bộ quần áo trong 1 ngày :S ♥ Con trai bảo "đi đi" tức là hãy đi đi. Con gái bảo "đi đi" đôi khi là đứng ngay tại chỗ, cấm có được đi đâu hết đấy... :D ♥ Con trai coi quà tặng chỉ là xã giao. Con gái lại coi đó là dấu hiệu của tình cảm ( Đúng là trí tưởng bở cao ngất trời nhỉ :) ) ♥ Nhiệm vụ khó khăn nhất của con trai là : "đối mặt" với con gái và nói 3 từ quyết định. Còn nhiệm vụ khó khăn nhất của con gái là khiến con trai phải nói ra 3 từ đó :P ♥ Con trai tò mò chuyện người lớn. Còn con gái thì tò mò với bất kì chuyện gì không phải của mình :S ♥ Thích nhận những lời khen ngợi, tán dương nhất trên đời là con trai, và họ thừa nhận điều đó.Con gái cũng thích nhận những lời khen, nhưng họ 100% sẽ phủ nhận sự thật này. ( Đúng là các nàng chỉ giỏi đóng kịch mà chẳng thèm qua trường lớp nào mới siêu chứ ) ♥ Hãy cho con trai 1 con mèo, cậu ta sẽ nghịch nó như 1 món đồ chơi. Có 1 con mèo, con gái chỉ thích ôm ấp, vỗ về, thậm chí cho ngủ cùng :* ♥ Con gái luôn mong cân nặng của mình giảm đi. Con trai lại muốn nó tăng lên càng nhanh càng tốt :) ♥ Con trai bình thường thì hùng hổ, mạnh mẽ nhưng đứng trước con gái thì luống cuống, lắp bắp, cà lăm. Con gái bình thường hay e ngại, rụt rè nhưng gặp con trai (nhất là những tên hay trêu ghẹo) thì trở thành nhà hùng biện tài ba số một :) ♥ Khi đối thoại, con gái thường hay cười và nhìn thẳng vào người......

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Boys and Girls

...ENG/125 July 16, 2012 Literature in Society In the story "Boys and Girls" by Alice Munro, she tells a story about a young girl whom resists womanhood during the time of society where men and women were not considered equal. A mother’s role was in the house and a man’s was outside the house. Men were the dominant figures in the household whereas the women were subservient. This story occurs on a family farm outside Jubilee, Ontario, Canada during the 1940s. Munro's narrator has no identity and therefore remains unnamed, compared to her younger brother Laird. Her brother's name, which is a synonym for "Lord," comes from a Scottish origin (Laird - Origin and Meaning, 2012). Munro uses these names to represent how a male child was more important than a female child in a family. The narrator resisted the role a woman was expected in life to lead. She worked outside with her father rather than inside the home with her mother. "I hated the hot dark kitchen in the summer" (p. 775). Because the narrator was female, she was not regarded as essential help to her father. "Could of fooled me," said the salesman. "I thought it was only a girl" (p. 774). She was still under appreciated even though she could work more than her younger brother. "Wait till Laird gets a little bigger, then you'll have a real help" (p. 775). This shows that girls were expected to stay inside the home doing chores whereas boys were allowed out to do the things that they wanted......

Words: 767 - Pages: 4

Transgeneder Between Boys and Girls

...Vanessa Smith Professor James Williamson Psychology 6 April 2013 Transgender between Boys and Girls While researching articles and sources about transgender between boys and girls, I found several articles and authors who published books about the topic that I felt to be interested in reading and researching. (Transgender is a global term that encompasses, cross dressers, transsexuals, and transgenderists). However, when taken to mean transgressively gendered, and transgender can be seen as encompassing anyone who feels uncomfortable with, dislikes, or resists John Wayne/Marilyn Monroe gender stereotypes). In growing up in the state of Tennessee I was very young but knew of girls my aged that did not like to play with dolls or do girly things. I often notice with this girl named Lillian which is my best friend as of today she liked everything little boys like to do. For an example watching her play boys sport like football, basketball, playing marbles on the ground with boys to me that wasn’t what girls would participate in. On the other hand I did not understand why she was different that all the rest. It was until I invited her to go the church with me and she answered me with reply of no. I asked her why and she stated she doesn’t wear dresses she only prefer pants. In this interpretation, there is good evidence that the intangible feeling we have of being male or female is actually far less susceptible to hormonal influences than either our sexual orientation or......

Words: 850 - Pages: 4

Pink for Girls, Blue for Boys?

