Harvard Square

In: Social Issues

Submitted By krysx182
Words 2590
Pages 11
A Square with More than Four Unique Points

Society utilizes a certain area depending on elements such as architecture and its aesthetic qualities. Harvard Square, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is no different. Centrally located within Harvard University, it is evident the Square mimics the university’s attractive Georgian architecture. Other influential characteristics can be seen in the Square’s efforts for preservation, like Out of Town News, which gives the Square its own local character. These architectural qualities influence visitors’ behaviors to use the space to their own benefit through the use of impulse buying, triangulation, and different seating arrangements. Harvard Square not only provides a historic place for individuals to shop, dine and congregate, but also an opportunity to find their own center in a large, impersonal city.

Is it possible that a certain color of brick or position of wall can manipulate a person’s behavior? As strange as it sounds, this influence can be seen in an area situated in the middle of an Ivy League campus that contains several clothing stores, a large underground train station, and restaurants. This “heterogeneous” area, known as Harvard Square, despite its age, is still considered unique and upbeat place within a historic, elite university. Since the heart of the Square is shaped like a triangle, different parts of Cambridge touch this area. For example, on the side of Massachusetts Avenue are Harvard University and its historic Harvard Yard. On the other side, locals, visitors, and Harvard students enjoy shopping areas and restaurants. As for the middle of the Square, street vendors and visitors looking to relax tend to congregate near the Out of Town News building and the train station entrance. The aesthetic and influential qualities of the area come from the mimesis of the carefully designed Harvard…...

Similar Documents

Harvard Referencing

...Page 1 Department of Lifelong Learning: Study Skills Series Referencing - The Harvard System (Download pdf version) Introduction As a student, it is important that you identify in your assessment when you are using the words or ideas of another author. The most accepted way of acknowledging the work of another author is to use a referencing system. At the Department of Lifelong Learning you are required to use the Harvard referencing system. The following guide tells you why you need to use a referencing system, shows you how to insert references in the text of your assignments, and shows you how to compile a reference list. While there are many variations on the ‘Harvard’ system, the one presented in this guide is the most simple. It does away with most usages of ‘p’ and ‘pp’ to signify page numbers and it replaces some of the commas with colons. Also, this guide is by no means an exhaustive list of all the referencing conventions that you will require in your academic life. Why you should use a referencing system As a part of an academic community, it is important that you show the reader where you have used someone else’s ideas or words. Failure to properly reference using the Harvard system may make the reader think that you are cheating by claiming someone else’s work as your own. In the academic environment, we call this plagiarism and it is seen as a very serious offence. Please remember that plagiarism is not just when you directly copy words from......

Words: 3770 - Pages: 16


...SQUARE Have you heard about the new “Square”? As in, “Are we square?” It’s a new square-shaped gizmo that gives people a way to accept credit card payments on their iPhone, iPad, or Android. It was invented by Jack Dorsey, the founder of Twitter, a guy who knows something about new ideas that catch on with people carrying cell phones. Prior to this, really only business owners could accept credit card payments. A standard credit card machine costs several hundred dollars, and credit card processing companies charge set-up fees and monthly fees (whether you make any charges or not), as well as high per-transaction fees to boot. That’s why ordinary folks don’t own a credit card machine. According to its Web site, the small Square device is free and plugs into the earphone jack, the downloadable app for it is free, there are no set-up or monthly fees, and the per-transaction costs are much lower. It’s secure, it E-mails the receipts, and it keeps track of all your cash and credit card transactions for you.  The New York Times calls the idea “beautiful, simple, and a joy to use.” Add to that “disruptive, brilliant, and irresistible.” Disruptive? You bet. Not only is every kid with a lemonade stand--and every Tupperware lady and every cab driver and plumber--now going to be able to take credit and debit cards, big companies like department stores and chain restaurants would be crazy not to switch for the lower fees and free equipment. The credit card companies are not going......

