Premium Essay

Diagnostic Tools Jelinek

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Mrsc
Words 683
Pages 3
Disease or Mental Disorder

Society has come along way from believing that an individual drank into a drunken stage because they wanted to. People who were once called Drunkards, are now referred to as alcoholics, or alcohol dependents. E. M. Jellinek, one of the leading Post-Prohibition American pioneers on alcoholism, is credited widely with beginning the modern study of alcoholism as a disease. In 1946 he defined alcoholism broadly as any use of alcoholic beverages that causes any damage to the individual, to society, or both, and described a classification system of ‘subtypes’ of alcoholism ‘that range from non- progressive use (alpha) to chronic recurring inability to abstain from alcohol use (delta). Historically Jelinek took the stigma attached to alcohol addiction. He took alcoholism from being looked at as a bad habit, to being a concept of actual disease. He Studied groups of thousands in AA. And their behavioral patters. He categorized and defined the stages of alcoholism into these subtypes.
Definition of alcoholism: any use of alcoholic beverages that causes any damage to the individual, to society, or both. Subtypes are:
ALPHA:Use to relieve bodily or emotional pain; not progressive

BETA:Heavy drinking (cultural, social) leading to heavy organ damage GAMMA:Tolerance; psychological dependence (craving); physical dependence (withdrawal); impaired control
DELTA: Tolerance; psychological and physical dependence; inability to abstain
EPSILON: Dipsomania (periodic binges) Jelinek believed that certain behaviors and phases led to ones alcoholism, and that alcoholics could be rehabbed. Jelleniks work has ben largely responsible for shifting the view of alcoholism as a defect, rather than a disease. His belief did not go without criticism. In retrospect, Jellinek may have blurred rather than…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Diagnostic Testing

...Diagnostic Testing 1. Beck Anxiety Inventory 3 Description: 4 Rationale: 4 Personnel, Training, Administration, and Scoring Requirements: 5 Population Used to Develop Measure 5 What Are The Symptoms Of An Anxiety Attack? 5 The Beck Anxiety Inventory of the 21 most common symptoms: 5 Scoring: 6 Interpretation of score 6 Psychometric Properties: 7 Reliability: 7 Validity 7 Advantages: 8 Disadvantages: 9 Suggested Uses: 9 Beck Anxiety Inventory used in Pakistani Settings 10 2. Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAS) 11 Rating: 11 Purpose 11 Use in the field 12 Scale 12 Scoring 12 Criteria for interpretation 12 Versions 12 Psychometric Properties 13 Applied in different researches 14 3. Hamilton Depression Scale 15 Description/Purpose 15 Use in the field 15 Scale 16 Criteria for interpretation 16 Psychometric properties 16 Applied in different researches 18  Correlations among Depression Rating Scales and A Self-Rating Anxiety Scale In Depressive Outpatients 18 Limitations 19 4. Adaptive Behavior Assessment System Second Edition 19 Rationale: 20 What’s New in ABAS–II 20 ABAS–II Rating Forms 21 Scores Reported 22 Sample Items: 22 Psychometric Properties: 23 Standardization 23 Validity 25 Advantages of Using ABAS–II 25 Adaptive behaviour assessment system in Pakistan: 26 5. Symptom Assessment-45 26 Purpose: 26 Description: 26 SA-45 Scales: 27 Psychometric properties: 28 Reliability and......

