Eisenhower Doctrine

In: Historical Events

Submitted By KayAngieBee1
Words 2931
Pages 12
POL 300 – International Relations
Dr. Barsegian
June 3, 2012

Eisenhower “Revised” Introduction

In the United States, the term "doctrine" has been applied to a particular set of presidential statements, usually consisting only of several sentences. (Micheals, 2011)Presidential doctrines have also been defined as "a grand strategy or a master set of principles and guidelines controlling policy decisions. (Micheals, 2011)

Eisenhower “Man” Dwight D. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890 in Denison, Texas and raised in Kansas. He was born to a poor family and attended public schools his entire life, finally graduating high school in 1909. (Dwight D Eisenhower) Inspired by the example of a friend who was going to the U.S. Naval Academy, Eisenhower won an appointment to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. (Chester J. Pach)
Many have said that Eisenhower was a born leader becoming one of America’s greatest military commanders. As early as 1943 Eisenhower was mentioned as a possible presidential candidate. (Micheals, 2011) Presidents Eisenhower' began his first term in 1952 and his first task upon assuming office was to fulfill his campaign promise to end the Korean War. (Dwight D Eisenhower) Within six months of his assuming office, an armistice agreement was signed. Eisenhower instituted a new military policy for the US Armed Forces, that policy was called the "New Look".

Eisenhower “New Look”

Dwight D. Eisenhower brought a "New Look" to U.S. national security policy in 1953. (Chester J. Pach)The main elements of the New Look were (1) maintaining the vitality of the U.S. economy while still building sufficient strength to prosecute the Cold War; (2) relying on nuclear weapons to deter Communist aggression or, if necessary, to fight a war; (3) using the…...

Similar Documents

Reagan Doctrine

...Reagan Doctrine 1981 – 1989 By: Naomi Reid Professor Muhammad Sohna Pol 300 Sunday, July 29, 2012 “The "Reagan Doctrine" was used to characterize the Reagan administration's (1981-1988) policy of supporting anti-Communist insurgents wherever they might be. In his 1985 State of the Union address, President Ronald Reagan called upon Congress and the American people to stand up to the Soviet Union, what he had previously called the "Evil Empire": "We must stand by all our democratic allies. And we must not break faith with those who are risking their lives--on every continent, from Afghanistan to Nicaragua--to defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth." (Reagan Doctrine) To the naked eye the Reagan Doctrine appears to corresponds with the United States’ 40-year mission for containment of the Soviet Union. The doctrine however is very different. As carried out by Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon and Carter, containment is a defensive theory referring to efforts to limit the further spread of Soviet power. During the initial years of the Cold War, the United States’ official policy towards communism was containment. With the creation of the Reagan Doctrine the focus shifted from keeping communism from spreading to eliminating existing communist governments. In addition to the rollback of these communist governments, the United States also wanted to encourage capitalism and democracy in those places. The Reagan Doctrine goes......

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Reagan Doctrine

...The Reagan Doctrine Ronald Reagan is best known for his speech at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall where he stated “Mister Gorbachev, Tear down this wall!” That was his challenge to the Soviet leader. Like presidents before him present Reagan had established a doctrine to eradicate the Soviet influence on the world. Ronald Reagan was not the first to propose a doctrine to fight the Soviet nation. In fact, he was just following in the footsteps of his predecessors. The Reagan doctrine was similar to of Truman, Eisenhower, Nixon and Carter in that they all wanted containment of the Soviet Union, but were as they used a more defensive method Reagan deployed a more Offensive style to dealing communist-controlled countries. Reagan laid out his interpretation of his doctrine at his State of the Union Address on February 6, 1985. "We must not break faith with those who are risking their lives on every continent from Afghanistan to Nicaragua to defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth . . . Support for freedom fighters is self-defense." He went on to explain how he thought that Truman’s version of containment, originally designed to halt Stalin in Europe was now obsolete. President Reagan’s doctrine facilitated the use of US involvement in places like Angola where the Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) fought against the Soviet and Cuban backed Angolan government. US involvement was also present in......

