Critical Appraisal of Guideline

In: Science

Submitted By ankita1286
Words 1317
Pages 6
Critical Appraisal of Guideline

Critical Appraisal of Guideline
Appraisal Tool The tool chosen to appraise the guideline is called the AGREE II (http://www.agreetrust.org/). The purpose of the AGREE II is to examine the quality of guidelines through a step-by-step approach as to what and how information is presented in a guideline. The step-by-step approach is completed via twenty three steps which are categorized into 6 domains. Domain one addresses the overall scope and purpose of the guideline. Domain two is concerned with the stakeholders’ involvement and how the intended users view the guideline. Domain three pertains to the rigor of development of the guideline through eight steps which cover the method of evidence synthesis. Domain four deals with the clarity of the presentation throughout the guideline. Domain five is titled applicability, and it focuses on barriers and facilitators in applying the guideline. Domain six is titled editorial independence and evaluates whether the guideline is free from biases.
Guideline
The guideline chosen for appraisal is Diagnosis and management of headache in adults. A national clinical guideline (http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=13446#Section396).
Critique
Domain one: The guideline presents evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of headaches in adults. The health questions covered by the guideline are located in the annex of the ¬¬¬¬¬original guideline, and the target population, interventions, and outcomes are identified. The population targeted by this guideline is adults with primary and secondary headaches. The interventions include specific diagnosis and evaluation through symptoms and signs, along with management, treatments, and prevention. The major outcomes considered are as follows: headache frequency and severity, pain control, and quality of life.
Domain two:…...

Similar Documents

Appraisal

...This document outlines the main appraisal methods and techniques which should be used as part of the Public Spending Code. It provides a brief introduction to each technique and contains reference material at the end of the document. This information is intended to provide a general overview of these techniques, helping to orient new Public Spending Code users and point the way to further more detailed material, both in the Public Spending Code and more generally. 1.         Overview of appraisal The basic purpose of systematic appraisal is to achieve better spending decisions for capital and current expenditure on schemes, projects and programmes. This document provides an overview of the main analytical methods and techniques which should be used in the appraisal process. These techniques can also be used in the evaluation process. More detailed information on individual techniques can found in financial and economic textbooks, examples of which are listed at the end of this document and in other guidance material on the VFM portal. An understanding of discounting and Net Present Value (NPV) calculations is fundamental to proper appraisal of projects and programmes. A good understanding of Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) and Cost Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) is also essential for economic appraisal purposes. 2.            Analytical methods The recommended analytical methods for appraisal are generally......

Words: 3064 - Pages: 13

Appraisal

...CONTENTS OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL FORM: 1. Quality of work • Consider accuracy, thoroughness, effectiveness. • Pressure, ability to meet standards of quality. • Use of time and volume of work accomplished. • Work output matches the expectations established. 2. Quantity of work • Competence, thoroughness, and efficiency of work regardless of volume. • Neatness and accuracy. 3. Teamwork: • Establish and maintain effective working relationship with others. • Shares information and resources with others • Follows instructions of supervisor and respond to requests from others in the team in a helpful manner. • Contributing work and effort to group performance to meet agreed upon objectives and achieve team success 4. Job knowledge • Application of appropriate level of technical and procedural knowledge in specific field • Degree of technical competence • Understanding of job procedures, methods, facts and information related to assignments. • Perform duties with minimal supervision but seek guidance where and when appropriate to the job, consults the appropriate staff 5. Initiative • Consider the extent to which the employee sets own constructive work practice and recommends and creates own procedures. • Self-starter, develop and implement new methods, procedures, solutions, concepts, designs and/or applications of existing designs or procedures. • Accepts additional challenges and responsibilities and willingly assist others, self-reliant. • Completes......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Critical Appraisal Guidelines Part 2

