Brazil- a Country Profile

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Submitted By ezechiel
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Brazil

Background Information Capital: Brasilia Official language: Portuguese Area: 8.511.965 km2 Number of inhabitants (2007): 185.998.215 (Brazilian Statistics Institute IGBE) Population density (2007): 23 Inhabitants per km2 Population growth (2007): 1,2 % for 2007 (IGBE 2006) Working population (8/2008): 57 % (IBGE) Foreign Inhabitants (2006): 0,7 % (IBGE) Unemployment rate: 7,6 % (8/2008), 9,5 % (8/2007), 10,6 % (8/2006) (IBGE) Religions: roman catholic (73,6 %), protestants (15,4 %), spiritualists (1,3 %), umbanda und candomblé (0,3 %), others (1,8 %), none (7,4%) (Census 2000) |
Based on area and population, Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. In Europe it is commonly known as an attractive travel destination and former immigration country. Over four million Europeans immigrated into Brazil since the first Portuguese colonisation in the 16th century until the Second World War. Since the 1980s the circumstances have changed the other way round. It is estimated, that since then over three million Brazilians emigrated into the United States as well as Europe and Japan.

Nonetheless, due to the growing economy of the last decade, Brazil has changed again into an immigration country. Although Brazil is the ninth largest national economy of the world, social inequality is at its peak. In 2005 the richest 10% of the population earned 48% of the national income, whilst over 40 million Brazilians had less than 2 dollars a day to live (Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): CIA-Worldfactbook, http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/ the-world-factbook/geos/br.html.).
Consequently, many young and well-educated Brazilians see no professional future in Brazil and hence emigrate.
However, nearly half of the population is under 20 years of age, making it a country with a very strong industrial sector and large agricultural production. Moreover Brazil…...

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