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Dwight Eisenhower

...11.03 When Dwight Eisenhower became president, the United States had entered an arms race with the Soviet Union. This became a big step for President Eisenhower because the Soviet Union was under the possession of nuclear weapons. President Eisenhower insisted on making amends and deals with the Soviet Union but since he kept making deals in favor of the United States the Soviet Union began to reject these deals. The relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union weakened because President Eisenhower kept trying to make deals with the Soviet Union in favor of the United States. The United States fell in a sort of frenzy because the Soviet Union was the first to launch a satellite into the space system. This put the United States behind the Soviet Union in the space race. The Soviet Union was under the control of Joseph Stalin, a communist. Once Stalin died, this gave the United States hope that they would be able to finally make an agreement on a deal that is presented. President Eisenhower made a speech proposed to the Soviet Union and proclaimed that if the Soviet Union would stop expanding their territory the United States would help them and cooperate.The Soviet Union declined. During that meeting, President Eisenhower proposed an “Open Skies” agreement where both parties would agree to show each other their military background and even give the other permission to investigate the skies for any flight actions. Since the United States would benefit......

Words: 364 - Pages: 2

Eisenhower Farewell

...Eisenhower Farewell Address HW On January 17, 1961, president Dwight D. Eisenhower delivered his final speech as Commander in Chief of the United States. President Eisenhower begins his address by stating that despite engaging in three of the four great wars of the century (WW1, WW2, and Korean), the United States is the most powerful and influential country in the world. This claim is further explained to mean that it is the duty of America to use that power for the, “interests of world peace and human betterment.” This statement by the glorified military commander is largely delivered for the purpose of informing the American people as well as successor John F Kennedy that the rising power of Soviet Russia must be dealt with. Eisenhower continues his speech by explaining that the methodology of war was changing from what Americans were used to. He states that the United States must now have a, “permanent armaments industry of vast proportions” in order to combat the threat of enemy weapon compiling. This statement hints on the fact that Eisenhower believed that an “arms race” was going to begin between the United States and USSR in which America could spare no expense. This statement shows a contradiction of typical Eisenhower philosophy, as he was very conservative with national spending. He places focus on the necessity of continuous and expanding research into the new...

Words: 439 - Pages: 2

At Will Doctrine

...Assignment 2: Employment at Will Doctrine LEG500 Legal, Ethics and Corporate Governance August 3, 2014 Referring to the Employment-At-Will doctrine, which states that both employer and employee can terminate their relationship as employee and employer for good cause, for no cause, for cause morally wrong or for no cause at all, some of these employees seems to have crossed the line that gives all the possible reason for the company to fire them (Halbert & Inguilli, 2012, pg 46). Considering that the company operates, as any at will employer it can be assessed that it has the full authority to terminate most of these employees since they have committed a breach of contract with their actions. However, even though the doctrine gives the absolute right for both stakeholders to terminate their contract for a cause or for no cause at all, there are still some limitations to the law that companies need to consider before firing an employee if they wish to minimize their liabilities and litigation costs. If there's no contract covering termination, you're free to fire an employee at any time, for any reason or for no reason at all. That law still applies today, but the "at-will" rule is subject to many limitations. For example, despite the "at-will" rule, a fired employee may claim one or more of the following grounds in a wrongful-discharge case (Steingold, 1997, para 4)). In light of this I will try to assess the actions of these employees one by one to determine the......

