Premium Essay

Family

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ayushi123
Words 701
Pages 3
Many sociologists argue that the family has lost a number of its functions in modern industrial society. Institutions such as business, political parties, schools, and welfare organizations now specialize in functions formerly performed by the family.
Talcott Parsons argues that the family has become 'on the "macroscopic" levels, almost completely functionless. It does not itself, except here and there, engage in much economic production; it is not a significant unit in the political power system; it is not a major direct agency of integration of the larger society.
Its individual members participate in all these functions, but they do so as "individuals", not in their roles as family members'. However, this does not mean that the family is declining in importance. It has simply become more specialized. Parsons maintains that its role is still vital.
By structuring the personalities of the young and stabilizing the personalities of adults, the family provides its members with the psychological training and support necessary to meet the requirements of the social system.
This view is supported by N. Dennis who argues that impersonal bureaucratic agencies have taken over many of the family's functions. As a result the warmth and close supportive relationships which existed when the family performed a large range of functions have largely disappeared.
Dennis argues that in the impersonal setting of modern industrial society, the family provides the only opportunity 'to participate in a relationship where people are perceived and valued as whole persons'. Outside the family, individual's must often interact with strangers in terms of a number of roles.
Adopting roles such as employee, customer, teacher and student, they are unable to express many aspects of themselves or develop deep and supportive relationships. Young and Willmott make a similar point arguing that…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Families

...Families and Households There is a large debate amongst many Sociologists in relation to gender divisions of labour within families and households. Factionalists such as Murdock accomplished that family is so beneficial to society that it is unavoidable and global. This view is not shared by all sociologists. Feminists would dispute what functionalist’s state. Most feminists believe family exploits and discourages women. Parsons, a functionalist argues that there is a strong detachment of work between husbands and wives based on biological changes. He claimed that these detachments are favourable to men, women, children and wider society. Parsons believes women have the sensitive role designed towards homemaking and childcare. Men hold the instrumental role designed towards work and being the breadwinner. The New Right supports Parsons, they believe that the division of gender is normal and beneficial to family and furnishes the children to integrate to modern society. However many sociologists such as Young and Willmott claim that men are now sharing domestic roles and more wives are now becoming breadwinners as well. Feminist’s sociologists disagree with Parsons they claim that this only benefits men and the division of labour is not natural. Willmott and Young conducted a study in the 1950’s with a group of working class extended families which confirmed that conjugal roles have become more segregated. However in the 1970’s they conducted another study......

Words: 1178 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Family

...were put on top. I think the photographer was trying to show that a family can be created by not allowing boundaries to stop you. My interpretation showed a family setting, with a diverse background. While I was looking through photos for my assignment I notice a certain picture. While I was looking at the photo, it reminded me a lot of my own family. I have a very wide range of ethnicity in my family and I am very proud of all my members of my family. I was never ashamed or embarrassed of them; some had step-fathers or step-mothers. I have heard stories from some friends who talk about how they were teased and harassed because they had a white father or a Latino mother. Even when I was in the military I had friend who told me they were embarrassed of their sister or brother because they married outside of their race. It always ended the same when the apologized to me, saying they were sorry if I was offended for saying what they said. Everyone has their own views on how they feel about a diverse family. I believe each person is entitled to their own opinions. I was once confronted by an individual when I was young due to the fact my cousin was half white. I remember the look on his face when he started crying because he hated being different. I deeply value my family weather they have a mixed culture or not. I was taught; family was a very important factor in life at a very young age. As of today, my family members are a very tight-knit group and I could not be prouder.......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Family

... Old Freshman Seminar I believe that family is deeper than blood. I believe that family is much more than just a group of people into which you born in relation to based on DNA. In order to fully discuss the idea of family we must first look at the definition of family. According to Merriam Webster Online there are many different definitions of the word family. The main ones are that family is a group of individuals living under one roof and usually under one head, the second definition is, a group of persons of common ancestry and the third definition is a group of people united by certain convictions or a common affiliation. In these three definitions only the second definition involves a bloodline that connects the individuals to one another. Each of these three definitions expresses different views of what family is. To me, the criteria for family is much deeper than being from the same bloodline. As Christians we are taught to believe that we are all family and related to one another. Unfortunately, in this day and age we do not keep Family is that person or group of people who will and do love you unconditionally, help to take care of you mentally and financially and help to look out for your wellbeing. Family, to me can be your friends whom which you have built a very close bond and relationship with. In some instances your friends may be your only family. Those people whom you consider friends may be...