...Critical Appraisal Guidelines: Qualitative - Part 2 Amanda T. Creel Grand Canyon University: NRS – 433V June 9, 2013 The research article reviewed was “Ultrasound – Guided Peripheral Venous Access vs. the External Jugular Vein as the Initial Approach to the Patient with Difficult Vascular Access” by T.G. Costantino MD, J. F. Kirtz MD, and W. A. Satz MD. Intravenous (IV) access is commonly performed in the Emergency Department (ED). In patients with difficult access, physicians are frequently called upon to perform these procedures. Physicians should be familiar with both the external jugular (EJ) IV technique and the ultrasound – guided IV (USIV) peripheral access techniques. Some hospitals have specialized team of nurses that have been educated and trained on the proper way to establish an EJ IV and/or USIV. This study examined both techniques and collected data to establish which techniques was better for the patient. Protection of Human Participants Risks and Benefits Addressed by the Authors The benefit of this study was to spare the ED patient with difficult veins from having to receive a central venous line. The infection rate is higher in a central line than a peripheral IV line. The use of USIV will also decrease the number or IV attempts instead of a central line. While this decreased the actual number of IV attempts, it still had some risks. One major risk is arterial punctures. The other risks include nerve irritation and hematomas at the site of both......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5

Performance Appraisal

...EFFICIENCY OF EXISTING PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEM FOR OFFICERS IN SRI LANKA NAVY BY LCdr (ASW) TR DANIEL PGD in Defence Management Naval and Maritime Academy (Accredited to General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University) DECLARATION I declare that this dissertation contains no material which has been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma in any university or equivalent institution, and that to the best of my knowledge and belief, contains no material previously submitted or written by any other person, except where due reference is made in the text of this Dissertation. I carried out the work described in this under the supervision of Captain (ND) KJ Kularathne, RSP,Psc,MSc(D&SS) ........................................................ Date:.......................... TR DANIEL 7001 COMMENTS OF THE SUPERVISOR ..................................................... Date ........................................ KJ KULARATHNE,RSP,Psc,MSc(D&SS) Captain (ND) Sri Lanka Navy ABSTRACT Sri Lanka Navy is one of the largest organization in Sri Lanka with nearly 55000 men & women are working to date .SLN is not only one of the largest, but also diverse as more than 20 major professions are cohesion to form this organisation. Officers form the backbone of this large organisation; SLN and better performance of officers is a necessity to achieve......

Words: 11811 - Pages: 48

Critical Appraisal of a Quantitative Study

...CARE WORKERS HAND DECONTAMINATION PRACTICES: A QUANTITATIVE STUDY CRITICAL APPRAISAL: INTRODUCTION: The problem of hospital acquired infection is identified, effort have been made to eradicate or reduce the rates of receiving. The aim of the article notes the study of healthcare workers hand washing practices from behavioural aspect. LITERATURE REVIEW: Researcher analyse various articles that describes the rates of hospital acquired infection that obtained from 6-15% of hospital admission. It also states 10-32% of acquired infection have been found in the intensive care unit (ICU).One of the study claim it is important to understand the rates can be reduced by up to one-third if the healthcare workers go along with the guidelines issued by CDC ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).Likewise, the factors that provide to healthcare workers non-compliance with hand washing guidelines have been identified ,such as inaccessible equipment, lack of time, busyness and deleterious effects on skin. Intervention to improve such as provision of an educational programmes, motivational programme and patient educational programmes have been enabled. After all, the researchers have concluded the hand washing compliance rates of health workers are difficult to change, therefore it can be argued that maintained improvement of compliance with guidelines requires a multi-faceted approach. THEORETICAL......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Critical Appraisal

...discuss a project conducted by a group of nurses to develop and evaluate a psycho-educational program that aids the nursing profession to develop plans for stress management. The purpose of the project appears to be valid and the design of the project appears to answer the purpose of the project. References Houck, G., Kendall, J., Miller, A., Morrell, P., & Wiebe, G. (2011). Self-concept in children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 26(3), 239-247. Retrieved from CINAHL database on July 2, 2014. Imes, C.C., Dougherty, C.M., Pyper, G., & Sullivan, M.D. (2011). Descriptive study of partners’ experiences of living with severe heart failure. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Critical Care, 40(3), 208-216. Retrieved from CINAHL database on July 2, 2014. Kravis, K., McAllister-Black, R., Grant, M., & Kirk, C. (2010). Self-care strategies for nurses: A psycho-educational intervention for stress reduction and the prevention of burnout. Applied Nursing Research: ANR, 23(3), 130-138. Retrieved from CINAHL database on July 2, 2014....

