Financial Innovation

In: Business and Management

Submitted By smaity
Words 1756
Pages 8
What is Financial Innovation? Financial innovation can be defined as the act of creating and then popularizing new financial instruments as well as new financial technologies, institutions and markets. It includes institutional, product and process innovation.
Why do we need financial Innovation?
Finance is the lifeblood of the world economy that affects every other sector and in turn is affected by every other sector. A Simple Financial Innovation like a debit card can lift millions of people out of poverty and connect them to the global economy. It helps entrepreneurs raise money for the next idea. In the coming few pages I shall attempt to discuss few financial innovation and how they have affected the global economy.
Microfinance

Microfinance is a source of financial services for entrepreneurs and small businesses lacking access to banking and related services. Microfinance is a broad category of services, which includes microcredit. Microcredit is provision of credit services to poor clients. Microcredit has enjoyed spectacular success in poor nations like Grameen Bank in Bangladesh and SKS Microfinance in India.

What is Microcredit?
Much of the current interest in microcredit stems from the Microcredit Summit (2-4 February 1997), and the activities that went into organizing the event. The definition of microcredit that was adopted there was: Microcredit programmers extend small loans to very poor people for self-employment projects that generate income, allowing them to care for themselves and their families.
Definitions differ, of course, from country to country. Some of the defining criteria used include- size – loans are micro, or very small in size target users – microenterpreneurs and low-income households utilization – the use of funds – for income generation, and enterprise development, but also for community use (health/education) etc.…...

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