Front End Loading Pros and Cons

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By uberpumpkin
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Universidad Panamericana – Planeación de Proyectos Juan Eduardo Martínez Aguilera - 0006852 Ensayo – Front-End Loading
Introducción Muchas veces los proyectos fallan, se retrasan, incrementan su costo o son detenidos debido a la carencia de una buena planeación. No tener una buena planeación provoca un uso malo o ineficiente del tiempo de los equipos y recursos de un proyecto. Frecuentemente en todo tipo de industrias se presentan estos retrasos los cuáles tienen repercusiones más allá del retraso el proyecto en sí. Algunos ejemplos: “Los ingresos de Empresas ICA disminuyeron 10.2 por ciento a 8 mil 363 millones de pesos en el tercer trimestre del año, resultado de la caída de 23 por ciento en los ingresos por construcción ante el retraso en el desarrollo de grandes proyectos de infraestructura.” [El Financiero 2013] “El gerente general de Siemens Perú, Edwin Chávez, afirmó que el retraso de los proyectos mineros en el país está afectando a las empresas que brindan soluciones y servicios a este sector, pues las ventas programadas con anterioridad no se concretan.” [RPP noticias 2013] “Madrid, 13 de julio de 2012.- Los retrasos y excesos presupuestarios en proyectos de inversión de gran importancia para los sectores del petróleo, el gas y los servicios públicos podrían costar miles de millones de dólares, según un estudio de Accenture.” [Accenture 2012] De acuerdo a un estudio en 2009 de PriceWaterhouseCooper solo 2.5% de los proyectos grandes alcanzan los beneficios de negocio establecido en cuanto a alcance, costo y fechas.

Tener un buen manejo y planeación en el inicio de un proyecto sirve como protección contra posibles fallas, desviaciones en el presupuesto, elementos externos y para asegurar el buen funcionamiento de un equipo de trabajo. Aplicar una metodología de compuertas durante la fase de planeación de un proyecto puede permitir que la definición del…...

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