Words: 7835 - Pages: 32

Free Essay

Critique of Women as Lovers by Jelinek

...other words, the story of the two girls is built around the sad realities that Jelinek is trying to boldly highlight about women and men’s relationship in the world. The girls begin young and hard working, but still undesirable: Paula for her overwhelming and immature longing for romance, and Brigitte for her lack of desirable feminine qualities and purity. Together, they are undesirable because they do not come from wealth. They live parallel lives, Jelinek keeping them separate by chapters until later in the novel where they intersect by established similarities and differences. She bounces back and forth, connecting with a “paula on the other hand”, or “brigitte on the other hand” (138) and repeating the same sentence twice but only changing the name from b. to p.. The novel, similar to this banter-like style of writing, is a battle of women against women. Women win men, and life insurance, by getting pregnant (unless of course they destroy their chances, which happens quite frequently, Erich was no life insurance for Paula). In the end, Brigitte is successful, and Paula is not. “paula started the breaking, now she is completely broken…paula does less than a happy person, because she is unhappy,” (189). In the end, nothing turns out to be fair, because nothing was fair the entire time. But that isn’t important, because people really aren’t that important, we are merely a statistic according to Jelinek. “it is not enough therefore, simply to surrender oneself brainlessly to......

Words: 1179 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Diagnostic Essay

...Alexandrea Winieckie Mr. Greenup English 101 8 January 2013 Diagnostic Essay English 101 is a requirement in order to graduate from SFCC, if we are pursuing a career field that does not require English why are we required to take it then? English 101 will help our success in other classes while in college and, our career. If English was completed all four years of high school, what necessary will we get out if it doing it once more in college; will it apply to our career, writing skills, or do we simply tolerate it to not obtain anything? English 101 is required for most schools but what essentially is being obtained, for most of us we haven’t utilized proper writing skills since high school. In many classes papers are part of the requirement to pass that specific class with English 101 to diagnose our current writing skills, we will be able to become stronger writers and, become familiar with different writing structures for essays. In the end altogether English 101 will better increase our knowledge of different parts of the essay, themes, punctuation, and the mechanics. Many careers don’t involve English although it is a very important skill to have for the future. Not everyone has the passion to want to become a publisher although while taking English 101 you might have had the passion for something else and, realize that English is something that you enjoy more. It may not be the most liked course but unlike any other class you may take in your college......

Words: 357 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Diagnostic Analysis

...WEEK 8 FINAL PAPER: DIAGNOSTIC ANALYSIS   Purpose   The purpose of this diagnostic analysis is to create an opportunity to use the ideas and concepts discussed in the course in the analysis of a real organizational situation. The situation may be drawn from your experiences, or if you are not working or do not have a frame of reference, then research an organization through the online library ( Your choice of the situation is important and will take considerable judgment and discretion in deciding whether it is feasible to use it for the purposes of the papers. Discretion and confidentiality are of utmost importance in this analysis. So, disguise the source of the case study (unless it is drawn from public record) through use of appropriate pseudonyms.    Learning objectives of the Final Paper: 1. Identify an organizational situation for the purpose of analysis (the situation must be sufficiently complex to generate enough material to satisfy the requirements as outlined below) 2. Analyze how the images, concepts and theoretical frameworks help to make sense of the situation 3. Construct a case study that relates evidence to theory and provide an appropriate analysis and explanation of the situation described Organizational Analysis in a Nutshell   Organizational analysis is the ability to examine an organization/organizational situation so that its fundamental characteristics are made clear. It is not simply spotting......

Words: 1023 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Diagnostic Imaging

...Questions: 1) What does SDMS stand for? Society of diagnostic medical sonographers. 2) What is the core purpose of SDMS? To enhance the art and science of medicine by advancing medical sonography. 3) Is it true that SDMS seeks the cooperation of other organizations. TRUE 4) Is it true that they don’t publish newsletters and journals? FALSE 5) Was SDMS founded in 1970 or 1980? 1970. ________________________________________________________________________ Bone denstritomitry- measures mass and bones. ARRT- standardized exams to find individuals. Radiologist technologist. QM- Quality management Quality controlled tests. Promotion, more money. Osha- training, assistance, etc. Deaths and injuries cute by 50% and 40%. Protect from radiation/chemicals in film. Ardms: identification of qualified sonographers. renewed annually, fee. Asrt: All medical imaging technologists. Continuing education and conferences. Grant money and scholarships, you can do it while a student. Student fee is discounted. Radiation therapist: documenting treatment from the assistant. Take x-rays, monitor patient. To treat a patient like cancer. Don’t offer at Quinnipiac. RDMS- certified ardms, complete formal training. different certifications. Clinical instructor- Watch student preformers General diagnostic licence to practice in the area. Doing all your evaluations. MR- professionals that detect like brain amoralities...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay


