History 301

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The Branches of Government

HIS/301
August 14, 2012

The Branches of Government
Articles I, II, and III of the Unites States Constitution outline the importance of dividing government into 3 branches, this system was designed by our forefathers to serve the people. With any division of power obstacles are bound to arise, usually when attempting to enact important legislation. Since the US Constitution was written to the present day there has been conflicts between the supporters of a strong federal government and campaigners of states’ rights. This paper will address these three aspects associated with the first three articles of the United States Constitution.
Reasons for Dividing the Government
The fact that power is abused if monopolized by one person is something the world has dealt with for some time. History provides us with plenty of examples of rulers who tormented society as well as their own people. The Roman Caesars drove the Roman Empire to break through their selfishness and reckless abuse of power. France was under the same disastrous governance structure under Louis XIV and Louis XVI. Lord Acton, eminent British historian wrote this report to Bishop Mandell Creighton in 1887, "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts totally. Great men are almost always unprincipled men." William Pitt served as the British Prime Minister from 1766 to 1778. The unrest and discontent in the American colonies was building and would require the Patriot leaders to adopt an open rebellion against England in 1776. In 1770 William Pitt, in a speech before the House of Commons, made the following insightful quote. "Unlimited power is apt to corrupt the minds of those who possess it." (McClellan, 2000) The colonists had experienced enough chaos and corruption under King George III of England. Having won their freedom by 1781 they set about establishing…...

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