Free Essay

Burying Sm

In: People

Submitted By louis10307
Words 1813
Pages 8
Roy Abrams
Burying SM Paper
April 17, 2011

Death. Death is an inevitable occurrence in the life cycle of the human race that is dealt with in numerous different ways. Culture. Cultures are so numerous and varying that it is almost impossible to compare the small nuances that make them unique. Death and culture truly share a major thing in common, as they coincide harmoniously with such questions as “How is death handled?” and “What happens next?” As human beings, it is certainly possible to only look at the perspective of death that our particular culture is familiar with, and to let that obscure the views of others around the world. In Africa, death is a little more complicated. Placing the focus on one country in Africa, Kenya is a land that is still divided by tribal differences, differences that have been in place since written record itself is known about this region of the world. Death in Kenya raises a few questions, just as it does in places like Chicago, or Venice, or any small town in rural Kansas. These questions were far more involved after the death of lawyer Silvano Melea Otieno in 1986. “SM”, as the man’s name is abbreviated, was born a member of the Luo clan or tribe, but upon marriage with is wife Virginia, a Kikuyu tribe member, threw Kenya for a loop in ways he could never have imagined (Cohen; Odhiambo, 1992). The problem that was really a deep-seeded threat in this situation was a case of pluralism, or a diversity of views. An intense legal battle ensued, and through all of the laws and smoke and mirrors, Silvano Melea Otieno was finally buried in his home region of Nyamila. The laws of ethnic and traditional ties wound up victorious in this clash, even though it was widely known that Otieno and his wife lived their lives separate from society norms. SM should not have been forced to been laid to rest in Nyamila, freedom of choice should have been granted and his body should now lay at his farm located in the Ngong region just outside of Nairobi. Shortly after SM’s death, the two tribes were then involved in a struggle as to where his remains where to be buried, and a final resting place to be selected. There are two types of pluralism, either normative or legal. In the case here with Mr. Otieno, both types of pluralism came into effect. Normative pluralism really draws upon the society or cultural normalcies that tend to constrict and limit deviation from these rules. Legal pluralism involves court proceedings that override the in-place cultural-state laws that deny individuals the common human right of choice (Twining, 2009). Clearly, with the American ideals of freedom and the choice to decide our own fates and the fates of our family members, it is logical to state that Mr. Otieno should have been granted the legal case to be buried at his farm as per the wishes of his wife Virginia. In order for this famous case to be even relevant today, it is obviously so that it drew immense public spotlight back in 1986-1987 when the legal battle was still being enacted. To put the case into a more relevant example, the S.M. Otieno case in Kenya had as much public media exposure as the O.J. Simpson case did in the United States. With the entire world seemingly peering down upon the African nation, Kenya was forced to handle the brunt of the activist activity that took place during the trial. The fact that Kenya was a nation divided was evident, a land split between several different cultural rule-sets, whether it be the Luo, the Kikuyu, or any of the other factions or states of Kenya (Githongo, 2010). The face that these divisions are still evident today proves that Kenya has had a past and will certainly have a future of strict normative pluralism, and the Otieno family was ravaged by these killer hidden codes. Aside from all of the tribe-enacted rules, the court decision that finally decided that SM would follow his cultural customs and be buried in his hometown is shocking and utterly different from the freedom that we so covet in our society. The court claimed that as Mr. Otieno’s widow, Virginia had no right, under the customs of his tribe, to bury her husband at their farm outside of Nairobi (Reuters, 1987). No right. The tribal standards that bound this court decision nullified the natural right of a spouse to lay their significant other to rest. The article from the New York Times is really a great example of how widespread the news of this court battle spread, as people in America were left shocked at how such a simple human right had been snatched away due to long-outdated and un-solid rules set up by a lineage of tribal elders, members, and scholars. A wife was not allowed to bury her husband near their home, truly nullifying the closer that all people seek with the completion of burial and prayer. History is of course very important in the course of the human race. The tribes of Kenya are built upon a rich history of past events, facts, “rules’, and general key ideals that make each tribe unique from one another. By examining this court case further, surely, an argument could be made to support the courts of Kenya and to explain why S.M. Otieno should have been buried exactly where he ended up in his hometown of Nyamila. Cultural back rounds are very important in not only Kenya, but really in any religion or belief system that is in place today. Is it not custom for a Christian burial ceremony to include a mass? Or for a Jewish boy who is entering manhood to celebrate this joyous occasion with a bar mitzvah? Culture is very important in the world, so important that strong backing and support is given to the nuances and subtleties of the rules that are tucked away inside of it. In this case, the Luo ties that Otieno was born into were strong, and influential, and wound up deciding his ultimate fate in his stead. Truly, why should the court have changed the very ways they have operated for many years just for one case of a family that claimed to not have lived by their pre-determined society norms? There is certainly a strong argument for both sides of this tragic case, but it is still necessary to side with the grieving widow, as personal choice and love and emotions should always supersede the unforgiving and un-excepting laws of the past. The Luo tribe truly believed that S.M. Otieno should have been buried in his place of birth, not because he was born there, but because the holy ancestral spirits were located in his hometown of Umira Kager (Nyamongo, 2000). Further reading about the cultural practices of this interesting tribe only strengthens the argument to break the oppressive and discriminatory bonds that their rules put in place. When a Luo man dies, a fire is lit called the magenga. This holy fire burns for six to seven days, and is a symbol of cleansing. This same holy fire only burns for three days for a woman. Certainly American people understand the hardships of female oppression, and it overcame the chains of bondage nearly a century ago, while Africa in many ways, is still treating the sexes differently in so many facets of life. This is a change that really needs to occur, and can only occur, if the old-time “rules” of tribes such as the Luo allow ALL of their members to live and die in the ways in which allow ALL of them equal and fulfilling closer to such a profound and sometimes traumatic experience. Silvano Melea Otieno was a distinguished man, a trial lawyer, well educated and versed as many are in Kenya in the Queen’s English. He was married to the love of his life, and purchased a family home where he decided to dwell in the village of Ngong, just outside of Nairobi. When his untimely and sudden death occurred, nobody would have begun to think that an entity that was completely absent from his personal life, his tribal heritage, would make the decisions that family should undoubtedly have the privilege and right to make. The very courts that he became well versed in as a trial lawyer seemingly abandoned the written and scripted laws that he knew so very well, rather following the unmarked and unlit path of heritage, folklore, and lack of personal identity that the Luo tribe laid before it. A grieving widow had no chance to break the bonds of a holy cultural cornerstone, instead forced to bury the man that she loved far from her home, crushing her ability to visit the site where her loved one now rests so without peace. S.M. should have been buried near his farm in Ngong, so that his wife and other family members could understand and mourn his exit from this realm, but instead, they now are left broken, without closure, and angry at a seemingly intangible force that continues to drive the people of Kenya. Change needs to happen, people need to be allowed the freedoms of choice and discretion that the American people so happily enjoy. Perhaps in time the Kenyan turmoil and strife will come to an end, but still today, tribal boundaries and intestate deaths continue to tear apart sacred events in life, even one of the most sacred, the occurrence of death itself.

