Forms of Gender Based Discrimination

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Forms of Gender Discrimination
Gender-Based discrimination in the workplace refers to situations in which an employer treats an individual or group of individual employees differently, based on their gender, whether female or male. 5 Although gender discrimination in the work environment is a problem for a wide range of people, and all gender types, the most prevalent amount of gender discrimination is aimed at women.
Discrimination against women
In the history of the United States and other countries, women have predominately been seen as second class citizens. Women have had to fight for the right to vote, the right to have their own identities outside of the home, and ultimately, women have had to fight for their place in the work environment. This struggle still exists today, even after women gained the right to vote and even after the renowned Civil Rights Act was passed. Although the hurdle that is gender discrimination has vastly changed since the 1950’s and 60’s, it is important to understand that discrimination has a presence in today’s society.
• The median annual earnings of a female high school graduate were 26% less than that of her male counterpart. 4
• The median annual earnings of a woman with a bachelor’s degree was almost 25% (or on average $16,058) less than that of a similarly qualified man. 4
• Women are more likely to complete graduate education. A woman with a master’s degree earned 25% (or on average $19,250) less than a man with a master’s degree.
Women of Color
The protection against discrimination given to African American women under the law is often defined, not in terms of their status as African American women, but separately. This is to say that Black women often encounter race and sex discrimination that is defined by the experiences of Black men and white women, respectively. 6 For example, if a black woman files a claim…...

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