Words: 604 - Pages: 3


...Executive summary: SQUARE today symbolizes a name – a state of mind. But its journey to the growth and prosperity has been no bed of roses. From the inception in 1958, it has today burgeoned into one of the top line conglomerates in Bangladesh. Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd., the flagship company, is holding the strong leadership position in the pharmaceutical industry of Bangladesh since 1985 and is now on its way to becoming a high performance global player. SQUARE today is more than just an organization, it is an institute. In a career spanning across four and half decades it has pioneered the development of the local business in fields as diverse as Pharmaceuticals, Toiletries, Garments, Textile, Information Technology, Health Products, Food Products, Hospital, etc. With an average Annual turnover of over US$ 200 million and a workforce of about 3500 the SQUARE Group is a true icon of the Bangladesh business sector. In the report , we described the overall CSR activities of SQUARE and its management procedure. We focused on how SQUARE is going with the time properly and most effectively in the field of performing CSR activities. At the first stage of this report, we discussed about the history and also gave a short profile of this company. Then we showed how the CSR activities of SQUARE are actually helping the poor and disadvantaged people as well as the whole society and the country. Then we put some recommendations for the betterment of the company’s in the field of CSR......

Words: 683 - Pages: 3


...Harvard Referencing © Learning Services, Edge Hill University, 2010 Inclusive Provision It is Edge Hill’s aim to make our services and provision accessible to all users. If you need us to present our training/resources/information in a different format (e.g. electronic copy, large print), or need any other modifications, please contact Inclusive Services: University Library, 1st floor, or Student Information Centre (SIC) ground floor, Ormskirk Tel: 01695 584372 / 584190 E-mail: inclusiveservices@edgehill.ac.uk We will do our best to accommodate your requirements. 2 Contents Section 1: General Questions Harvard Referencing Citing Bibliography Reference list Bibliographic details More than one book by the same author in the bibliography More than one report from the same author, written in one year Appendix Plagiarism Avoiding plagiarism Quoting Referencing a long quote Quoting parts from a long paragraph Paraphrasing Ibid Op.cit. Et al. Edition Author who cites another author (secondary citation) Summarising several authors Bibliographic management tools Page 5 5 5-6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7-8 8 9 9-10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 13-14 14 14 14-15 15 15 16 16 16 16 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 20 20 20 20 3 Section 2: Hard copy texts: books, journals, reports, etc. Conventions for titles Book with one author Book with two authors Book with three or more authors Chapter in an edited book Fictitious author Book review Translated book Foreign language book Diary or......

Words: 8041 - Pages: 33


...Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, whose history, influence and wealth have made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world. Established in 1636 by the Massachusetts legislature and soon thereafter named for John Harvard (its first benefactor), Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and the Harvard Corporation (formally, the President and Fellows of Harvard College) is its first hired corporation. Although never formally united with any money, the early College primarily trained Congregationalist and Unitarian clergy. Its curriculum and student body were gradually secularized during the 18th century, and by the 19th century Harvard had emerged as the central cultural establishment among Boston elites. Following the American Civil War, President Charles W. Eliot's long tenure (1869–1909) transformed the college and affiliated professional schools into a modern research university; Harvard was a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. James Bryant Conant led the university through the Great Depression and World War II and began to reform the curriculum and liberalize admissions after the war. The undergraduate college became coeducational after its 1977 merger with Radcliffe College. The University is organized into eleven separate academic units—ten faculties and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study—with campuses throughout the Boston......

