Criminal Justice Disparity

In: Social Issues

Submitted By jessica3711
Words 763
Pages 4
Criminal Justice Disparity


Jessica Chestnutt


It is a fact that African-Americans are more likely to be arrested and convicted and committed to an institution than whites who committed the same offense. Just this year in Florida two people committed the same crime and one person was sentenced to 20 years in prison while the other was at first never charged with a crime. One offender was black and the other offender was white.

The first offender was Marissa Alexander, an African-America 31 year old mother of three, with one of the children being 9 days old. After an altercation with her husband, Marissa shot a gun in the air to scare the man that was abusing her away. Marrisa claimed her estranged husband had beaten her several time prior to this incident. Her estranged husband did indeed have a history of domestic violence. Marissa shot the gun, which she was licensed to use, into the air. She never had any intentions on doing anything but scaring the man away from her. Marissa was prosecuted and charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon, even though no was injured. Marissa thought that since the facts seemed so clear she would go to trial and prove her case. Her attorneys used the stand-your-ground law as her defense. The law simply meant that if you were in a life of death situation you can take any means necessary to protect yourself. Before she went to trail the prosecutor offered a plea deal of 3 years but Marissa did not accept. The judge quickly threw out that defense and Marissa was sentenced to 20 years in prison with no parole. Her family is currently trying to appeal the sentence but with little money they are having a hard time finding an attorney to take on this case.

The second offender is a man named George Zimmerman, a white male that resides in a suburban…...

Similar Documents

Criminal Justice

...Confronting Crime Look at the different perspectives on the Criminal Justice System A. These are perspectives on formal Social Controls B. They Represent the differences between formal and informal Social Controls 1. Informal social controls a) Social Norms, Morals, and Values that define what is Right or Wrong 1) Basic Social Rules that we live our day to day lives by 2) They keep us from hurting or depriving each other 3) For Example: the "golden rule" a) "Do onto others as you would have them do onto you" b) Fear of social disapproval regulates our behavior 1) In society, those who break the law, even if they are not apprehended, are looked down upon c) Example: why do we wear clothes to class? 1) Is it because we will be arrested for indecent exposure if we do not? 2) Alternatively, is it because everyone will laugh at us if we do not? d) Norms, Morals, and values are Situationally defined 1) Each social group can define what it considers right and wrong a) If this was a class at a "clothing optional" campus, it wouldn't be a big deal if you didn't wear clothes to class 2. The Criminal Justice System and its Administration is our System of Formal Social Controls a)...

Words: 1709 - Pages: 7

Criminal Justice

...BECOMING A JUSTICE JUDGE BY ROB BRIGHTON CRIMINAL JUSTICE 1010 DECEMBER 2, 2011 ! I have been working in the Criminal Justice field for over four years as a Police Officer. I have experienced many things and am always looking to better myself in education and training. I hope to build on the background that I have now and pursue a Bachelors degree and eventually a Law degree so that I can become a Justice of the Peace or Judge. This paper is about an interview with a local magistrate, Judge Keith L. Stoney of Utahʼs 3rd District for Salt Lake County Judicial, West Valley City and Saratoga Springs Justice Courts. The time, the education, the benefits and the sometimes lengthy process of what it takes to sit on the “Bench” are all covered in the following paragraphs. JOB TITLE ! The official title of the position that Judge Stoney holds is as follows: Honorable Judge Keith L. Stoney Utahʼs 3rd District for Salt Lake County Judicial, West Valley City Justice Judge. Judge Stoney also works as Saratoga Springs Justice Judge. To break this down let me try to explain in brief how Utahʼs court system is organized. At the top you have Utahʼs two appellate courts, the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals. Next are the trial courts which include District, Justice and Juvenile Courts. There are also two administrative bodies, the Judicial of Council and the Administrative Office of the Court. Basically the policy making body of the courts. The state of Utah is divided into 8......

Words: 1965 - Pages: 8

Criminal Justice

...The criminal justice is the system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime, or sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. Those accused of crime have protections against abuse of investigatory and prosecution powers. (Legal definition, Jan. 2013) retrieved from The process of criminal justice is initial contact when a police officer observes a criminal act by patrolling the streets or citizens notifying even a victim of investigation, arrest, custody, indictments, complaints, charging bail or detention, plea bargaining, adjudication deposition and post conviction remedies. Investigation is getting accurate and relevant facts or evidence to identify the offender/suspect. Investigation is when a crime is made and “evidence is gathered to follow up on an investigation” (Forensic Enterprise 2009, retrieved from it takes approx 2 to 3 hours a day to gather information for about 4 days. Investigation is part of the process so police can find the criminal. An arrest warrant is made when there are criminals at the scene of the crime. A police officer makes the arrest and reads the criminal their rights and they are incarcerated. When the criminal is incarcerated there is no freedom and the criminal is unable to perform normal activities. “confinement” (Legal......

