“Clocking Cultures, ”

In: English and Literature

Submitted By lucassun
Words 298
Pages 2
“Clocking cultures,” written by Carol Ezzell, starts out with a very interesting statement. She states that in some cultures, it is a usual occurrence to show up an hour late and nobody “bats an eyelash” (207). However, in places such as New York City, it is considered very rude. After a direct example that is very modern, Ezzell presents information that has been studied by “social scientists” (207) that reflect different paces of life in different countries. Also, being late in some cultures is more acceptable for “a more powerful person” (207). Another truth that Ezzell states is that the rules for being late or keeping someone waiting may not be “explicit” (207), but they “exist in the air”(207). As the piece advances, the writing becomes more analytical. In the fourth paragraph, Ezzell describes how different perceptions can lead to misunderstandings. The type of writing that Ezzell is portraying is scientific, which I later found interesting when I saw that she has been a science writer since the early 1990’s and works as a writer and an editor at Scientific American, which is a prominent science magazine. In the fifth paragraph, Ezzell analyzes the meaning behind cultures’ traditions. For example, by studying time, you can get “answers on what cultures value and believe in”(207). I found the second portion of the fifth paragraph very interesting. Ezzell’s research ranks the five fastest and slowest countries and goes into detail about these countries. She even includes the United States, which ranks 16th, near the middle. Overall, I found this article fascinating because I learned more about different cultures in comparison to the United States. I also found that we can find answers on other’s cultures values and importance simply by studying time and their traditions.…...

Similar Documents

Culture

...Culture literal meaning is what how you cultivate or build oneself. Cult or build in multi-directionally i.e in ethically socially even in all aspects of that lead human development. Every culture is enriched with some good and bad features. Indian Culture 1. India's great diversity of religious practices, languages, customs, and traditions are examples of this unique co-mingling over the past five millennia. 2. Indian scientists- "saints” researched in nature and developed technology for the betterment of human life. 3. The story of Indian art is also the story of the oldest and the most resilient culture on earth. 4. Indian culture of respecting elders and learning spirituality and life science gives us a way to live life and not like western people who live like animals- having sex with anyone including sisters, etc. forgetting parents and elders, doing anything they like. 5. We have our own form of exercise and medicine that is flawless compared to other science and has no side-effects. 6. Sanskrit is the mother of all languages, which is so complex and huge that many things can be described and learnt from it.  Western culture  1. Westerners place a high value on having fun. This doesn’t mean that they don’t care about serious issues. If they see someone upset, they will often assume that the person wants to be left alone, unless they are good friends. 2. Westerners can become intimate quite quickly in friendships, but that doesn’t......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Culture

...* Introduction Introduction * The theory behind this dissertation is to access the theory that setting up the right culture is important in the start-up of a company. The company that the research is been done on is Alstom. Research Background * Alstom is a multinational company which is a world leader in transport infrastructure, power generation and transmission. Alstom is in 70 countries worldwide and has 93,000 employees. This research is been done on Alstom Transport Global Solutions (TGS) maintenance .This is a part of the transport infrastructure division of Alstom. This part of Alstom is in accession and is relative small with only four sites at present worldwide (Barcelona, Athens and Dublin). But there are three more sites coming online in 2011 Jerusalem (Israel), Algiers (Algeria) and Rheims (France) and five more in tender. * As more sites are coming on line this is leading to problems for Alstom TGS maintenance. As they are having to set up organisations from the ground up in these new countries and having to adopted to the different countries and trying to adopt the best practices into these new sites and learn from the mistakes on other sites. * To counter this Alstom TGS France have setup a program called the IM2k (infrastructure mobilisation maintenance kit) program to try to rectify this problem this is a mobilisation kit for new projects. The IM2K takes the best practices from all the sites and put them together to create a......

Words: 10020 - Pages: 41

Culture

...Culture is, what you believe, what you value, what you live for. Culture includes the organization values, visions, norms, working language, systems, symbols, beliefs and habits. It is also the pattern of such collective behaviors and assumptions that are taught to new organizational members as a way of perceiving, and even thinking and feeling. Business Culture is a concept which describes the attitudes, experiences, beliefs and values of an organization. The business culture is learned through human interaction. Organizational culture affects the way people and groups interact with each other, with clients, and with stakeholders. Culture is just one entity that adds to the organization as a whole. Corporate culture is often called "the character of an organization", since it embodies the vision of the company's founders. The values of a corporate culture influence the ethical standards within a corporation, as well as managerial behavior. Culture at GoWorld Group The vision and mission of Goworld Group is to “Keep growing with the ever-growing world” and the core values of the company revolve around it vision and mission. Below are the core cultural values of Goworld’s organization behavior which we have identified during our internship period. • Development Goal Every organization works on the concept of going concern. Same concept is being adopted by Goworld group. In order to be develop continuously, Goworld works on the concepts of “keeping pace with the......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Culture

