Examine the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Both Positivist and Interpretivist Methods of Research (20)

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Examine the advantages and disadvantages of using both positivist and interpretivist methods of research (20)
Positivism is a theoretical point of view which concentrates on social facts, scientific methods and quantitative data. The research methods that are commonly used by positivists are questionnaires, structured interviews, structured non-participant observation and official statistics. These methods are used as they are objective and reliable. One sociological study that used positivist methods was Durkheim’s Suicide Study. Durkheim used official statistics to study suicide and demonstrate society as a science with its own distinct subject matter.
One advantage of using positivist methods of research is that the data is that the data is easy to analyse. Using quantitative data means that there is less information which makes it easier to categorise and therefore makes it easy to create tables and graphs allowing easy analysis and making trends more identifiable. Also with the data being easy to analyse and categorise it also makes it easy for comparisons to make against existing research and data.
A second advantage of using positivist methods of research is that the data is high in reliability. Positivists often use questionnaires and structured interviews to test reliability as the questions are controlled and therefore can be repeated. Research is considered reliable if other researchers can find similar results asking the same questions and showing consistency within their research. Also positivist methods of research objective. When researchers are using positivist research methods they often act as a detached researcher seeking for the truth and facts and are not influenced by their beliefs or money.
A third advantage of positivist methods of research is that they are representative. When using quantitative research methods you are only looking for…...

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