Children Librarianship

In: Other Topics

Submitted By NURTIHAH
Words 1713
Pages 7
Youth Justice

Book Review: M Little and B Maughan, Effective Interventions for Children in Need, The Library of Essays in Child Welfare and Development, Ashgate, Burlington, VT, USA, 2010, £120 Hb, ISBN 978-0-74562-825-2
Declan Coogan Youth Justice 2011 11: 194 DOI: 10.1177/14732254110110020603 The online version of this article can be found at:

Published by: Additional services and information for Youth Justice can be found at: Email Alerts: Subscriptions: Reprints: Permissions: Citations:

>> Version of Record - Jul 13, 2011 What is This?

Downloaded from at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) on April 16, 2014


Youth Justice 11(2)

alongside England and Wales and in so doing makes some invaluable comparisons and contrasts in light of the differing legal systems. Nonetheless, this does raise questions about the primacy accorded to the Scottish Sheriffs’ accounts in the second section of the book in light of the markedly different approach to ASBOs adopted in Scotland, especially where young people are concerned (pp. 121–125). The Sheriffs’ accounts clearly lend support to extant concerns about net-widening (cf. Squires and Stephen, 2005) and ASBOs were deemed ‘ineffective’ and ‘irrelevant’ for young people (p. 122). The concluding section of the book raises further controversies. University lecturers might find the reiteration of Donoghue’s unsubstantiated charge of bias in teaching about ASBOs disturbing (e.g. p. 144), for example. However, the case for ASBOs is ultimately undermined by difficulties Donoghue herself…...

Similar Documents


...Setting Our Children Up for an Unhealthy Lifestyle Raymond S. Jackson Professor: Gabriel Smith ENG 215 31 August, 2012   The United States is facing a growing obesity epidemic. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), “Obesity now affects 17% of all children and adolescents in the United States - triple the rate from just on generation ago” ( 2012). Is it the children’s fault? No! The fault lies with our society, its leaders, mentors, adults, and parents. It is up to the older generation, to properly teach our children the rights and wrongs of life, and today, we are teaching them the wrong way to eat. Public School Lunch Programs are teaching them that processed foods, high sugar drinks and snacks, are part of a balanced diet, and this is setting up our children for a lifetime of health issues, and adding to an already elevated obesity problem in the United States. Our society, public school system, and parents themselves are setting up our children for an unhealthy lifestyle and a future of health problems by teaching them unhealthy eating habits and feeding them unhealthy food. The days are long gone of the “Farm to Table” cooking methods in our schools that our older generations depended on. Today, we rely on processed foods that are full of additives, fats and sugars. The National School Lunch Program was created by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), when President Harry S. Truman signed the National......

Words: 2716 - Pages: 11


...All children are affected by the violence in their homes. Regardless of whether or not our children have been physically abused, watching their mother being battered is a frightening experience. Children from violent homes can exhibit a variety of behaviors. Some may "act out" and may be viewed as delinquent. Domestic violence is an ongoing experience of physical, psychologic, and/or sexual abuse in the home that is used to establish power and control over another person.1 Although awareness about the rate of domestic violence in our society is increasing, the public health ramifications have only recently been recognized in the medical community. The majority of the medical literature to date has focused on the effect of domestic violence on the primary victim. What effect does witnessing domestic violence have on secondary victims, such as children who live in homes where partner abuse occurs? It is estimated that 3.2 million American children witness incidents of domestic violence annually.2 Witnessing domestic violence can lead children to develop an array of age-dependent negative effects. Research in this area has focused on the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional effects of domestic violence. Children who witness violence in the home and children who are abused may display many similar psychologic effects.3,4 These children are at greater risk for internalized behaviors such as anxiety and depression, and for externalized behaviors such as fighting, bullying, lying,......

Words: 2315 - Pages: 10


...Children Tamiko Henry Emilie Babcox English 090 September 4, 2012 Children today are harder to parent than they were years ago. Many children have the “me” syndrome. They are born to many young mothers who have little experience in raising a child. Many of the children today go through problems in transition, have babies early, and drop out of school. In the Bible you hear, “Train up a child in the way he should go and when he is old, he will not depart from it.” Children today have problems transitioning from something familiar to the unknown. They all start off in daycare or preschool learning the basics of school life. They learn to interact with other children, how to count and say the ABC’s. In early education, children learn to bond with their teachers. Half of a day they are there with someone who cares for them as their parents. Once the time comes for the child to move on, it takes time for the child to transition from one place to another. Take my children for example; all of my children have attended the same preschool. When the time came for them to enter school, I had to have the director from the daycare go to the school with us to assure the children that they would be fine. Children take time to adapt to new environments and to build a relationship with teachers and peers. Second, many children are having babies at early ages and do not understand the circumstances of their actions. Children are taught to protect themselves and to value life.......