...Cultural Assignment Shawna Johnson January 25, 2013 When talking about culture and how it can affect business practices brings up many topics. Culture is a system of values and norms that are shared amount a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living. (“Components of culture”, 2011, p.2) Values and norms have a huge impact on culture within the work place. Values are abstract ideas about what a society believes to be right or wrong, good or bad. Norms also shape culture; they are the social rules and guidelines that lay down the proper behavior in certain situations. There are several components that define culture; religion, political and economic philosophies, education, language, and social structure. Different countries have different religions views and values. Different religious have different views of work and material goods. Cultural views influence the competitiveness of companies, the way cultures change due to religious and the need to adapt to those changes. For example Mc Donald’s change the main ingredient in their product to lamb instead of beef because of the religious views of Hinduism. (“Components of culture”, 2011, p. 11) The way businesses adapt to different religion in different countries in a major component of how they prosper among many different cultures. The way different countries are taught education has a great impact on cultures and the way companies conduct business deals. Education is not only......

Words: 684 - Pages: 3

Culture

...Journal of Business Research 60 (2007) 277 – 284 Hofstede's dimensions of culture in international marketing studies Ana Maria Soares a,⁎, Minoo Farhangmehr a,1 , Aviv Shoham b,2 a School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, 4710-057, Braga, Portugal b Graduate School of Management, University of Haifa, Haifa, 31905, Israel Received 1 March 2006; received in revised form 1 August 2006; accepted 1 October 2006 Abstract Growth of research addressing the relationship between culture and consumption is exponential [Ogden D., Ogden J. and Schau HJ. Exploring the impact of culture and acculturation on consumer purchase decisions: toward a microcultural perspective. Academy Marketing Science Review 2004;3.]. However culture is an elusive concept posing considerable difficulties for cross-cultural research [Clark T. International Marketing and national character: A review and proposal for an integrative theory. Journal of Marketing 1990; Oct.: 66–79.; Dawar N., Parker P. and Price L. A cross-cultural study of interpersonal information exchange. Journal of International Business Studies 1996; 27(3): 497–516.; Manrai L. and Manrai A. Current issues in the cross-cultural and cross-national consumer research. Journal of International Consumer Marketing 1996; 8 (3/4): 9–22.; McCort D. and Malhotra NK. Culture and consumer behavior: Toward an understanding of cross-cultural consumer behavior in International Marketing. Journal of International Consumer Marketing......

Words: 6682 - Pages: 27

Culture

...Organizational Culture A culture demonstrate the imparted qualities, traditions, customs, ceremonies, behaviours and beliefs shared by a social gathering (national, ethnic, organizational, and so on) Cultures likewise offer languages, or methods for talking. From a correspondence view, societies are made and remade through the words we use to describe our planet. Society speaks to a normal set of qualities shared meanings, imparted by parts of a people, an association, a project/programme reason unit or a calling (e.g., architects versus researchers). Culture change with the times however the speed at which the society of different establishments change vary widely. Organizational culture is defined as needs of qualities and conducts that help the strange social and mental environment of an association. Organizational society incorporates an association's desires, involvement, good sense, and qualities that hold it together, and is communicated in its mental self profile, internal workings, communications with the outside planet, and expected desires. It is dependent upon imparted state of mind, convictions, traditions, and composed and unwritten decides that have been produced after some time and are recognized quality. Organizational society imply to culture in any sort of association be it school, college, not-for-profit groups, government institutions or business elements. Associations (e.g., project/programme reason associations) improve their own particular......

Words: 628 - Pages: 3

Culture

...Culture Culture is the most important and basic concepts of sociology. Culture is a blueprint to how each group will live their lives. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. Sociologist believe every human being is cultured, every human being participates in a culture. According to Tischler (2014) Culture is defined as all that human beings learn to do, to use, to produce, to know, and to believe as they grow to maturity and live out their lives in the social groups to which they belong, (p. 50). Culture is a product of society and it is shared by the members of society. There are so many topics culture hits on, some are: Culture and Biology, Culture Shock, Ethnocentrism, Material Culture, Nonmaterial culture, Language and Culture, Symbols of Culture. Culture is an individual choice. Culture determines and guides us through life. Culture is transmitted from one generation to another is a learned behavior and not inherited biologically. We are raised the way our parent’s culture would raise their children for example; Catholics when the child is new born they get baptized, live their communion, confirmation, get marry and so on. We are programmed from young to this way of living. Other religions or cultures way of living is different. (Culture and Biology). From young we grow accustom to our way of living our culture. So when we travel to other countries we expect to continue our normal daily activities. But we experience culture shock when we aren’t able......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Culture

