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Discuss the Advantage and Disadvantage of Giving International Aid to Poor Countries

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Discuss the Advantage and Disadvantage of Giving International Aid to Poor Countries



Discuss the Advantage and Disadvantage of Giving International Aid to Poor Countries

Granting international aids to underprivileged states is the noblest international practice in contemporary globalized society. According to Chenery and Strout (2006), the core motive for international aid emanated from the human being moral obligation of supporting and facilitating each other depending on one strengths and abilities. By considering its inimitable nature, international aid has its own unique disadvantage and advantage.

Being the most useful tool for development is a decisive advantage that characterizes international aids to poor countries. A respectable number of modern poor countries depend on international support in sustaining their economic development (Ehrenfield, 2004). International aid is also a fundamental aspect of strengthening and intensifying international integration and relationship. Through mutual coordination and interaction, international aid creates a platform where the recipient and the donor reciprocally benefit from each other irrespective of their economic powers. International aid mutual coordination also helps in promoting accountability in the use of the distributed resources. Financial assistance to poor countries is also valuable in providing essential basic needs such as education, food, and medical care.

Contrary, granting international assistance to poor countries have serious a social disadvantage. International aid diminishes poor countries’ commitments in the fight against their deficiency. The strict guidelines and regulations associated with international aid have also attracted many detractors who undervalue the practice for compromising the recipients’ sovereignty. In some cases, international aid increases the dependants’ level between recipient countries. International aid is also a transitory solution to emerging social and economic challenges in poor countries. Aids do not offer conclusive answers to the challenges that are manifest in poor countries. In contrary, international donation advances monetary problems in less developed countries (Moyo, 2010).

Consequently, despite the identified disadvantage, international aid is the core pillar that shapes humanity. However, to eliminate is shortfalls and maximize its benefits, international aid should promote mutual coordination and put both the recipient and donor at a similar bargaining position. Granting international aid with an intention of subjecting recipients into superfluous commitment is erroneous and can result in the violation of the universally accepted moral obligation.


Chenery, H. & Strout, W., (2006). Foreign Assistance and Economic Development. American Economic Review, 5, (6), 679-753.

Ehrenfield, A. (2004). Foreign Aid Effectiveness, Political Rights and Bilateral Distribution. Retrieved on 27 October 2013. From:

Moyo, D. (2010). Dead Aid: Why Aid is Not Working and How There is Another Way for Africa. New York, NY: Penguin…...

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