Words: 1273 - Pages: 6


...Parvez M Chowdhury Analyst: Pharmaceuticals and Consumer Goods parvez@bracepl.com Square Pharmaceuticals DSE: SQURPHARMA Bloomberg: SQUARE:BD 52-week Price Range (BDT) Current Price 12-month Target Price Cash Dividend BDT Total Return Number of Shares MM Free Float Average daily volume MM BDT BDT mn Net Sales Ops Income Net Income Margins Gross Margin Operating Margin Net Margin Growth Revenue Growth Operating Profit Growth Net Profit Growth Per Share BDT EPS Dividend Book Value/Share Cashflow BDT mn NC Working Capital Capex Dividend Valuation P/E P/B ROE Miscellaneous BDT mn Total Debt Cash Debt/Equity 2,841 - 4,362 3,092 3,850 42 26% 20 46% 184.1 Rating: OUTPERFORM February 24, 2010 Leading the Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Industry Investment positives  Square Pharmaceutical Limited (SPL) is the largest pharmaceutical company in Bangladesh, with the largest domestic market share of 19.3%, in what is a highly competitive pharmaceuticals market. Return on equity has been improving, gradually moving up to 19% for the last couple of years. Margins have been improving steadily. SPL currently boasts one of the highest gross margins (51%) in the industry. Massive expansion significantly. plan, which will increase current capacity 2010A 2011E 2012E 12,971 15,663 19,141 3,326 2,497 3,858 3,358 4,764 4,251  2010A 2011E 2012E 51% 22% 17% 51% 21% 18% 51% 21% 19%   2010A 2011E 2012E 10% 14% 21% 21% 16% 34% 22% 23% 27%  SPL has been gearing up to...

Words: 5647 - Pages: 23


...Harvard Referencing Quick Guide What is referencing? Referencing is a system used in the academic community to indicate where ideas, theories, quotes, facts and any other evidence and information used to undertake an assignment, can be found. Why do I need to reference my work?  To avoid plagiarism, a form of academic theft.  Referencing your work correctly ensures that you give appropriate credit to the sources and authors that you have used to complete your assignment.  Referencing the sources that you have used for your assignment demonstrates that you have undertaken wide-ranging research in order to create your work.  Referencing your work enables the reader to consult for themselves the same materials that you used. What do I need to reference? All the information that you have used in your assignment will need to be acknowledged. It is essential to make a note of all the details of the sources that you use for your assignment as you go along. Harvard examples in this guide are based on guidance in: BRITISH STANDARDS INSTITUTE. (2010). BS ISO 690:2010. Information and documentation - Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources. Switzerland: ISO Copyright Office. NEVILLE, C. (2010) The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism. 2nd Ed. Maidenhead: Open University Press. The basics Harvard is known as the Author & Date system: 1. Citations in the text of your assignment should be made following the......

Words: 1572 - Pages: 7


...» Admin Sign In Quick Links Skip to main content UWA Information Services LibGuides Harvard citation style Library Site Search UWA Website Harvard citation style This guide shows students and staff how to reference using the Harvard Referencing style. Last Updated: Feb 16, 2012 Introduction URL: http://libguides.is.uwa.edu.au/harvard All examples Print Page EndNote Print Guide RSS Updates Reference formats Comments(0) Questions and comments All examples Search: This Guide ●Search Harvard all examples PDF Harvard All Examples - PDF In-text citations Two or more works cited at one point in the text If two or more works by different authors or authoring bodies are cited at one point in the text, use a semi-colon to separate them: (Larsen 2000; Malinowski 1999) The authors should be listed in alphabetical order. Two or three authors or authoring bodies When citing a work by two or three authors or authoring bodies, cite the names in the order in which they appear on the title page: (Malinowski, Miller & Gupta 1995) In-text and reference list examples Books & eBooks Material Type In-Text Example Reference List Example Book: Single Author Book: 2 or 3 Authors Book: More Than 3 Authors Book: No Author Book: Editor Book: 2 or More Editors Book: Translator & Author Book: Organisation as Author Book: Chapter or Article in Edited Book Book, edition other than first. E-book E-book: Chapter or Article in an Edited E-book......

Words: 1788 - Pages: 8


...                          University of Roehampton  Referencing Style Guide  Harvard Version  2012                          Learning Services Supporting innovation in teaching, learning and learner development The Green Room, Library rm 217   www.roehampton.ac.uk/Learningservices         Contents  INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................................... 1  DISCLAIMER ...................................................................................................................................................... 1  ABOUT THIS GUIDE ........................................................................................................................................... 1  WHAT IS REFERENCING, AND WHY SHOULD I DO IT? .................................................................................... 1  PARAPHRASING ................................................................................................................................................. 2  QUOTING ........................................................................................................................................................... 3  CITATIONS  ........................................................................................................................................................ 4  . BIBLIOGRAPHIES OR CITED WORKS/REFERENCE LIST ............................................

