Critical Thinking and Education

In: Other Topics

Submitted By septian
Words 786
Pages 4
MASTERS OF ARTS IN MANAGEMENT (MA)

TITLE OF ASSIGNMENT | : | FSBRS TASK 1 | MODULE NAME | : | FOUNDATIONS OF SCHOLARSHIP AND BUSINESS RESEARCH SKILLS | LECTURER NAME | : | DR. ADRIEN EROS | STUDENT NAME | : | MUHAMMAD SEPTIAN WICAKSONO | SAXION STUDENT NR. | : | 339858 | GREENWICH STUDENT NR. | : | | COURSE YEAR | : | 2013-2014 | DATE SUBMITTED | : | 30-09-2013 |

Coursework is receipted on the understanding that it is the student’s own work that is has not, in whole or part, been presented elsewhere for assessment. Where material has been used from other resources it has been properly acknowledged in accordance with the University’s Regulations regarding Cheating and Plagiarism.

Tutor’s Comments:

GRADE AWARDED:

Task 1
On Critical Thinking: A Brief Explanation and Its Importance on Education

Name: Muhammad Septian Wicaksono
Student Number: 339858
Date: 23 September 2013
Words count: 513

For a long time, people have always believed that the world is anything but round. It was Aristotle who finally came with a theory of spherical shape of Earth. Aristotle’s conclusion was withdrawn since the shadow of Earth on the Moon during a lunar eclipse is round (Stocks, 2013). It was not easy to come up with such theory which was against a common belief. But, Aristotle came with his critical thinking and proved that the previous theory was wrong.

So, what is critical thinking? Paul and Elder (2006, p.4) state that “critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it”.

Many experts believe that critical thinking is very important in education in order to create future leader that according to Barnett (2005 cited in Felix 2012, p.17) is “capable of shaping, changing, and even leading society”.

Sanburn (2012) recent survey reported that 40 percent of general population believe that the…...

Similar Documents

Critical Thinking

...Critical thinking... Please wait while I try to put into words what this means, while I contemplate the affect and possible consequences my words might have on my peers and my grade for this forum. I am just kidding! Critical thinking to me is thinking outside of the box, not what is in it the "norm", to have an open mind and try to view yourself from the outside looking in, instead of from the inside looking out. Although I may not agree with everything he says, or even his views, I do agree with what President Obama said in his speech to the Hispanic Chambers of Commerce. "And I'm calling on our nation's governors and state education chiefs to develop standards and assessments that don't simply measure whether students can fill in a bubble on a test, but whether they possess 21st century skills like problem-solving and critical thinking and entrepreneurship and creativity." (Obama) I couldn't agree with this more. In my opinion these standardized tests cannot truly demonstrate how intelligent a person is. Anyone with a little dedication can study for a test and pass it. However, not everyone can look at a problem and try to find a solution without being biased; this is true talent and a sign of intelligence. For example, my boss has many letters after her name. She is academically accomplished with the several degrees she’s accumulated throughout the years. Are those letters supposed to make her a better leader than someone who doesn't? With all her education, she...

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Critical Thinking

...Smith 1 John Smith Professor Jones English 1A 9 September 2013 Critical Thinking Democracies are made up of communities and will only thrive if critical thinking and local involvement are key features. Communities are the basis of a democracy and represent citizens at a local level. In a democracy local citizens put forward ideas which percolate up to higher levels of government. Improving citizens ability to become critical thinkers is vital to making a strong democracy. Critical thinking is essential for a democracy to flourish. It's important that citizens of a democracy apply critical thinking to form an unbiased point of view. Education helps people engage in the community and fulfill basic societal expectations of a democratic citizen. To enhance a democratic society the education system must improve. For example, have students write editorials or reviews on current events. This keeps students in touch with whats going on in the world and helps them form opinions on the topic. Also encouraging students to run or elect a student council. Running for student council develops a students leadership skills and promotes democratic thinking. The foundation of a democracy is having the freedom to question the government, access all information, and take action. Democracies are always in a state of development and critical thinking is a key component of finding innovative and progressive solutions to problems that arise in the democratic process. Further, the...