Words: 900 - Pages: 4

Criminal Justice

...components of the criminal justice system and criminal justice connections with surrounding society. In your assessment, be sure to evaluate and identify and assess the following: o   Recent and future trends and contemporary issues affecting the criminal justice system o   Value of the criminal justice system in a changing society   Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Paper is to include a title page and a reference page. Do not submit an abstract. rite a 1,400-1,750-word paper in which you evaluate past, present, and future trends in the interface between components of the criminal justice system and criminal justice connections with surrounding society. In your assessment, be sure to evaluate and identify and assess the following: o   Recent and future trends and contemporary issues affecting the criminal justice system o   Value of the criminal justice system in a changing society   Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Paper is to include a title page and a reference page. Do not submit an abstract. rite a 1,400-1,750-word paper in which you evaluate past, present, and future trends in the interface between components of the criminal justice system and criminal justice connections with surrounding society. In your assessment, be sure to evaluate and identify and assess the following: o   Recent and future trends and contemporary issues affecting the criminal justice system o   Value of the criminal justice system in a......

Words: 1505 - Pages: 7

Criminal Justice

...Is the U.S. Criminal Justice System a true system? William H. Watson IV University of Maryland University College Is the U.S. Criminal Justice System a true system? The criminal justice system in the United States (U.S.) is not a true system; or at least not a true functioning system. A true system is a fine tuned process, where all participants involved work towards a common goal. Every transition in a true system, is a smooth change, where no participants in the system will do anything to jeopardize the proper functionality of the next process in that system. This is not the case of the U.S. criminal justice system. The U.S. criminal justice system is comprised of numerous individuals, groups, organizations, and agencies funded by both government and non-government sources. Because, the U.S. criminal justice system is funded from different entities, there are several different agendas being carried out. There are three major components to the administration of the U.S. criminal justice system: the police, the courts, and corrections. In a perfect criminal justice system the police would arrest violators of the law, the courts would prosecute all law violators, and corrections would punish and rehabilitate violators, to integrate them back into society. While this is the formula the U.S. criminal justice system governs itself by, reality shows us that this quite often this is not the case. Only ten percent of court cases ever go to trial, with......

Words: 6671 - Pages: 27

Criminal Justice

...ISSUES IN POLICING RESPONSE Issues in Policing Response Marie Jefferson CJS/210 April 20, 2014 Ronald Meyer As a law enforcement officer, police face many different issues on a daily basis. Typically when discussing racial profiling it is usually in the context of bias or some type of disparity. When talking about bias, this is a kind of difference a person may have that is either covert, or overt. Overt takes place when an individual themselves begin to act upon these differences. While covert bias is harbored but still influences a person’s decision making process. When addressing disparities we are able to see and understand how differences occur. For instance, there are differences amongst groups and in the way that each individual group is handled from law enforcement’s perspective, this creates a disparity. When we think about racial profiling, we have to keep those aspects in mind. Although here have been theories or explanations as to what exactly is racial profiling, however the field of criminal justice does not have an exact definition of racial profiling. Another issue with law enforcement is ethics and police corruption. Police officers have the ability to use their discretion as to enforce the law or not. Ethics is a source of principles that exist apart from the law, ethics tells officers what should be done when the law is unclear or absent. When an officer makes a decision not in the interest of the public, but in...

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice

...Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Name Institutional affiliation   There are numerous law enforcement and criminal justice careers. One of these careers is that of a Crime Scene Investigator. The responsibilities of these personnel are not as exotic and glamorous as portrayed by many television shows. Responsibilities of Crime Scene Investigators Crime Scene Investigators investigate, evaluate, analyse and supervise investigations in the scene of crime. The do this by the use of techniques that are aimed at collecting, cultivating and securing physical evidence. They write reports about observations they made at the crime scenes, and create investigative efforts in the same. Upon creation, these reports are taken to law enforcement agencies for more investigations (Pepper, 2010). Crime Scene Investigators also have the responsibility of inspecting scenes of crime where burglaries, armed robberies, murders, invasions and sexual assaults have occurred. They do this by both processing and packaging physical evidence, briefing agencies of law enforcement and photographing autopsies (Chisum & Turvey, 2011). Ways of protecting evidence There are numerous ways in which crime scene investigators can protect evidence. Firstly, they can do this by calling for medical help, or offering the required first aid to any injured persons (Chisum & Turvey, 2011). This is important since the injured persons may be the main source of evidence, hence providing medical help will......

