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Crt 205 Final

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Final Project: Comprehensive Argument Analysis
The Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database at the University Library provides a wealth of arguments to which you can apply your critical thinking skills. Find this database by logging into to the Library and selecting the Article Databases—Specialized link. From the results page, scroll down to select the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center link.

Resources: Appendix A, Appendix D, and the University Library

Due Date: Day 7 [Individual forum]

Choose two topics from the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center that interest you and locate a set of materials from the database for each topic. If you choose school violence as one of your topics, for example, you might find a magazine article that argues that violence in the media causes school violence and a Web site that persuasively argues that violence in the media is not responsible for school violence.

Conduct a similar search for your second topic. When finished, you should have two sources per topic. Note: You may use sources from any combination of the Viewpoints, Magazines, Academic Journals, News (use sources marked Editorial and Column), and Web sites database sections.

Use the form in Appendix D to critically analyze your four sources. Fill out one form for each source.

o Provide the title of the source.

o Provide the source citation. Locate the citation by clicking on the Source Citation link at the top of the page when viewing the source.

o Identify the principal issue presented by the source.

o Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.

o Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this.

o Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning.

o Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.

o Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this.

o State one argument made by the author.

o Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument.

o Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this.

o Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this.

Post Appendix D as an attachment.

Axia College Material
Appendix D

Critical Analysis Forms

Fill out one form for each source.

Source 1 Title and Citation: The USA PATRIOT Act Provides the Security That Protects Americans' Liberty | Ashcroft, John. "The USA PATRIOT Act Provides the Security That Protects Americans' Liberty." Current Controversies: Homeland Security. Ed. Andrea C. Nakaya. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library. 28 Aug. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010347230&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=apollo&version=1.0>. |

1 | Identify the principal issue presented by the source. | The primary issue here is that post September 11th, on how to “preserve and protect our liberty in the face of a very real terrorist threat.” | 2 | Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | To me, the article says we are doing thing to preserve the freedom of American citizens from terrorism. At the time this article was published, it was a lot of talk and no action. | 3 | Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | I believe that this article is ambiguous because of the uncertainty of where this country was going post September 11th. To me the Patriot Act of 2001 was a rough draft of a guideline on what to do with the terrorists in this country. John Ashcroft states an example that Lyman Faris was punished to 20 years in prison under the Patriot Act, but where was the public in all of this, and thus the unclearity. | 4 | Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. | I do find this article credible because it was quoted from John Ashcroft, the US Attorney General. | 5 | Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The author of the article quoted “Take away all the bells and whistles ... the rhetorical flourishes and occasional vitriol ... and the current debate about liberty is about the rule of law and the role of law.” Meaning that the laws are symbolic to this country. | 6 | Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | I believe that the “straw man” fallacy was used in this article because of the story being “two – faced”. Yes the author quoted John Ashcroft in the article, but I also think that the author is putting in their own political views as well. | 7 | State one argument made by the author. | One argument of the article is that the law should enhance freedom, and the author states several ways that the Patriot Act is doing that. | 8 | Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. | The premise of this article is the Patriot Act of 2001 and how in 2003, how it has worked. The conclusion is that we need to live in a land of liberty. | 9 | Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this. | I believe that the author’s argument is valid, strong, and sound because they are trying to state on how the Patriot Act is working and what it has done for this country. | 10 | Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this. | I believe that the author did not use moral reasoning because the states immoral facts in the article like “murder of women and children in Jerusalem” and “Saudi citizens savaged in Riyadh.” |

Source 2 Title and Citation: Federal Judge Rules Patriot Act unconstitutional. (Inside Track)(Anne L. Aiken)(Brief article).The New American | "Federal Judge Rules Patriot Act unconstitutional.(Inside Track)(Anne L. Aiken)(Brief article)." The New American. 23. 22 (Oct 29, 2007): 9(1). Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library. 29 Aug. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents&type=retrieve&tabID=T003&prodId=OVRC&docId=A170728798&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=apollo&version=1.0>. |

