Dream of the Red Chamber

In: Novels

Submitted By Lukinow
Words 7108
Pages 29
24 * читать внимательно то что ниже, там еще есть!!! 28 Одно и тоже Панорама жизни и роман как энциклопедия))) + лекции Поборчей
«Сон в Красном тереме» -- это своего рода роман-энциклопедия. Среди персонажей члены царствующего дома, чиновники, представители дворянства, слуги, монахи, торговцы, крестьяне; представлены все сословия старого китайского общества. В романе подробно описаны официальные церемонии, стиль общения высшего общества, подробно описаны архитектура, правила разведения цветов и посадки деревьев, медицина, астрология, музыкально-песенный жанр, народные выступления, с разных сторон отражена жизнь китайской элиты цинского общества.
Автор описывает нравы и взаимоотношения на многочисленных представителей правящих домов, четырёх семей -- Цзя, Ши, Ван, Сюе, большая часть которого состоит в основном из молодых женщин.
В романе «Сон в Красном тереме» более 700 персонажей, среди которых не менее ста весьма типичных. Цао Сюецинь тонко понимал сложную, чувствительную натуру женщин, особенно молодых. С сочувствием относясь к их надеждам и жажде любви, автор отражал богатство и разнообразие человеческих чувств, изобличал ограничения и предрассудки общества. Писатель создал художественные образы, наделенные огромной жизненной силой. В романе много места уделено свадьбам. Об этом историк Хань сказала так:
«Типичные описания истории свадеб в романе --- свадьба девушки Баочай и свадьба девушки Таньчунь. Баочай вышла замуж, чтобы принести всей семье радость, так как ее брат Баоюй был заболен. Теперь тоже можно услышать подобные истории».
В книге подробно описан традиционный в народе обычай запуска воздушных змей, его еще называли «выпустить злого духа». После запуска бумажного змея, нужно было срезать нитку, чтобы змей улетел. Если бумажный змей попадал в какой-то другой двор, то хозяину или членам его семьи нужно было быстренько выжечь дыру в бумажном…...

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