Words: 625 - Pages: 3

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Its Importance in Education By Kadoko Chanda 1. Introduction Technology, travel and business have brought countries together, so does our thinking evolve. No more thinking within our boundaries, we need critical thinking to evaluate our own decisions in everything we do. For example, how do you teach students without discriminating their beliefs or religion? How do we start a business in a country with different laws from ours and still incorporate our business values? So, what is critical thinking? 2. What is Critical Thinking? Critical thinking according to Hamilton-Reeves (2009) is the process of filtering information by removing emotional and environmental discrepancies and remaining neutral to make the most accurate decision. On the other hand Elder and Paul (1994, pp.34-35) believes critical thinking is the "ability of thinkers to take charge of their own thinking by developing sound criteria and standards for analyzing and assessing" information to make an informed decision. Lastly, critical thinking from a general psychology point of view is analyzing ones standards, facts and assessing conclusions (Petress, 2004). From the above analysis, it is apparent that critical thinking is a process that guides ones logical decision making process by analyzing all possible information before making a decision, therefore reducing the chances of making quick and unethical decisions. According to Hamilton-Reeves (2009), critical thinking improves......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Critical Thinking in Education Should Be Encouraged

...“Critical thinking in education should be encouraged” Do you agree? Over the last several decades, critical thinking has been spread across every corner of the school and college. It can be defined as the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it. This essay will argue that an incentive to critical thinking is highly necessary in education. This will be supported from two aspects: having complete dominance in all the thinking method and a better relationship with education. Firstly, critical thinking has huge ascendancy over the others methods. It can raise crucial questions and problems, formulating them clearly and accurately. Besides, by using this method one can easily collect and evaluate relevant information, deducing well-reasoned conclusions and solutions. Furthermore, recognizing and assessing assumptions, implications and practical consequences can figure out solutions to complex problems. For example, according to the survey made by Peking University, the critical thinking will lead to an efficiency and exactitude process than any other way. Secondly, critical thinking can transform the mode of education. While critical thinking has been introduced into academia, the majority of philosophic, commercial and political problems are analyzed and solved by this advanced means. Moreover, instead of doing researches blindly and subjectively, students can make a step-by-step and impersonal consequence by using critical thinking. This is......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Shirl McRee MGT/350 November 2, 2010 Brandon Johnson Critical Thinking What is critical thinking? This term has many meanings to everyone on the globe. To some people it is the meaning of positive thinking and to many others it is the process of thinking clearly and concisely without bias or prejudice. “Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past 2500 years.  The term "critical thinking" has its roots in the mid-late 20th century.  We offer here overlapping definitions, together which form a substantive, transdisciplinary conception of critical thinking” (Criticalthinking.org, 2009). What is Critical Thinking? “Critical thinking is here assumed to be reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do. This rough overall definition is, we believe, in accord with the way the term is generally used these days. Under this interpretation, critical thinking is relevant not only to the formation and checking of beliefs, but also to deciding upon and evaluating actions. It involves creative activities such as formulating hypotheses, plans, and counterexamples; planning experiments; and seeing alternatives. Furthermore critical thinking is reflective -- and reasonable” (Criticalthinking.net, 2010). Critical thinking is a way of life for most people. They have no bias judgments, no prejudices that are even talked about on a daily basis, or even seen. They live a life of thinking...

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

How Critical Thinking Can Promote Religious Education at Key Stage 3

................................................. Page 2 INTRODUCTION: PURPOSES, PARAMETERS AND CONTEXT..........................Page 3 CRITICAL REVIEW OF LITERATURE.....................................................................Page 7 SCOPE, SAMPLE AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATION........................................... Page 15 CRITICAL REFLECTION ON OWN RESEARCH FINDINGS.....................................................................................................................Page 17 MY CHANGE INITIATIVE.........................................................................................Page 28 REFERENCES...............................................................................................................Page 44 ABSTRACT This paper reports the findings of a small scale enquiry and the change initiative based on the findings and outcomes of leading a change initiative in a secondary school in the South East of England. The paper evaluates the impact of a change theory on teaching and learning and it assesses the implications of new knowledge on practices and performances of students in Religious Education. The focus of change is on the utilisation of planning strategies to promote interest in learning and the adaptation of critical thinking tools for the purpose of engaging the students in learning. A critical evaluation of the impact of effective questioning and dialogue forms part of the recommendations made. The new knowledge in this......

Words: 12052 - Pages: 49

Critical Thinking

...hard to implement. The easy answer in my opinion is education. The implementation is the hard part. Yes, education is the answer to reduce poverty in United States, but education alone cannot eliminate poverty. Poverty has many causes and education can break the cycle of uneducated parents who are limited in their job choices and binded by their lack of experience in providing for their family. This usually causes a deadly cycle of kids and their kids falling into the same category of not being able to provide for their families. Just because a family is stricken by poverty does not mean that the family does not have a desire to conquer poverty. The family is usually just not equipped with the proper education to know how to succeed. As mentioned before, the hard part is the implementation of getting the correct people educated. I think the best way to do this is have national government that is split into four regions and have a competition of getting their region educated. This will eliminate the local prejudice among state and local governments and allow for everyone to be treated equal. Maybe this can be put into place and the next generation could be in situation of less poverty. * Critical thinking has allowed me to question myself and create a solution for the problem of poverty. This differs from my former thinking of just searching the Internet and getting someone's else opinion. * I can use critical thinking in my everyday life by questioning everything......