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Critical Appraisal #1

...Critical Appraisal #1 of Scott, Hofmeister, Rogness, and Rogers Article The University of Texas at Arlington College of Nursing Shirley McKenzie-Pace In partial fulfillment of the requirements for N5301 Research in Nursing Susan K. Grove, PhD, RN, ANP-BC, GNP-BC July 12, 2014 Critical Appraisal #1 Theoretical Framework The study framework is not clearly identified; however, a tentative theory is proposed since a tentative theory “has had minimal exposure to critique by the discipline, and has had little testing, (Burns and Grove, 2009). The conceptual framework is limited to the model impaired sleep. The linking of the concept impaired sleep to independent variables of the fatigue countermeasures program for nurses (FCMPN). The FCMPN in this study was “modeled after the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ames Research Center’s Fatigue Countermeasures Program and the Sleep, Alertness, and Fatigue Education in Residency Program” (Scott et al., 2010, p. 253). The major study concepts include: “sleep deprivation (inadequate sleep), sleep disruption (fragmented sleep), lifestyle situation, and health related issues” (p. 251). There is no map or model of the impaired sleep model purposed by Lee et al., 2004 (as cited in Scott et al., 2010) in the article; however, there is a diagram of the conceptual framework for the FCMPN. Variable Identification and Definitions The research variables that Scott et al. (2010) observed and measured were the FCMPN, ......

Words: 2429 - Pages: 10

Guideline

...Term paper guidelines * Length of paper * Structure * Title page * Table of contents * Inappropriate table of contents * Appropriate table of contents * Table of contents in brief * Introduction * Literature review * Methodology * Results * Discussion * Conclusion * Bibliography * Appendix * Citation guidelines * Quotations * Referencing * Second-hand quoting/ referencing * Style/ accuracy * Presentation/ formating * Inclusion of examples * Use of footnotes/ endnotes * Comments on plagerism * Major pitfalls of writing term papers * Assessment sheet * Links to term paper guidelines * Further readings * References to possible ideas for projects in linguistics * The University of Maryland Undergraduate Essay Prize in Linguistics   Length of paper Proseminar: The paper should be type-written (1.5 spaced) and between 10 and 15 pages in length. Hauptseminar: Papers should be type-written (1.5 spaced) and between 20 to 25 pages long. Structure Term papers should be composed of the following sections: Title page Table of contents Introduction Literature review Methodology Results Discussion Conclusion Bibliography Appendix Generally, the introduction and theoretical part should account for a third of the paper and...

Words: 5706 - Pages: 23

Performance Appraisal

... Performance appraisal system: Name: Institution: Performance appraisal is a human resource management practice, which has attracted a lot of attention from scholars and practitioners. It refers to the process by which a person’s job performance in an organization is scrutinized and evaluated. The reason for the implementation of performance appraisal is accomplish the goals and objectives of a firm. Performance appraisal has become part of a more strategic approach in integrating human resource activities to a company. Today, it has increasingly become a major focus in business and every organization. The system is crucial to the performance management and it directly reflects the strategic plan of an organization. The focus of PA is on an individual and not the performance of a team and this has made it to unpopular with workers in different fields. There are two types of performance appraisal, informal approach and formal approach; this paper will look at the later with respect to AMACO insurance company. The company taken for research was AMACO insurance. The company is based in Nairobi but has branches all over Kenya. The first process in which the company’s appraisal system is carried out is establishing performance criteria. The most common appraisal criteria in the company are goal achievement, behavior, traits, competencies, and improvement potential the company carefully selects each performance criteria because it pertains to achieving the company’s goals.......