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Will at Doctrine

...Assignment Two: Employment-at-Will Doctrine Linda M Zaccarillo LEG500 Law, Ethics and Corporate Governance Note: This assignment is submitted on July 31, 2014 to Professor Sliben in fulfillment of a requirement for successful course completion. Assignment One: Employment-at-Will Doctrin In this paper I will be acting as a recently-hired Chief Operating Officer in a midsize company preparing for an Initial Public Offering. I will also I will analyze the emoloyment-at-will doctrine, determine if any exceptions and liabilities exist, and give a brief definition. I will also discuss Pennsylvania employement-at-will doctrine. Employment-at-Will Doctrine Employment-at-will doctrine means the common law rule that holds that whenever an employment relationship is of an indefinate duration, either party- the employer or the employee-may terminate the relationship at any time,for good cause or bad, in good faith or with malice(Halbert & Ingulli, 2012. p 46). John John is not protected by the employment-at will doctrine. The reason that I can fire him is because his interent blasting is a direct violation of company policy. There is no privacy when posting on the internet. When you post things on the interent you are posting for the whole world to see. John is not covered by any laws to protect him from being fired. There is also no way that he ccan contest the firing because he is violatiating......

Words: 1931 - Pages: 8

Truman Doctrine

...The Truman Doctrine [Student’s Name] [Name of Institution] [Date] The Truman Doctrine Introduction The fall of the Soviet empire has presented various political and economic opportunities and threats to the world, for these reasons it’s considered one of the major events taking place since the Second World War. The Soviet fall besides various internal factors has been facilitated by US and Western counter parts to attempt to contain further Communism. The Truman doctrine was a US strategy to halt expansion of Soviet Union in the course of the Cold War. In this doctrine the then US President Harry S. Truman vowed to contain the spread of communism in the world particularly in Europe. This doctrine encouraged the US to back every country with both economic and military assistance if the Soviet Union or communism threats its stability. The aim of this paper is to review The Truman Doctrine was one of the significant historical approaches deployed between 1945 and 2008 that has had both negative and positive outcomes for the world. Historical Background In order to analyze the Truman doctrine and its different elements, it is necessary to consider the complex historical context in which it originated, and one that explains how a president such as Harry Truman, laid the foundations seated on the principles of the emerging American political realism after the Second World War (Bostdorff, 2008). The creation of international organizations like the UN itself and its......

Words: 2775 - Pages: 12

Eisenhower Administration

...President Dwight Eisenhower came into office in the years following World War II. The US had just entered an arms race with the Soviet Union, and America was frightened by the fear of communism and a potential nuclear war. The Civil Rights movement also heated up during the post-war years, as segregation and discrimination, especially in the south, got worse and worse. The Eisenhower administration made numerous efforts to heal and save a disheartened country. While the effort to be on level with the Soviet Union only worsened US-Soviet relations, the improvements of civil rights throughout the country exceeded and changed the country forever. US-Soviet relations took a steep fall during Eisenhower’s terms as President. There was an increase in security as a result of the Soviet Union detonating its own atomic bomb in 1949. The US entered an arms race with the Soviet Union. Not even a decade later did the “space race” begin. In 1957, the Soviet Union launched the Sputnik satellite. This startled Americans. Many thought that if the USSR could launch something into space, they must be capable to do other things and that America must be in danger. In 1958 President Eisenhower signed off on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in an effort to be on equal footing with the Soviets. The US launched its first satellite, the Explorer I the same year. There was hope for progress between US-Soviet relations in 1959. Both Eisenhower and Khrushchev agreed to invite...

Words: 507 - Pages: 3

The Eisenhower Doctrine

...| The Eisenhower Doctrine | | | The Eisenhower Doctrine In the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, while the world was repairing itself from the 6-7 years of war (4 years for the US), unseen forces were posed to launch and spring into action once the war was over, an ideology; one that had taken a country over by storm and revolution. These unseen forces were setup in the cold, grim climate of Mockba (Moscow). Josef Stalin, “the Grim Reaper of Communism”, had plans to sow the seeds of Communism throughout the entire Western half of Europe and elsewhere. While it’s no surprise that when attending the Potsdam Conference in Potsdam, Germany from July 17, 1945 to August 2, 1945, the “Big Three” consisting of : Sir Winston Churchill, (later replaced by Prime Minister Clement Attlee), President Harry S. Truman and Soviet Leader Josef Stalin, met to drawup borders for the re-organization of Europe after the war (Milestones: 1937-1945, n.d). The surprise came when Truman told Stalin that the United States had nuclear weapons and Stalin didn’t even react because he had spies inside the “Manhattan Project” and key information was passed on to ‘Uncle Joe’. The real surprise Truman found out later (Milestones: 1937-1945, n.d). But also, ‘Uncle Joe’ had plans to spread his Communist poison throughout Europe, the Middle East and everywhere else he could. In the early to middle portion of the 1950’s, while Senator Joseph McCarthy was accusing......

