Gandhi

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Submitted By solaris00321
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Mohandas Gandhi est un avocat courageux qui a fait beaucoup pour son people. Il est né le 2 octobre, en 1869. 1. Les droits politiques et libertés civiques des peuples indiens n’étaient pas respectés. Les indiens étaient traités comme des citoyens inférieurs. Les indiens n’avaient pas des représentants dans le gouvernement. Ils ne pouvaient pas participer dans les décisions politiques. Gandhi s’oppose au gouvernement britannique et sa politique coloniale avec la politique de la résistance pacifique, non-violente.
LIGNE DE TEMPS
En 1891, Il a essayé de commencer un cabinet de droit mais il n’a pas réussi. Alors il a pris un emploi en Inde et il était envoyé en Afrique du Sud. Gandhi était extrêmement consternée par la discrimination qu’il a expérimentée comme un immigrant indien. Au tribunal, la juge a exigé qu’il retire son turban et Gandhi a refusé. En conséquence, il a été battu par un homme blanc. Ça c’est quand Gandhi a eu assez et il a réalisé que les personnes d’un couleur de peau différent étaient traité comme des inférieurs.
En 1906, il a initié son mouvement Satyagraha contre le gouvernement Natal, qui était le gouvernement qui a essayé à établir une loi pour asservir les indiens qui habitent en Afrique de Sud. Le 11 septembre était la date de la réunion où les indiens discutaient comment ils pouvaient contester la loi.
En 1914, Gandhi a conclu un accord avec le gouvernement Natal pour réduire la discrimination anti-indien.
L’Inde était toujours sous contrôle des Britanniques. Les Britanniques n’aimaient pas la campagne de Gandhi alors en Avril 1919, les Britanniques ont tué des centaines d’Indiens. Ils ont appelé ça le massacre d’Amritsar. Puis Gandhi a organisé une campagne en 1919 pour la résistance passive.
Dans les années 1920, Gandhi a dominé le congrès des indiens du Natal. C’est mouvement était si grand qu’ils lui ont donné le titre de…...

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...Primary Sources Gandhi, Mahatma. "Mahatma Gandhi First Television Interview." Fox Movietone News. Fox     Movietone News, FMN, April 30, 1931.               I found this source important to my research due to the fact that it’s a firsthand interview with Mahatma Gandhi and it shows his values and beliefs during that time period. Also within the video he says what his “plan of attack” is which is useful to hear from Mahatma Gandhi himself. However since this picture is a newscast they could have taken things out that they didn't want other people to hear or didn't believe themselves which is a negative. Another negative is that it doesn’t show the peoples beliefs at the time it just shows Mahatma Gandhi’s. Gandhi, Mahatma. "Mahatma Gandhi." Speech, Mahatma Gandhi from India, London, October 17, 1931.               I found this source useful due to the fact that is a speech and it shows Mahatma Gandhi’s views himself and it’s not an interview its him speaking to a crowd, However due to the fact that during a speech you’re trying to persuade a group of people. Mahatma could’ve said some things that he really didn't mean and he could've said it just to have people agree with him. Also it could be considered unreliable because it’s on YouTube and someone could have edited it and took things out. Gandhi, Mahatma. The Labor Monthly.  Vol. 14, April 1932     I found this source important to my research due to the fact that it’s a firsthand interview with Mahatma Gandhi and......

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...Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela Non-violence is a concept that people participate in social and political change without violence. It is a form of social and political change between passive acceptances and armed struggle. Non-violence way to participate in the social and political change is including nonviolent civil disobedience against, acts of civil disobedience or other powerful influence uncooperative antagonistic form; it is similar with pacifism, but it is not pacifism. Since the mid-20th century, nonviolence and civil disobedience become the main form of social change, and it also is respected political and social philosophy. As the practice of social and political change, non-violent has the essence difference with pacifism, it is contrary to the wishes of the oppressed, and it struggle with any injustice and power political. In my final paper, I will instruction three famous Non-violence movement leader: Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela; and also I will compare the similar and difference between them. Mahatma Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in Britishruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world. A very important turning point in Gandhi’s life is he arrived in South Africa to work as a legal representative for the Muslim Indian traders based in the city of......

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