...Culture Culture Culture is defined many different ways. Edward Taylor defines culture as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, custom, and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society” (Hill, 2011, p. 89). Another definition of culture comes from Geert Hofstede, expert on cross-cultural differences and management; he defines culture as “the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the member of one human group from another… Culture, in this sense, includes systems of values; and values are among the building blocks of culture” (Hill, 2011, p. 89). Sociologists Zvi Namenwirth and Robert Weber view culture as a system of ideas that constitute a design for living (Hill, 2011, p. 89). Ultimately all the above definitions combine to show culture is made up of values, “ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable”, and norms, “social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations” (Hill, 2011, p. 89). Culture Components and Business Business Etiquette Business Etiquette from culture to culture differs, for example between the United States and Japan. Business cards are a big deal in Japan and how you present it can be the difference in how you are perceived. In a meeting in the United States if you pass your business card around the table or just leave it for the person it is acceptable and it will normally only be printed on one side. However, when......

Words: 886 - Pages: 4

Culture

...different countries where their culture is the most important thing to them. They never forget it, its what keeps them close to who they are and where they come from. Culture is a way of life it sets the path to who you become and how you see the world. In some stories, it shows how their culture affect their decisions. “Battle Royal” by Ralph Ellison, talks about a time where blacks weren't treated equally. It was their tradition to be inferior and to do as they were instructed. In the short story, there is a young man who came to the gathering to say a speech he worked on, but before he could do so, he had to join in an event called Battle Royal. “I was told that since I was to be there anyways I might as well take part in the battle royal to be fought by some of my classmates as part of the entertainment.” (Ellison pg.231). Being as he was already there he either had to take part in the event or leave. At their time black people’s culture was to do as they were told because they wasn't good enough to be treated as one Another story that shows that culture makes decisions for you is “The Scarlet Letter” by Nathaniel Hawthorne. “The Scarlet Letter” tells a story of a puritan society where how they live and make the right choices came from the Bible. This story is about a woman named Hester Prynne, where she is accused for adultery and is forced to wear the letter “A” and her child would have to live with the guilt of her mother. Their culture punished those who went......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Culture

...An Investigation of How Culture Shapes Curriculum in Early Care and Education Programs on a Native American Indian Reservation ‘‘The drum is considered the heartbeat of the community’’ Jennifer L. Gilliard1,3 and Rita A. Moore2 This article investigates how culture shapes instruction in three early care and education programs on the Flathead Indian Reservation. Interviews with eight early childhood teachers as well as classroom observations were conducted. The investigation is framed by the following research question: How does the culture of the family and community shape curriculum? Data analysis suggested that ongoing communication with parents and community about teaching within a culturally relevant context, building a sense of belongingness and community through ritual, and respecting children, families, and community were essential to defining the Native American Indian culture within these early learning programs. KEY WORDS: culture; in; tribal; early; education; programs. INTRODUCTION Instruction informed by children’s home and community culture is critical to supporting a sense of belongingness that ultimately impacts academic achievement (Banks, 2002; Osterman, 2000). American school populations are increasingly diversified with immigrants and English language learners; but American teachers are over 90% European American (Nieto, 2000). Educators who are from different cultural perspectives than those present in the families and communities of the children......

Words: 5663 - Pages: 23

Cultures

...Cultural Canon: things that individuals should look at or know to participate in a certain culture, denotes a body of books, music and art that have been traditionally noted by Western scholars that shape Western culture. Why have a cultural canon? Define a people, find a common purpose, unity What are the problems with having a canon? Exclusionary, represents the hegemony (dominant power structure) Defining American Cool… “Cool figures are the successful rebels of American culture….to be cool is to have an original aesthetic approach or artistic vision—as an actor, musician, athlete, writer, activist….. that eithers becomes a permanent legacy or stands as a singular achievement Rebel is independent, goes against the grain, cool is the mainstream, yet you need to be “Edgy” un-mainstream to succeed. Live fast, die young Jazz is cool. It started as a marginalized expression that the dominant culture romanticized but once mainstream it lost lots of its coolness. “outsider as an insider” To define what is supremely “American” is to be a living contradiction. Cynicism is American Prude sexuality Ephemeral: catch it and it dies Talking shit is American Cause controversy is cool, but it is also cool to be above the controversy Cool is relative and ever changing. Satire is the new cool. Satire is a type of comedy, the use of irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and critique people’s stupidity or vices. Food of all mixture and availabilities ...

