In: Business and Management

Submitted By jasonshim
Words 1082
Pages 5
First, this report will compare between nominal and real change in the expenditure. This research will analyze the changes of major departments and examine why the changes appear. Lastly, this report will investigate how those changes affect citizens’ life in Kansas City.

By contrast, Aviation Department Expenditure decreased from $179.1 million to $146.8 million, an amount that represents $32.2 million decrease as well as an 18.02% decrease. Public Works Department Expenditure decreased from $149.7 million to $107.2 million, an amount that represents $42.47 decrease as well as a 28.38% decrease. Economic Development Department Expenditure decreased from $102.2 million to $29.7 million, an amount that represents $72.5 decrease, as well as a 70.91% decrease. There are two items for improving Water and Sewer Systems. First, the City has a serious problem that water and sewer systems have broken down. The Water Services Expenditure in 2011-12 reflects the cost of improving these public infrastructures. For this reason, the item of public infrastructure is a 28.66% increase as well as $39.9 million from 2009-10 to 2011-12. In addition, the City needs to allocate additional funds for the improvements of healthy community, which are ‘House hold Hazardous Waste,’ ‘Industrial Waste Control,’ ‘Sewer Line Maintenance,’ and ‘Water Treatment.’ The item of the improvements of healthy community is a 35.5% increase as well as $14.7 million increase. To cover those costs, the City decided to raise 10% in water rates and 15% in sewer rates for constructing supplemental public infrastructure.

Fire received $19.60 million increase as well as a 17.46% increase: The Improvement of Emergency Response Time The City considers that the Fire Department needs to reduce the response time of Ambulance Services to improve public safety and cope with increasing population, which led…...

Similar Documents

Improving Effectiveness

...Improving Managerial Effectiveness Because managers have authority, we view management as a decision making role. Of course, managers make key decisions, but when they manage knowledge workers they should do more facilitating than deciding. As catalysts, they bring the right people together for complex projects, including outsiders. They liaise between functions to foster collaboration. So effective managers operate as catalysts, enablers, developers and coaches to help others make decisions instead of making them all themselves. Indeed, managers could spend a whole day mainly asking provocative questions to ensure that others make the best decisions. Of course, they also have to manage themselves which clearly calls for making decisions as only they can decide how best to use their own time. Effectiveness can't be determined solely by output. Success also depends on the actions of competitors, collaboration of key stakeholders, market forces, the economy and other factors. Of course, we would doubt the effectiveness of a manager who never achieved any targets. Still, results are not enough to assess whether a manager is effective. To improve their effectiveness, managers should regularly review how they are allocating their time and all other resources at their disposal. This is what they would do to manage their financial investments after all. They need to be challenged to justify their allocations of resources in hard business terms. However much they can justify...

Words: 421 - Pages: 2

Personal Effectiveness

...Title page Executive summary The purpose of this report is to evaluate personal effectiveness of three members, Ajai Ratnakumar, Melissa Jayawardena and Shannelle Abayasekara who are to be working together as a team. The main objective of this report is to compare and fit the different characteristics of the three team members who are to work together as a team , so as to compliment each other’s working style, for the benefit of the team, and ultimately for the company. Third Eye Event Managers provide individuals and companies with an unforgettable and unique event that would be remembered for years to come. The company’s main aims are to achieve a balance of creativity and competent implementation of all undertaken events, be it a private or commercial One. Based on the tests conducted the report contains information about preferences, strengths, and techniques for increasing effectiveness of each individual. Conflicts that are likely to arise within this team and solutions for these conflicts have been suggested. Short Term and Long Term recommendations have been stated which would help the company increase efficiency and minimize conflicts within future teams. Contents 1 Introduction 4 2 Discussion 5 2.1 What is personal effectiveness?. 5 2.2 The importance of personal effectiveness 5 2.3 Indicators used to assess personal effectiveness? 5 2.3.1 Learning Style Preferences 5 2.3.2 Hemispherical Dominance 7 2.3.3 Big Five......

Words: 2091 - Pages: 9

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Benjamin Dunton CJA/474 February 04, 2013 Kenneth Rosa Organizational Effectiveness Every company has a set of goals designed to lead the organization in a specific direction. To achieve these goals, managers should train employees to follow a specific path or set of rules that will lead to organizational effectiveness. The measurement of effectiveness is achieved through completion of the organization's goals. To understand organizational effectiveness in any setting, one must define it according to the goals of the organization. In a criminal justice environment, managers must apply various organizational effectiveness theories appropriately to measure the effectiveness of the department. Managers must also exert control to a certain degree in organizational settings to achieve maximum effectiveness. Once managers measure and achieve organizational effectiveness, success of the organization is almost certain. Organizational Effectiveness Defined Different definitions of organizational effectiveness exist, mainly because the effectiveness of an organization differs from company to company. Many people would define organizational effectiveness as the output or outcome of the organization and how it affects the desired results. For example, if an organization's goal is to increase sales profits, the organization may use various marketing techniques to bring in more customers to buy their product. If the result is more......