Words: 315 - Pages: 2

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking Evangelina Villela GEN200 February 11, 2015 Critical Thinking Critical Thinking is a learned skill developed by broadening your viewpoints through clear thinking. It is the process of evaluating issues to form rational, open-minded conclusions to solve problems better. A psychologist named Benjamin Bloom named six levels of thinking. He called them a taxonomy of educational objectives (Ellis & Toft, 2015). The six levels are Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating are the six levels in the critical thinking process. Emotions from the loss of my daughter have affected me and my decision-making process. As a professional in the United States Army, I had to evaluate this life changing event to determine whether to continue my tenure or retire. I could no longer accept the responsibility of teaching, coaching, and mentoring young Soldiers to become future leaders and better citizens of society. Remembering is the process of recognizing or recalling key terms, facts, or events that you have experienced in the past. This step can be used to grasp an understanding and identifying the central issue of what is being communicated. Upon finding the topic, determining the point is the next step. The issue is the question in which the author asks and answers. Applying this step can help you draw factual information to reach an answer or conclusion in evaluating your ideas, and obtain the knowledge of what is communicated.......

Words: 709 - Pages: 3

Critical Thinking in Education Should Be Encouraged

...“Critical thinking in education should be encouraged” Do you agree? Over the last several decades, critical thinking has been spread across every corner of the school and college. It can be defined as the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to improving it. This essay will argue that an incentive to critical thinking is highly necessary in education. This will be supported from two aspects: having complete dominance in all the thinking method and a better relationship with education. Firstly, critical thinking has huge ascendancy over the others methods. It can raise crucial questions and problems, formulating them clearly and accurately. Besides, by using this method one can easily collect and evaluate relevant information, deducing well-reasoned conclusions and solutions. Furthermore, recognizing and assessing assumptions, implications and practical consequences can figure out solutions to complex problems. For example, according to the survey made by Peking University, the critical thinking will lead to an efficiency and exactitude process than any other way. Secondly, critical thinking can transform the mode of education. While critical thinking has been introduced into academia, the majority of philosophic, commercial and political problems are analyzed and solved by this advanced means. Moreover, instead of doing researches blindly and subjectively, students can make a step-by-step and impersonal consequence by using critical thinking. This is......

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Critical Thinking

...Abstract This paper explores critical thinking skills and teaching them in an educational setting. Teaching critical thinking is highly debatable. Many feel as though it is not a necessary skill that needs to be learned and others feel as though it is not a skill that can be taught. In this paper I will discuss what critical thinking is and ways it can be taught in an educational setting. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills in Schools For many years critical thinking has been an important issue in education. Following the 1948 Convention of the American Psychological Association, Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist, took control over the development of the goals of the educational process. The goals of the educational process included knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Ever since, the debate over critical thinking has been a hot one (Schneider, 2002). What is critical thinking? Well throughout the past decade the definition of critical thinking has somewhat changed and there are numerous definitions to define it. According to Paul Chance, “critical thinking is the ability to analyze facts, generate and organize ideas, defend opinions, make comparisons, draw inferences, evaluate arguments and solve problems” (Chance, 1986). According to Tama Carrol critical thinking is, “a way of reasoning that demands adequate support for one’s beliefs and an unwillingness to be persuaded unless support is......

Words: 1318 - Pages: 6

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking for Success Shelly Butler GEN/200 March 30, 2015 Russell Prechtl Critical Thinking in Education and Daily Life Critical thinking is a process that is used every day, but without acknowledgement. We utilize all the steps in the critical thinking process when we do the jobs required of us, handle daily situations, or even when we attend school. All of us utilize the key steps in critical thinking in different ways. Emotion is a trigger that prevents us from making some rational decisions. In a group setting accomplished tasks are in a productive way, we have situations that cause difficulties in communication. If we all were more aware of utilizing the critical thinking process more efficiently, we would see more cases that had a different outcome. The Process of Thinking As a child, we are taught to learn from our parents what is right from wrong. Some parents give logical reasoning when preparing to educate the child better. A child is more likely to understand when given the reasons. When we reach the educational system, teachers, or professors, give us grounds for the lessons we are learning. We process all of this information by asking questions and analyzing the given information accurately. Upon entering the workforce, we have been prepared to utilize the critical thinking process to assist in accomplishing the tasks required. All of these steps taught aid in becoming successful academically and in your career. Researching critical......