Words: 23719 - Pages: 95

Harvard Guide

...The Harvard System "Well no, I don't have the author or the title, but I need the reference for my bibliography!" For your citations, references And bibliographies Revised 2011 Denise Heslop HE Academic Support Tutor Contents Section 1: Using the Harvard System Introduction How to use this Booklet Citations, References and Bibliographies: what they are and why you need them How to Cite References in your Text Page Numbers Citing Several Documents by the Same Author Anonymous Documents Documents With No Publication Date Coping with Quotes Short quotations Longer quotations YOU have not seen Recording your references Bibliographical details required for different sources 8 9 3 4 5 6 6 6 6 7 1 1 1 Secondary Quotations: citing or quoting from sources 7 Section 2: How to cite and reference your sources Examples 1. Books 1.1 Books with single author/editor 1.2 Books with organisations as authors 1.3 Books with 2or 3 authors/editors 1.4Books with more than 3 authors/editors 10 11 11 12 13 Contents continued 2. Chapters or sections of edited books 3. Books on e-readers (eg: Kindle) 4. Electronic books (e-books) 5. Journal articles (print version) 6. Online journals 7. Journal articles in online collections 8. Newspaper articles (print version) 9. Newspaper articles online 10. Government publications 11. Reports from online databases 12. Web pages 13. CD-ROMs/DVD-ROMs 14. YouTube videos 14 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 29 31 Section 3: The......

Words: 6213 - Pages: 25

Square Pharma

...of any company. We have chosen Square Pharmaceutical Ltd and the job post on which we have prepared our report is Medical Promotion Officer. We visited Square Pharmaceuticals Limited. There we appointed with Mr. Younus Ali (Sr. Manager, HRD) and Mr. Tamim Ahsan( Territory officer in Dhaka region). They were very cordial and helpful to us share their experience and provide the required information as they can provide within the policy. We asked them different relevant questions and information to provide. 1.1. Profile of Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd. Corporate Headquarters | : SQUARE CENTRE 48, Mohakhali Commercial Area Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh | Factory | : Shalgaria, PabnaTown, Pabna | Established | :1958 | Constitution | : Public Ltd Company | Founder Chairman | : Mr. Samson H Chowdhury | Chairman | : Mr. Samuel S Chowdhury | Managing Director | : Mr. Tapan Chowdhury | Details of Business | : 1. Pharmaceuticals Products 2. Bulk Chemicals 3. AgroVet Products | Manufacturing Units | :1. Pharmaceuticals Division 2. Agro Vet Division 3. Chemical Division | 1.2. Human Resource Department of Square Pharmaceutical Ltd SQUARE, with its progressive business outlook, believes and practices corporate work culture with a classic blend of efficiency and equity. SQUARE believes in company growth by increasing efficiency level of employees and for that offering excellent environment and support for skill and knowledge up gradation. SQUARE values productivity as the......

Words: 2745 - Pages: 11

Harvard Referencing

...Harvard Referencing There are 2 stages, these include: 1) Citing – What you do in the text of your essay e.g. highlighting words you’ve incorporated from someone else’s work 2) Referencing – All the details of the source of information you’ve used at the end of your work in a separate section For both directly copying, and changing an idea into your own words, you need to indicate the source of information in brackets at the end of your sentence. For a direct quote, these brackets must contain 3 pieces of information: * The authors name * The year their work was published * The page number i.e (Kovmi, 2009, p.5) For an indirect quote (changed into your own words), you just need to include the authors name and year of publication. The reference section at the end of your work must include all the information of the source of information. Each source of information in your reference section should always start with the same information as the citation in your essay. When writing your reference section, ensure you order it alphabetically by the author’s names. Referencing a book The order of information for referencing a book is: 1) Author/s/Editor 2) Year of publication in round brackets 3) Title in italics 4) Edition (if relevant i.e. not the first edition) 5) Place of publication: publisher 6) Series and volume number (if relevant) For example: Pears, Richard, and Shields, Graham. (2010) Cite the right: the essential......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2