Words: 562 - Pages: 3


...makes this situation an ethical dilemma? If we choose to keep the book then we are violating P-1.1(Above all, we shall not harm children. We shall not participate in practices that are emotionally damaging, physically harmful, disrespectful, degrading, dangerous, exploitive or intimidating to children) and if we choose to not accept this book to our classroom it would violate I-1.10. (To ensure that each child’s culture, language, ethnicity, and family structure are recognized and valued in the program) They contradict each other and this makes it an ethical dilemma. 2. What values are involved? * Appreciate and support the bond between the child and the family. * Recognize that children are best understood and supported in the context of family, culture, community and society. * To ensure that each child’s culture, language, ethnicity, and family structure are recognized and valued in this program. * First and foremost: Above all, we shall not harm children. We shall not participate in practices that are emotionally damaging, physically harmful, disrespectful, degrading, dangerous, exploitive or intimidating to children. * We need to follow the rules and regulations that have been established to keep the children safe. 3. Who is involved and who will be influenced by the dilemma (for example, children, parents, staff, community, etc.)? Note that the agreed upon course of action in the end may require varying actions by......

Words: 1137 - Pages: 5


...Through many generations, there’s always a group that is shunned upon and misunderstood, the children. I’m sure you’ve heard your parents say things about this generation being worse than the past and your grandparents saying your generation is even WORSE than your parent’s. This is a never-ending cycle due to technologic and commodity increase over the years. You’ve obviously heard your dad tell you in his days he had to read books or newspapers to get information, and brag about you having it so easy and how it makes you lazy. Sadly, this current generation will most certainly fall on the same path as the previous ones, yes you will tell your children that back in your days things were different, yes you will get mad at their behavior, and yes things will remain the same forever. Now, there are always people collectively saying these previous things are legitimate and that child behavior has been progressively worse(which would mean we should be demons by now), this same exaggeration is the one that makes it FEEL like children have gotten progressively worse. We as human beings notice things, and we are bound to pay more attention to the bad than to the good, reason being that we were made to solve problems. This also comes at a cost though, since we are very observant to problems this means there will undoubtedly be problems we just can’t or are hard to fix. If we can’t fix something we feel disgusted, we feel mad; these feelings are what makes us have to take those......

Words: 648 - Pages: 3


...involved music. Both the boys and the girls of the middle class were learning how to read and write. Middle class children had a lot of toys also. Their toys were wooden or porcelain dolls that were made into animals.. The houses of middle class families had furniture and fire places. Only one family lived in the house some families may had a nanny to take care of the children when they were home. In the 19th century working class children were most likely working in factories and even on farms. The families though it was more important that the children bring home money rather than getting an education. The children had dangerous working conditions and long hours. Children were cheaper to pay than adults, and it was easier to work with the children. Many of the children had started working from the age eight to thirtheen. The house of the working class children were awful. It was basically the opposite of the middle class. No furniture no nanny to take care of kids when parents were at work which left them unsupervised. The similarity between the middle class and the working class is that they are both committed to their family and communities. Both of the classes can have a solid work ethic how they approach their jobs. Also the risk that both of them had when they had went to work in the 19th century. Even though both classes tried to get education for the children both classes had the limited access to education....

Words: 292 - Pages: 2

Street Children

...A BASELINE SURVEY OF STREET CHILDREN IN BANGLADESH Submitted to The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics National Child-Labour Survey, 2002 –2003 Parishakhan Bhaban, 4th Floor, (Block –1) E-27/A, Agargaon, Dhaka. by Foundation for Research on Educational Planning and Development (FREPD) Sonargaon Road, Palashi Crossing, Dhaka University Campus, Dhaka. e-mail : frepd@dhaka .net, Phone : 8610556 December 7, 2003 Acknowledgement In order to combat the situation of child labour in its worst forms effectively, the size of the affected population must be known. The number of street children in Bangladesh is quite big and until recently the incidence and distribution of street children at both national and regional levels was not known. Their reality in terms of their working, living and health conditions, as well as the degree of hazardousness faced by the street children was also not known. Gathering data on the above issues is very important for planning interventions that would help to know the real situation of street children in Bangladesh. Thus the BBS and the ILO decided to conduct a Base Line Survey of Street Children with the main objective of the survey being to attempt to quantify the number of the street children population at the national level in Bangladesh. This data-collection exercise would generate benchmark data covering different aspects of the realities of Street Children in Bangladesh. BBS and ILO entrusted the FREPD with the responsibility of......

