Premium Essay

Directorial Executice

In: Other Topics

Submitted By giulia1011
Words 386
Pages 2
THE DIRECTORIAL EXECUTIVE
The Directorial Executive is a unicum, it exists in only one country in the world, Switzerland. Historically the origins of this Form of Government can be traced back to the French Constitution of the Thermidorian Reaction which established a five-man Directory. This model, which proved to be unsuccessful in France, was then brought to Switzerland by the French Army in 1789 and it is still applied.
Using Elgie’s dispositional properties we can underlie the essential features of this Form of Government.
First of all the Directorial system is characterized by the presence of just one institution, which is both the Head of Government and Head of State, the Federal Council, composed of 7 members. A peculiar feature which comes to surface is therefore the constitutional body not being monocratic as in the Presidential Form of Government but collegial. All the 7 members are formally and legally the Head of Government and Head of State though, for obvious practical reasons, Parliament after having elected the 7 members also proceeds to the election of the President and Vice-president, both in office for one year with a nonrenewable mandate.
The only institutional body that is popularly elected is the Federal Parliament(2nd dispositional property)
Between the Federal Parliament and the Council there is no relationship of confidence as in a Parliamentary system, therefore once the members of the Council are appointed by Parliament they will remain in office for a fixed term of 4 years as for the President of US. There is no possibility of voting no confidence towards the Federal Council ( 3rd dispositional property)
In Switzerland there is a system of shared government where the Council is the expression of the main political parties. This is due to the so-called “magic formula” used to appoint the 7 members according to which two seats are…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Movie Review Away from Her

...Away From Her The only thing we can say about Sarah Polley’s screenwriting and directorial debut is: wow! Basing her script on the short story “The Bear Came over the Mountain” by Alice Munro, Polley had created a masterpiece. Julie Christie plays Fiona, a woman suffering from the beginning stages of Alzheimer’s Disease. She and her husband, Grant (Gordon Pinsent), have not been apart from each other for nearly four and a half decades, so understandably he takes it quite hard when she decides it would be best for her to enter into a nursing hope for people suffering from Alzheimer’s. Over the course of time, Grant becomes somewhat alarmed, and even a little jealous, over the strength of friendship that she develops with a fellow patient named Aubrey. As can be expected, Grant has to struggle to come to terms with this new relationship and with Fiona’s fading memory. Although Julie Christie has been widely recognized for her performance (nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, winner of the BAFTA, Golden Globe, and National Board of Review, Screen Actors Guild for the same, as well as numerous film critics societies), and not to take anything away from that, the story is driven by Gordon Pinsent’s performance (he won the award for Outstanding Male Performance from the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television, and Radio Artists…they’re version of the SAG Awards). Also of note is Olympia Dukakis playing Marian, Aubrey’s wife, as she......

Words: 365 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Management

...organizations can move toward their objectives. It is the foundation area of management. It is the base upon which the areas of management should be built. Planning requires administration to assess, where the company is presently set, and where it would be in the upcoming. From there an appropriate course of action is determined and implemented to attain the company's goals and objectives (Pearce & Robinson, 2009). Organizing is the second function of the management. Management must organize its resources well before in hand to put into practice the course of action to decide has been planned in the base function. Through this process, management will now determine the inside directorial configuration; establish and maintain relationships, and assign required resources. However, determining the inside directorial configuration, management is to look at the different divisions or departments. They also see to the harmonization of staff, and try to find out the best way to handle the important tasks and expenditure of information within the company. Management determines the division of work according to its need. Therefore, the company has to decide for suitable departments to hand over authority and responsibilities. Directing is the third function of the management. Working under this function helps the management to control and supervise the actions of the staff. This helps them to assist the staff in achieving the company's goals and accomplishing their personal or......

Words: 788 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Management Planning

...strive for. For this kind of preparation, the process can be determined as strategic planning. In strategic planning, management analyzes inside and outside factors that may affect the company (Barrett 2003). The company should study the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. In order for management to do this correctly, it has to be very practical and motivated. The second primary function of management is to get prepared and get organized. Management must organize all of its resources before to put into practice the course of action to decide that has been planned in the base function. Through this process, management will now determine the inside directorial configuration; establish and maintain relationships, and also assign required resources. While determining the inside directorial configuration, management ought to look at the different divisions or departments. They also see to the harmonization of staff, and try to find out the best way to handle the important tasks and expenditure of information within the company. Management determines the division of work according to its need. It also has to decide for suitable departments to hand over authority and responsibilities. Controlling is the third function of management. Working under this function helps the management to direct and supervise the actions of the staff. This helps them to assist the staff in achieving the company’s goals and also accomplishing their personal or......