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Family

...Family is universal and found in every culture. A family is defined as a set of people related by blood, marriage, or other agreed-on relationship, or adoption (Schaefer, 2011). We will view family through the following sociological theories: Functionalism, Conflict and Interactionism theory. Each theory has its own interpretation on family. First we must comprehend these three different perspectives, then their application of family and finally how those view of family affects society. The functionalist theory focuses on ways in which family gratifies the needs of its participants and is structured to maintain the stability of society (Schaefer, 2011). This perspective focuses on the six paramount functions described by sociologist William F. Ogburn (Schaefer, 2011). Family is responsible in establishing function in society by using the six paramount functions and they are reproduction, protection, socialization, regulation of sexual behavior, affection and companionship, and provision of social status (Schaefer, 2011). Functionalist theorists have opposing views on the particular functions that a family must perform but they all agree that family plays an integral part in the societal function. Sociologists, who work with the functionalist perspective, view family as contributing part of society’s basic needs and obtaining specialized roles in society. Functionalists believe that the family is an optimistic and advantageous foundation in which family members receive......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Family

...The Family With its Narrow Privacy and Tawdry Secrets is the Source of all Our Discontent Edmund Leech’s statement from his Runaway World lecture in 1974 “the family with its narrow privacy and tawdry secrets is the source of all our discontent” suggests that the family is a negative force within society. This essay will describe what the family is, what its main functions are and outline the different types. It will explain how the family is detrimental to its members with its narrow privacy and tawdry secrets and illustrate some of the consequences that these have on society as a whole. Society has to have a means of repopulating itself. The family is an institution with the key responsibility of the reproduction and social education of society’s members. New members must be taught by the family what it means to be a member of society. Weiss defines the family as “a small kinship structured group with the key function of nurturant socialization of the new-born” (quoted in Cree 2010). There are many different types of family. The nuclear family with 2 generations of family members under the same roof are the most common in modern society. Extended families with 3 or more generations living in the same household are becoming less frequent. These families can be extended either vertically, usually involving grandparents, or horizontally, with aunts uncles and cousins. Single parent families, as the name implies, involve a single parent with dependent child or children.......

Words: 1096 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Family

...| Family | | | 12/10/2011 | Introduction to Sociology | If someone were to ask you what a traditional American family consist, how would you answer? Would you simply put it as a father, mother and a couple of children? This seems like the right response, but in reality the term family, comes in many variations. The text book defines family a social institution found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one and other to include children. (J.J Macionis, 2009, page 374; para 3). In our culture we have seen single parent families, homosexual parent families, and families brought together after divorce. Whatever the dynamics are the family plays an important role in every person’s life. One particular family comes to mind in regards to the institution of family. The Duggar’s, they are a family of twenty- two members that have a reality show on the TLC network. This family is extremely original, considering they have nineteen children. The grandmother lives with the family as well. The faith of this family regulates everything they do, and every decision they make. They have a strong belief that God is the ultimate deciding factor on how many children Michelle Duggar has. They raise their children to respect the precept of their faith, in hopes they will become adults following the same standards. There oldest son is the only one who has moved out and is going in the same direction with his family. The......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Family

...Introduction Each family is unique and unrepeatable and hence the impossibility of creating family types to accommodate certain patterns. Thus, this case study research will research on the issue that how the diversity in different aspects of family affects the day – to-day life of the family and family dynamics. The basic task is to gather information about the family members and then discuss how the how the family dynamics is affected due to diversity. The changes in modes of family life arouse intense debate in as to the permanence and balance guaranteed by traditional models. Reconstituted families, single parents, arising from divorce, unwed motherhood or other factors, or complex families, among others, represents an innovation compared to traditional modes of nuclear family, consisting of a man and a woman with dependent children or families with one parent as a result of widowhood. In this family the person learns how to be and what to do once adult, who must assume the role of head of household, husband or wife, father or mother. This learning will be influenced by the models of relatives of his clan and its environment and cultural models of their studies of literature, film, television, etc. But it is essential the individual's experience in his own family. Although family diversity is not new, the extent of this phenomenon was only noticeable during recent years, in both past generations and we believe that this time is not sufficient for "Roles" have been......

