Health Service

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8.1 Overview This chapter presents the health delivery module of the assessment. Section 8.1 defines health service delivery and its key components. Section 8.2 provides guidelines on preparing a profile of health service delivery for the country of interest, including instructions on how to customize the profile for country-specific aspects of the health delivery process. Section 8.3 presents the indicator-based assessment, including detailed descriptions of the indicators. Section 8.4 discusses how to summarize the findings and develop recommendations. 8.1.1 What Is Health Service Delivery? The World Health Organization (WHO) defines service delivery as the way inputs are combined to allow the delivery of a series of interventions or health actions (WHO 2001b). As noted in the World Health Report 2000, “the service provision function [of the health system] is the most familiar; the entire health system is often identified with just service delivery.” The report states that service provision, or service delivery is the chief function the health system needs to perform (WHO 2000). As such, Figure 8.1 (see also Chapter 1, Figure 1.1) shows the relationship between service delivery and the other modules of this health systems assessment and their relationship with health system objectives. Because of the limited time to conduct this assessment, more emphasis will be placed on personal health (as opposed to public health) services and service delivery functions at the subnational level (i.e., the district, hospital, health center, health post, and dispensary levels). Health sector planning is covered in the Governance module, Chapter 6. For the purposes of this assessment, the private sector role in service delivery will refer to the following—

For-profit (commercial) and nonprofit (nongovernmental organization [NGO] or…...

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