Words: 753 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

A Critical Examination of the Impact of Section 172 of the Companies Act 2006

...A Critical Examination of the Impact of Section 172 of the Companies Act 2006 There has been a plethora of debate surrounding the approach to directorial decision making in the scheme of corporate governance. A divergence has emerged between numerous schools of thought as to whose interests the directors are to consider in conducting the company’s management. The approach under English law is codified under section 172 Companies Act 2006 (‘CA 2006’) which professes an ‘enlightened shareholder value’ approach to corporate governance. This has given rise to scrutiny and challenge from numerous critics but most notably from proponents of the ‘stakeholder management’ stance. The aim here is therefore to evaluate the scope and impact of section 172 and consider the possible alternatives whilst seeking to establish whether section 172 can be considered a positive development within company law. 1. Previous approach Under the common law, directors were required to act in good faith in what they believed to be in the company’s best interests. The main problem was that the company is a legal abstraction and acting in the ‘company’s interests’ is a fairly obscure and elusive concept; thus reform was necessary so that directors could ascertain what the ‘company’s interests’ actually entails i.e. whose interests it is referring to[1]. Moreover, under section 309 Companies Act 1985, directors were to have regard to the ‘interests of the company's employees in......

Words: 2509 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Shakespeare's Macbeth

...how easily susceptible they are to the corruptibility of power. They suffer the same feelings as us, especially the unrelenting ambition of men, and now women have become victims to in contemporary society. It is against this backdrop, that I will produce a modern rendition of Macbeth that will challenge the audience to contemplate the ever-growing feminist society of the present day. To accomplish this, I will be shifting the focus of my directorial debut away from the many linear adaptations of Macbeth littered throughout the film industry with revisions featuring little to no deviation to its original source by producing a character that brings to the fore the reputable role of the puppet-master that females are renown for in contemporary society. This will be achieved through the depiction of the female’s ability to use her wit to cunningly manipulate the opposite sex, no longer mere accessories to men in this current age. Through alterations to the original play, exploitation of visual elements in my production and various other directorial changes, the film will touch on the corrupting potential of power for both males and females within the echelons of the corporate world today which will provide for an entertaining but enlightening experience to audiences. This project that I will undertake within the next year, finds its resonance with the underlying factor that power is undoubtedly an attractive trait to have a firm grip on in today’s society. The wise words of......

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Pitch for Film Adaptation: Marvel's Black Panther

...neighboring nations and super-human mercenaries sets the perfect tone to what should evolve into a new edition to the advanced fantasy/sci-fi hybrid of the current Marvel film universe. By covering the core pieces of the story in the earlier stages of the film, we can limit the number of central super-villains to cover the existing introductions, as well as the characters of Batroc and the younger, less-hardened Winter Soldier (both of which being introduced in the upcoming “Captain America” sequel). With a pivotal eye for action already in place it would be beyond easy to make a successful story of the materials at hand. This does bring to mind the potential candidates we have in mind for directorial duties; for his work as cinematographer on many great action films, as well as directorial ability for technical stunts and effects, a strong candidate is Pierre Morel, as his stylized action is expertly suited for the more combat-heavy story of “Black Panther”. Another good consideration is Gareth Evans, whose work on “Merantau” and “The Raid” showcased some of the greatest combat-geography and choreography ever put on films, as well as an ability to balance character pieces with action at the drop of a hat. In terms of key actors, despite his expert work in performing the perfect voice for T’Challa, there is just no way Djimon Hounsou is young enough to play the king (though for playing the younger version of his father, T’Chaka, I could see no better nod to the fans), and......

Words: 1138 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Anglo American

...regiocentic view. Such an autonomy can help alleviate risk and introduce methods that can help reduce cost of failure. The company has mining operations in Platinum, Diamonds, Copper, Nickel, Iron Ore, Manganese, Metallurgical Coal, and Thermal Coal. The disadvantage that Anglo American may be facing with the product organizational structure model is the loss of possible cross marketing opportunities, thus leading to cluttered ways to managing business opportunities. Challenges include passing similar marketing goals and messages still maintaining local product marketing needs. Anglo American’s organization page seems to suggest the presence of a directorial board that directs strategy, and other business motives. Each product base appears to have executive and non-executive directors with responsibilities assigned by the directorial board. The company seems to be well poised to make business decisions that are scalable at a truly global level. Question 2 – Balanced Scorecard for Anglo American It will be tough to determine if Anglo American’s financial measures (or any other measure) are contributing to the company’s whole health of the company. The balanced scorecard has four distinct elements – financial, customer, internal business motives, and innovation and learning. These, together, are believed to make a comprehensive set of objectives, measures, targets and initiatives that help achieve the company’s overall strategy. Per case, the balanced scorecard for......