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness CJA/474 July 8, 2013 Organizational Effectiveness Organizational effectiveness is far more important than making sure an organization is operating properly. Achieving greater productivity, efficiency and performance is vital for any organization to be successful (Mihalicz, 2012). Defining organizational effectiveness and applying the theories of organizational effectiveness to the management of criminal justice personnel will help the individual establish a better understanding of the relationship that is needed to successful operate a department. Using the methods of prioritizing, feedback and keeping the focus of the specific tasks are useful tools to exert control in an organizational setting. Organizational effectiveness is the concept of how effective an organization is in completing and achieving the greatest outcomes within the organization that will produce the best results, according to Mihalicz, (2012). The short term areas of organizational effectiveness are as important as the sustainability, concerns for others, and the corporate culture of the organization. The management and leadership are the key aspects in demonstrating the communication and strategy methods to lead the organization to greater accomplishments. The effectiveness means different things to each organization that is engaging to innovate and improve the leadership of the organization. Effectiveness is universal in describing that it means survival and a......

Words: 921 - Pages: 4

Efficiency and Effectiveness

...Difference Between Efficiency and Effectiveness Efficiency refers to doing things in a right manner. Scientifically, it is defined as the output to input ratio and focuses on getting the maximum output with minimum resources. Effectiveness, on the other hand, refers to doing the right things. It constantly measures if the actual output meets the desired output. “Effectiveness” is also getting the right things done. This is where the efficiency is different than effectiveness. With efficiency, is to get the task done faster, easier, or better way. But with effectiveness, there always an initial question as to “what to do”? We need this measure for marketing activities and business processes since it helps us see when we are minimising resources or time needed to complete a process, i.e. we are keeping our costs low. In digital marketing, for example, efficiency involves increasing conversion rates and reducing costs of acquisition. It is still used in many large organisations and can still be used to today to help translate vision and strategy into objectives and then, through measurement, assessing whether the strategy and its implementation are successful. I’m a firm believer in shopping around for the best deal and I commend organizations that do so.  My goal is to bust this myth open and expose the fact that focusing solely on efficiency is no longer sufficient to remain competitive in today’s business world.  Corporate executives need to ask if their event portfolio......

Words: 408 - Pages: 2

Effectiveness of Homework

...EFFECTIVENESS OF HOMEWORK; IN TEACHING AND LEARNING IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KENYA. Homework is such a stress! Teachers, pupils and parents often make this statement. Considering homework as part of schooling, it is fascinating how much everybody finds it stressful and uncomfortable. Except for the occasional projects, primary school pupils in Kenya, from pre- school, lower primary and upper classes, think of homework as boring, repetitative and a waste of their leisure, T.V, story, movie and playtime. In addition, for some it prevents them from exploring and discovering new stuff. For them homework, is an obstacle and not part of learning. The teachers also continuously complain about the coverage of the extensive Kenyan syllabus in relation to the time they spend on checking, marking, correcting and grading homework. On the other hand, parents consider the duty of supervising homework as a burden; an alternate between household chores and fury mixed with tears. If pupils cannot stand it, teachers do not like marking and parents do not like standing over their children, why do we still want to stress on its ultimate effectiveness in teaching and learning in primary schools? The primary school pupils may not always view homework as a pleasant experience, but if the assignment serves, a good purpose and parents are involved in reinforcing the completion of the tasks, and then homework becomes an effective tool in learning and teaching. Pupils in turn benefit by gaining high......

Words: 2435 - Pages: 10

Organizational Effectiveness

...TermPaperWarehouse.com - Free Term Papers, Essays and Research Documents The Research Paper Factory * Join * Search * Browse * Saved Papers ------------------------------------------------- Top of Form Bottom of Form * Home Page » * Business and Management Organizational Effectiveness In: Business and Management Organizational Effectiveness Organizational effectiveness is a tool manager’s use to measure how effective they; and their organizations are at achieving outcomes and creating value.   Organizational effectiveness can be very difficult to measure in an organization. Why? The answer is because organizations can be diverse and very large. Also one organization can have multiple goals and perform many activities at the same time. Managers must decide which indicators they want to measure in order to determine the effectiveness of their organization.   There are three approaches managers can use in evaluating effectiveness. They are the external resource approach (Control); the internal systems approach (Innovation); and the technical approach (Efficiency).   Each approach has something to offer but all focus on different parts of the organization. The external resource approach evaluates how much control the organization has over its external environment.   Managers must look at indicators such as stock price, profitability, and returns on investments. These indicators are used by organizations to show them how well they perform in......