Words: 455 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice

...Court System Paper Jeffery Seigler AJS/502 11/10/2014 Donald Savell The Court system in America is one of the best court system in the world and each of the states inside the United States has its own unique system that they operate under. Each state has state laws and rules that are unique to their state and jurisdiction. There are different levels of the court system with each level performing a specific job and duty under the Constitution of America. So in this paper I will discuss the different levels of the court system and the function that they do. I will also give an overview of a major criminal court proceeding and discuss the elements and components of the court system. I will also identify and describe the distinguished features of the major court system ranging from the state-level Superior Courts, the Federal District Courts, through the U.S. Supreme Court. The State of South Carolina, Respondent V. Jarmel L. Rice, Appellant The Appellant in this case Mr. Rice plead guilty to one count of assault with the intent to kill and three counts of armed robbery and was sentence to 11 years in prison. At the time of this conviction Mr. Rice was only 15 years of age at the time and after a contested waiver from family court his case was sent to general sessions court were his sentence was handed down which bring us in front of the courts of appeals. Mr. Rice and his defense attorney Mr. Robert M. Pachak are arguing that Mr.......

Words: 1299 - Pages: 6

Criminal Justice

...separation can be damaging to a woman’s family. According to a Department of Justice study, almost 1.5 million minors had a parent in prison during the study year 1999 and it says that today the number is likely even higher, some researchers believe that it’s close to 2 million. Statistics show that many of these children will be incarcerated as juvenile offenders, developing a long cycle of hopelessness and crime. The people who are responsible for the children according to the Department of Justice statistics, are 28 percent fathers, half are grandparents and the last of them are with other relatives and in foster homes. Placing the children with these individuals can be good or bad. For example, a 13 year old boy may be placed with his dad who has never been in his life prior to the mother being incarcerated. They can both bond and make up for lost time or, they cannot have any connection at all and end up hating each other which is never a good environment for a child or minor. Different adult personalities and what a child is used to can definitely impact children’s development and their living situation. I believe that all of those aspects should be assessed before placing a child in another person’s care, so that at least the state is shown giving the kid a good chance at a good life. Although some people of America may feel that giving mandatory care to pregnant women would be catering to criminals, it’s not! Babies are our future… right? I do believe that pregnant......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Criminal Justice’s Case Study CRJ300 – Introduction to Criminal Justice Colorado State University – Global Campus Professor Lisa A. Hoston February 22, 2015 Should al-Timimi’s advocacy of violence be unlawful? In this particular instance I feel that the “system” got it right. The idea to take on America and its people is an idea that too many groups such as the Muslims, and Islamic, just to name a couple are to willing to use the words of al-Timimi’s to advocate their cause against the U.S. Ali Al-Timimi criminal history ties him to being the spiritual leader of the Virginia Paintball Jihad Network, a group of men indicted of crimes related to terrorism. Al-Timimi activities had him indicted in 2004 and was convicted in 2005 of soliciting and engaging others to levy war against the United States as well as attempting to contribute services to the Taliban. Members of the Virginia Paintball Jihad cell testified at Al-Timimi's trial that he convinced several of them to travel to Pakistan to obtain training for jihad from a U.S. designated Foreign Terrorist Organization. The words of al-Timimi, at the time, were words that could have easily encouraged an already unsteady group of individuals to engage in war against the U.S. and its allies. The world as we know it today is still very unstable as a result of 9/11 and its consequences that at any minute utterance of such words could once again bring havoc upon a nation that has already suffered at the hands of groups and......

Words: 817 - Pages: 4

Criminal Justices

...CRIMINAL JUSTICE Name Institution Course Date Explain how the various aspects of criminal justice relate to one another through a discussion of the criminal justice process and agencies involved in this process. Be specific and use examples to illustrate your points. Criminal equity process differs from state to state, and the government criminal equity framework has its guidelines, techniques, and terms to portray the procedures' phases. Crime obviously, there has to be the person involved in committing the offence, and the criminal equity system starts with the commission of wrongdoing. For instance, theft happens when a man takes property from its owner with the purpose to deny the property's owner the right to have the property. (Smartt, 2010) People involved in the crime have to report the crime to the police. Investigation police are deeply involved in this stage. Search Warrant, if instigating officer’s trust there's proof of wrongdoing at a particular area, they may attempt to get a court order permitting them to seek the premises. Interrogation Law authorization officers can examine witnesses, and even question potential suspects, the length of their sacred rights are secured. After a criminal offence has been reported, the police officer has to conduct an investigation to determine whether the act was illegal or not illegal. (Sales, 2008) If the crime was illegal, an arrest warrant is commanded for the suspect to be arrest and taken to the crown......

