Cognitive Procceses Involved in the Use of Language

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By pancholopez66
Words 4043
Pages 17
Treiman, R., Clifton, C., Jr, Meyer, A. S., & Wurm, L. H. (2003). Language comprehension and production. Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, Volume 4: Experimental Psychology. New York:
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Pages 527-548. Copyright John Wiley & Sons.
Psycholinguistics: Language comprehension and production
Rebecca Treiman
Wayne State University
Charles Clifton, Jr.
University of Massachusetts
Antje S. Meyer
University of Birmingham
Lee H. Wurm
Wayne State University
Acknowledgments: Preparation of this chapter was supported by NSF Grant SBR-9807736 to
R.T. and NIH Grant HD18708 to the University of Massachusetts.
To appear in A.F. Healy & R.W. Proctor (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychology, Vol.
4: Experimental Psychology. New York: Wiley. Treiman et al., Psycholinguistics, 2
Introduction
Language comprehension Spoken word recognition Printed word recognition The mental lexicon Comprehension of sentences and discourse Phenomena common to reading and listening comprehension Phenomena specific to the comprehension of spoken language Phenomena specific to the comprehension of written language
Language production Access to single words in spoken language production Generation of sentences in spoken language production Written language production
Conclusions
INTRODUCTION
Psychologists have long been interested in language, but psycholinguistics as a field of study did not emerge until the 1960s. It was motivated by Chomsky’s work in linguistics, and by his claim that the special properties of language require special mechanisms to handle it (e.g.,
Chomsky, 1959). The special feature of language on which Chomsky focused was its productivity. Possessed with a grammar, or syntax, humans can produce and understand novel…...

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