Words: 470 - Pages: 2

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Paper Organizational effectiveness is far more important than offering insurability that an organization functioning as it should be. Accomplishing superior efficiency, productivity, and operation is a major component that is needed for any organization to be profitable and successful (Mihalicz, 2012). Describing organizational effectiveness and the application of theories of organizational effectiveness can help in the supervision of criminal justice personnel. Organizational effectiveness can also help individuals in establishing an enhanced perception of the affiliation that needs to be present in order to operate effectively a department. By using methods of feedback, prioritizing, and sustaining emphasis on the particular tasks; the organization will have the valuable tools that are needed in order to make use of control in the organizational environment. Definition of Organizational Effectiveness According to Mihalicz, organizational effectiveness is the belief of how successful an organization can be by fulfilling and attaining the greatest results within the organization that will give the best results (2012). Short-term areas of organizational effectiveness are just as important as the sustainability, concerns for other individuals, and the corporate background and traditions of the organization. The leadership and management are also key features that are needed to demonstrate communication and strategy techniques to guide......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5

The Effectiveness of Punishment

...Ashley Dinsmore “Why bother thinking about the effectiveness of penal measures in considering the future of penal policy when the results of research are disappointing and unhelpful?” Over the years there has been continual research on the most successful ways to prevent offenders from reoffending and to stop offending in the first place. Many criminological researchers have closely studied the lives of former criminals after their sentences, and with inconsistent research resulting and the failure of policies put into place, it could be said that the prevention of reoffending or initial offending by the criminal justice system is not currently in reach. Through evidence from examinations and surveys on offenders, it can be seen that no criminal thinks alike, and that because of this it is not profitable to put general policies into place, for results will be minimal. When initially considering offending reduction strategies, it is assumed that crime prevention measures will include the use of disciplinary action. Although this is accurate, it has become more apparent to some scholars over the latest decades that the use of punitive measures against offenders has just made the probability of reoffending worse. (McGuire, 4) There is incessant debate on whether the use of punishment on offenders will decrease the likelihood of reoffending. One of the most popular debate on this subject is the “what works” argument. The “what works” debate focuses on whether......

Words: 1369 - Pages: 6

Manager Effectiveness

...In evaluating a manager’s effectiveness there are four managerial skill dimensions according to Tonidandel, Braddy, and Fleenor (2012): technical skill, administrative skill, human skill, and citizenship behavior (pg. 637). Technical skills refer to a manager’s proficiency in specific methods or techniques related to that manger’s functional area (Tonidandel, Braddy, & Fleenor, 2012, pg. 637). Administrative skills subsume areas such as planning, organizing, delegating, and coordinating (Tonidandal et al., 2012, pg. 637). Human skill is concerned with a manager’s ability to interact and work effectively with team members (Tonidandal et al., 2012, pg. 637). Citizenship behavior attempts to capture other beneficial aspects of work behavior such as being cooperative, loyal, and persistent (Tonidandal et al., 2012, pg. 637). An effective manager can also facilitate performance with behaviors that provide relevant information, getting necessary resources and assistance, and promoting the reputation and interests of the work unit (Yukl, 2012, pg. 74). Networking, external monitoring and representing are three of the distinct behaviors of external leadership (Yukl, 2012, pg. 74). Networking helps to build and maintain favorable relationships with peers, superiors, and outsiders who can provide information, resources, and political support (Yukl, 2012, pg. 74). However, networking can be damaging if it is overdone (e.g., time demands, role conflicts) according to Yukl (2012, pg.......

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Organizational Effectiveness

...Organizational Effectiveness Dexter Roberts CJA/474 November 11, 2014 Randolph Liverpool Organizational Effectiveness Every organization has specific goals and values that it strides to achieve and to analyze the effectiveness of that organization one must first know and understand what those goals are. The criminal justice system has many moving parts which sometimes make it difficult to ascertain if it is effective at fulfilling its mission. This essay will define what organizational effectiveness is, apply theories of organizational effectiveness to the management of criminal justice personnel, as well as describe methods for exerting control in an organizational setting. Organizational effectiveness can be defined as the proficiency in which an organization achieves its desired goals ("Organizational Effectiveness," n.d.). By creating a more efficient, reliable and productive workforce will help an organization meet its desired goal. However, the meaning of effective has a broad meaning in relation to organizational effectiveness because companies and organizations define effectiveness differently. In the criminal justice system the term effectiveness can mean how well the crime rate is controlled or can measure how many reports are received about certain incidents. There is no universal way of measuring the effectiveness of an organization, however, organizations agree universally that organizational effectiveness is a priority. To achieve organizational......