Works Cited

Cohen, David William; Odhiambo, E.S. Atieno. (1992). Burying SM, The Politics of Knowledge and the Sociology of Power in Africa. Portsmouth, NH. Heinemann Publishing.
Van Doren, John W. (1988). Death African Style: The Case of S.M. Otieno. The American Journal of Comparative Law. 36 (2). 329-350.
Mutongi, Kenda. (2007). Worries of the Heart: Widows, Family, and Community in Kenya. Chicago. University of Chicago Press.
Reuters. (1987, May 25). A Top Kenyan Lawyer Buried Amid Tribe's Exorcism Rites. New York Times. p. 37. Retrieved from EBSCOhost..
Twining, William. (2009). Normative and Legal Pluralism: A Global Perspective. [Lecture Abstract]. Retrieved from Duke University Google Docs.
Chabal, Patrick. (2009). Africa: The Politics of Suffering and Smiling. London. Pietermaritzburg Zed Books Ltd.
Monari, Evans. (1988). Burial Law—Reflections on the S.M. Otieno Case. Howard Law Journal. 31. p.667.
Githongo, J. (2010). Fear and Loathing in Nairobi. Foreign Affairs, 89(4), 2-9. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Nyamongo, Isaac. (2000). Burying the dead, culture and economics: an assessment of two Kenyan cases. International Social Science Journal. 51 (160). 255-261.
Meisler, Stanley. (1970). Tribal Politics Harass Kenya. Foreign Affairs. 49 (1).…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

E-Banking: ‘a New Era of Customer Satisfaction Through Sms Banking’