...Pink for girls; Blue for boys? Nowadays if we walk into a department store we can be sure that we will find pink and some blue clothes, toys and little other objects for children such as books, bikes, lunchboxes, board games, toy cookers, cash registers, even games consoles. If we look at these objects there is no wonder everybody knows that pink is specified for girls and blue for boys. But how did this become a common thought? Since when do we use colors to make a difference between genders? And why exactly did we choose pink and blue to fulfill this role? In the 1800s most infants were dressed in white and both boys and girls wore dresses or short skirts until the age of five or six. Although, there was a few small difference between boy and girl clothing. For example girls wore dresses which were buttoned up in the back while boys’ dresses were buttoned up in the front. So gender difference wasn’t highlighted just in a little scale. Why wasn’t this important in that age of time? One theory is that distinguishing boys from girls was less important than distinguishing kids from adults. Childhood was a time of innocence while adulthood typically meant working hard. By the 1850s other colors than white had started to appear in baby clothing, but gender-based distinctions were slow to emerge. For example a Times fashion report from 1880 says that boys and girls were dressed alike in shades of blue, pink, white or violet; another report from 1892 says young girls were......

Words: 1419 - Pages: 6

Boys and Girls

...GIRLS, BOYS SAME CAPABILITIES To certain the same capabilities and certain that all talents are entering equation, the government started a row of initiatives targeted for girls and boys in all ages. Girls and boys meet old-fashioned standard and way of thinking early, which trip up for the single free challenge – in kindergarten, school and the surrounding society. It is not just restricted for the single person, it also means, that we e.g. get a very gender-segregated education system. Four out of ten choose educations, where more than 75% are one gender. That means, that we don’t get all talents in the game, and the Danish labour market gets very inflexible. More than 40% of all educations have got more than 75% of one gender. Over 99% of the students in the bricklayer-, paver-, and carpenter educations are men. Women dominate the educations for midwifes-, dental clinic assistant-, and sick nurse. In 2011 the minister supposes focus on the gender spitted education choices through the campaign “The future is yours” (Fremtiden er din) and the initiative “in practice as trouble-shooter”-“Girls in the scientific and technological in cooperation with the association of engineers called IDA. The project will contribute to open girls’ eyes for all the challenging scientific and technological problems, people can work with and give them practically “hands on” experiences with the subjects. See more at Perspective- and plan of action 2011. Look what the government earlier......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Effects of Boy-Girl Relationships

...Effects of Boy-Girl relationships to the academic performances of Third year students of MTS. Relationship is a state if being attached with someone with a commitment with each other. There are many kinds of unique relationships that you could experience in your life. But here are some types of relationships. The first one is the LONG DISTANCE RELATIONSHIP where both of you loves each other and are connected to each other emotionally. But physically, both of them live in too different area codes and share minimal physical intimacy. You’d have to deal with insecurities and jealousy, and several bouts of suspicion. Second is the COMPLICATED RELATIONSHIPS it is the trickiest kind ofrelationship. Both partners may not know that things are not perfectly inlove, either because of involvement of a third person or because of the incompatibility.[1] Puppy love and childhood crushes turn to teenage dating activities for at least half of all highschool students. With the onset of adolescence ,teend spend less time with family and more time with peers. In the early teen years, mixed-gender groups predominate. By mid-teens, up to two-thirds of highschool students report they have dated or are in a romantic relationship. Having a boyfriend or girlfriend in highschool can significant effects on a teenager’s social development and personal identity. Although many negative effects of dating during the pre-teen and early adolescent years are noted – poor academic performance, low......

Words: 270 - Pages: 2

Boys and Girls

...Boys and Girls Recent history boldly notes the protests and political unrest surrounding the Vietnam Conflict during the 1960s and 70s. However, equally important in this era are the women who pushed for gender role and publicly rebelled against the established social norm of a woman's "place." Although Alice Munro may not have been burning her bra on the courthouse steps, threads of a feminist influence can be found in "Boys and Girls." Munro's main character, a girl probably modeled after Munro's own childhood experiences on an Ontario farm, faces her awakening body and the challenge of developing her social identity in a man's world. "The girl," an unnamed character, acts as a universal symbol for the initiation of a girl into womanhood. Through first-person narrative, Munro shoes the girl's views of her budding femininity and social identity by describing the girl's conceptions of her parents' work, her parallel to the wild mare Flora, and the "mysterious alterations" (Munro 474) in her personal nightly stories. As if to forsake her femininity and forego a life of confinement and housework, the girl reveres her father's work and condemns her mother's duties. The sum of the girl's respect seems to lie with her father, as is evident in her reference to his work outdoors as "ritualistically important" (468). On the other hand, while the girl recognizes that her mother is busy, she still considers her mother's "work in the house [to be] [·] endless, dreary and......

