Education Management Using the Classical Theories

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Explain the applications and criticisms of Fredrick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Max Weber

to educational administration and management.

Fredrick Taylor

Definition of Taylorism

It’s the management process that scientific skills were to be applied to improve the productivity of workers.

The characteristics of Taylorism

1. He used scientifically trained workers to improve the productivity.

2. Division of labour managers and workers so that managers can apply scientific method to planning the work and workers to perform the task.

3. Co-operation between the management and the workers, the management should that ensure the workers uses scientifically developed methods

4. He replaced the rule of the thumb, with scientific management

5. There was transfer of knowledge between the workers and from workers into tools

6. Enumerations were according to work produces.

7. Dictatorship was necessary because humans are lazy in nature and the scientific management required strict supervision

8. Scientific theory ensured efficiency and minimized waste.

Applications of the scientific theory in Education Management

1. Members of staff, teaching and non- teaching, should know the aims and objectives of the school. With well-defined aims and objectives, better performance is expected and accountability is facilitated.

2. In school, all teachers must know the direction in which to move and work together for a joint objective specified in their mission statement.

3. He specified that staff should be specialised and this is evident all teachers and even the support staff are employed on basis of subject specialization with college qualification.

4. Provision of appropriate tools and materials to workers and teachers enables them to perform well.

Criticism of the scientific theory

1. Humans were…...

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