...MBA 2017 | Written Case Analysis Aston-Blair, Inc. | Organizational Behavior | | 17010046 | 10/11/2015 | | Synopsis and Summary: The case discusses the role of Henry Tam, a Harvard Business School student who joined a startup company, Music Games International. Dynamic and extremely diverse but very conflicted, the company lacked real world experience and Henry took on the assignment to formulate a strategy and restore harmony amongst the team members. Statement of the Problem: The team faces the issue of cultural and functional diversity hampering their productivity. The responsibilities of the members are not clear and no clear leadership is defined. Causes of the Problems: *Multiculturalism and Functional Diversity: At first sight, the diversity of culture and function in the team seems like a wise choice since more ideas mean better productivity and creativity, before we see the first meeting. The whole team seems like to be functioning like a family with extremely loyal best friends who are capable of handling conflict and are cooperative towards the newcomers – Dana and Henry. However, the team is facing the issue of improper management of multiculturalism and diversity and there is low performance. Sasha does not think Dana has the practical experience and Roman and Igor do not understand what Dana wants from the project. The brainstorming sessions, according to Dana and Henry seem to drag on too long. It has an impact on the team’s......

Words: 2542 - Pages: 11

Square Textile

...Acknowledgement The internship opportunity I had with SQUARE TEXTILES was a great chance for learning and professional development. Therefore, I consider myself as a very lucky individual as I was provided with an opportunity to be a part of it. I am also grateful for having a chance to meet so many wonderful people and professionals who led me though this internship period. Bearing in mind previous I am using this opportunity to express my deepest gratitude and special thanks to the MD of [Company name] who in spite of being extraordinarily busy with her/his duties, took time out to hear, guide and keep me on the correct path and allowing me to carry out my project at their esteemed organization and extending during the training. I express my deepest thanks to [Name Surname], [Position in the Company] for taking part in useful decision & giving necessary advices and guidance and arranged all facilities to make life easier. I choose this moment to acknowledge his/her contribution gratefully. It is my radiant sentiment to place on record my best regards, deepest sense of gratitude to Mr. /Ms. [Name Surname], [Position in the Company], Mr./Ms. [Name Surname], [Position in the Company], Mr./Ms. [Name Surname], [Position in the Company] and Mr./Ms. [Name Surname], [Position in the Company] for their careful and precious guidance which were extremely valuable for my study both theoretically and practically. I perceive as this opportunity as a big milestone in my career...

Words: 4338 - Pages: 18

Hip to Be Square

...Assignment 1 - Hip to be Square Sonal Rewanwar Answer 1: The shift into the new mobile payment market started mainly with the advancements in wireless connectivity. The availability of cheap and readily available cellular and WiFi connectivity gave merchants an option to move from the restrictive and geographically limited wired point of sales. The major contributors to this shift were the four payment services using mobile payments that sprung up, namely, 1. 2. 3. 4. Premium Mobile SMS Based payments Direct Mobile Billing Mobile web payments NFC based payments Premium Mobile SMS Based payments: This service allowed for the payments of a purchase to be made via an SMS based service. The charges from the same were added in the users monthly bill or deducted from the prepaid account balance. Direct Mobile Billing: Similar to SMS based billing, this was an utility used on smartphones. This involved a two step authentication procedure to securely authorize payments from the smart phone.This did not require and credit card or bank accounts and the charges were levied on the customers mobile account again. Mobile web payments: Consumers made payments using internet based application or internet browser. Similar to Paypal this required credit cards/debit cards NFC based payments: This technology relied on RFID enabled chips or NFC enabled smartphones to communicate with the radio frequency enabled receiver. The payment information was wirelessly...

Words: 1109 - Pages: 5