...Analysis Tools 1. Comparative financial statement analysis We can get information about accounting changes and direction, speed, and extent of trends from period to period, which reveal in balance sheets, income statements, or statements of cash flows. There are two popular comparative analysis techniques: ① Year-to year change analysis ② Index-number trend analysis Year-to year change analysis: ·over short time/ period 2-3 years ·provide change in absolute dollar amounts as well as in percentages which all reveal on a individual list ·computation is straightforward E.g. |Item(in millions) |Period 1 |Period 2 |Amount |Percemt | |Net income(loss) |(5000) |1000 |7000 |------- | |Tax expense |3000 |(500) |(3500) |-------- | |Cash |10 |3010 |3000 |30,000% | |Notes payable |------- |8000 |8000 |--------- | |Notes receivable |10,000 |------ |(10,000) |100% | GY company’s change analysis | ......

Words: 1148 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay


...the copyright law. Therefore Hearst is facing the potential loss of retransmission revenue. One solution for this issue would be giving profit shares to Hearst for all over-the-air TV programs being recorded by Aereo, so there is no harm on both sides. But it will definitely hurt revenue earned by Aereo compared to the past. Despite of that disadvantage, the good news is that Aereo will be allowed offering subscribers more TV programs than it did before. Therefore there will have a potential increasing on subscribers. The second solution on this case is that Aereo give up on paying its subscribers the ability to stream over-the-air TV programs to iPads, iPhones and other devices, since these devices can be defined as public transmission tools to the public. Even though all TV programs Aereo used may not public performances, but if those programs are played by media devices to the public, then it will have the potential risk that those programs might be transmitted by the third party. And that will violate the law and copyrights. In summary, it concludes that the first solution will be the best solution. Because both parties will have the happy ending in addition by losing any weights on each side....

Words: 441 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Self Diagnostic

...Self-Diagnostic Essay Assignment Self-Diagnostic Essay Assignment I was told that the truth and only the truth will set you free and I am far from a J.K. Rowling or a William Shakespeare when it comes to writing. If the Olympics had writing as an event and I was for some odd reason competing in that event. My country will be highly disappointed with my efforts on winning. I have more weaknesses then strengths when it comes to writing, that is why I decided to take this course so I can enhance my writing abilities to reach my goals this semester. One word to describe my health as a writer will be obese. I consider my health as a writer to be obese just for the simple fact that I’m so lazy when it comes to writing. Procrastination is like a permanent disease when I know I have a paper due. It will take me two to three days to start a paper. I have a hard time figuring out the words to express the base of my topic. To be honest it took me my whole weekend trying to get an idea on how I was going to write this essay. My brain will sit there in a daze trying to figure out what to write about then I get writers block. I’m a simple guy so when I have a paper that I need to get done I will try my best not to think or write using simple minded words because I stress so much on what my teacher or professor might think about my writing. Therefore that whole stress factor on writing makes me insecure on my writing abilities. I have never attended any writing groups. The idea...