Words: 1216 - Pages: 5


...LII. An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances. By the late Rev. Mr. Bayes, communicated by Mr. Price, in a letter to John Canton, M. A. and F. R. S. Dear Sir, Read Dec. 23, 1763. I now send you an essay which I have found among the papers of our deceased friend Mr. Bayes, and which, in my opinion, has great merit, and well deserves to be preserved. Experimental philosophy, you will find, is nearly interested in the subject of it; and on this account there seems to be particular reason for thinking that a communication of it to the Royal Society cannot be improper. He had, you know, the honour of being a member of that illustrious Society, and was much esteemed by many as a very able mathematician. In an introduction which he has writ to this Essay, he says, that his design at first in thinking on the subject of it was, to find out a method by which we might judge concerning the probability that an event has to happen, in given circumstances, upon supposition that we know nothing concerning it but that, under the same circumstances, it has happened a certain number of times, and failed a certain other number of times. He adds, that he soon perceived that it would not be very difficult to do this, provided some rule could be found, according to which we ought to estimate the chance that the probability for the happening of an event perfectly unknown, should lie between any two named degrees of probability, antecedently to any experiments made about it; and......

Words: 14334 - Pages: 58


...UNIVERSITATEA “DUNĂREA DE JOS”, GALAȚI FACULTATEA DE ECONOMIE ȘI ADMINISTRAREA AFACERILOR SPECIALIZAREA: AFACERI INTERNAȚIONALE REFERAT LA DISCIPLINA „DOCTRINE ECONOMICE CONTEMPORANE” tEMĂ: Modelul economic creat de J. M. Keynes pentru explicarea dezechilibrelor din economia de piață contemporană tEMĂ: Modelul economic creat de J. M. Keynes pentru explicarea dezechilibrelor din economia de piață contemporană Cadru didactic coordonator: Lect. dr. Ludmila Daniela MANEA Student: Genoveva Virginia GROSU Anul III 2015 Cuprins Introducere 2 1. Modelul economic creat de J.M. Keynes 3 1.1. Caracteristicile modelului creat de Keynes 3 2. Componentele definitorii ale modelului economico-matematic al lui J. M. Keynes 4 2.1. Variabilele 4 2.1.1. Variabilele endogene 4 2.1.2. Variabile exogene 5 2.2. Relațiile dintre variabile 7 2.3. Parametrul, “multiplicatorul investițonal” (K) 8 Bibliografie 10 Introducere De-a lungul evoluţiei sale istorice, ştiinţa a căutat să analizeze fenomenele complexe cu ajutorul modelelor abstracte. Natura umană şi variaţia relaţiilor care se stabilesc într-o societate formează un câmp de cercetare întins şi pasionant, propice declanşării unor multiple controverse. Utilizarea matematicii pentru rezolvarea unor probleme economice suscită reticenţe profunde şi nejustificate. Mulţi teoreticieni sau practicieni economişti ignoră noile descoperiri din teoria matematică care le-ar putea fi utile. Pe de......

Words: 3065 - Pages: 13

Dwight D Eisenhower

...A4 Dwight Eisenhower Background Information Dwight David Eisenhower October 14, 1890 March 28, 1969 Educational and Occupational Background West Point Governor of Occupied Germany Supreme Allied Commander President at Columbia University Term(s) in Office First Term – 1953 Second Term – 1957 Issues During Election(s) Opponents Adlai Stevenson Alben W. Barkley Vice President Richard Nixon Political Party Republican Domestic Happenings Korean War ends- the war ended on July 27th, 1953. 1954 Army-McCarthy hearings- a series of hearings held by the United States Senate'sSubcommittee on Investigations between April 1954 and June 1954. The hearings were held for the purpose of investigating conflicting accusations between the United States Army and Senator Joseph McCarthy. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas- declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.  1955 Rosa Parks’ action leads to Montgomery Bus Boycott- changed history its lf for social structure and the treatment of blacks. 1956 Suez Crisis- a diplomatic and military confrontation in late 1956 between Egypt on one side, and Britain, France and Israel on the other, with the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Nations playing major roles in forcing Britain, France and Israel to withdraw. Federal Highway Act- authorization of 25......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Eisenhowers Politics

