Child Abuse Andcognitive Development

In: Social Issues

Submitted By thurmoj
Words 1275
Pages 6
Childhood physical and sexual abuse has long been recognized as detrimental to the development of those subjected to it. This paper will outline some of the damaging effects of maltreatment on learning and cognitive processing, the difficulties of assessing risk in children who have been maltreated, and summarize the theoretical basis for the present study. A great deal of research has focused on re-victimization, the likelihood of victims to become abusers and the long-term negative psychological and physical effects that abuse has on people (Sunday, Kline, Labruna, Pelcovitz, Salzinger, & Kaplan, 2011; Easton, Coohey, O’Leary, Zhang, & Hua, 2010; Garrido, Culhane, Petrenko, & Taussig, 2011; Loeb, Gaines, Wyatt, Zhang, & Liu, 2010). Child abuse may lead to internalizing behaviors and externalizing behaviors (Buckner, Bearslee and Bassuk, 2004; Feiring, Simon & Cleland, 2007; Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, Herrenkohl, & Russo, 2010). Internalizing behaviors include emotional issues such as posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety and depression. Externalizing behaviors include actions such as aggression and delinquent behaviors. All of these internal and external conflicts can severely damage a child’s ability to navigate a variety of social contexts which may in turn decrease their likelihood of thriving within an academic environment. Previous research has found that children who are maltreated tend to have overall lower levels of intelligence, higher instances of learning disabilities, and academic difficulties and it has also been suggested that children who are abused struggle more with working memory, problem solving and creativity (Pandey, 2013). In contrast to the damaging effects of maltreatment, it is a primary goal within trauma psychology to identify not only risks, but also potential contributors of resilience within this population. Resilience…...

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