1 | Identify the principal issue presented by the source. | The author states that a federal judge deems the Patriot Act of 2001 unconstitutional. | 2 | Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | Yes there is bias in the article; it’s one judge stating it not several judges. | 3 | Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The article is vague because it doesn’t state on how the 4th amendment is being violated. | 4 | Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. | Yes I do find this source credible because a federal judge is finding the Patriot Act unconstitutional. | 5 | Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The rhetorical device that the author uses is that the 4th amendment is being violated and it needs to be fixed. | 6 | Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | I believe that this article is an “inconsistency ad hominem” because of the inconsistency of the 4th amendment being violated; but in which ways? | 7 | State one argument made by the author. | Brandon Mayfield was accused of the train bombings in Madrid, which he found was innocent on. The US awarded him $2 million and a formal apology was made. “Part of Mayfield's settlement included a provision that allowed the U.S. government to be freed from any future liability in his case, with one exception that he could challenge the constitutionality of the Patriot Act. | 8 | Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. | The premise is that the 4th amendment to the constitution is being violated and that needs to be | 9 | Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this. | I think that this article is valid, sound and strong because the 4th amendment is being violated, which I strongly believe. | 10 | Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this. | I do not believe that the author uses moral reasoning in this article because of the inconsistency of the article. |

Source 3 Title and Citation: Vaccines May Cause Autism | O'Meara, Kelly Patricia. "Vaccines May Cause Autism." Opposing Viewpoints: Epidemics. Ed. Mary E. Williams. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library. 31 Aug. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010133249&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=apollo&version=1.0>. |

1 | Identify the principal issue presented by the source. | The primary issues that the article states that vaccines don’t cause autism. | 2 | Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | Yes there is bias in this article because before 1992, I do believe that thimerosal (a mercury containing preservative) may have caused autism, although the vaccines that are shipped outside this country still have the substance in it, so enough of the double standard. | 3 | Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | Yes the article is vague because it doesn’t state the other factors that can cause autism. | 4 | Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. | No because the article is bias and doesn’t state the other factors that can cause autism. | 5 | Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The rhetorical devices in this article are saying that thimerosal is the cause of all autism, but there are also several factors that call it as well. | 6 | Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The fallacy is poisoning the well because it saying that thimerosal is the only cause of autism and doesn’t state the factors of autism (other chemicals (like bug sprays), seizures, and it could be genetic as well). | 7 | State one argument made by the author. | Thimerosal can cause autism, which was found in our childhood vaccines. | 8 | Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. | Thimerosal can cause autism, and vaccines may still contain mercury. | 9 | Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this. | To me this article is both valid and invalid and unsound because of the lack of information that is given on the other factors of the causes of autism. | 10 | Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this. | In some ways, the author is using moral reasoning, because they are not mentioning the other factors that cause autism because autism hits home for me. |

Source 4 Title and Citation: Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism | McCormick, Marie C. "Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism." Opposing Viewpoints: Epidemics. Ed. Mary E. Williams. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Apollo Library. 31 Aug. 2008 <http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T010&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3010133250&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=apollo&version=1.0>. |

1 | Identify the principal issue presented by the source. | Vaccines do not cause autism | 2 | Identify any examples of bias presented by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The article is bias because it’s saying that there is no connection to the thimerosal in vaccines to autism. | 3 | Identify any areas that are vague or ambiguous. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | Yes the article is vague because once again, it doesn’t state the other factors that cause autism and it’s one sided. | 4 | Do you find the source credible? Explain your reasoning. | Yes the source is credible, but it’s still lacks the other factors that cause autism. | 5 | Identify and name any rhetorical devices used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The rhetorical devices used by the author uses are that thimerosal doesn’t cause autism. | 6 | Identify and name any fallacies used by the author. If none exist, explain how you determined this. | The fallacy is poisoning the well because of the lack of information of the other factors that cause autism. | 7 | State one argument made by the author. | Autism isn’t fully understood. | 8 | Identify the premises and conclusion of the argument. | Vaccines do not cause autism and autism isn’t fully understood. | 9 | Is the author’s argument valid or invalid, sound or unsound, strong or weak? Explain how you determined this. | The author’s argument is valid, sound and strong, but it lacks other information. | 10 | Does the author use moral reasoning? If not, explain how you determined this. | Yes the author uses moral reasoning, but it lacks other important information. |…...

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