...because it was suggested that they do so. Some found the idea of “If it’s good enough for America, it’s good enough me” to be too stifling and didn’t allow for personal individuality. In addition to the new found spending of Americans, the rise in middle class neighborhoods caused a population surge which created congestion amongst the roadways. This led to the formation of the Interstate Highway Act. This plan was 90% paid for by federal money which was garnered by the government through special taxes on cars, fuel and auto parts. Though expensive and timely to complete it did provide the benefit of allowing Americans the freedom of the open road and linked consumers to previous out of reach markets. When the recession hit, Eisenhower wanted to limit the government’s involvement while New Deal Democrats were more apt to want to stimulate the economy through tax cuts and deficit spending. By the end of his term, Eisenhower’s attempts at sustaining the economy through special plans such as the Interstate Highway Act, St. Lawrence Seaway Act and his views on Farming policies had had mixed results and were not well supported by fellow Republicans. Though he did not continue to serve in the Republican majority in Congress he did eventually gain support from the public and is still considered a top ten favorite President....

Words: 281 - Pages: 2

Essay on President Eisenhower

...President Eisenhower Eisenhower’s Doctrine and Beliefs 1/23/2012 Carlos Williams | In the history of international diplomacy the appearance of the Eisenhower Doctrine was an important and life changing document. Before January of 1957 there was no such notion in the entire world; it was introduced by President Eisenhower. Before that date all countries decided for themselves what political direction they were taking and were on their own in the political world arena. By that time the Soviet Union however was a powerful and ever growing country with desires to occupy more and more territories and to control as many countries as it could. Situation in the Middle East was a very favorable one for such actions of the Soviets that only waited for a suitable moment to contribute their political domination to those territories. Most of the Middle East countries were struggling for the independence and were trying to establish self-governing systems as in developed parts of the world. In the course of the history they frequently found themselves in the middle of fighting and misunderstanding between the nations, thus it was a rough process which was still continuing. In the midst of such conditions it was understandable that those countries were a piece of cake for the Soviet Union to make them communist "believers". The problem was not only based on the Soviet's desire, but mainly on the opponent‘s inability to resist the pressure of being involved in a new......

Words: 1100 - Pages: 5

Kennedy Doctrine

...The Kennedy Doctrines & US Relations BY Shaconda Peterson POL 300 Instructor Dr. Angela Agboli-Esedebe Date: September 3, 2011 The Kennedy Doctrine refers to foreign policy initiatives of the 35th President of the United States, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, towards Latin America during his term in office between 1961 and 1963. Kennedy voiced support for the containment of Communism and the reversal of Communist progress in the Western Hemisphere. The Kennedy Doctrine was essentially an expansion of the foreign policy prerogatives of the previous administrations of Dwight D. Eisenhower and Harry S. Truman. The foreign policies of these presidents all revolved around the threat of communism and the means by which the United States would attempt to contain the spread of it. The Truman Doctrine focused on the containment of communism by providing assistance to countries resisting communism in Europe while the Eisenhower Doctrine was focused upon providing both military and economic assistance to nations resisting communism in the Middle East and by increasing the flow of trade from the United States into Latin America. The Kennedy Doctrine was based on these same objectives but was more concerned with the spread of communism and Soviet influence in Latin America following the Cuban revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power under Eisenhower during the 1950s. Some of the most notable events that stemmed from tenets of JFK’s foreign policy initiatives in......

Words: 2302 - Pages: 10