Words: 1011 - Pages: 5

Boys and Girls Alone

...Engelsk opgave – Boys and Girls alone Normally in reality shows grown up appears but in a reality show from 2009, Channel 4 decided to broadcast a show called Boys and Girls Alone. The show includes children from the age of 8-11. But is that good for the children? 1. In this outline of the various attitudes towards the Reality Show, we have three texts. Text 1 consists of two letters. Both letters have been published in The Times the same year as the reality show was sent: The first letter is written by Andre Mackenzie from Channel 4, the second letter is written by a Lecturer in Psychotherapy named Dr. Richard House. Text 2 is written by a journalist Georgina Reid there is introducing a mother to one of the children in the show. Andre Mackenzie is trying to convince everybody there is reading it, that the children in the show are hundred percent safe and is under protection 24/7 during production. He starts by introducing the purpose of the show, which is to give the children the chance to make decisions about their lives in a safe environment. They also want the parents to see how their kids handle them self with out them, and offer the audience an insight into both childhood and parenting. Then he explains how they have carefully chosen the kids, he says that they are ‘’screened by experts’’ to make sure that they could cope in the show. He says that they follow Safety protocols to ensure that the children’s well being remains there top priority, to make......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Girls on Boys Sports Teams

...look guys, they’ve got a girl on their team…” “Ah, man, again? I hate playing against girls. I always feel like I’m going to hurt them.” “Just don’t think about it, dude. Go up against her like she’s just another player.” “Okay boys, watch out for the girl on their team. If she’s playing with the guys team, she’s gotta be good.” Countless times, my teammates and I would watch a girl walk on to the field for the other team and start warming up. Instantly, stereotypes were made, and probably to many peoples’ surprise, they were in her favor. Any girl playing on a guy’s team has to be highly skilled, so we tried our hardest not to take her lightly. We did our best to keep this mentality in our minds during the game, but the instant there was a close ball and there was going to be some hard contact, the guys on our team, almost every time, would back off the ball in fear of hurting her. While going up against a girl, this restraint is almost always going on in guys’ minds. Guys shouldn’t have to limit how hard they play at any time, but almost all boys, whether they mean to or not, do not go as hard against a girl as they might a boy. Ever since girls have been playing sports, and even more so since the passing of Title IX, the debate of girls playing on a boys sports team has been a hot one. In my eyes, there isn’t even a real argument to be made. It is frowned upon for boys to play on girls teams, so why let the girls play on boys teams? By the......

Words: 1352 - Pages: 6

Why Girls Outpreform Boys

...Since the early 1990’s, girls have begun to outperform boys at most levels of the educationsystem. According to Pirie in Item A, the modular courses and continuous assessment found ineducation today has been seen to favour the systematic approach of girls, compared to the oldO level exam which typically favoured boys. These changes within the education system are seenas the main result of gender differences in education, nevertheless, external factors such asthe impact of feminism and changes in the job market may also have influenced the increase ingirl’s attainment.Firstly, it may be argued that the way pupils are assessed has favoured girls and disadvantagedboys. Gorard found that the gender gap in achievement was stable from 1975 up until 1988 whenit increased rapidly. This was when GCSE and with it coursework was introduced. Mitsos andBrowne support the view that GCSE’s favoured girls as they were more successful in courseworkdue to the fact that girls are seen to be more careful with their work, more likely to spendlonger on their work and meet deadlines. However, Ellwood argues that although coursework hashad some influence, exams themselves have a greater influence in the final grade. Thereforethis does not create a significant gap between gender differences.Secondly, the way in which teachers interact with pupils differs. Sociologist Jane and PeterFrench argue that classroom interaction between teachers and boys was not that different tothat of girls in terms of......

Words: 769 - Pages: 4

Boys and Girls

...Commentary of “Boys and Girls” by Alice Munro Alice Munro is a Canadian short-story writer. She grew up in a rural environment such as is featured in the story “Boys and Girls”. This story is collected in her first collection of short stories, “The Dance of the Happy Shades”, which has been published in 1968. In the story, the protagonist experiences a process in which she leaves childhood. However, if we have to sum up the main idea of the text in a sentence, it would be the title with a few words more, “The education in boys and girls”. Therefore, we can see that the whole text is subordinate to this concept: characters’ attitude, characters’ comments, character’s name, indeed the style and the horses that appear in the story. Firstly, we will focus on the style. It is a first person narrator who shows us all the thoughts and impressions of the protagonist, this fact help us to understand how the influence of the other characters affects her. Secondly, we have to stress two characteristics of the personages that normally have unimportant role. One feature is the character’s names or more specifically the lack of name in some of them, because no female characters have a name, neither the main, so this fact helps to emphasize the distinction between women and men. Although neither the father has name, this could be explained in the sense that the author wants to stress that Laird, the son, is the winner because this sexist education is favorable to the men side. The......