...E-Banking: ‘A new era of customer satisfaction through SMS Banking’ Abdullah Hassan, BBA(Hon’s), Fourth Year, Department of Management Studies, University of Chittagong, abdtek@gmail.com Abstract According to the Euronet mobile Banking Guide, there are currently close to 400 mobile operators in over 133 countries who are signing up 4 to 6 new customers every second. That means people are now much more interested in cell phone than before. Users always seek multi-dimensional use of their cell phones. The main purpose of this paper is to find out customer satisfaction through SMS Banking. Mobile phone operators provide various value added services (VAS) to their users including banking service and other utility services with the legal agreement with respective organizations. As mobile operators are trying heart and soul to retain existing customers and enhance new customers by adding VAS, hence a mobile banking solution called SMS Banking that allows people to bank with their mobile phones and its overview are presented in paper. Introduction There are various types of E-banking that are used in the field of IT and Banking. SMS Banking is one of them. SMS stands for ‘Short Message Service’. SMS Banking allows you to check account balance, transfer amount to other account, payment of utility bills like electricity bill, gas bill and water bill etc. Short Message Service is particularly adapted to 2G networks because they require low capabilities for data......

Words: 3779 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Sms Model

...SMS Model, a Service Management System The SMS model is invented by Richard Norman and it illustrates a Service Management System consisting of five elements closely connected together. None of the elements can be viewed uniquely. You may even consider the arrows as glue. However, for the sole purpose of explaining each of the elements they are separated below. Service Management System by Richard Norman (1972) John Wiley & Sons, edition 1 page 58 The Market Segment: Consists of both existing customers and potential customers. The Service Concept: Are the benefits (service package) offered to the client as well as the efforts of how benefits are designed, marketed, delivered and perceived both by the client, by the employee and by others. The Image: The information tool whereby management can influence staff, clients and other stakeholders. The Culture and Philosophy: Are the overall principles of how the social process leading to the delivery of the service benefits are controlled, maintained and developed long term. The Delivery System: Is a triad consisting of personnel, client and the technical and physical support. * Personnel: As a service is co-produced together with the client, the personnel’s appearance, education, training and attitude matter greatly to the quality of the entire service. * Client: Equally as the client contributes to the service they are receiving their role is vital to the quality of the outcome. ......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Burying Your Life

...Burying Your Life Section B Many people nowadays cheat on each other. It can be very difficult, especially when you have a “family”, and like in this story, a son together. The short story “Burying Your Life” is about a man named Rahul, his wife Sarah and their son Tom. Rahul is digging a grave for their cat, which Tom loved very much. Therefore is he really sad, that his cat died. But when I read the story, I could tell, that it was not the “big issue” for this family. The big issue was, that Rahul and Sarah have got some problems. Sarah found a new guy, and Rahul thinks that she cheated on him, even though she says that she did not. It stands clear in the text that Rahul is still in love with Sarah, and that is his problem, because he knows that right now, they cannot be together, because they she is going to live in a little while with their son, so they can have a trial separation. Rahul seems like a guy who cares a lot about his family. In the short story we get an insight in how he thinks about his wife/ex-wife, he thinks for example: “Her hair bounces with each step, the sunlight brightening its faded blondness and she looks casually pretty in a way that he had forgotten about” – so it seems a lot like he has those great thoughts about her, but he does not really say it, so she does not know. He is an Indian guy, and he has a son. I think he is between 30 – 40 years old, because he has got a son, and he and his wife has been married in 9 years, so he must be...

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Questionnaires on Sms Language

...and impact of Short Messaging Services (SMS) language use among college students We are conduct a survey that how short messaging service (SMS) language impact on students academically and we need your help to complete this research work, to answer the following given questions as per your point of view. We assure you this survey we only use for our research work of our subject academic research. Our research questions are: 1. How abbreviated SMS affect college students academically? 2. To what extent does SMS language use influence college students’ behavior other from their academic performance? 3. What is the ratio of using abbreviated words during texting and what are the reasons behind using them? Section A //personal information 1. Please select your age group: A 17 – 20 B 21 – 25 C 26 – 30 2. English is my ___________ language. A 1ST B 2ND C 3RD & above 3. Based on a scale of 1 to 5, rate how well your English is; with 1 being “Bad” and 5 being “Expert”. ___________ 4. What is your current faculty? __________________________________________________ 5. What is your current education level? (Programme Name + Year) __________________________________________________ Section B //this part is to find out the ratio of SMS language use and reasons for using 1. Do you know what SMS language use means? A Yes B No 2. Who influenced you with the usage of SMS language use? (May choose more than......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sms Banking