Words: 9332 - Pages: 38

Children Sexually Abusing Children

...Children Sexually Abusing Children Paula Chipman COM/172 August 25, 2014 Charlotte Babb   Children Sexually Abusing Children Parents not only have to worry about adult sexual predators, but also have to worry about adolescent social offenders-which is on the rise. The background has a lot to do with how a child turns out. The fact that both male and female juvenile sexual predators exist is horrifying by itself. The sexual behavior that leads to sexual abuse can start as young as six years old (Smith, B. 2007, September 19). The thought crosses the mind of all parents. How do they protect their child? Unless they plan on following their child everywhere they go, they can only teach them and watch for the signs of both child predators and their victims. Everyone has to wonder what could cause one child to abuse another child sexually, and if they even understand the consequences of their actions. What will happen to the juvenile offender, will they get off with therapy, or will they go to prison to pay for their crime? The younger offenders are getting therapy while the older predators are going to juvenile detention centers or even to prison. When a child relapses a second time, the child could be sent to a child detention center, jail, or a mental hospital for the safety of the public. Most people are not exactly sure what child on child sexual abuse consists of. The fact is that child on child sexual abuse is when a younger child is sexually abused by one or......

Words: 1821 - Pages: 8


...Children learn so quickly and even when they are exposed to a second language just once a week they still learn a lot. Within the first term they are able to recognise, understand and repeat what they have learnt. Three ways to support children learning a second language in the classroom: Use pictures or real objects when introducing new vocabulary words or concepts to help make connections in two different languages (example English and Spanish). Have a “show and tell” time when children bring favorite things from home. Use these opportunities to learn about what interests each child and what happens at home. Build on this knowledge to introduce new words and expand the child’s understandings. Be consistent and try to use the same words to say the same thing each time. Use a number of strategies, involving both verbal and non-verbal skills. Two ways to support the families of children learning a second language; I would assist the students in class with making flashcards to use at home. For many flashcards, visual aids such as pictures from magazines, drawings or even printed clip art can enhance comprehension and memory. Second I would get information from the community that they live in that would also support families. One example of a resource you can use to help plan for children learning a second language, with a summary and justification of your choice: ESL resources for English teachers can be found here, including printable flashcards, worksheets, lesson plan......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2


...My intentions for this assignments is to take forward a review of what I have observed about the children and I will be explain the suspicions that abuse has taken place. I will be explaining the indicators of abuse, the risk of maltreatment, types of abuse and consequence of the abuse. Child physical abuse is defined as a non- accidental trauma or physical injury, this is usually caused by punching, kicking, biting, burning, punching or harming a child. This is a form of child maltreatment. Majority of times a parent or care worker would physical abuse a child inappropriately or excessive discipline. An individual would be in anger, they are usually unaware of the force which he or she strikes the child. Also child abuse can include a lack of parenting skills, poor childhood experiences and social isolation, as well as crisis situation such as; drugs, alcohol problems or domestic violence. (American humane, 2014) Report 1- Ruth, age 14 who is living with her mother Pauline, her step father Andrew and her older brother Joe, age 17. Ruth is a skinny, delicate girl who seems to eat at a fast pace and seems eager. Ruth has not been attending school but when she does, she seems isolated from the rest of the individuals in her class and also refuses to take part in gymnastics. There has been a change in Ruth’s behaviour lately were she would lash out on another individual by raising her voice and saying meaningless words. In Ruth’s lessons I have noticed that she constantly......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3


...Davis English 100-45 November 9, 2005 Punishment and discipline is the most effective on children today. Some people think that discipline and punishment is the same thing, but there not. Discipline is helping children develop self- control and sets limits and corrects misbehavior. Punishment is physical hitting, yelling, holding back rewards, and penalizing a child. “Not all children respond to discipline and punishment in the same manner” (Moore). Why do parent’s discipline there children. The most know reason is because parents want there children to act in a certain way that allows them to function on a day to day basis (Frazier). Discipline should teach a child to think about there behavior and why it was inappropriate. Discipline is effective because the child learns to take responsibility for his or her behavior .Discipline is one of the biggest problems that every parent faces. It also can help a child get alone with the family and friend. Punishment is usually used on a child because it is quick and easy punishment shows adult power and it vents adult frustration. There are many methods parents can use to discipline and punish there child, such as spanking, time out and taking privileges away. These methods will help a child build mutual respect, accountability, responsibility, self-discipline and problem solving. Studies show that the majority of parents who spank their children wish they didn’t (Moore). One of the least effective ways of punishing a child......