Words: 498 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice

...What shows do you watch and why? I have been interested in Criminal Justice my whole life because I have a family member in Law Enforcement. I watch Cops, Alaska State Troopers, and Jail. I watch these shows because it teaches what the police go through and how a suspect acts. It also teaches how an officer handles a certain situation. Cops and Alaska State Troopers can also show how to investigate a crime scene. While watching these shows, I learn what my rights are and when an officer is in the right or wrong. Why are so many people entertained by murder, the criminal mind, detective work, courtroom trials, forensic science, and the like? People are entertained in these such shows for many reasons. One of the reasons is that these types are like mysteries that eventually get solved. The people that watch these shows like to try and “solve” the cases alongside the detectives or the FBI. People like these types of shows because the show will keep them on the edge of their seats and get the people involved from beginning to end. The people that watch these shows also get to see high speed chases. What perceptions of the criminal justice system do you believe people have learned from watching these shows? I believe that people have learned the CSI effect from watching these shows. The CSI effect is when the show is an exaggerated portrayal of what the real case may have been. It also influences the public to watch these shows more....

Words: 259 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice

...The criminal justice system consists of three components which are police, courts, and corrections. The police serve many duties such as administering the law, examining crimes, capturing offenders, condensing and hindering crimes, cultivating public order, implementing communities are safe, administering emergency and pertinent community services and conserving the fundamental immunity and privileges of individuals. The courts conduct civil and equitable trials, determine criminal cases, establish due process, actuating guilt or innocence, appointing sentences on the guilty, vindicating the law, requiring humanity throughout the justice process, shielding the rights and freedoms of anyone facing processing by the justice system, and contributing a check on the exercise of power by other justice system agencies. The corrections import sentences imposed by the courts, administer safe and humanitarian guardianship and supervision of offenders, insulating the community, rehabilitating, reforming, and reintegrating convicted offenders back into the community, and respecting the constitutional and human rights of the convicted. (Schmalleger, Hall (2011). The components of the criminal justice process includes; investigation and arrest where a crime has been exposed, evidence is accumulated at the scene when probable, a follow up investigation pursuits to recreate the sequence of activities and in some situations an arrest warrant may be issued and booking takes place after the......

Words: 427 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice

...early 20th century when it was recognized that children and adults are different, and the rehabilitation process for them should be different as well. Until the late 19th century children and adults where tried alike in criminal courts. When a juvenile offender commits a crime it is the responsibility of the state to rehabilitate the juvenile offenders, as well as protect them. Youth crime rates have actually declined over the past twenty years, despite the public’s perception that it has increased. This has led to an overwhelming support that the juvenile court system be restructured to include tougher crime punishment, such as being able to try children as adults. This belief is that children are able to commit the same crimes as adults, and why should they be treated any different. Take for instance that if an adult commits a murder they will likely be in prison for the rest of their life, whereas a child or youth offender would likely be out by the time they are twenty one. Juvenile and criminal courts have many differences but the most outstanding is that juvenile courts tend to focus on the offender rather than the crime itself. Juvenile court is long believed to focus on the rehabilitation of the offender, as opposed to the focus of the crime as in criminal court. With rehabilitation in mind this gives the court much more leniency and flexibility, with options as far as punishment goes to the judge. The main concern in the public’s eye is the effectiveness of the......

Words: 1130 - Pages: 5

Criminal Justice international criminal justice system, I would have to say the most well-known one would have to be Interpol. When discussing police forces within the United States, Interpol by far is the largest police association in existence. At the current time Interpol consists of one hundred and ninety different countries, and each country does take an active role in the organization. The biggest difference between International Criminal justice and criminal justice as we know it within the United States, is that when a decision has to be made on how to handle a criminal situation, with respect to Interpol, it is discussed amongst the various member countries, and within the United States the levels of justice are local, state, and federal, but they all operate with the same basic set of rules. When dealing with so many different countries the emphasis is on making sure that a resolution is found amongst all the countries. The best part of Interpol is that it gives the participating countries another method of solving crimes that may have originated in other countries. The only issue that Interpol ever encounters, is when a criminal is operating outside of the jurisdiction of any of the respective countries that are members of Interpol. As far as the effect globalization has or has had upon the United States and our criminal justice, the main issue has been that many countries do feel as though they will not allow the US to pursue certain measures of justice. Some......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2