Competitive Advantage

In: Business and Management

Submitted By marymy
Words 2047
Pages 9
It is no surprise that today in most companies be it diminutive or immense, competitive advantage runs through their daily operations. Simply by wanting to achieve higher profit than the average competitor in the product market (Porter,1980).Companies seek to use their understanding to outline their market offers to deliver more value to the customers. They do so by applying competitive strategy; which according to Porter (1980) is the search to find a favorable competitive position in an industry. It aims is to establish profitable and sustainable position against the forces that determine industry competition. Therefore competitive strategy is about beating the competition. To achieve such goals Michael Porter and other advocates such as Mintzberg, McGee and Bowman suggested few market positioning approaches and models. The three main approaches are Porter Generic Competitive Strategies, Mintzberg market positioning and customer matrix. To add up, models such as product life cycle, Porter Five forces model, Strategic Grouping and Scenario planning also help to formulate the competitive strategy of a business.

Porters Five forces model is the key influence to other models. This model determines industry profitability because it influences the price, cost and return on investment. Porter believes that the five forces is more than just competing with direct competitors but also fighting for profits. In any industry no matter what it produces whether product or service of any type, there are five bases of competition at work. For instance take an airline industry the level of rivals is high as the other airlines compete closely for global market share and growth. The threat of new entrant is seen as medium mainly because new entrants can purchase second hand aircraft to establish a budget airline. However, securing airport infrastructure, facilities and airline…...

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