Words: 1526 - Pages: 7

Guidelines of Project

...FACULTY OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT PROJECT (BC 00-3) LEVEL 3 Feb 2014- Jun 2014 PROJECT COORDINATOR: Table of content 1. INTRODUCTION 3 2. WHAT IS A PROJECT/DISSERTATION? 3 3. SUBMISSION DATES 3 3.1 TIME SCHEDULE FOR THE PROJECT 3 4. EXTENSIONS 3 4.1 GUIDELINES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROJECT 3 4.2 CHOOSING A TOPIC 3 4.3 TIME MANAGEMENT AND WORK PLANNING 3 4.4 START WRITING AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PROJECT 3 4.5 DO LOTS OF READING 3 5. THE INTERIM REPORT 3 6. ORGANISATION OF PROJECT REPORT 3 6.1 Title Page (example) 3 6.2 Abstract 3 6.3 Acknowledgements 3 6.4 Table of Contents 3 6.5 List of Tables and Figures 3 6.6 Introduction 3 6.7 Literature Review 3 6.8 Research Methodology- Data Collection & Data Analysis 3 6.9 Analysis and Findings 3 6.10 Conclusion 3 6.11 Recommendations 3 6.12 Appendices 3 6.13 Bibliography and Referencing 3 7. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE PROJECT 3 8. VIVA VOCE 3 9. PROJECT ASSESSMENT 3 10. PLAGIARISM 3 11. YOU AND YOUR SUPERVISOR 3 12. A FEW TIPS.... 3 13. Schedule of workshops 3 APPENDIX A: Harvard Style Referencing 3 APPENDIX B: PROJECT ASSESSMENT – GRADING SHEET 3 APPENDIX C: PROJECT REGISTRATION FORM 3 APPENDIX D: Level 3 Project Students undertaking 3 MAJAN COLLEGE (UNIVERSITY COLLEGE) Faculty of Business Management PROJECT (DOUBLE MODULE) INTRODUCTION As a third year student of the......

Words: 6068 - Pages: 25

Performance Management and Appraisal

...Group B Performance Management & Appraisal Performance Management and Appraisal Submitted to: Md. Abu Bakar Siddique Adjunct Faculty, School of Business Studies Southeast University Submitted by: Name | ID | Batch | Section | A. N. M. Sadiqur Rahman | 2015010004080 | 20th | C | Mazidul Hoque | 2014210004060 | 19th | C | Ranajit Chowdhury | 2014010002005 | 36th | C | Muhammad Atiq Ullah | 2011110002006 | 28th | C | | | | | Course Title: Human Resource Management and Practices Course Code: HRM 5186 Date: April 13, 2015 Letter of Transmittal April 13, 2015 Md. Abu Bakar Siddique Adjunct Faculty, School of Business Studies Southeast University Subject: Submission of the assignment on “Performance Management and Appraisal” Dear Sir, It is a great pleasure and honor to us to submit the assignment on “Performance Management and Appraisal.” In this assignment, we have tried to describe the performance management and appraisal system theoretically. We have prepared this assignment in a details format with adequate information search and to prepare an effective & creditable assignment, we have tried our level best to conduct this in a professional manner. We have found the study to be quite interesting, beneficial, & insightful. We hope that you will find this assignment worth of all the labor we have put in it. We welcome your entire query & take pride to answer them. Thanking You. On behave of Group B A. N. M. Sadiqur Rahman ID:......