Words: 1163 - Pages: 5

Free Essay


...Tools * Zamzar - Online file conversion * Mobi-Pdf - Convert .mobi to PDF to perfection. * Broken File Generator – Blame your faulty computer for your procrastination * CopyPasteCharacter – Online character map for frequently used non-alphabet characters * BigAssMessage – Ensure they get the message * ReadItLater - Save pages to read later * Tinyurl - URL Shortener * L-Mail - Send letters online * WhatTheFont - Match fonts * Tineye - Reverse image search * - Sleep calculator * Ninite - Fast way to update/install software * BugMeNot - Find/Share login/passwords to avoid signing up * WhatIsMyIp - Find your IP address * Mailinator - Disposable email account * Scribd - Text hosting * PopURLs - Feed from top stories of news aggregators * 10minutemail - Disposable email account * PrintFriendly - Make webpages printfriendly * EasyBib - Bibliography/Citation Maker * Pipl - Web people search * Pixlr - Online photo editor * Mibbit - Web IRC * ShadyURL - Create alternative "shady" urls * DownForEveryoneOrJustMe - Is down? * Kapersky - Online virus scanner * SynchTube - Watch YouTube videos in sync with your friends * Lipsum - Create filler text * CoolUtils Image Converter - Resize images for avatars * Dropbox - File hosting * MediaFire - File hosting * - File hosting * ZumoDrive - File hosting * DepositFiles - Another file......

Words: 621 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Academic Diagnostic

...Academic Diagnostic ​During the enrollment process I completed the academic diagnostic test that tested current writing and reading skills. It has been about ten years since I last completed any test. My anxiety level due to the testing experience on a scale 1-5, 5 being the highest, was 4. My anxiety level being as high as it was, was not only due to the amount of time that I have been out of school, even though that played a major factor, but also because I have never done very well taking any test, whether I study or not. During tests, I get panic-stricken and freeze up, fearful of answering wrong and receiving a discouraging grade. It usually doesn’t matter if the test is just a knowledge test or a test that I studied for, or how long I studied for it; I still tend to get stressed, especially if the answer options are multiple choices. I have always done better answering questions that are given by explanation from memory, like writing a paragraph or answering in my own words. Choosing from multiple choices, I read too much into the test questions and tend to over think the answers, second and third guessing my first. Furthermore, my mind goes blank and anything that I know or studied, dematerialize. Once the test is over and I’ve had the chance to review the questions that were on the test and the answers that I gave, I feel foolish and upset with myself, particularly if I didn’t do well, because I know that I could have done better if I didn’t get......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Diagnostic Deception

...Diagnostic Deception In the past 10 years, the United States has been experiencing a medical epidemic of frightening proportion, taking place primarily in children. Cases of a psychiatric deficiency known as Attention Deficit Disorder, or “ADD,” have been popping up in young kids and teenagers all over the country. What’s causing this? The American Psychiatric Association, often referred to as the “APA,” claims that the disorder has always been this prevalent, but it was only recently discovered, hence the increasing number of diagnoses, but there seems to be more to this “disorder” than meets the eye. As the number of cases continues to grow, many believe that the number of people with ADD is actually unchanging, and is in fact, zero. While the APA would like you to think otherwise, ADD and ADHD are fictitious disorders. The cause for question in this conversation of the reality of Attention Deficit Disorder has many aspects. Of them, are the facts that ADD and ADHD are only recognized as psychiatric disorders in the United States of America, the suspicious timing of the entrance of these disorders into the APA’s psychiatric journal: the DSM, and the pharmaceutical industry’s role in treatment. These factors, some big, some small, build the often criticized argument against the authenticity of ADD and ADHD as mental disorders. The United States has been home to many unique and wonderful things, but rarely is any one country the sole victim of a disease, let alone......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Diagnostic Example

...determine the level of treatment needed to address her current substance use. Ms. Postma reported a history of substance use. She reported that she became involved with DCS due to domestic violence with the father of her child. Ms. Postma reported previous involvement with DCS when she was a child. She reported that she was removed from her parents’ home due to domestic violence and abuse. Purpose for Assessment The purpose of this substance abuse assessment is to gather and analyze information regarding Ms. Postma’s level of substance issues, current and future service needs. The Indiana Department of Child Services referred Ms. Postma for a substance abuse disorder assessment as a result of Ms. Postma’s use of substances. Assessment Tools: Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Inventory CCFES Intake Assessment Interview/Biopsychosocial Assessment: Ms. Postma is a 18-year-old Caucasian female who is currently residing at 5217 Madison Avenue in Indianapolis, IN. Ms. Postma reported previous involvement with DCS that involved domestic violence and abuse when she was a child. Ms. Postma was raised by her mother and aunt. She described the relationship with her mom as being horrible. Ms. Postma reported incidents of physical and mental abuse. During the time of the assessment, Ms. Postma reported a history of substance use and/or abuse in her family. Ms. Postma reported that both parents were meth addicts. Ms. Postma reported that her social support was good.......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Diagnostic Paper