Words: 1192 - Pages: 5

Critical Thinking

...AnneMarie Rivera Critical Thinking Reflection HUM/115 March 12, 2015 Will receiving a college degree improve your career opportunities? There are numerous benefits of having a college degree, ranging from cultural to financial. First, the experience and knowledge obtained while in college can help develop necessary interpersonal and communication skills, expand your skill set, and most importantly, think critically to handle any issues that may arise in the workplace. Obtaining a college education provides the opportunity for social growth and learning with other like-minded people who are doing the same. In addition, even though some may not be thinking about it, your education is furnishing the opportunity of exploration, and getting to know your interests and skills. In doing so, you get a better idea of what career path you would like to take, and what you want to do with your life. The more formal education you have, the more confidence you have in your expertise. As a new graduate going into the career world, job positions are based largely on your level of education. While a college education statistically provides a better possibility of obtaining wealth (Cheeseman Day & Newburger, 2012), it does not guarantee success. You are responsible for taking all that you have learned and utilizing your newly obtained proficiency to make your mark as a competent and self-reliant employee. Many of the skills obtained, including critical thinking, will......

Words: 805 - Pages: 4

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Decision Making Inessa Arutunyan Linda Iacoboni Anisha Lalwani Dan Sarbu MGT/350 November 7, 2011 James Chatterton Critical Thinking and Decision Making Critical thinking is thinking comprised with careful judgment. One gathers facts and evidence then analyzes the data to come to an objective conclusion. Decision-making is the process of arriving at an agreement through careful analysis without bias. When applying the process of critical thinking sound and solid decisions evolve. Several types of thinking can enhance or inhibit critical thinking when one is moving toward a decision. For example, emotional thinking or, sometimes referred to as emotional intelligence. Emotions are "a state of consciousness having to do with the arousal of feelings” (Webster’s New World Dictionary). Feelings can be pleasant or unpleasant that one can react to when in action or thinking. Intelligence is a measure of the amount a person can favorably (or unfavorably) apply sound judgment and reason to a situation while deciding their feelings to the situation (Elder, 1996). Critical thinking is the ability to advance ones thinking toward logic and the capacity to analytically reason. Emotions can cause a defect in critical thinking. Emotions are one’s internal gauge, letting one know how he or she is doing in......

Words: 1483 - Pages: 6

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinkers and Education A Teachers Goal Bia Mcgrue Scypion EDU372: Educational Psychology Prof. Jimletta Vareene-Thomas 2/20/2016 Critical Thinkers and Education A Teachers Goal Throughout life we are challenged and we encounter an abundance of issues or problems that we need to solve. Some problems that can be resolved effortlessly and efficiently but other obstacles may require a more critical and creative thinking to overcome. When it comes down to thinking to solve problems we depend on our thinking or give some regurgitated answer that we just read. But “much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed, or downright prejudiced” (TCTC, 2016). The purpose of critical thinking is so that we are able to not only accomplish or attain understanding but also so we can assess or check each other’s frame of reference and eventually clarify the question or dilemma at hand. Some would argue whose challenge is it to get students to move pass their beliefs and assumption. Is it on students to dig deeper to gain or find additional tools and information that leads to developing a more in depth thought process. Richard Dawkins expressed that we should “not indoctrinate your children. Teach them how to think for themselves, how to evaluate evidence, and how to disagree with you” (Dawkins, 2015). Picture a student who completes every assignment follows along attentively writes down the notes and answers the questions with the information......

Words: 3300 - Pages: 14

Critical Thinking

...Critical Thinking and Ethics: Critical thinking and ethics are such an important topic in today's business world. With an idea that is always developing it is important to understand what these mean, and how these work. Let us look at critical thinking first. Critical thinking's definition is: being able to apply knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation in everyday problems (Athanassiou). Knowledge is to recall what is previously learned, comprehension shows awareness of material, the application uses data to answer questions, analysis breaks down material, synthesis recombines information from the analysis, and evaluation displays one's judgment of the value of information received (Athanassiou). This process should apply to many everyday situations. When you are dealing with children, it can be a very busy situation. It is best to know each child you deal with; everyone has different emotions. You can use the knowledge and understand how to treat a child in a manner that helps the child behave in the best manner possible for you. By doing this, you would ask; how do I get my child to behave in a good manner? At this point, you recall that they acted well after using energy at the park, so you proceed to the park. Next you would give simple instructions to see how well they can listen; if they can follow simple instructions its a success. Next, you would understand that if your child arrives at the park this would allow them to burn......

Words: 672 - Pages: 3