Words: 949 - Pages: 4


...14 21 11 14 % % 15 12 16 12 19 17 18 14 18 22 13 14 2 9 % % 9 14 1 12 4 16 6 10 73 34 5 8 1 5 % % 9 11 2 11 4 15 5 13 76 38 2 8 2 4 % % 64 36 17 14 6 19 2 4 2 10 8 9 1 8 5 Acceptance of Gays in the Workplace Witeck-Combs Communications, Inc./Harris Interactive for Out & Equal Workplace Advocates September 12, 2002 Page 6 of 8 TABLE 4 Comfort Level in Sharing Personal Information at Work “In your current or your most recent job, how comfortable are you or were you…?” Base: All Respondents Extremely Comfortable Having a photo of your spouse, partner or a significant other on your desk or in your office GLBT Total Having a photo of your children 1 on your desk or in your office GLBT Total Heterosexual Discussing your after work social life, including details about who you share time with, such as your spouse, dates, friends or partner GLBT Total Introducing your spouse, partner or significant other to your coworkers GLBT Total Introducing your spouse, partner or significant other to your boss or management GLBT Total Socializing with others at work who are like you GLBT Total Very Comfortable Comfortable Somewhat Comfortable Not at all Comfortable Not Applicable % % % % % 17 28 45 44 45 7 17 22 25 25 10 16 19 23 23 13 4 9 4 3 20 4 4 4 4 33 32 - % % 11 20 24 19 18 24 17 12 18 9 12 16 % % 24 30 11 18 15 22 13 4 14......

Words: 2628 - Pages: 11


...elementary school. This paper presents disruptive behavior in young behaviors in young children which includes Attention Deficit Disorder that consist of being hyper all day whether they in school or they are at home. The new method that they find out if a child has a behavior problem is to distinct between normative behavior and a typical behavior during their growth years. During their growth years while they are in preschool years they act out their developmental period that they starting to develop autonomy. A big deal of different behavior changes that fall under the Rubric outgoing behavior. Some children have Attention Deficit Disorder and don’t even know it until they are tested by their Physician. Most children in preschool mock other children and they pick up everything that other children are doing and also what they have learned to speak. Parents always asked themselves can you teach a young child or children to manage to manage their own behavior. According to (McDavis,2007) you can teach them self-management to pay attention to the oneself behavior and also to complete activities using effective appropriate behavior. You basically have to ask yourself like I did when I had preschoolers and elementary school age children. Is the child able to make different accurate self –assessments to her or his behavior then you need to ask yourself is the child’s current level of self-managing. Most children who are treated for acting out for having behavior problems are......

Words: 1353 - Pages: 6


...significant others place more importance influencing the total-well-being of an individual. The child’s first place of contact with the world is the family. The child, as a result requires initial education and socialization from parents and other significant persons in the family. The parents are, in short, the child’s first teacher. They are the first and primary source of social support for young children. When parents are involved in the education of their children, children tend to model their parents’ attitudes and actions. Suffice it to say that parents exert profound influence on every aspect of child’s life. Parental attitudes have strong impact not only on family relationships, but also on the child’s learning and achievements. Many educators assume that environmental factors especially that of the home, do play a large role in a child’s assimilation of a set of values regarding education and successful performance. Related Studies The study of Shaw and Ingoldsby (2009) stressesed that separation is one of the most common environmental stressors experienced by children. As more has been learned about children’s adjustment to separation and response to treatment, researchers have come to view it as a complex series of transitions and adaptations, rather than a simplistic, unitary event. Within this process framework, a greater appreciation for the differential effects and application of treatment has been achieved. In a related study of Direnfeld (2009)......

Words: 3411 - Pages: 14


...children’s opinions? Children are usually impressed by their friend easily. And all of the influence that provided by friends have not only benefits but also drawbacks. From my observation, parental attitude should come before the bad opinions that will impact negative on children’s view. Two methods that parents can maintain the influential role in their children’s opinion are first, spending time with kids and second, being role models. Looking on the possitive, children can learn from friends nice behaviors or possitive outlook on life and study. In fact, children spend more time with classmates by studying and playing with their friends 8 hours per day. As a result, children become more intimated with their friend and tend to be more exposed to friends. It can help children improve and perfect themselves. However, on the other side, friends can also lead to some negative. According to exams, about 70% childrens have started their first crimes under the guidance of their friends, because of immaturity and inexperience. It shows that the role of parents is vital. Therefore, firstly, parents should pay close attention to their children by spending time with kids and sharing their thinking. From that point, parents can get close to kids because they become more approachable and friendly. For example, children rarely talk to their parents about their problems because they fear their parents would not understand. The unmindfulness of the parents make children seek the......

Words: 370 - Pages: 2