Words: 3590 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

The Family

...THE FAMILY The Consanguine Family (The First Stage of the Family) The Punaluan Family The Pairing Family The Monogamous Family The Iroquois Gens The Greek Gens [The Rise of Private Property] The Rise of the Athenian State The Gens and the State in Rome The Gens Among Celts and Germans The Formation of the State Among the Germans Barbarism and Civilization Appendix: A Recently Discovered Case of Group Marriage INTRODUCTION After Marx’s death, in rumaging through Marx’s manuscripts, Engels came upon Marx’s precis of Ancient Society – a book by progressive US scholar Lewis Henry Morgan and published in London 1877. The precis was written between 1880-81 and contained Marx’s numerous remarks on Morgan as well as passages from other sources. After reading the precis, Engels set out to write a special treatise – which he saw as fulfilling Marx’s will. Working on the book, he used Marx’s precis, and some of Morgan’s factual material and conclusions. He also made use of many and diverse data gleaned in his own studies of the history of Greece, Rome, Old Ireland, and the Ancient Germans. It would, of course, become The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State – the first edition of which was published October 1884 in Hottingen-Zurich. Engels wrote The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State in just two months – beginning toward the end of March 1884 and completing it by the end of May. It focuses on early human history,......

Words: 4244 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Family

...Roevee Tisoy HCOM 320 Research Paper Topic: Comparing High Context (Asian) and Low Context (Western/American) cultures' emphasis on family. The word 'family' holds a different meaning for everyone and depending on how they were raised, some people may put more of an emphasis on family than others. Another factor that contributes to how people feel about family and how much emphasis they place on things such as respect, familial roles, and family duties is their culture. Different cultures emphasize the importance of different things in society, family matters, and personal affairs. The purpose of this research paper is to compare the idea of family between a high context and a low context culture, particularly the Asian Cultures and Western Culture. Topics that will be covered include a brief overview of family, the types of family systems, family roles, parent-children relationships, and communication in between family members. Family is defined in the course textbook as "the fundamental communication system in all cultures"(Ting-Toomey & Chung, 2005, p. 87). From a very early age, children learn to look up to their adult role models (ie. Parents, Aunts, Uncles, and Grandparents), and in doing so they learn what to value and appreciate. The course textbook briefly describes a "family socialization process" (Ting-Toomey & Chung, 2005, p. 88) through which children learn to understand issues such as boundaries, power dynamics, and authority issues. In the high...

Words: 459 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Family

... Зміст 1. Unit 1. Family: definition, description, functions, common problems……5 2. Unit 2. Extended family…………………………………………..............11 3. Unit 3. Nuclear family…………………………..………………………..14 4. Unit 4. Single-parent family. Common problems. Parental concerns……20 5. Unit 5. The breadwinner …………………………………………………25 6. Unit 6. Foster care and adoption………………………………………….29 7. Unit 7. Healthy way of life ………………………………………………34 8. Additions ...................................................................................................38 9. Список використаної літератури ………………………………………40 Unit 1. Family: definition, description, functions, common problems I. What does the word “family” mean to you? Read the text attentively. Find answers to the following questions: 1) Define the word “family”. How many definitions does it have? 2) How can the family provide the child’s development and well-being? 3) Do you agree with the quote: “Every area of a child's life is affected by the family”? Share your thoughts. 4) What are the functions of a family? 5) Comment on the following: “Family structure is dynamic” 6) List common family problems. Find solutions for each of them 7) What roles do you play within your family? 8) What does the word “stepfamily” mean? 9) Can parental career......

Words: 9373 - Pages: 38

Premium Essay

Family

...My Extensive Family Having two fathers and three grandmothers may seem strange to others. But in my family that is the norm, which brings you to how my family became extensive. One weekend about four years ago my family and I went out for some ice cream at Dairy Queen. One of my mother’s friend showed up that she had not seen in a while. As we were sitting there he kept on saying “man, she looks just like my sister.” I just really ignored what he was saying. A little while afterwards he asked “what is your name?” I replied “”KiAna.” He said “what a coincidence my sister’s name is Kenyatta.” Then my cousin and I left and went skating. Once I returned home my mother told me she had something to tell me. So I sat down. She then told me the story about how they meet and what happened between them. Then I said “what are you trying to tell me?” She then told me that the man that I had known for my whole life as my father was not my biological father. Then she asked me was I mad. I replied “nope.” I said “things happen.” About two days later we paid a visit to a house. I had no clue where we were going but I went. When I entered the house my mom’s friend introduced me to his mom. We took some pictures and then we left. The next day they swabbed my mouth for the DNA test. About one week passed and the results came back stating that in fact he was my biological father. From then own I was meeting new people every day. My new father had a brother and a sister they both had kids. I...