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Boys vs Girls Precis

...Yang, Chirstina Prof. Robert ENC 1102 Date: October 22, 2015 Title: “Boys and Girls” Author: Alice Munro Characters: The father, the mother, the sister, Laird, Henry Bailey, the grandmother, Flora Setting: The house, the barn Plot Summary: The sister is hurt that she’s defined by her gender, and the stuff she enjoys are considered boys stuff. Laird is expected to do all the manly stuff even if he don’t enjoy them. One aspect of the story that I really enjoyed: I enjoyed when the sister purposely let Flora leave. One aspect of the story that I found puzzling of that I did not understand: Was Laird jealous of his sister? Why the mother felt like her daughter shouldn’t be trusted? What made the sister let Flora go? Three-Paragraph analysis: The story was about a sister and a brother named Laird that were always being compared to each other. Everything the sister truly loved and enjoyed to do was considered a man’s job. It was hard for anyone to take her seriously because she was a girl and only expected to act like a lady. Laird on the other hand, had a hard time because everything he did wasn’t good enough or wasn’t as good as his sister. Laird was expected to be or manly since his a boy. They both had a hard time growing up since Laird had to always help his father, and the sister wanted to be with the father but her mother would force her to help her instead. The sister would have dreams of her a little older rescuing people from a bombed building, shooting......

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Boys and Girls Left Alone

...Outline of “Letters to the Editor” There are two letters one from each side of two different views on filming children left alone, making their own decisions on living life, and then broadcasting it. There is one pro the idea and one against it. The letter pro the idea comes from Andrew Mackenzie, head of factual entertainment and he writes that every show that is broadcasted had to follow Ofcoms’ guidelines. That means that the children were in good hands throughout the whole program. The parent was always nearby and had the opportunity to intervene whenever they wanted, and withdraw their kid from the program. This gave the parents the insight on their kids’ behaviour when they are not around. The opposite letter was written by Dr Richard House, Senior lecturer in psychotherapy from Roehampton University. He makes it clear in his letter that it is impossible to secure the inner environments for any people no matter who you are, especially children. The psyche of children is very fragile, and is not to be toyed with. Andrew Mackenzie also states that all of the children participating were carefully casted and screened by experts so that the children could cope the whole situation and experience. The parents had access to advice and support at any time needed, and all safety measures were taken care of. The children’s wellbeing were at all time the top priority. As an answer to that Dr Richard House states that it is simply impossible to select and pick out children......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

The Fearless Boys and Girls

...The fearless boys and girls Between the World and Me? it a letter Coates wrote to his son describing the violence he went to and still going through in his life. He gave us a tour of his life. From the tough neighborhoods of Baltimore from his youth, to Howard University which Coates describe as “The Mecca” for its diversity of African Americans students and teachers to the broader Mecca's which he calls it of New York and Paris. Every day the epidemic if violence grows either by the statistics of death of young black male, the inner city kids mastering the street, and social influences. A teenage boy pointed a gun in his face on the street, the worst part was his father beat him for letting himself get robbed by a boy. Recently they were a statistic report that shows how young people died. 24,600 people died as the victims of homicides. This converts into a homicide percentage of 8.9 per 200,000 populace. The homicide percentage for male teenagers ages 13-21 is 21.8 per 100,000. The homicide percentage for young African American males in this age group is 84.8 per 100,000. The overall homicide percentage for male teenagers in the US was between 6 and 83 times greater than the homicide percentage for male teenagers in any other nation. Guns were used in four-quarters of the death in the USA. This statistics released proves and demands that violence has become an infection and a huge public health issue. Ta-neishi also mentions many examples of probably unnecessary......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Boys vs. Girls

...Lance: From girls, we have Nicole Bernal, Angeli De Leon, and Jozelle Gonida. Angela: From boys, we also have Steven Evangelio, Ricky Park, and Mel Lloren. Angela: Ok, to start the face off. Let me know who do you think among you is smarter? This has been a worldwide controversy notion since the beginning of creation. Let’s start with the girls.. Juicy: For me, we girls are way smarter because we are deep thinkers and imaginative. We are much better than boys mentally speaking. We think before we act and we remain calm in crisis. Angeli: Yes yes and Boys on the other hand tend to reason things out and find practical solutions to problems. They don’t waste time and they like to hit the subject right away. That’s why boys don’t like to chat for hours on the phone without a goal. Mel: Yeah.. That’s because we are goal-oriented, this means that we tend to reason. Our nature forced us to be reasoning creatures. A conversation should have a purpose that is worth considering. We Men do not indulge in a useless chat over the phone for several hours for no aim. Steven: Yes I believe in that, and in the outside world boys are more intelligent than girls. It is a fact that man’s brain is bigger and heavier than women’s. Nicole: No, because from what I have remembered one observation proved that females achieve better results than males in school because females are more focused and stable. Moreover, females reach brain and psychological maturity faster before boys......

Words: 1450 - Pages: 6