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(3) Determine whether it would be better to fund the project from Canada or Russia or not at all:
(i) Russian funds: If we assume that if there is a violent revolution, we would neither earn money nor have to pay back the bank. (Let them have the plant if they are around to get it from the revolutionaries.) The financing in Russia looks very good. Having a 27% ROI, while having to pay only 12%, shows this to be a very profitable investment. And even if it does fail in the first year due to revolution, the bank is at risk, not the firm. The main issue is being able to get funds out of Russia and back to Canada. The yearly cash flows that could be repatriated would be $3m less interest and principal. You might make an adjustment for economic/political risk and anticipated exchange rate changes. The net present value of these cash flows in Canadian dollars could then be calculated.
(ii) Eurobond Funds: Eurobond investors would still want to be paid even if the plant goes out of production. They will also want to be paid most likely in US dollars or some European currency; it is unlikely that the Eurobonds would be denominated in either rubles or Canadian dollars. Hence the approach would be to discount the cash flows for economic/political risk, discount them for the currency depreciation, make payments on the Eurobonds, and then determine the net present value of the remainder. The quick calculation shows that this is still a positive net present value option.
After more careful analysis both choices would likely yield a positive net present value, although which one is higher is not obvious. While one can make estimates for the risks and include them as suggested, it is clear that the Eurobond option exposes the firm to higher economic/political and exchange rate risks. It also requires that funds be repatriated to pay off the bonds, while with the bank…...

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