Chem

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Submitted By shyam612
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Georgia Institute of Technology

CHEM 3700 Research Paper

The German Energiewende “Die deutsche Energiewende“

Professor: Dr. Thomas Orlando Student: Shyam Rangarajan

Abstract With the diminishing reserves of fossil fuels compounded by their negative effects on the environment, clean and renewable sources of energy to meet next generation energy demands undoubtedly need to be found. However an even more critical aspect governing global energy challenges is the way governments around the world take responsible actions and implement energy policies that are conducive to a sustainable future. A recent development in this regard is the German Energiewende, or Energy Transformation, one of the most ambitious projects of its type. The project aims to completely transition the German energy sector to one powered by renewables by the year 2050. Along with the benefits to energy security and controlled carbon emissions that such a policy would bring, the German government‟s efforts have also sparked a wide-scale increase in investment into emerging technologies. This has led to a vast increase in employment in the energy sector, and has also given rise to the concept of „prosumers‟, or individuals who produce and sell their own electricity through privately owned solar installations. Although the long term benefits of this project are enormous and the potential limitless, there are several short term repercussions that are slowing it down. Chief among these is the spiraling costs of electricity due to the additional feed in tariffs and taxes that are being paid in order to sustain the growth. These have given rise to the fear that Germany will lose it‟s competitive edge in manufacturing. Furthermore, the transition to a fluctuating source of energy has given rise to fears of supply shocks, network bottlenecks, and the pressing problem of how to temporarily store…...

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