Words: 609 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Family

...Family Functioning Factors1 Sections A through F Family Identifying Information: Name 1 DOB Relationship Children’s Bureau of Southern California. (1997). Family Assessment Form. California: Authors. Reprinted with permission from Sandy Sladen, LCSW. Family Assessment Form Family Functioning Factors SECTION A: LIVING CONDITIONS* A1. Cleanliness/Orderliness - Outside Environmental Conditions Refers to environmental health and hygiene factors (e.g. litter, garbage, vermin, clutter, odors around the exterior of the home) that are NOT WITHIN the family's control. Need to consider intervening with owner/landlord, county health department, city code enforcement, and/or other regulatory agencies. Score 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 STRENGTHS: 3.5 4 CONCERNS: 4.5 5 Operational Definition Consistently clean and orderly; property very well maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants if a rental Generally clean and orderly; no health hazards; property well maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants if a rental Some lack of cleanliness; some disorderliness or clutter; other tenants or neighbors create messiness; slow response to problems by owner/landlord; occasional roach problem Inadequately clean or organized; potential health hazards present; a great deal of clutter or litter/garbage; or offensive odors; consistent roach problem; property poorly maintained by owner/landlord and other tenants; very difficult to reach or get response from owner/landlord Health hazards and......

Words: 8314 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Family to Family

...LIBERTY UNIVERSITY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY Family to Family Submitted to Dr. Gene Jefferies in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of EVAN 525 Contemporary Evangelism by Shawn T. Hunt October 4, 2014 Abstract The book Family to Family is a concrete guide for the family that has lost connection with itself. The very purpose of the book as stated by the authors is to “discover God’s purpose for your family, develop a family mission statement, establish core values, make time for quality and quantity family time centered around God’s purposes, and equip you to lead your children to Christ and mentor them spiritually.” As the authors Pipes and Lee walk the readers though these areas they show us how to raise families that are centered on Christ and how parents can pass on their faith to their children and reverse the trend of them leaving the church upon turning eighteen. Family to Family begins with the life of the typical church going family that tries to do too much and is not connected to each other through Christ. The authors give the reader a weekly rundown of all the activities that this typical family has and shows how this is the cause of their disconnection with Christ. Pipes and Lee use data from the American Family Association to show that “Only 34 percent of America’s families eat one meal together each day.  The average father spends only eight to 10 minutes a day with his children, this includes meal......

Words: 1888 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Family

...Many of today’s families are constantly on the go. Therefore, finding time for family style meals that are also healthy can be a difficult task. To assure that families, especially children, eat healthy there are some very simple steps that parents can take. Studies have shown that taking these steps to promote healthful eating habits in children can have long lasting benefits. “Some past studies have suggested that when parents and children regularly connect over dinner, children are less likely to take up habits like smoking and drinking”. (Norton, 2007). To help busy families eat healthier, it is up to parents to lead the way. “Sometimes, this requires parents to act as a united front. This means that one parent cannot offer vegetables as a snack and the other parent makes regular trips to the ice cream store. By doing these, the children will often receive mixed messages and will likely make decisions on their own”. (Lair, 2000). Often times the decision they make may not be the best for their health. Therefore, parents who are good role models with their eating habits have a much easier time convincing their children to eat better. If parents are eating vital, wholesome foods like whole grains, beans, fresh vegetables and fruit, and healthy animal products children will be more likely to follow suit. (Lair, 2000). Children who are introduced to healthy eating habits at an early age have a better chance of eating right when they are adults....

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Family

...Every individual as a human being is, voluntarily or involuntarily, a part of an organization, family and society. By default each human being is social animal and is expected to behave in certain manner within each of these. Also he/she has expectations from other people who are also a part in all of these. For every aspect a human being has a different behavior and a different set of expectations depending on whom is he/she dealing with. Our behavior towards and expectations from our boss will be very different from that of our parents. ORGANIZATION THE COMPANY WHAT IS EXPECTED FROM ME * To be Professional * Be committed to your work and the organization- If working, then one should be committed to his/her work and the organization with whom you are working with. You should not take your work casually. * To be honest- the more honest one is, the more trustworthy you become. * Regular: Treat the organization as your own be regular with the work. An Irregular employee not only ruins his reputation but also hampers the smooth working of the organization. It makes him unreliable. * Value Resources- Value resources of time and money spent by the organisation one works. Value them and respect them. The company allocates and provides resources for the employees progress and development and to provide a better work environment. To misuse the resources is unethical on the employee’s part. * Constant Learner- I will continue the development of myself as a...

Words: 2336 - Pages: 10