Criminal Jusitce

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Submitted By CPrice2012
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THE COLLAPSE OF ENRON & THE INTRODUCTION OF THE SARBANES OXLEY ACT

BY
TREVOR GARRETT
02/25/2011

Abstract
Enron Corporation was one of the largest energy trading, natural gas and Utilities Company in the world that was based in Huston, Texas. The downfall of Enron is one of the most infamous and shocking events in the financial world, and its reverberations were felt around the globe. Prior to its collapse in 2001, Enron was one of the leading companies in the U.S and considered among top 10 admired corporations and most desired places to work at. Its revenues made up US $139 to $184 billion, assets equaled $62 to $82 billion, and the number of employees reached more than 30,000 people in 20 countries around the world. While on the surface it seemed like the perfect Corporation, internally it had highly decentralized financial control and decision-making structure, which made it practically impossible to get coherent and clear view on corporations' activities and operations. Enron manipulated its books and assets to help it report steady profit growth to Stock Exchanges and Credit-rating agencies. Investors generally are not willing to pay as much for the stock of a volatile trading operation, and this gave rise to manipulations.
This paper briefly describes the legal and ethical breaches by Enron, the key factors and events that led to its collapse and the passing of the Sarbanes Oxley Act as a consequence of such a catastrophe. The paper also discusses the key components of the Sarbanes Oxley Act and its effect on publicly traded companies, its management and the auditors.

Legal, Ethical and Accounting Breaches Committed by Enron
Enron committed numerous frauds to deceive the public during its course of business. One of the major frauds was the setting up of SPE’s (special purpose entities). Enron used these SPE’s or off balance sheet partnership…...

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