Electric Generator

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Submitted By juman
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Electric Generator Juman Haffar

Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday was born on 22 September 1791 and died in 25 August 1867. He was an English scientist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include those of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. Faraday’s family was not well off. He received only a basic formal education. When he was 14, he got a job in a bookstore, and spent all of his time reading books. In 1813, Faraday got the job of the chemical assistant at the Royal Institution. In 1831, Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction, the principle behind the electric transformer and generator. This discovery was crucial in allowing electricity to be transformed from a curiosity into a powerful new technology. During the remainder of the decade he worked on developing his ideas about electricity. He was partly responsible for coining many familiar words including 'electrode', 'cathode' and 'ion'. Faraday's scientific knowledge was harnessed for practical use through various official appointments, including scientific adviser to Trinity House (1836-1865) and Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich (1830-1851). However, in the early 1840s, Faraday's health began to deteriorate and he did less research. He died on 25 August 1867 at Hampton Court, where he had been given official lodgings in recognition of his contribution to science. He gave his name to the 'farad', originally describing a unit of electrical charge but later a unit of electrical capacitance.
Construction
The electric generator consists of a tube of neutral material wound with a coil of wire, insulated in cotton, and a bar magnet. Faraday connected his apparatus to a galvanometer (an instrument that detects electrical current) and discovered that when he passed…...

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