Erik Ericsson

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Erik Erikson

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Erik Erikson
Introduction
Erik Erikson was a rare psychologist who created an eight-step model outlining the different steps in development psychology in the growth of an ordinary human being from birth to old age. His specific insights concerning human mental processes would affect the way people reacted to children and foment a deep interest in studies in human psychology. Though other psychologists have improved on Erikson’s initial findings, original findings retain a lot of significance. There is need to research and study Erikson’s work with particular interest in his explanation of the ‘adolescent stage’

Erikson’s Contribution Freud’s views about the nature and construction of the human personality significantly influenced Erik Erikson’s understanding of humanity. There was a considerable difference between the two men: whereas Erikson was an ego psychologist, Freud was an ID psychologist. Erikson stressed on the functions of society and culture and the divergences that can occur within the ego itself while Freud highlighted the conflict between the superego and ID. At all psychosexual phases, Erikson observed that the person grows in three levels concurrently: social, biological, and psychological, which represent the person, his or her connection to society, and individualism. His work was a lifetime representation of human development that consists of 5 phases up to 18 years of age. Three additional phases extended beyond adulthood. The first point concerns Trust Versus Mistrust. It is the period from birth to the end of the first year. Erikson affirmed that in this period, a child would learn to trust the outside world and his or her capacity to have an effect on proceedings going on. This development is…...

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