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Color Purple

...craft and its impact upon readers. * Collect and use evidence to support ideas * Write creatively in response to a text * Write log entries about a text with regard to an overarching theme | Key Competencies | Thinking | * Think deeply about concepts such as morality, ethics, societal expectations, social hierarchy, human behaviour and the human condition in relation to texts studied. * Think how the viewer is positioned and manipulated to consider new ideas. * Think critically about new knowledge, challenging the basis of assumptions. * Draw on prior learning to understand new concepts and knowledge of genres. | Using language, symbols and texts | * Make meaning from images used within film texts and examine directorial choice of the combination of visual and verbal features to create meaning. * Explore themes and ideas through discussion based teaching. * Examine the use of symbolism and motifs within visual texts. * Write cohesive and coherent texts analyzing the use of visual and verbal features within texts. * Write cohesive, coherent and fluent texts in relation to texts studied. | Managing self | * Manage own learning by formulating next steps to improve understanding of texts and achievement related to the study of texts. * Complete reading logs about the text(s) in relation to an overarching theme * Complete viewing of texts and supplementary literary criticism in own time. * Manage note making and keeping procedures. | ......

Words: 1722 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Theater Ch8

...working in unison with the other actors. C) Naturalism: Andre Antoine used naturalism in his productions. In La Terre he used real hay and live chickens in a farm scene. He also used natural lights from candles showing that a real barn is being presented. 4. A) Choosing the Text: This is the first job of the directors. They may want to address an important issue or present themes that the director wants to explore. A director may want a script that accommodates a particular actor or theatre space. The director also has to take into account the audience as they play a key role, having to decide what they might enjoy or if there are any problems in the community that should be addressed in the text. B) Establishing the Directorial Vision: A director will imagine which physical world the play will inhabit. The director will search the play for a central idea that can unite all the elements of a production and sum up the meaning of the piece. C) Conceiving a Play for the Stage: Directors imagine the theatrical world the play must inhabit on the stage and develop a clear concept of how they will communicate the central meaning to the audience. The director’s chosen style for the play must capture something essential in the play and permit it to realize its full dramatic potential and meaning. D) Shaping the Visual World: Directors seek designers who can translate their conceptual language into tangible costumes, sets, sounds, and lights on......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Professional Actor

... is an American actor and film-maker, Gibson has written, directed and produced many films such as “Braveheart”, “The Passion of Christ” and “Apocalypto”. Mel Gibson was born in Peekskill, New York but moved to Sydney, Australia, with his parents at the age of twelve where later studied acting at the Australian National Institute of Dramatic Art. Gibson was a part of the Australian Film Renaissance of the 1970’s and 1980’s, where his acting career began with a role in the TV series “The Sullivans” before starring in the film “Mad Max (1979)”. In the late 1980’s Gibson commenced acting in American films, such as “Lethal Weapon (1987)”, “What Women Want”. When Gibson was established as a successful career as an actor he then made his directorial debut with the 1993 film “The Man Without a Face” which Gibson also produced. The second film Mel Gibson produced was the 1995, Academy Award-winning “Braveheart” in 2004. Gibson also directed and produced “The Passion of the Christ” a controversial yet successful film portraying the last hours in the life of Jesus Christ in 2006. Mel Gibson directed the film Apocalypto. Producers have the role of controlling every aspect of a film’s production. They bring together and approve the whole production team. A producers main responsibility is to create an environment where the talents of the cast and film crew can flourish. Film directors are in charge of making sure every component of a film runs smoothly, the film director’s have a......

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Macbeth Drama Review

...being very expressive with her emotions. One of the key directorial choices I have noticed is that fact that Roy decided to include a scene which shows Macbeth killing the king. This is very rare in Macbeth’s plays because in the past the Shakespeare had written this play for the King of England to watch, and it would be preposterous to show a king a play that has a scene in which one kills a king! While modern times are much different, several directors tend not to show the killing of the king because it had just became the norm. Roy has also altered the scene by having Macbeth fight Duncan instead of having Macbeth kill Duncan while he is sleeping. This is a crucial change as it will alter the Macbeth’s development as a character because in the original play he kills Duncan in his sleep; he is typically viewed as a pusillanimous man whilst in the rendition he is, in my opinion, more of a forthright man. Another directorial choice that I thought was notable was the executive decision to include the audience in the porter scene. In this scene, Shakespeare’s intent was to use the Porter to provide comedic relief after the cowardly killing in the previous scene. The Porter in this rendition of Macbeth actually interacts with the audience which I thought was great. The Classical Theatre Project knowing they would be performing for youth had specifically added this just to engage the audience. Regarding the directorial choices of usage of lines, speech patterns and omission......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