...SMS banking is a type of mobile banking, a technology-enabled service offering from banks to its customers, permitting them to operate selected banking services over their mobile phones using SMS messaging. SMS banking services are operated using both push and pull messages. Push messages are those that the bank chooses to send out to a customer's mobile phone, without the customer initiating a request for the information. Typically push messages could be either Mobile marketing messages or messages alerting an event which happens in the customer's bank account, such as a large withdrawal of funds from the ATM or a large payment using the customer's credit card, etc. (see section below on Typical Push and Pull messages). Another type of push message is One-time password (OTPs). OTPs are the latest tool used by financial and banking service providers in the fight against cyber fraud. Instead of relying on traditional memorized passwords, OTPs are requested by consumers each time they want to perform transactions using the online or mobile banking interface. When the request is received the password is sent to the consumer’s phone via SMS. The password is expired once it has been used or once its scheduled life-cycle has expired. Pull messages are those that are initiated by the customer, using a mobile phone, for obtaining information or performing a transaction in the bank account. Examples of pull messages for information include an account balance enquiry, or......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Using Sms in Mobile Phone for Home Appliances Controlling

...Using SMS in Mobile Phone for Home Appliances Controlling Through PC Parallel Port Interfacing e-mail: ftaula@engineer.com University of Salahaddin, College of Engineering, Electrical Engineering Department Erbil, Iraq Keywords: Mobile phone, PC ports, Interfacing, Visual C++. Fadhil T. Aula ABSTRACT This paper presents a system of the PC remote Controlling with the Mobile Telephone through accessing the main PC ports; serial and parallel. Serial port for transferring data from Mobile phone to PC and parallel port for interfacing PC with real time controlling hardware. The system is implemented by using the SMS (Short Message Service) as associated with all modern mobile phone devices and mobile telecommunication networks. The software for whole system is designed and implemented with KORAK Telecom Network in Erbil City, Nokia mobile phone device and with ordinary type of PC that running under Windows XP or compatible. The software for system is divided into two parts; Mobile to PC through serial port is a general commercial program that associated with the Nokia mobile devices, and second which access SMS file and control all parts of system is designed by using Microsoft Visual C++ Ver. 6 . Such idea is quiet new and represents the ability of anyone who has Mobile and PC to control remotely major devices in his/her home, office and etc. 1. INTRODUCTION Nowadays, the communications becomes very simple, fast, interactive and more compact, that makes the global as a......

Words: 2726 - Pages: 11

Free Essay

Business Case on Sms in Banks (French)

... Solutions : SMS La première solution proposée consiste à procéder à une expansion de la palette de services mobiles de la Bank of America, en mettant sur pied un système de services bancaire par SMS. Il s'agit d'une solution qui a été envisagée par le département du marketing mobile de Bank of America et elle s'appuie sur des bases solides. En effet, selon les statistiques énoncées dans le cas, seulement 15% des utilisateurs de téléphones mobiles possèdent un téléphone intelligent, ce qui fait en sorte que l'application mobile que la banque a mise sur pied n'est pas en mesure de rejoindre 85% des utilisateurs potentiels (l'application ne fonctionnant que sur les téléphones intelligents). En plus de pouvoir rejoindre une majorité de consommateurs, le service mobile par SMS possède également l'avantage de ne pas avoir besoin de connexion internet pour fonctionner. Cela est très pratique en effet car se ne sont pas tout les clients qui on accès en permanence à une connexion internet mobile (certains ne peuvent accéder à internet que lorsqu'ils sont dans une zone wi-fi) et les contrats pour téléphones mobiles incluant un plan internet sont généralement assez onéreux, donc pas nécessairement accessibles. Bien que les coûts de développement et surtout de fonctionnement d'un service SMS soient assez élevés, notamment car il faut payer un opérateur pour chaque message envoyé, il peut être tout de même bénéfique d'aller de l'avant avec une telle solution. Le fait d'être en mesure......

Words: 291 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sms Texting

...SMS Messaging In my English 1301 class, all of the students have not only adapted to the rising technology, but they have embraced texting to the point where they have become entirely dependent on it. Communicating has become more prompt and convenient then it has ever been before. Starting with basic e-mails to instant messaging on famous websites, like Facebook or Twitter. However, these abbreviations are starting to affect the way people communicate with one another and their writing skills. Users of these abbreviations are becoming more, and more psychologically depend on it. When a person sends a text message, it is usually in a modern language that originated from online when chatting. Users have adapted this shorter, quicker abbreviated way of messaging in order to gets their point across in 140 characters or less. Just because something is easier, quicker and shorter is not also right, and it is starting to affect people psychologically and their able to mental write simple paper. Text massaging abbreviations is inappropriate for school, work and formal writing assignments. A user needs to know the difference in how to use formal vs. informal writing that predates text messaging. An individual can ask anyone that has a cell phone, and that person would say, “That they would rather text someone than call”. Why would someone rather text than speak to that person. When a user uses abbreviation, they overlook most of what they have learned about how to properly......

Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sms Spam: Indonesia’s Never Ending Story?

... SMS Spam: Indonesia’s Never Ending Story? Hazmi Alfiyatur Rahmah School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Institut Teknologi Bandung Bandung phie.hazmi@gmail.com Technological development brings a positive and negative impact on human life as well as the SMS technology. Since the advent of technology and SMS Gateway SMS Broadcast, then SMS Spam began to bloom too. Competition among cellular phone providers become one of the roles in the proliferation of SMS Spam in Indonesia. War fare and bonus SMS makes SMS rates to be very cheap even free. SMS Spam cases ranging from those that are disturbing to the fraudulent acts that cause a material loss has been a lot going on. Keywords-SMS SPAM, etics, law. Introduction SMS (Short Message Service) is a service available on mobile telecommunications in GSM and CDMA networks to send and receive short messages in the form of text. SMS first appeared in Europe in 1991 and in 1992 with an SMS text message was first performed on a Personal Computer (PC) to a mobile phone on Vodafone's GSM network. The technology used is a store and forward where the SMS messages sent are temporarily stored in the Message Center. Basically the SMS message consists of 140 bytes which can be 140 8-bit characters, 160 characters in 7-bit or 70-bit character 16 [1]. The advantages of this service is low cost. Before the advent of smartphone technology and sending chat messages via the internet, SMS is a service that is in demand and...

Words: 2611 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Sm Advantage Card Thesis

...EFFECTIVENESS OF SM ADVANTAGE CARD IN CREATING CUSTOMER LOYALTY IN SM MARIKINA A thesis submitted by Agoncillo, Sherylene E. Cadiz, Lailani J. Geronimo, Mirasol A. Lorente, Jennylyn F. Malto, Camille Joy D to Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Business Administration Major in Marketing Management This thesis has been accepted for the faculty of Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Marikina by: Name of Chair Chair Name of Advisor Advisor Name of External Reader External Reader Abstract Select (highlight) this text and then begin typing your abstract, which should be limited to one paragraph of not more than 120 words Copyright © CONTENTS Abstract ii List of Figures vii List of Tables viii CHAPTER I The Problem and Its Background 1 Introduction 1 Background of the Study 2 Conceptual Framework 4 Research Paradigm 7 Statement of the Problem 8 Significance of the Study 9 Scope and Limitation 10 Definition of Terms 11 CHAPTER II Review of Related Literature and Studies 13 Socio-Demographic Profile: Age 13 Socio-Demographic Profile: Gender 14 Socio-Demographic Profile: Income 15 Customer Retention 15 Interacting with customers 17 Building Loyalty 17 Purchase Intention 19 Purchase Frequency 20 Synthesis of Literature Review 20 CHAPTER III Research Methodology 21 Research Locale 21 Population Sampling or Respondents of the Study 21 Research Method and......

Words: 8256 - Pages: 34

Premium Essay

Sms Ads

...and Response to SMS Advertising Kyle Jamieson This thesis is presented for the degree of the Master’s of Philosophy of Curtin University 1     March 2012 DECLARATION   To the best of my knowledge and belief this thesis contains no material previously published by any other person except where due acknowledgement has been made. This thesis contains no material which has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma in any university. Signed 25/03/2011 2       ABSTRACT     The rising market penetration of the mobile phone and rapid increase in wireless technology represent significant opportunities for advertisers to reach consumers. Mobile phone advertising has emerged as one of the fastest growing advertising mediums in recent times, and this rise is being led by Short Message Service (SMS) advertising. Despite the growing number of worldwide companies adopting SMS advertising, very little is understood about consumer reactions to this medium. In particular, little academic research has been conducted on consumers’ acceptance of this medium and their behavioural responses to advertising messages. In addition, researchers have thus far been unable to identify the impact of culture on acceptance and response to SMS advertising. This research aims to bridge the gap between academic knowledge and advertising practice by testing five potential drivers of consumer acceptance of SMS......

