Expectancy Theory of Motivation

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Expectancy Theory of Motivation
Expectancy theory states that a person will choose to behave or act in a certain way because they are encouraged to choose a particular behavior over other alternative behaviors due to what they perceive the outcome of that behavior to be (DuBrin, 2009). When selecting among different behaviors, people choose from alternatives which provide high motivational force. This force is presented as; Motivational Force (MF) = Expectancy x Instrumentality x Valance. Where motivational Force is the strength of a person’s motivation, valence is the strength of an individual’s preference for an outcome, and expectancy as the probability that a particular action will lead to a desired outcome (Koontz & Weihrich, 2007).
Tenants of Expectancy Theory
The components of Expectany theory of motivation include: Instrumentality, Expectancy, Motivational Force, and valance. Instrumentality. This is the confidence that meeting performance expectations, will result into a substantial reward. The trust that a person’s endeavor will result in achievement of set goals. This is a person’s trust in their capability to successfully perform a particular behavior. The person will gauge whether they have the skills or knowledge desired to achieve their goals (Koontz & Weihrich, 2007). This is to say, that, individuals will not select particular actions when objectives are too difficult and are unachievable. The valance refers the value a person places on the rewards.
Example of a situation that would lead to a high force score in an organization is, when people have confidence that meeting performance expectations, will lead to a substantial reward. At the same time, they trust that a person’s endeavor will result in achievement of set goals and that the targets are achievable, then they are likely to have…...

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