In the Land of Blood and Honey

...In the Land of Blood and Honey A Preview Brentt Terry Release Date: December 23 Staring: Zana Marjanovic, Goran Kostic, Rade Serbedzija Director: Angelina Jolie Genre: Drama, Romance, War Screenwriter: Angelina Jolie MPAA Rating: R “What does Lara Croft do in her spare time?” This burning question has been the cause for many sleepless nights among men and teenage males. “Plan to raid a tomb?” you ask? No. “Polish her guns?” Sorry, Tomb Raider was a family film. However you would be getting warmer if you asked something along the lines of “Does she write her on script and then direct it?” To that question the answer would be yes. Angelina Jolie makes her directorial debut in the film “In the Land of Blood and Honey.” This film is a love story set in the middle of the Bosnian conflict. Which proves that while being a lady, Jolie still knows what men want, action. The movie plays the story of two parties who were romantically engaged before the start of the Bosnian war, and the conflict that arises therein. “In the Land of Blood and Honey” does not star Angelina Jolie, however it does star a local cast that was actually involved in the Bosnian conflict. “It’s a heavy film.” Jolie said. The movie was also shot on location in both English and the local language known as BHS. Early screenings of the film have been the cause of much debate within the Bosnian community. Some saying “Too soon Angelina, Too soon.” Others defending Jolie by stating,......

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Film History

...pre-capitalist ruralism and an increasingly modernized state with its commercial-industrial practices and values. * Bimal Roy Born in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Bimal Roy entered the field of cinema as a camera assistant. His directorial debut was with Udayer Pathey (1944). He introduced a new era of post World War romanticrealist melodramas that was an integration of the Bengal School style with that of De Sica. Do Bigha Zamin (1953) and Sujata were two of the most notable films of Bimal Roy, who basically was a reformist, a humanist liberal. Do Bigha Zamin was one of the Indian first films to chart mass migration of rural people to cities and their degradation in urban slums. Though the situation was tragic, Roy sought to relieve the starkness by brave and hopeful songs and dances. Sujata dealt with the disturbances created to a lost soul from the world of untouchable underclass who escaped accidentally to the world of the urban middle class. * Raj Kapoor Born in Peshawar, now in Pakistan as son of Prithviraj Kapoor, Raj Kapoor acted the role of a megastar, successful producer and a director. He started as a clapper-boy in the Hindi film industry and latter became one of the most successful directors of the industry. He set up the R K Films in 1948 and made his first directorial venture Aag. His earlier films Awara (1951) and Shri 420 (1955) evince a sentimental approach to social reforms, presenting political independence as a loss of innocence in exchange of......

Words: 8337 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

The Glass Menagerie: an Analysis

...grander scale of the issues known to plague any familial unit. They are not rich, but not destitute, they have lost a parent, but they have each other. The play is set in the midst of the great depression following a war, therefore this family portrait was one that would have been mirrored in many American homes; financial turmoil and lost family members was commonplace. However, the psychological torment and idiosyncrasies characteristic of all three of our main characters holds them captive in misery. While a closely-knit family can often be the bridge that carries people over rough times, this family’s toxic interdependence on each other is what ultimately tears them apart. Williams uses very literal symbolism as well as strategic directorial methods throughout the narrative of this play to convey his point. The play opens with all three main characters together at diner time. The dynamics of this family becomes clear very quickly. The mother pontificates about her wonderful youth and her many gentleman callers, using her perceived success to call her daughter to action, the daughter wallowing in self pity, and the man of the house condescending the mother while simultaneously ridiculing his sister. After this scene has run its course, Williams flashed the title, “The Glass Menagerie”, highlighting that this family, particularly the daughter who sits at the table as if on display waiting or gentleman callers, is indeed our glass menagerie. Laura’s lack of......

Words: 930 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Test

...first National Film Award as a Special Jury Award for his roles in the films Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak (1988) and Raakh (1989).[4] After eight previous nominations during the 1980s and 1990s, Khan received his first Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his performance in the major grosser Raja Hindustani (1996)[5][6] and later earned his second Best Actor award for his performance in the Academy Award-nominated Lagaan, which also marked the debut of his own production company. Following a four-year break from acting, Khan made his comeback playing the title role in the historical drama Mangal Pandey: The Rising (2005), and later won a Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor for his role in Rang De Basanti (2006). The following year, he made his directorial debut with Taare Zameen Par, for which he received the Filmfare Award for Best Director. This was followed by the thriller Ghajini (2008), which became the highest grossing film of that year, and the comedy 3 Idiots (2009), which became the highest-grossing Bollywood film of all-time, unadjusted for inflation.[7] The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri in 2003 and the Padma Bhushan in 2010 for his contributions towards the arts.[8][9][10] On 30 November 2011, Khan was appointed as national brand ambassador of UNICEF to promote child nutrition.[11] Khan is part of the government organised IEC campaign to raise awareness about malnutrition.[12] Aamir Khan is likely to inaugurate the 43rd International Film festival......

Words: 341 - Pages: 2