Greeks

In: Historical Events

Submitted By mazin89
Words 638
Pages 3
Mazin Abdelwhab
History 121 – 901
03/28/2014
Paper 3
The Roman Republic The Roman republic was a part of the of ancient Rome struggle for stability. This struggle started with the collapse of the Roman Monarchy government structure in 509 BC. The republic lasted approximately 482 years pending its collapse through sequences of interior battles. The major cause for this down fall was the power struggle between the two classes.
This rise of the Roman Republican government, which was ran by two consuls, was very difficult to change. But because of the growth in Italy, the Romans began to create more political organizations. These organizations were positioned there to enforce laws and provide authority, which in essence circled the idea of the right to command. “The Romans had a clear concept of executive authority, embodied in their word imperium, or “the right to command” (Spielvogel, 117). Because the Romans glorified honor they were very reasonable, thus they fulfilled laws only when desired. The few elected magistrates, and the two consuls were the highest positions held. The two consuls would then only serve for a certain period of time, usually a year. They were the cores of power in the republic because they led the roman army, which was very dominant. Polybius summarizes the consul’s role by saying; “The Consuls, before leading out the legions, remain in Rome and are supreme masters of the administration. All other magistrates, except the Tribunes, are under them and take their orders.” (Polybius, 1). If the consuls were then occupied in battle, then a dictator or praetor would serve for a period of time, for a maximum of six months. But because the constant restrictions of the plebeians, the council of decemviri was put in place to create laws. This lead to the establishment of the Twelve Tables published around 450 B.C., which only extended the tension…...

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