Words: 766 - Pages: 4

Culture

...Culture has been defined in many ways; this author’s shorthand definition is: "Culture is the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from others". It is always a collective phenomenon, but it can be connected to different collectives. Within each collective there is a variety of individuals. If characteristics of individuals are imagined as varying according to some bell curve; the variation between cultures is the shift of the bell curve when one moves from one society to the other. Most commonly the term culture is used for tribes or ethnic groups (in anthropology), for nations (in political science, sociology and management), and for organizations (in sociology and management). A relatively unexplored field is the culture of occupations (for instance, of engineers versus accountants, or of academics from different disciplines). The term can also be applied to the genders, to generations, or to social classes. However, changing the level of aggregation studied changes the nature of the concept of ‘culture’. Societal, national and gender cultures, which children acquire from their earliest youth onwards, are much deeper rooted in the human mind than occupational cultures acquired at school, or than organizational cultures acquired on the job. The latter are exchangeable when people take a new job. Societal cultures reside in (often unconscious) values, in the sense of broad tendencies to prefer......

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Design and Implementation of a Bio-Metric (Fingerprint) Clocking System

...BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Staff attenda nce management of an institution or organization can be very laborious using the conventional method of paper sheets and old file system method. Every corporate organization poses some standards concerning how attendance is to be confirmed for staff in offices. This is to enable the management of the organization identify those staff that are punctual and competent, that is why keeping the accurate record of attendance is very important. Also in institutions, tracking and monitoring staff time of attendance could pose a tedious task, time consuming and as well prone to errors. As an alternative to the traditional manual clocking process by staff in offices, biometrics characteristics can be used for authenticating staff. This research will focus on developing a Fingerprint based Biometric Clocking System.  The fingerprint Biometrics is adopted in this research work due to the fact that it is one of the most successful applications of biometric technology. In the manual signing processes, where a sheet of paper is placed at the entrance of the office for staff to write their names and signature as a form of confirming their presence for a particular day in the office, falsification in staff attendance mostly occur. A situation whereby a staff can sign on behalf of his or her colleague as being present in the office when that is not true. This can be so difficult to prevent from happening especially for large offices where row count can......

Words: 1919 - Pages: 8

Clocking Violent Crimes Against Women

...form of sexual assault. Rape and sexual assault are never the victim’s fault, no matter where or how it happens. Forcible sex offenses are described as rape, sodomy, and sexual assault with an object and forcible fondling. Non-forcible sex offenses are described as incest and statutory rape. (www.vastatepolice.com) The main focus of violence against women by male intimate partners includes physical and sexual violence, emotional abuse, and controlling behaviors by current partners or ex-partners. The area which is most concentrated on when a report is made is the physical and sexual abuse particular when assessing the associations with health consequences because of the difficulty quantifying emotional abuse consistently across cultures. This result indicates that violence by a male partner (also called domestic violence) is wide spread in all countries. However, there is a great deal of variation from country to country and from setting to setting within the same country. Whereas there is variation by age, by marital status, and by educational status, these socio-demographic factors do not account for the differences found between settings. The proportion of every partnered woman who had ever experienced physical or sexual violence or both, by an intimate partner in their lifetime, ranged from 15% to 71%, with most sites falling between 29%and 62%. Women in Japan were least likely to have ever experienced physical or sexual violence, or both, by an intimate......

Words: 2042 - Pages: 9

Clocking Cultures

...A truly unique writer specializing in biology and biomedicine would be Carol Ezzell who wrote “Clocking Cultures”, which will leave the reader thinking deeper “As Time Goes By”. She opens her statement, By comparing the concept of time in Brazil to New York City” Show up an hour late in Brazil, and no one bats an eyelash; keep someone in New York City waiting for five or ten minutes ,and one may have some explaining to do”(Ezzel p207). This culture is her first notion to indicate how time is perceived. According to Edward T. Hall, Jr who is referenced in this article states “Different cultures simply place different values on time units.” Ms. Ezzell writes about the many different cultures worldwide. She goes into detail to let the reader know that certain cultures value every minute as if it was the air they breathe. On the other hand there are cultures that are less concerned with the way they spend their time: leaving the readers thinking about what do they truly value. Carol Ezzell’s paragraphs are very detailed. She ranks the fastest and slowest countries. She includes the United States which ranks number 16th. A reader who lives in the United States would feel that the United States should be #1, since they live in a fast paced lifestyle. Americans are always saying there are not enough hours in the day compared to what other countries have. Time perception in Trinidad has been examined and the results are lack of consciousness for......

Words: 426 - Pages: 2