Words: 45852 - Pages: 184

Premium Essay

Service on Sms

...any of the following prohibited activities: (i) copying, distributing, or disclosing any part of the Services in any medium, including without limitation by any automated or non-automated "scraping"; (ii) using any automated system, including without limitation "robots," "spiders," "offline readers," etc., to access the Services (except that GoButler grants the operators of public search engines revocable permission to use spiders to copy publically available materials from http://www.gobutlernow.com for the sole purpose of and solely to the extent necessary for creating publicly available searchable indices of the materials, but not caches or archives of such materials); (iii) transmitting spam, chain letters, or other unsolicited email, SMS, or other messages; (iv) attempting to interfere with, compromise the system integrity or security or decipher any transmissions to or from the servers running the Services; (v) taking any action that imposes, or may impose at our sole discretion an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on our infrastructure; (vi) uploading invalid data, viruses, worms, or other software agents through the Services; (vii) collecting or harvesting any personally identifiable information, including account names, from the Services; (viii) using the Services for any commercial solicitation purposes; (ix) impersonating another person or otherwise misrepresenting your affiliation with a person or entity, conducting fraud, hiding or attempting to hide......

Words: 4713 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Difference Between Sm and Hr

...business still use these two methods of management as people have their different opinions on which is better to help the business grow as they are different in terms of the way managers see their workers, the way in which work is done and the motivational strategies being used. References Enoch J. (13th June 2006), “time and motion studies”. Retrieved from http://www.researchomatic.com/Scientific-Management-Approach-Vs-The-Human-Relations-Approach-19881.html [Accessed 3rd November 2015] Khan, S. (September 2008), “how Mayo saw workers”. Retrieved from http://www.scribd.com/doc/7482428/Scientific-Management-and-Human-Relations-Movement [Accessed 5th November 2015] Howard S. (30th October 2011), “differences between SM and HR”. Retrieved from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Scientific-Management-Vs-Human-Relations-821258.html [Accessed 4th November 2015]...

Words: 537 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Case 15-2 Burying the Hatchet

...Case 15-2 Burying the Hatchet Mighty Mufflers Corp. (MMC) manufactures exhaust systems that automakers use in the production of new vehicles. Competition in this market has waned in recent years. Many competitors exited the business in the economic downturn and few have returned because of the capital-intensive nature of the manufacturing process. In 20X1, the Department of Justice (DOJ) launched an investigation involving MMC and two additional auto parts suppliers, alleging anticompetitive behavior involving price collusion between suppliers. Shortly after the DOJ investigation commenced, a number of customers formed a class-action lawsuit against the three suppliers, alleging that the suppliers fixed prices and overcharged customers as a result of these anticompetitive behaviors. Certain entities opted out of the class-action lawsuit and separately undertook legal action against the individual suppliers, including MMC. These entities are existing customers of MMC. In 20X2, MMC reached a settlement (the “First Settlement”) with several of those entities that opted out of the class action lawsuit (the “Plaintiffs”). The terms of the First Settlement provide that MMC will pay the Plaintiffs payments of: * $20 million — consisting of $10 million due in 20X3 and $10 million due in 20X4. * $10 million — structured in the form of a volume incentive payment whereby the Plaintiffs, as a group, will receive a 5 percent rebate on their purchases during 20X3 in an......

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sm Entertainment

...SM Entertainment, which is the one of largest entertainment companies in Korea. In the past decades, SM creates numerous world-class artists like BoA, Girls’ Generation, Super Junior, etc. In this article, the author illustrates the company and how SM company uses these artists to achieve its business goal. We can also see why Korea becomes a huge entertainment empire in such a short time. From this passage, I get three main reasons which can explain what makes SM so powerful. Firstly, SM coined its own music and performance style called SMP genre. The author also explains this term via some artists of SM like H.O.T, Super Junior. SMP genre is the unique element that sets SM apart from the others in the industry. SM created the term in the mid-90’s with H.O.T, SMP combines rock and R&B with hip-hop beats allowing for very strong dance performances. The music videos are more important than the music. They are attractive enough to make a person’s head spin with insane dance routines, and more sparkly bells-and-whistles fanfare than you even imagine. SMP genre not only works for the domestic audiences but also letting worldwide fans indulging themselves in the business. The author also explains how Chinese, Japanese and French fans are crazy for those young boys and girls. Music and performances aside, fan culture helps SM to establish the empire by leaning on the power of Chinese and Japanese fans. H.O.T is a great example to show this effect. As the label’s very early idol...

Words: 1004 - Pages: 5