Words: 1103 - Pages: 5

Interpersonal Effectiveness

...ASSIGNMENT: INTERPERSONAL EFFECTIVENESS AND ITS COMPONENTS STUDENT NAME: PROFESSOR’S NAME: UNIVERSITY: COURSE TITLE: DATE: Introduction Interpersonal effectiveness primarily covers the ability for one to understand his or herself and others and to use the understanding to communicate in such a manner that is both socially and personally satisfied. Interpersonal effectiveness is through devotion and dedication of oneself in practicing the skills of mindfulness, competence, emotional intelligence and ethical behaviors at every moment on each particular skill. It is ethical to be focused on one’s goal through management of time to realize interpersonal effectiveness (Johnson, 1972). Emotional intelligence being the ability to identify and managing the emotions of others and emotions of oneself is a major component of interpersonal effectiveness. It defines how firm you are to the set objective or goal that you are aiming. Usually characterized by expressing emotions, ability to control and to handle interpersonal relationships wisely and emphatically. I have learned from self-evaluation that I am intensely frustrated, depressed, or get anxious about uncertainties. More so, I have learned that I am good at solving other people’s problems that require a high level of attention. It comes out clear as I was able to counsel my friend who was suffering emotionally due to relationship conflicts. It is the same friend who happened to have interviewed me and hence stood a......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Organizational Effectiveness

...ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS Many of the materials and class discussions that we have had as apart of our class have shed light upon organizational effectiveness and the theories and implications that tie into maintaining an organization. Although theories and perspectives have varied over the years, there seems to be many overarching ideas and notions that relate to higher-performing organizations. As described by Kim Cameron in Effectiveness As Paradox, “A survey of the literature finds structure, decision processes, culture, congruence, job design, innovation, sensitivity to constituencies, and environmental responsiveness as synonymous with effectiveness”. With this said, it is also important to understand the nature of each organization, as well as the processes and people that it comprises, which helps us understand that typically, there is no one-size-fits all solution or strategy to reach peak performance. Much of what I have learned of organizations is a culmination of the knowledge acquired from classes, discussions, books, and first hand experience by working within some. Organizations are formed or organized for the purpose of attaining a goal, and the processes and components that are assigned within an organization should align with the overall strategy and focus of the organization as a whole. This idea makes it imperative that the correct people and employees are allocated within the organization, and that their tasks attribute to the overall......

Words: 757 - Pages: 4

Effeciency and Effectiveness

...Efficiency and Effectiveness What is efficiency in comparison to efficient? Efficiency is the quality or property of being efficient in extent to which the quality is exercised. Efficiency is often about process improvements within the organization but also efficiency for citizens. Whereas, efficient is the acting or producing effectively with a minimum of waste, expense, or unnecessary effort (Rentzepopoulos, P. & Vassilia, O. 2010). How efficient and effective have E-government been over the past few years serving its peoples’ needs? When measuring the efficiency and effectiveness of E-government, there are many factors in determining how satisfied are customers, businesses, and administration employees when using technology to accomplish the job or receive assistance over the Internet. In terms of efficiency and effectiveness, there are three areas that have been emphasized on, such as it reduces administrative burden for citizens and businesses, it improves the organizational processes, and it reduces the carbon footprint of government output. From a citizen’s prospective, it eliminates the necessity for physical travel to government waiting in line to speak to a government worker. The processing time is quicker and the type of information or form a person is trying to pick up can be accessed from the government website at any location or time of the day. For example the people in Australia no longer have to contact their government in person or by telephone......

Words: 1086 - Pages: 5


...Effectiveness Susan Doan MGT/330 July 16, 2012 Cedrina Charbonnet M.A. Effectiveness Wal-Mart uses controls to effectively meet the needs of its customers, employees and supplies. They enable Wal-Mart to keep its edge in the business world as well as creating confidence among suppliers, employees and their customers. Effective management audits enable Wal-Mart to reduce prices and keep an edge over their competition. The effectiveness of this mechanism results in a decrease in audit risks. Internal and external audits are used to maintain audit compliance. Internal audits evaluate performance in the organization by using all functions of management. External audits involve external vendors performing an evaluation. (Bateman & Snell 2007) The creation of an internal auditing system using quality assurance methods helps to lessen the risk for each store. Market control involves pricing mechanisms that regulate activities in an organization: similar to economic transactions. (Bateman & Snell 2007). Market control involves pricing mechanisms that regulate activities in an organization. The use of this mechanism helps organizations establish market controls on a corporate and business level. Wal-Mart uses markets controls in its organization in order for their managers to set prices. Wal-Mart also uses market control as a way to show they can effectively show positive and negative effects in the marketplace... Performance standards are the first steps in......

Words: 398 - Pages: 2