...Maria Criselda A. Sarmiento 2009 – 26175 BA Communication Research 25 Nov 2011 Paper 1: Diagnostic Comm130-FRU Coke Green: The Drink That Isn’t This year saw a noisier ground for the Corporate Social Responsibility as the two legislative chambers both filed a bill institutionalizing it. Corporate Social Responsibility, as defined by the World Bank, is “the commitment of business to contribute to sustainable economic development, working with employees, their families, the local community, and society at large to improve quality of life, in ways that are both good for business and good for development.” (Petkoksi & Twose, 2003) House Bill 4575 or the “Corporate Social Responsibility Act of 2011” advanced to the final reading and had finally been approved in June, while the “Act of Institutionalizing Corporate Social Responsibility Among Large Tax Payers And Providing Incentives Therefor,” Senate Bill 1239, still finds no space of getting across the Higher House. The different fate these two bills have had parallels to their dissimilar directives. In the House Bill 4575, CSR is highly encouraged among all business enterprise, big and small alike. In the said bill, recognitions will be awarded to businesses that have outstandingly advanced CSR initiatives. Assuming a heavier, thus more disputable, take on CSR, on the other hand, the Senate Bill 1239 mandates CSR only among large tax payers. While said section seems the be......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...power & hand tools Toolsmarket : A consumer’s What’s the colour and shape of the power and hand tools category moving into 2012? Nick walsh reports on a consumer-friendly market. “It’s hard work. Everyone’s fighting but that’s the nature of the economy. Those that are working smarter are thinking about how they deliver products to the market and they are the ones that are winning.’ says Blair Sutherland, National Sales Manager for Fox & Gunn. It’s a synopsis we’ve heard time and time before over the last 12 months but one that still rings true. No one is saying it’s an easy market, but according to Sutherland: “Everyone is very optimistic about this year and the signs are good. Building hand tool products have definitely lifted. That in itself says to us that the market is starting to make spasmodic recovery. It’s just a question of when and how it’s going to happen.” Across the board, there is a palpable sense of a “waiting game” going on, especially in light of the inherent role new construction starts play in the industry. As we go to print, building consent figures for January do show positive growth and though it does come as heartening news, many players in the market are wisely sceptical about anything suggesting less than steady incremental progress. But you do have to be in to win and suppliers are prepared for an expected increase in demand. In the notoriously price-feisty power tools sector we hear that demand is currently at a low point but suppliers are......

Words: 4595 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay


...industry is regulated and licensed by the government or controlled by the American Medical Association (AMA). The AMA limits the number of persons practicing medicine primarily through medical school accreditation and licensing requirements. The federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) required testing that delays the introduction of new drugs. Tighter restrictions on the number of sellers shift the health care supply curve leftward, and reduced restrictions shift the supply curve rightward. Resource Prices An increase in the costs of resources underlying the supply of health care shifts the supply curve leftward. By far the single most important factor behind increasing health care spending has been technological change. New diagnostic, surgical, and therapeutic equipment is used extensively in the health care industry, and the result is higher costs. Wages, salaries, and other costs, such as the costs of malpractice suits, also influence the supply curve. If hospitals, for example, are paying higher prices for inputs used to produce health care, the supply curve shifts to the left because the same quantities may be supplied only at higher prices. HEALTH CARE REFORM In October 1993, the Clinton administration submitted a 1,336-page proposal for health care reform to Congress. After a much-publicized and heated debate, Congress rejected this complex and controversial proposal. The cornerstone of President Clinton's plan was universal health care.......

Words: 1720 - Pages: 7