Words: 5149 - Pages: 21

Critical Appraisal

...Critical Appraisal 1Faith Rodriguez BSN-RNNURS5326: Research for Advanced Nursing PracticeSeptember 21, 2015Dr. Jana Saunders | Name and describe the theory that is used in your assigned primary research article. (1 paragraph) | The theory of self-regulation is the theoretical base and method in the research study to examine the use of emotion regulation and goal-directed behavior in an attempt to improve sleep behaviors. Self-regulation is the process in which a person has perceived illness cognition, a patient’s own implicit common sense beliefs about their illness. There are five cognitive dimensions of these beliefs: identity; perceived cause of illness; time line; consequences; curability and controllability (Fowler, Kirschner, Kuiken, & Baas., 2007, p. 223). This process occurs over three stages of interpretation, coping, and appraisal (Fowler et al., 2007). In the research study, “Using Mental Imagery to Deliver Self-Regulation Techniques to Improve Sleep Behaviors,” the efficacy of behavioral interventions were geared toward improving the sleep behavior for working adults with the use of mental imagery undertakings that were designed with the theory of self-regulation principles. More specifically, the main attitude is where the patient focuses their thoughts, emotions, and behavior in order to achieve their desired outcome, a sort of homeostasis, if you will. The use of imagery and implementation intention imagery are used in order to......

Words: 883 - Pages: 4

A Critical Appraisal of Motivational Practices

...1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 TITLE A Critical Appraisal of the Motivational Practices employed within the NLS environment. 1.2 Organizational Background The NLS organization can be considered a large statutory authority that provides information services within the context of education. 1.2.1 Problem Definition Several factors currently affect the NLS employee at the individual level that impact on his or her performance as a service provider. Motivation is as crucial to NLS employees as to any other. There is an inherent problem of low motivation among the staff of the NLS that is reflected in below average employee productivity, high rates of absenteeism and turnover, low morale and an unwillingness to give extra effort. Thus, it is important to understand the fundamental needs and desires of NLS employees which can be manipulated and stimulated to achieve positive motivation. As argued by Almer, Higgs and Hooks (2005), there are factors other than pay that motivate individuals to work in organisations. 1.2.2 Research Question To what extent do motivational strategies affect organisational efficiency at the NLS and what approaches can be undertaken to improve them in the future. 1.3 Methodology This paper will attempt to identify key factors of motivation for NLS employees and proffer an explanation of how to adequately motivate them to contribute an optimal effort to the organisation’s objectives. This will be accomplished by the use of secondary data,......

Words: 1398 - Pages: 6

Appraisal

...The Human Touch Performance Appraisal II Tr a i n i n g L e a d e r ’s G u i d e Coastal Training Technologies Corp 500 Studio Drive Virginia Beach, VA 23452 ©2000 Coastal Training Technologies Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Coastal Training Technologies Corp. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter. It is sold with the understanding that Coastal Training Technologies Corp. is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional service. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought. Table of Contents The Human Touch Performance Appraisal II Preparation Materials Introduction....................................................................................................................8 Training Session Checklist...............................................................................................9 Trainer’s Instructions for Using the Book The Human Touch Performance Appraisal.........................................................10 Tips for Transferred Learning ........................................................................................11 Possible Session Agendas ........

Words: 5521 - Pages: 23

Critical Appraisal

...t Critical Appraisal # 1 Theoretical Framework a. The study framework was clearly identified as Bandura‟s (1986) Self-Efficacy Theory, which is a substantive theory (Burns & Grove, 2009). b. The discussion of the framework is limited with the linking of the concept of self-efficacy to the independent variable of the nurse-coached IMT. No model of the framework is provided. The major study concepts include: situational demands, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, enactive attainment, performance accomplishment, and enhanced self-efficacy. Variable Identification and Definitions Independent variable: Home-based nurse coached IMT Intervention Conceptual definition: “Bandura‟s Self-Efficacy Theory guided the intervention for the experimental group (IMT)… Vicarious experiences for the IMT group were accomplished by observing the demonstration of the tack of using the Threshold Device, thus „modeling‟ the instruction and demonstration provided by the RA. Performance accomplishment was achieved by „mastering‟ the technique of inspiring into the device with a nose clip in place… thus providing tangible evidence of progress” (Padula et al., 2009, p. 21). Operational definition: “The Threshold Device (Healthscan) was used for resistive IMT breathing training… Training consisted of demonstration by the RAs, with return demonstration at baseline followed by a week of device use…” The study intervention was detailed in Padula et al. (2009, p. 20) CRITICAL APPRAISAL......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3